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Emotional Intelligence And Cognitive Moral Development In Undergraduate Business Students, Elizabeth Pluskwik 2010 Minnesota State University Mankato

Emotional Intelligence And Cognitive Moral Development In Undergraduate Business Students, Elizabeth Pluskwik

Integrated Engineering Faculty Publications

This study examines relationships between emotional intelligence (EI) and cognitive moral development (CMD) in undergraduate business students. The ability model of emotional intelligence was used in this study, which evaluated possible relationships between EI and CMD in a sample of 82 undergraduate business students. The sample population was approximately 700 students in a private university in the Midwest United States. A weak, positive relationship was found between overall emotional intelligence and moral development, but the strength of this relationship failed to reach statistical significance. However, one branch of EI, Understanding Emotions, did have a positive correlation with moral development at ...


Good Teams, Bad Teams: Under What Conditions Do Missionary Teams Function Effectively?, David R. Dunaetz 2010 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Good Teams, Bad Teams: Under What Conditions Do Missionary Teams Function Effectively?, David R. Dunaetz

Selected Faculty Publications

Missionary teams are popular, but not always effective. Five conditions contributing to healthy team functioning are examined in light of empirical evidence: trust, task conflict, commitment to decisions, accountability, and group goals.


Organizational Justice: Perceptions Of Being Fairly Treated, David R. Dunaetz 2010 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Organizational Justice: Perceptions Of Being Fairly Treated, David R. Dunaetz

Selected Faculty Publications

When members of mission organizations perceive injustice within their organization, they work less effectively and attrition is more likely. This paper examines various types of organizational justice (distributive, procedural, interpersonal, and informational) which need to be monitored and maximized to help mission organizations accomplish their goals.


Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chapter 1. The Effects of Political Competition on the Feasibility of Economic Reform

This chapter shows that democracies may fail to enact desirable economic reforms even when such reforms Pareto dominate the status quo and there are no informational asymmetries. The key insight is that, even when reforms entail economic gains for all agents, electoral political losses cannot be compensated politically. Consequently, when the majority party has strong electoral support, minority parties pursue both low-gain reforms and high-gain reforms. Intermediate-gain reforms are harder to enact, since the electoral costs dominate welfare gains. In highly contested environments, only high-gain reforms succeed ...


Investigating Familiarity's Contribution To Source Recognition, Matthew V. Mollison 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Investigating Familiarity's Contribution To Source Recognition, Matthew V. Mollison

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In a dual-process framework, two processes are involved in successful recognition memory: recollection involves the retrieval of specific information from the study episode, and familiarity supports recognition without remembering additional episodic details. The differences between these processes have been examined using patterns of activity in the electroencephalogram (EEG) correlated with behavior. Event-related potentials (ERPs) dissociate these recognition memory processes, specifically with an early (approximately 300-500 ms) frontal effect relating to familiarity (the FN400) and a later parietal (500-800 ms) effect relating to recognition. It has been debated whether source information for a studied item (i.e., contextual associations from when ...


Theta Oscillations In Top-Down Control Of Episodic Memory Retrieval, Erika Marie Nyhus 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

Theta Oscillations In Top-Down Control Of Episodic Memory Retrieval, Erika Marie Nyhus

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The right prefrontal cortex and left parietal cortex have been implicated in the cognitive control of episodic memory retrieval. In addition, the relationship between executive function tasks and episodic retrieval indicate that they both depend on similar cognitive control processes. We recently proposed that theta oscillations represent interactions between brain systems for the control of episodic retrieval (reviewed in Nyhus & Curran, 2010). Top-down control of episodic retrieval is generally greater during source retrieval (e.g. retrieving contextual information such as the gender of the voice a word was studied in) than during item retrieval (e.g. retrieving whether a word ...


Acupressure As A Non-Pharmacological Treatment For Neurological Insult And Stress Reduction: Theory, Mechanisms, And Efficacy, Kristina Legget McFadden 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Acupressure As A Non-Pharmacological Treatment For Neurological Insult And Stress Reduction: Theory, Mechanisms, And Efficacy, Kristina Legget Mcfadden

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Acupressure is a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that involves stimulation of acupoints using fingertip pressure. Acupoints are areas of skin designated as such by Traditional Chinese Medicine, with stimulation thought to elicit distinct effects from stimulation of non-acupoints. As such, the studies in this thesis compare effects of active acupressure treatments (with stimulation of acupoints) to those of placebo acupressure treatments, which control for all aspects of active acupressure treatments, but stimulate non-acupoints rather than acupoints. Specifically, the effects of acupressure on cognitive function following traumatic brain injury (TBI) were investigated, as well as the efficacy of ...


From Mindless To Mindful Decision Making: Reflecting On Prescriptive Processes, Michaela Huber 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

From Mindless To Mindful Decision Making: Reflecting On Prescriptive Processes, Michaela Huber

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

People frequently make judgments and decisions in ways that, in hindsight, they might prefer to have made differently. Their judgments and decisions may be strongly influenced by some attributes that people would prefer receive less weight (e.g. transient emotions, peripheral cues, and social influence), and people may neglect other attributes that they would prefer receive more weight (e.g. factual information, subjective experiences, and personal preference). The central claim in this dissertation is that asking people to reflect on prescriptive decision processes--how decisions should be made--elicits a psychological state of mindfulness where people are increasingly aware of and better ...


The Neural Correlates Of Categorical And Individuation Impressions, Jennifer Takara Kubota 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Neural Correlates Of Categorical And Individuation Impressions, Jennifer Takara Kubota

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This research explores the neural correlates of categorical and individuated impressions. Categorical impressions are based on social categories, such as gender, race, and age. For category impressions, stereotypes and prejudices inform the gestalt impression. Individuated impressions are those based on personal and unique information. Impression formation models posit that individuated impressions require attention to the individual, but this attention is thought to occur in a deliberative fashion overtime. Although attention overtime facilitates individuation, attention within a split second of an encounter may also contribute to individuated impressions. This research seeks to link early selective attention to individuals, as indexed by ...


Recurrent Processing During Object Reocognition, Dean R. Wyatte 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Recurrent Processing During Object Reocognition, Dean R. Wyatte

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Although the rich bidirectional architecture of the ventral visual stream has been documented for some time, relatively little work has gone into understanding its function in object recognition. Recently, computational modeling work has suggested that the computations performed within a bidirectional architecture (recurrent processing) could be beneficial to object recognition by clean- ing up ambiguity in input signals, thus providing robustness to degradations like occlusion that underspecify the visual stimulus. The research described here tests this claim by using visual masking to disrupt this recurrent processing. In one experiment and a series of accompanying modeling simulations, it is shown that ...


The Relationship Between Parent's Comparisons Of Nouns And Children's Noun Learning, Chandra Lynn Brojde 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Relationship Between Parent's Comparisons Of Nouns And Children's Noun Learning, Chandra Lynn Brojde

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Previous literature shows that language input is related to the language that children produce. Less is known about how the input provided to children relates to the way that they process language. In this study, this question was explored by looking at the relationships between children's word learning ability and the kinds of names provided by parents for objects. Whether these relationships varied with age and vocabulary size was also investigated. Children from five age groups at 12-, 16-, 20-, 24-, and 28-months participated in two types of tasks. First, to characterize the amount and type of labels used ...


The Clicker Technique: Promoting Learning And Generalization While Conserving Teaching Time, Lindsay Senior Anderson 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Clicker Technique: Promoting Learning And Generalization While Conserving Teaching Time, Lindsay Senior Anderson

Psychology and Neuroscience Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The clicker technique is a newly developed system that uses frequent testing in the classroom to enhance students’ understanding and provide feedback to them. Under the clicker technique, instructors can use the performance of a class on clicker questions to determine whether or not information covered by the clicker questions needs further teaching, thus presenting itself as a potential method of conserving teaching time by dropping information known by a large portion of a group from future teaching time. Three experiments compared fact learning under the clicker technique, via its tendency to compress teaching time and its partially individualized instruction ...


Communication And Essentialism: Grounding The Shared Reality Of A Social Category, Yoshihisa Kashima, Emiko S. Kashima, Paul Bain, Anthony Lyons, R Scott Tindale, Gary Robins, Cedric Vears, Jennifer Whelan 2010 The University of Melbourne

Communication And Essentialism: Grounding The Shared Reality Of A Social Category, Yoshihisa Kashima, Emiko S. Kashima, Paul Bain, Anthony Lyons, R Scott Tindale, Gary Robins, Cedric Vears, Jennifer Whelan

Psychology: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Essentialism is an ontological belief that there exists an underlying essence to a category. This article advances and tests in three studies the hypothesis that communication about a social category, and expected or actual mutual validation, promotes essentialism about a social category. In Study 1, people who wrote communications about a social category to their ingroup audiences essentialized it more strongly than those who simply memorized about it. In Study 2, communicators whose messages about a novel social category were more elaborately discussed with a confederate showed a stronger tendency to essentialize it. In Study 3, communicators who elaborately talked ...


Understanding The Involvement Of Volunteers In Precollege Outreach Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura W. Perna, Erin J. Walsh, Jamey Alan Rorison, Rachel Fester 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Understanding The Involvement Of Volunteers In Precollege Outreach Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura W. Perna, Erin J. Walsh, Jamey Alan Rorison, Rachel Fester

GSE Publications

Precollege outreach programs are an important resource for improving college enrollment for groups that have been historically underrepresented in higher education. But the ability of these programs to serve all eligible students is constrained by resource limitations. This study uses data collected from case studies of four precollege outreach programs to understand how precollege outreach programs may expand the reach of their programs through the use of one seemingly free resource: volunteers. To address this overarching purpose, the study frames volunteering as a type of prosocial behavior and explores the following three questions: How and why do precollege outreach programs ...


From Junior To Senior Sport: Do Athletes Differ In Their Transitional Experiences?, Glen Ewen 2010 Edith Cowan University

From Junior To Senior Sport: Do Athletes Differ In Their Transitional Experiences?, Glen Ewen

Theses : Honours

The purpose of this research was to investigate whether athletes at the beginning (BTG) of their transition from junior to senior sport, had different transitional experiences to those in the middle (MTG). One hundred and forty eight male and female elite athletes aged between 14 and 18 years, from a variety of sports in both city and country locations of Western Australia, were surveyed. Two test instruments were used; the newly developed Swedish, Transitional Monitoring Survey (TMS), and the Athletic Identity Measurement Scales (AIMS). Univariate descriptive statistics, One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and reliability measures were used to analyse ...


Lives In Transition: Ethnic Identity And Psychological Well-Being In Adults With A Highly Mobile Global Upbringing, Sutharshini (Dharshi) V. Vasikaran 2010 Edith Cowan University

Lives In Transition: Ethnic Identity And Psychological Well-Being In Adults With A Highly Mobile Global Upbringing, Sutharshini (Dharshi) V. Vasikaran

Theses : Honours

This study explored the nature of ethnic identity and its relationship to psychological wellbeing (PWB) in third culture kids (TCKs). Ethnic identity achievement in acculturating individuals (e.g., migrants) is known to furnish one with a sense of belonging to one's group together with desirable psychological outcomes. Ethnic identity construction can be more complex in TCKs because of exposure to multiple cultural contexts during developmental years. Seven TCKs currently residing in Australia were interviewed. Analysis proceeded according to Ricoeur's hermeneutic phenomenology. Two themes were elucidated: 'Making sense of identity' and 'sense of belonging and PWB'. Single and multiple ...


The Experiences Of Incarceration On Indigenous Parents And Primary Care-Givers Of Juvenile Detainees, Simone Reid 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Experiences Of Incarceration On Indigenous Parents And Primary Care-Givers Of Juvenile Detainees, Simone Reid

Theses : Honours

Incarceration impacts on a number of people, not just the person sentenced. It has been suggested that the family of the prisoner can experience the prison sentence just as much, albeit differently, as the prisoner themself. Families remain important, as those prisoners who return to strong family networks are at less risk of recidivism. National research has been used to inform policy-makers, but every State has unique characteristics. The overrepresentation of Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal juveniles in juvenile detention, especially in Western Australia, has been well-documented. However, research examining the experiences of incarceration on family members is limited. This ...


An Exploratory Study On The Perspectives Of Western Australian Drivers Towards Responding To Emergency Vehicles, Pauline Grant 2010 Edith Cowan University

An Exploratory Study On The Perspectives Of Western Australian Drivers Towards Responding To Emergency Vehicles, Pauline Grant

Theses : Honours

Failing to give way to emergency vehicles has resulted in one crash per day on Australian roads (NRMA, 2009), and delayed emergency service responses to situations that constitute a serious threat to life and/or property. With an anticipated population increase in Western Australia (ABS, 2009) this problem will only worsen. Whilst there have been attempts to address the problem through information leaflets and media campaigns, the success of such initiatives is not clear because of a lack of empirical assessment. The little research available in the area, focused on crash scenarios, emergency vehicle drivers, or other non-psychological processes. The ...


Risk Mitigation And Culture: An Examination Of The Utility Of Cultural Cognition Theory In Determining Operational Security Cultures In A Healthcare Environment, Melvyn Griffiths 2010 Edith Cowan University

Risk Mitigation And Culture: An Examination Of The Utility Of Cultural Cognition Theory In Determining Operational Security Cultures In A Healthcare Environment, Melvyn Griffiths

Theses : Honours

People tend to see danger and risk in different ways depending on their experiences, attitudes and beliefs (Douglas, 1992; Kahan, 2008; Slovic, 1992). In order to develop effective risk mitigation strategies, an approach that can successfully manage competing worldviews is needed. Hospitals provide a challenging setting for security due to the contrast between the open nature of the environment and the need for appropriate entry and access control measures. This study assessed the utility of the Cultural Cognition methodology in a security risk context by measuring competing worldviews and risk perceptions between various cohorts in a healthcare environment. Cultural Cognition ...


Addressing Response Requirements And Behavioral Costs In Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation, Brantley Phillip Jarvis 2010 James Madison University

Addressing Response Requirements And Behavioral Costs In Contingency Management For Smoking Cessation, Brantley Phillip Jarvis

Masters Theses

Despite the efficacy of contingency management (CM) in promoting smoking reduction and abstinence, major barriers continue to hinder its widespread dissemination and adoption. The present study addressed two of these barriers, inefficient response requirements and high behavioral costs, by evaluating a novel payment schedule implemented within a workplace setting. Nine university staff were enrolled in a 6-week ABAB study design. During baseline weeks, participants earned money contingent on session attendance. During CM weeks, participants earned money contingent on smoking reduction or abstention payment arrangements, which were available concurrently. Abstention payments increased in magnitude across treatment weeks whereas reduction payments decreased ...


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