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Positive Psychology And Men: The Tell-Tale Heart, Corey Zadik 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Positive Psychology And Men: The Tell-Tale Heart, Corey Zadik

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Gender differences are often overlooked or minimized in research regarding well-being. Men and women respond differently to stress, such that men experience higher risk of cardiovascular events. Yet despite their greater potential to benefit, men seem to exhibit less interest and participation than women in activities shown by research to enhance well-being. Heart rate variability provides a sensitive and reliable index of well-being and adaptability both at rest and across various stressors. Research suggests that heart rate variability is influenced not only by physiological processes, but also cognitive and emotional processes, which differ between men and women. Neurological factors underlying ...


An Existential Phenomenological Exploration Of The Lived Experiences Of Mothers In Dual-Career Families, Andrea Darlene Marable 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

An Existential Phenomenological Exploration Of The Lived Experiences Of Mothers In Dual-Career Families, Andrea Darlene Marable

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to explore and describe the lived experiences of mothers living in dual-career families. Using existential phenomenology as the guiding research methodology, I interviewed 10 mothers living in dual-career families. Analysis of the interview transcripts revealed four themes that stood out as figural for participants in the study: (a) "Free time isn't really free anymore": Timing is Everthing; (b) "It's because of the support I get": Supporting Me; (c) "I feel like I'm lacking in one area all the time, just a little bit": Struggling to Find a Balance; and (d ...


Unleashing The Power: Anthony Robbins, Positive Psychology, And The Quest For Human Flourishing, Stephanie M. Ramones 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Unleashing The Power: Anthony Robbins, Positive Psychology, And The Quest For Human Flourishing, Stephanie M. Ramones

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This paper is written to compare two well-being movements: positive psychology and the self-help movement as modeled by Anthony Robbins, a well-known self-help, motivational and empowerment guru, author and speaker who has been internationally popular since the 1980s. This paper will analyze both theories of well-being and associated interventions that lead to more well-being from both schools of thought, including a case study analysis of an intervention conducted by Anthony Robbins at one of his seminars. The author seeks to create a bridge between the two fields and propose future research directions using positive psychology as the framework for measurement ...


Innovating News Journalism Through Positive Psychology, Cathrine Gyldensted 2011 Master of Applied Positive Psychology

Innovating News Journalism Through Positive Psychology, Cathrine Gyldensted

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Consuming and producing news reports have a substantial negative emotional impact on both users and journalism professionals. This is a concern for both the journalism profession and for society. Does positive reporting and positivity have a place within already existing foundational values and ethics in journalism? Key findings from positive psychology may be particularly relevant to media workplaces. To test this notion in the realm of news reporting, 710 participants completed an online experiment. Participants read a negatively valenced classic style news story and one of five experimentally manipulated variants, which drew on positive psychology principles to slightly alter the ...


Galantamine-Induced Tremulous Jaw Movements In Rats: Reversal With Adenosine A2a Antagonists, Chelsea Elizabeth Leser 2011 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Galantamine-Induced Tremulous Jaw Movements In Rats: Reversal With Adenosine A2a Antagonists, Chelsea Elizabeth Leser

Honors Scholar Theses

Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurdegenerative disorder, affecting millions of people worldwide. The underlying etiology of Alzheimer's disease, however, is such that treatment is difficult.

Researchers have linked a decrease in the transmission of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to the cognitive deficits seen in Alzheimer's disease. Recent drug therapies have focused on using drugs that block the action of the enzyme, acetylcholinesterase, that breaks down acetylcholine. However, these drugs, known as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, have been found to produce side effects that have the same characteristics as Parkinson's disease, the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. In this ...


The Importance And Application Of Explanatory Style, Emotional Control, And Goal Setting For Athletes: A Psychological Skills Program, Diana Caramanico 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Importance And Application Of Explanatory Style, Emotional Control, And Goal Setting For Athletes: A Psychological Skills Program, Diana Caramanico

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

It has been determined that one’s performance as an athlete is determined by both mental and physical skills, both learned and innate. Many psychological skills under the heading of Positive Psychology are of great importance to athletes if they wish to maximize performance and well-being in a sport. This paper illustrates how explanatory style, emotional control, and goal-setting contribute to the well-being, self efficacy, and improved performance of an athlete, and offers several exercises to help athletes put these mental skills to use in their chosen sport.


Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive education, or teaching the skills of well-being through direct instruction and the curriculum, aims to teach children the skills to build resilience, capitalize on strengths and systematically build the pillars for a flourishing life. Positive education can succeed amidst a supportive school environment and well-equipped teachers that inculcate the right values and character. Given that school-going children spend more than fifty percent of their time in school, it is thus imperative that teachers be trained with the skills of well-being. This paper provides an introduction to positive psychology (the foundation for positive education), describes the need for positive education ...


The Death-Ego And The Vital Self: Romances Of Desire In Literature / Book Review, Barbara Schapiro 2011 Rhode Island College

The Death-Ego And The Vital Self: Romances Of Desire In Literature / Book Review, Barbara Schapiro

Barbara A Schapiro

Psychoanalysis and literary romance share much in common: both are concerned with desire, with elusive objects of desire, and with the dark, hidden, and fantastic dimensions of the human imagination. Gavriel Reisner’s The Death-Ego and the Vital Self explores the interrelationship of psychoanalysis and literary romance with original and often illuminating results.


The Effects Of System Reliability And Time Pressure On Unoccupied Aircraft Systems Operator Performance And Mental Workload, Rania Wageh Ghatas 2011 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

The Effects Of System Reliability And Time Pressure On Unoccupied Aircraft Systems Operator Performance And Mental Workload, Rania Wageh Ghatas

Dissertations and Theses

Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS) are in the midst of aviation`s next generation. UAS are being utilized at an increasing rate by military and security operations and are becoming widely popular in usage from search and rescue and weather research to homeland security and border patrol. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is currently working to define acceptable UAS performance standards and procedures for routine access for their use in the National Airspace System (NAS). This study examined the effects of system reliability and time pressure on unoccupied aircraft systems operator performance and mental workload. Twenty-four undergraduate and graduate students, male ...


"Becoming" A Firefighter, Rodger E. Broome 2011 Utah Valley University

"Becoming" A Firefighter, Rodger E. Broome

Rodger E. Broome

Knowledge and Lived-Action are what makes a firefighter an authentic firefighter.


Ideas Turned Into Inactions, Rodger E. Broome 2011 Utah Valley University

Ideas Turned Into Inactions, Rodger E. Broome

Rodger E. Broome

When sociopolitical and economic ideologies drive the decision to withhold services. Subscriptions for fire services not paid.


Education - "What's In It For Me?", Megan Stone, Rodger E. Broome 2011 Utah Valley University

Education - "What's In It For Me?", Megan Stone, Rodger E. Broome

Rodger E. Broome

Personal and professional growth through college education for emergency services workers.


Automation Can Lead To Confounds In Text Analysis: Back, Küfner, And Egloff (2010) And The Not-So-Angry Americans, Cynthia L. S. Pury 2011 Clemson University

Automation Can Lead To Confounds In Text Analysis: Back, Küfner, And Egloff (2010) And The Not-So-Angry Americans, Cynthia L. S. Pury

Cynthia L. S. Pury

Automated text analysis facilitates research using large archival data sets but can be confounded by automatically generated repeating entries. Back, Kufner, and Egloff (2010) used Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC; Pennebaker, Francis, & Booth, 2001) to analyze pager messages sent to more than 85,000 American pagers on September 11, 2001. They found that anger, as indexed by the words contained in those messages, rose steadily throughout the day.

The data contained many technical codes; thus, Back et al. counted only words recognized by LIWC. However, this procedure did not exclude automatically generated messages. Consequently, LIWC words in such messages were counted, even if the words lacked emotional meaning in context. Furthermore, computers can send messages with superhuman frequency, turning an otherwise minor measurement error into a serious confound. This confound can be detected by treating individual text messages as primary units ...


Update - June 2011, Loma Linda University Center for Christian Bioethics 2011 Loma Linda University

Update - June 2011, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

[ Clinical Bioethics and Religion: Robert Orr's Medical Ethics and the Faith Factor ]
-- Forging a Path for Christian Ethics (Review)
--
A Passionate, Faith-Inspired Physician - Ethicist (Review)
--
Excepts from Robert Orr's Medical Ethics and the Faith Factor

-- 2012 Jack W. Provonsha lecture opens the Alumni Postgraduate Convention
-- Editorial

[ Claritás - Clarity in Ethics Essay Contest - White Coats: Purple Pens ]
-- First-place 2010 essay winner, Gregory A, Lammert, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University

-- Dental Ethics at Loma Linda University
-- Non-violent Revolution: Blessed Are the Peacemakers
-- Conversations with Authors
-- Center Fellows Serve LLUMC


The Development Of An Online Interactive Resource For Enhancing Motivation In Swimmers, Richard Judson Clark 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

The Development Of An Online Interactive Resource For Enhancing Motivation In Swimmers, Richard Judson Clark

Master's Theses and Project Reports

ABSTRACT

The Development of an Online Interactive Resource for Enhancing Motivation in Swimmers

Richard Judson Clark

Research pertaining to motivation in athletics and the link that it has to continued participation in sport is widespread. Despite the resources available, adolescents continue to drop out of sports at alarming rates. The purpose of this project was to create an online tool and resource center to enhance motivation in swimmers that participate in a year-round swim program in San Luis Obispo, California. The development of the site http://athletenet.net was created based on research linked to the Self-Determination, Cognitive Evaluation, Reversal ...


The Classroom Environment: The Silent Curriculum, Brittany Allen, Katie Hessick 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

The Classroom Environment: The Silent Curriculum, Brittany Allen, Katie Hessick

Psychology and Child Development

This senior project focused on the physical environment of elementary school classrooms, with a particular emphasis on how environmental factors influence behavior and academic achievement. Such environmental factors included lighting, color, acoustics, temperature, seating arrangements, space and crowding, and living kinds such as plants and animals. Previous research has demonstrated a connection between student behavior and the classroom environment. Taylor and Vlastos (2009) developed a theory regarding the relationship between environment and design within the classroom. They referred to the physical environment of the classroom as the “silent curriculum” and hold strongly to the belief that understanding the physical environment ...


The Distance Between Colors; Using Deltae* To Determine Which Colors Are Compatible, Rosandra N. Abeyta 2011 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

The Distance Between Colors; Using Deltae* To Determine Which Colors Are Compatible, Rosandra N. Abeyta

Dissertations and Theses

The focus of this study was to identify colors that can be easily distinguished from one another by normal color vision and slightly deficient color vision observers, and then test those colors to determine the significance of color separation as an indicator of color discriminability for both types of participants. There were 14 color normal and 9 color deficient individuals whose level of color deficiency were determined using standard diagnostic tests. The colors were selected by avoiding co-linearity in the color confusion line graphs for deuteranopes, protanopes and tritanopes. The difference between each of the colors was then calculated. The ...


The Digital Migration Of Research Dissemination In Aviation Psychology Disciplines, Brent D. Bowen, Erin E. Bowen, Henry R. Lehrer Ph.D., John H. Mott, Charles Watkinson, Mark P. Newton, Jennifer Kirschner 2011 Purdue University

The Digital Migration Of Research Dissemination In Aviation Psychology Disciplines, Brent D. Bowen, Erin E. Bowen, Henry R. Lehrer Ph.D., John H. Mott, Charles Watkinson, Mark P. Newton, Jennifer Kirschner

Aviation Technology Faculty and Staff Publications

Innovations in research dissemination have emerged over the last decade in the movement toward on-line digital materials and distribution by increasingly environmentally-friendly processes. The access to scholarship has often been limited to major research organizations capable of funding subscriptions that have escalated to prohibitive values. Demonstrated herein is a model for world-wide Open Access to the latest contributions to the foundations of our discipline. The development of a systemic process to cross boundaries so that overall progress can result through the integration of research and industry practice at the individual level is provided. The foundational relationships and targeted outcomes are ...


“Everything Was Different”: An Existential Phenomenological Investigation Of Us Professional Basketball Players’ Experiences Overseas, Rainer Josef Meisterjahn 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

“Everything Was Different”: An Existential Phenomenological Investigation Of Us Professional Basketball Players’ Experiences Overseas, Rainer Josef Meisterjahn

Doctoral Dissertations

Globalization in the sports world is a phenomenon that has received considerable attention in the sport studies literature (Maguire, 1994, 2004). A significant aspect of globalization is labor migration in professional sports, which has been investigated extensively in recent years (e.g., Magee & Sugden, 2002; Takahashi & Horne, 2006). Basketball is one sport that has been discussed in this context (Falcous & Maguire, 2005). The sports encounters of athletes in foreign cultures are often diverse and entail differing pressures, rewards, and interdependencies (Falcous & Maguire, 2005). Players may deal with significant stressors such as performance expectations as is typical of professional sport settings, while simultaneously adjusting to organizational and cultural differences. In light of the various challenges of sport participation in an unfamiliar culture, the purpose of this study was to investigate US professional basketball players’ experiences of playing overseas using an existential phenomenological interview approach (Thomas & Pollio, 2002). Ten current and former professional male players, ages 24 to 55, participated in the study. The diverse sample of this study included six Black and four White players who had competed in a total of 26 different countries. Thematic analysis of the interviews revealed eight major themes, four of which pertained to athletes’ personal lives (Learning Local Mentality, Experiencing Isolation, Connecting with Others, Exploring Physical Environment) and four that dealt with basketball-specific aspects of the participants’ experiences (Dealing with “The Business,” Adjusting to Team Resources, Managing Team Dynamics, PlayingThe Game”). It was concluded that while playing overseas required these players to manage difficult stressors (e.g., organizational pressures) it also afforded them with unique opportunities for personal (e.g., learning about foreign cultures) and professional (e.g., gaining a different perspective on the game of basketball) growth. In contrast to previous literature (e.g., Cronson & Mitchell, 1987; Kroll, 1979), co-participants in the current study emphasized the positive aspects of their experiences overseas rather than focusing solely on the pressures and obstacles they encountered. Both the positive and negative aspects of their overseas experience seemed to contribute to the self-actualization (Cochran & Cochran, 2006) of these players, as athletes and as people.


“It Can Start From Anything”: An Existential Phenomenological Investigation Of Athletes’ Experiences Of Psychological Momentum, Greg Young 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

“It Can Start From Anything”: An Existential Phenomenological Investigation Of Athletes’ Experiences Of Psychological Momentum, Greg Young

Doctoral Dissertations

Psychological Momentum (PM) is a commonly recognized phenomenon in sport, yet remains one of the least understood (Taylor & Demick, 1994). Previous research examined PM using archival data (Gayton & Very, 1993; Gilovich, Vallone, & Tversky, 1985; Koehler & Conley, 2003; Silva, Hardy, & Crace, 1988), hypothetical and contrived scenarios (Eisler & Spink, 1998; Miller & Weinberg, 1991; Perreault, Vallerand, Montgomery, & Provencher, 1998; Vallerand, Colavecchio, & Pelletier, 1988), and actual performance (Mack, et al., 2008). More recently, Jones and Harwood (2008) used semi-structured interviews to examine participants’ perceptions of PM. However, their research was focused on the specific components of existing conceptual models. The purpose of this study was to explore athletes’ experiences of PM without a priori assumptions. In-depth phenomenological interviews were conducted with seven NCAA D-I intercollegiate and professional soccer, volleyball, basketball, and tennis players ...


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