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Deliver Us From Evil - Police Tactical Psychology Bulletin, Rodger E. Broome PhD 2012 Utah Valley University

Deliver Us From Evil - Police Tactical Psychology Bulletin, Rodger E. Broome Phd

Rodger E. Broome

There is no hero or protector without a menace from which to protect or save others. Therefore, it is essential to understanding our adversaries better so that we may better appreciate our service to our citizens


Motivation In Goal Orientation And Motivational Climate In Elite Wheelchair Tennis Players, Laurence M. Zalmanowitz 2012 The University of Western Ontario

Motivation In Goal Orientation And Motivational Climate In Elite Wheelchair Tennis Players, Laurence M. Zalmanowitz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research explored motivation in relation to goal orientation and motivational climate among elite wheelchair tennis players in Canada who were asked to recall their experiences from early development to the highest levels of competition. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three Canadian wheelchair tennis players via Skype. Each represented Canada in international competition during their career. An ethnographic collective case study method was followed. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed by the researcher. Four themes emerged from the data, including involvement, process, impact/support of others and measures of success. Results were compared with existing research. Similarities and differences were ...


Iatrogenic Symptoms In Psychotherapy , Charles Boisvert, David Faust 2012 Rhode Island College

Iatrogenic Symptoms In Psychotherapy , Charles Boisvert, David Faust

Charles M Boisvert

Although the mental health professions are effective in ameliorating personal distress, treatment can sometimes have negative consequences. The authors explore causal mechanisms for iatrogenic symptoms in therapy by discussing the process by which clients may be socialized into therapy and the potential impact that psychiatric labels and language may have in influencing clients' self-perceptions. The authors review research that has examined possible negative effects of psychiatric labels and then examine other forms of language, categorization, and conceptualizations that may contribute to negative effects in therapy. Iatrogenic symptoms may originate through the overreliance on a belief system within which therapists interpret ...


Leading Researchers’ Consensus On Psychotherapy Research Findings, Charles Boisvert, David Faust 2012 Rhode Island College

Leading Researchers’ Consensus On Psychotherapy Research Findings, Charles Boisvert, David Faust

Charles M Boisvert

We examined leading international psychotherapy researchers’ views on psychotherapy outcome research. Participants completed a questionnaire on which they rated level of research evidence for or against various assertions about psychotherapy processes and outcomes. Participants rated how confident they were that the assertions were supported by psychotherapy research. Strong, or relatively strong, consensus was achieved on several of the questionnaire items. Areas for which relative uniformity of opinion does or does not exist have potential implications for the teaching and conduct of psychotherapy and for the science–practice interface in psychotherapy. Additionally, consensus about psychotherapy findings can be used as a ...


Confident Parenting - A Book Proposal, Lisa Sansom 2012 University of Pennsylvania

Confident Parenting - A Book Proposal, Lisa Sansom

Lisa Sansom

Parental self-efficacy is a driver of positive parenting, especially as couples welcome a new baby into their lives, becoming parents for the first time. Confident Parenting is the title of an upcoming book that will aid the transition from couplehood to parenthood, allowing couples to parent effectively and with love, while maintaining their own self-care and relationship-care.

Other books may follow in the series, adapting to different stages of family life.


A Closer Look At The Relationship Between Superstitious Behaviors And Trait Anxiety, Brandy Futrell 2012 Rollins College

A Closer Look At The Relationship Between Superstitious Behaviors And Trait Anxiety, Brandy Futrell

Brandy Futrell

This study examines the relationship between superstitious behaviors and trait anxiety. Researchers randomly selected participants from college campuses for a 28-question survey measuring superstitiousness and the 20-question State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory (STAI) to measure symptoms of anxiety. Results show a positive correlation between superstitious behaviors and an increase in anxiety symptoms. Significant gender differences were found; women scored higher on superstitiousness survey and the STAI-X2 test. Superstitious behaviors were a significant indicator for developing trait anxiety.


Looking At China’S Great Leap Forward From A Systems Perspective, Brandy Futrell 2012 Rollins College

Looking At China’S Great Leap Forward From A Systems Perspective, Brandy Futrell

Brandy Futrell

China’s Great Leap Forward (GLF) campaign of 1958-1961 led by Mao Tse-Tung resulted in a horrendous famine that cost millions of lives. This paper examines the campaign from a systems perspective across the individual, group/societal, and regulatory levels. Looking at each level illustrates errors that explain how the GLF failed.


Citizen Satisfaction Survey Data: A Mode Comparison Of The Derived Importance–Performance Approach, Mitchel Herian, Alan Tomkins 2012 University of Nebraska Public Policy Center

Citizen Satisfaction Survey Data: A Mode Comparison Of The Derived Importance–Performance Approach, Mitchel Herian, Alan Tomkins

Alan J Tomkins

The purpose of this article is to provide evidence regarding the comparability of results provided by two survey methods—a random phone survey and a nonrandom online survey—using the derived importance–performance approach to examine service satisfaction data at the local level. Specifically, we measure whether nonprobability opt-in online survey results produce results that are convergent or divergent to random phone survey results. The findings show that the phone and online survey techniques yield divergent results when simple univariate statistical techniques are employed but produce similar results when the data are analyzed using the more advanced derived importance approach ...


The Importance Of "Focusness": Focus Groups As A Means Of Collection Management Assessment, Barbara J. Strauss, Fran Mentch, Carol Zsulya 2012 Cleveland State University

The Importance Of "Focusness": Focus Groups As A Means Of Collection Management Assessment, Barbara J. Strauss, Fran Mentch, Carol Zsulya

Barbara Strauss

In order to assess the Library's collection, the Collection Development Assessment Team at Cleveland State University used focus groups to complement the information gathered in LibQUAL+™. Groups of undergraduates, graduates, and faculty participated in four separate focus groups. All groups reported they were essentially satisfied with the collection but also wanted better local collections and used OhioLINK to supplement their research; fewer users also utilized the rich resources of the public library systems. In keeping with previous surveys, all groups wanted more full-text available electronically, faster access to materials, and a more navigable website. It appeared that the more ...


The Importance Of "Focusness": Focus Groups As A Means Of Collection Management Assessment, Barbara J. Strauss, Fran Mentch, Carol Zsulya 2012 Cleveland State University

The Importance Of "Focusness": Focus Groups As A Means Of Collection Management Assessment, Barbara J. Strauss, Fran Mentch, Carol Zsulya

Barbara Strauss

In order to assess the Library's collection, the Collection Development Assessment Team at Cleveland State University used focus groups to complement the information gathered in LibQUAL+™. Groups of undergraduates, graduates, and faculty participated in four separate focus groups. All groups reported they were essentially satisfied with the collection but also wanted better local collections and used OhioLINK to supplement their research; fewer users also utilized the rich resources of the public library systems. In keeping with previous surveys, all groups wanted more full-text available electronically, faster access to materials, and a more navigable website. It appeared that the more ...


Molar Effects Of Increasing Amounts And Immediacy To External Food Sources In 4-Hr Sessions, Abdulrazaq A. Imam, Steven R. Hursh 2012 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Molar Effects Of Increasing Amounts And Immediacy To External Food Sources In 4-Hr Sessions, Abdulrazaq A. Imam, Steven R. Hursh

Abdulrazaq A. Imam

Rats worked under a fixed-ratio 45 schedule of reinforcementduring 4-hr long sessions either in sixteen 1S-min work periods (2rats in Experiments 1 and 3) or in a single work period (3 rats inExperiments 2 and 4) while receiving varying amounts of externalfood. In Experiments 1 and 2, a fixed amount of external food wasprovided in different conditions., whereas in Experiments 3 and 4,both earned and total food intake were fixed to a dally maximum.Consumption and responding decreased with availability comparedto nonavailability of external food and systematically declined withincreasing amounts of external food in progressively openeconomies. The independence-quotient statistic ...


Triz And Spirituality: The Methods Of Maximizing Happiness, Umakant Mishra 2012 SelectedWorks

Triz And Spirituality: The Methods Of Maximizing Happiness, Umakant Mishra

Umakant Mishra

TRIZ is a method of high level of commonsense and can be applied in any field, whether social, economical, technical or spiritual. In this article we analyzed the concept of happiness, the ultimate goal of human being, and demonstrated the application of different TRIZ concepts like Ideality, contradictions, Principles, Resources and Trends in different theories of maximizing happiness.


External Validity Reporting In Behavioral Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Lisa M. Klesges, Natalie A. Williams, Kara S. Davis, Joanna Buscemi, Katherine M. Kitzmann 2012 The University of Memphis

External Validity Reporting In Behavioral Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Lisa M. Klesges, Natalie A. Williams, Kara S. Davis, Joanna Buscemi, Katherine M. Kitzmann

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Context—To aid translation of childhood obesity research interventions evidence into practice, research studies must report results in a way that better supports pragmatic decision making. The current review evaluated the extent to which information on key external validity dimensions, participants, settings, interventions, outcomes, and maintenance of effects, was included in research studies on behavioral treatments for childhood obesity.

Evidence acquisition—Peer-reviewed studies of behavioral childhood obesity treatments published between 1980 and 2008 were identified from: (1) electronic searches of social science and medical databases, (2) research reviews of childhood obesity interventions, and (3) reference lists cited in these reviews ...


Family Systems - Police Tactical Psychology Bulletin, Rodger E. Broome PhD 2012 Utah Valley University

Family Systems - Police Tactical Psychology Bulletin, Rodger E. Broome Phd

Rodger E. Broome

In the criminal justice system, we deal with people in terms of their individual rights and actions. But often times, police officers are called to deal with families in conflict or turmoil. In these situations, police have to work within the framework of individual rights, responsibilities, and duties, but often are frustrated, confounded or inhibited by complex family dynamics.


Multicultural Experience, Idea Receptiveness, And Creativity, Angela K. Y. LEUNG, Chi-Yue CHIU 2012 Singapore Management University

Multicultural Experience, Idea Receptiveness, And Creativity, Angela K. Y. Leung, Chi-Yue Chiu

Ka Yee Angela LEUNG

Inspired by recent advances in creative cognition research, the authors examined in the current research some creative benefits of multicultural experiences. Study 1 showed that European American undergraduates had better creative performance immediately after being exposed to American and Chinese cultures or to a hybrid culture formed by fusing American and Chinese cultures; this effect was also observed 5 to 7 days after the initial exposure. Studies 2 and 3 showed that exposure to multicultural experiences is positively related to the likelihood of engaging in some creativity-supporting processes—generation of unconventional ideas (Study 2) and receptiveness to ideas originated from ...


Extralegal Punishment Factors: A Study Of Forgiveness, Hardship, Good-Deeds, Apology, Remorse, And Other Such Discretionary Factors In Assessing Criminal Punishment, Paul H. Robinson, Sean Jackowitz, Daniel M. Bartels 2012 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Extralegal Punishment Factors: A Study Of Forgiveness, Hardship, Good-Deeds, Apology, Remorse, And Other Such Discretionary Factors In Assessing Criminal Punishment, Paul H. Robinson, Sean Jackowitz, Daniel M. Bartels

Faculty Scholarship

The criminal law's formal criteria for assessing punishment are typically contained in criminal codes, the rules of which fix an offender's liability and the grade of the offense. A look at how the punishment decision-making process actually works, however, suggests that courts and other decisionmakers frequently go beyond the formal legal factors and take account of what might be called "extralegal punishment factors" (XPFs).

XPFs, the subject of this Article, include matters as diverse as an offender's apology, remorse, history of good or bad deeds, public acknowledgment of guilt, special talents, old age, extralegal suffering from the ...


Is Plea Bargaining In The "Shadow Of Trial" A Mirage?, Allison D. Redlich 2012 University at Albany, SUNY

Is Plea Bargaining In The "Shadow Of Trial" A Mirage?, Allison D. Redlich

Allison D Redlich

No abstract provided.


Is Diversion Swift?: Comparing Mental Health Court And Traditional Criminal Justice Processing, Allison D. Redlich, Siyu Liu, Henry J. Steadman, Lisa Callahan, Pamela C. Robbins 2012 University at Albany, SUNY

Is Diversion Swift?: Comparing Mental Health Court And Traditional Criminal Justice Processing, Allison D. Redlich, Siyu Liu, Henry J. Steadman, Lisa Callahan, Pamela C. Robbins

Allison D Redlich

No abstract provided.


Voluntary, Knowing, And Intelligent Pleas: Understanding Plea Inquiries, Allison D. Redlich 2012 University at Albany, SUNY

Voluntary, Knowing, And Intelligent Pleas: Understanding Plea Inquiries, Allison D. Redlich

Allison D Redlich

No abstract provided.


Assessing Mental Skill And Technique Use In Applied Interventions: Recognizing And Minimizing Threats To The Psychometric Properties Of The Tops, Charlottee Woodcock, Joan L. Duda, Jennifer Cumming, Lee-Ann Sharp, Mark J. G. Holland 2012 University of Birmingham

Assessing Mental Skill And Technique Use In Applied Interventions: Recognizing And Minimizing Threats To The Psychometric Properties Of The Tops, Charlottee Woodcock, Joan L. Duda, Jennifer Cumming, Lee-Ann Sharp, Mark J. G. Holland

Jennifer Cumming

Drawing from the experiences of the authors in developing, conducting, and evaluating sport psychology interventions, several considerations are highlighted and recommendations offered for effective psychometric assessment. Using the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS; Thomas, Murphy, & Hardy, 1999) as a working example, opportunities for bias to undermine a measure’s validity and reliability are discussed with reference to a respondent’s four cognitive processes: (a) comprehension, (b) retrieval, (c) decision-making, and (d) response generation. Further threats to an instrument’s psychometric properties are highlighted in the form of demand characteristics athletes perceive in the environment. With these concerns in mind, several ...


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