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Allopathic Medicine’S Influence On Indigenous Peoples In The Kumaon Region Of India, Eliana M. Blum 2018 The School for International Training

Allopathic Medicine’S Influence On Indigenous Peoples In The Kumaon Region Of India, Eliana M. Blum

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

This paper focuses on the use of western medicine in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India. The goal of this research is to understand which healing practices are preferable in rural villages. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 53 participants, including two spiritual healers, two doctors, and one pharmacist. Results indicate that allopathic medicine, otherwise known as modern medicine or western medicine, has become the go-to remedy for even the most remote people in India. Nearly all participants use allopathic medicine, but less than half of the participants experiment with other forms of healing, such as Ayurveda, homeopathy, meditation, and yoga ...


Understanding Burnout In Undergraduate Students: The Role Of Social Media, Paige Walker 2018 Western University

Understanding Burnout In Undergraduate Students: The Role Of Social Media, Paige Walker

Brescia Psychology Undergraduate Honours Theses

This study investigated different factors relating to undergraduate burnout and whether social media could act as a protective factor. The study group was comprised of 66 female undergraduate psychology students at Brescia University College. Participants completed one questionnaire with seven subscales which measured the following variables: subjective well-being, student subjective well-being, personality traits, social support, stress, online support, and burnout. The participants were divided into three groups based on their burnout scores. The results of the ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences between the three burnout groups on: subjective well-being, student subjective well-being, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness, social support, and ...


The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer 2018 Brandman University

The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.

Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...


Unintentional Minor Injury In Children: The Role Of Executive Function And Motor Ability, Denise Richard 2018 Otterbein University

Unintentional Minor Injury In Children: The Role Of Executive Function And Motor Ability, Denise Richard

Distinction Papers

Abstract

This study builds off of previous research developed by Bennett Murphy and colleagues (Bennet Murphy, Gilliland, & Griswold-Rhymer, 2001; Bennett Murphy, Murphy, & Laurie-Rose, 2001) by examining executive function (EF) in an attempt to isolate the aspects of attention that may contribute to unintentional injury. The aim of the present study was to explore whether a relationship exists between EF, motor ability, and unintentional injury in preschool aged children. This study consisted of 13 preschool children between the ages of 5 and 6 who were recruited from two Catholic preschools located in Ohio. All children took part in two different tests assessing EF ...


Self-Compassion And Adherence In Five Medical Samples: The Role Of Stress, Fuschia M. Sirois, Jameson K. Hirsch 2018 East Tennessee State University

Self-Compassion And Adherence In Five Medical Samples: The Role Of Stress, Fuschia M. Sirois, Jameson K. Hirsch

ETSU Faculty Works

Emerging evidence indicates self-compassion can be beneficial for medical populations and for medical adherence; yet, research to date has not fully examined the reasons for this association. This study examined the association of dispositional self-compassion to adherence across five medical samples and tested the extent to which perceived stress accounted for this association. Five medical samples (total N = 709), including fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and cancer patients, recruited from various sources, completed online surveys. Self-compassion was positively associated with adherence in all five samples. A meta-analysis of the associations revealed a small average effect size (average r = .22, [0.15 ...


How Does Music Connect The Artist And Fans?, Jacob Garringer 2018 Bowling Green State University

How Does Music Connect The Artist And Fans?, Jacob Garringer

Ray Browne Conference on Cultural and Critical Studies

This paper discusses the connection that subcultures and fan-bases of certain musical acts feel with their favorite artists on an emotional and psychological level. Analyzing the lyrical content of rock artists Kurt Cobain, Layne Staley, Chris Cornell, and Chester Bennington, all of which suffered from depression and/or addiction and eventually committed suicide, this paper aims to look at how the lyrics of their songs connect their experiences in real life to their fans who may be suffering the same illnesses, and how they could be seen as a cry for help.


Promoting Exercise By Exploring Expectations Of And Desire For Physical And Mental Affective Benefits, Kelsey Stamborski, Jennifer Taber 2018 Kent State University

Promoting Exercise By Exploring Expectations Of And Desire For Physical And Mental Affective Benefits, Kelsey Stamborski, Jennifer Taber

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Prior research has demonstrated that inducing positive expectations of exercise (e.g., that exercise can make people feel better mentally or improve mood) can lead to greater self-reported exercise intentions and behavior. We expanded upon these findings by making a distinction between affect that is experienced mentally (e.g., feel better mentally) versus physically (e.g., bodies feel better) and affect high (e.g., energized) versus low (e.g., calm) in arousal. We examined whether messages that described different types of affective benefits led to greater intentions to exercise, compared to information about health benefits (the control conditions), and further ...


Schizotypy And Health Promotion: The Mediating Role Of Depressive Symptoms, Michael Rice 2018 Stephen F. Austin State University

Schizotypy And Health Promotion: The Mediating Role Of Depressive Symptoms, Michael Rice

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: In general populations, schizotypy and depressive symptoms may be present at sub-clinical levels. Previous research has shown that schizotypy may negatively associate with underlying factors of health promotion. Furthermore, depressive symptoms have also been shown to negatively correlate with underlying factors of health promotion. Method: Undergraduate students and Mturk users were asked to complete an online questionnaire consisting of surveys measuring schizotypy, depressive symptoms and health promotion. Results: A meditation model showed a significant negative indirect effect of schizotypy through depressive symptoms on health promotion. Additionally, schizotypy positively predicted health promotion when depressive symptoms were controlled. Discussion: Results support ...


What Happens After Treatment: Improving Quality Of Life In Adolescents And Young Adults, Nichole Smith 2018 DePauw University

What Happens After Treatment: Improving Quality Of Life In Adolescents And Young Adults, Nichole Smith

Student research

More children and adolescents are surviving a cancer diagnosis now than ever before, but with these encouraging survival rates come the need for improved survivorship care. As a result of treatment, AYA are suffering from physical setbacks such as issues with weight management and fertility (Nightingale, 2011), and psychosocial setbacks such as PTSS, anxiety, and depression (Butler, Rizzi, Hardwerger, 1999). These factors may contributed to the fact that adolescents and young adults (AYA) often report lower QOL than their healthy counterparts (Russell, Hudson, Long, Phipps, 2006), which highlights the need for interventions that address the unmet needs and QOL of ...


Stress & Dance, Christian Franco 2018 La Salle University

Stress & Dance, Christian Franco

HON499 projects

Stress is an extensive term that encompasses a wide range of theories and studies done to look deeper into the meaning of stress. Stress in various occupations has been looked at extensively as well, as workers in one specific profession seem to be very much affected by stress: professional dancers. This paper is split into two parts. The first looks at the definition(s) of stress, such as that of Seyle and Lazarus and Folkman, the different types of stress like eustress and distress, causes and symptoms of stress like daily hassles and physiological and psychological symptoms, ways to cope ...


Screening For Traumatic Brain Injury In Prostituted Women, Melissa Farley, Martha E. Banks, Rosalie J. Ackerman, Jacqueline M. Golding 2018 Prostitution Research & Education

Screening For Traumatic Brain Injury In Prostituted Women, Melissa Farley, Martha E. Banks, Rosalie J. Ackerman, Jacqueline M. Golding

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Violence is pervasive in prostitution and can cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study estimated the prevalence and demographic correlates of TBI among 66 women and transwomen in prostitution. Ninety-five percent had sustained head injuries, either by being hit in the head with objects and/or having their heads slammed into objects. Sixty-one percent had sustained head injuries in prostitution. The women described acute and chronic symptoms resulting from head injury and/or concussions. These included dizziness, depressed mood, headache, sleep difficulty, poor concentration, memory problems, difficulty following directions, low frustration tolerance, fatigue, and appetite and weight changes. Screening for ...


Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook 2018 College of William and Mary

Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Underrepresented college students – including first-generation college students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and minority students – have lower rates of college completion (Fitzgerald & Delaney, 2002; Engle & Tinto, 2008; Choy, 2001). One set of factors that could play an important role in lower rates of college persistence for these students might involve higher rates of emotional distress, coupled with greater barriers to utilizing mental healthcare resources on campus (Andrews & Wilding, 2004; Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009). The current study followed 59 underrepresented students (UR; 53 racial/ethnic minority; 12 immigrants; 20 first-generation; 23 low-income) and 62 non-underrepresented students (NR) during their first semester at a medium-sized, public southeastern university to compare rates of mental health problems, as well as stigma ...


Hispanic Parent/Caregiver Health Literacy: Examining Effect On Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization, Sandy Anhai Ramirez Sanchez 2018 Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

Hispanic Parent/Caregiver Health Literacy: Examining Effect On Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization, Sandy Anhai Ramirez Sanchez

Social Work Doctoral Dissertations

This study aimed to explore Hispanic parent/caregiver health literacy and emergency department (ED) utilization for children ages birth to 10 years of age from a single outpatient pediatric primary care office in Wilmington, Delaware. English language proficiency (ELP) was measured to determine whether ELP was a moderating variable for ED utilization in children of Hispanic parents/caregivers. The following research question was explored in this study: “Are there significant differences between levels of health literacy and emergency department utilization rates when controlling for level of English language proficiency in Hispanic parents/caregivers?” The research question was guided by the ...


Therapy Dogs On Campus: An Exploration Of How Dog Therapy Services Affect Undergraduate Students’ Stress Levels, Tanna Lauriente, Drayden A.D. Kopp 2018 Thompson River's University

Therapy Dogs On Campus: An Exploration Of How Dog Therapy Services Affect Undergraduate Students’ Stress Levels, Tanna Lauriente, Drayden A.D. Kopp

Proceedings of the Annual Thompson Rivers University Undergraduate Research and Innovation Conference

University can be stressful for many undergraduates. Fortunately, there are various stress reduction strategies, including weekly dog therapy sessions, offered at Thompson Rivers University. This study investigated the effects of dog therapy on students via a self-reported stress survey. Students in a control group (n= 98), who did not visit the therapy dogs, and a test group (n= 108), who did, provided data on their stress level and various other factors. Students in the test group reported their stress levels before and after participating in a dog therapy session by circling a number on our stress scale, determining their stress ...


Understanding The Digital Gap Among Us Adults With Disability: Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Health Information National Trends Survey 2013, Eun Ji Kim, Yiyang Yuan, Jane Liebschutz, Howard Cabral, Lewis Kazis 2018 Hofstra University

Understanding The Digital Gap Among Us Adults With Disability: Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Health Information National Trends Survey 2013, Eun Ji Kim, Yiyang Yuan, Jane Liebschutz, Howard Cabral, Lewis Kazis

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Disabilities affect more than 1 in 5 US adults, and those with disabilities face multiple barriers in accessing health care. A digital gap, defined as the disparity caused by differences in the ability to use advanced technologies, is assumed to be prevalent among individuals with disabilities.

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between disability and use of information technology (IT) in obtaining health information and between trust factors and IT use. We hypothesized that compared to US adults without disabilities, those with disabilities are less likely to refer to the internet for health information, more likely to refer to ...


Complicated Grief And Art Therapy, Rachel Brandoff 2018 Lesley University

Complicated Grief And Art Therapy, Rachel Brandoff

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

Complicated grief (CG) has come to be a common enough occurrence in mental health treatment to warrant research, literature, and discussion of markers, causes, prevalence, symptoms, measures, and treatment protocols. Art therapy presents one possible mode of treatment for individuals suffering from CG, and yet few art therapists know about CG or have training in this area. A systematic review of art therapy programs and educational requirements showed no current standards or training requirements for grief or CG. Art therapists are master’s trained clinicians who work with people with a variety of mental health challenges, and training in CG ...


Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley II, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang 2018 Indiana University - Bloomington

Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang

Political Science Publications

China has undergone rapid social transitions within the last few decades. However, mental health issues, challenges to psychological well-being, and poor dietary choices have gradually surfaced. These health concerns are related to the rapid growth of the aging population and of the fast-paced industrialized society. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about food preferences and psychological well-being measurements in contemporary China. Applying the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) with a cross-sectional study design (n = 7970), we conducted multinomial logistic regression models to investigate the associations of food preferences, including fast food, salty snacks, fruits, vegetables, and sweetened beverages, with ...


Integrating Mindfulness Training In School Health Education To Promote Healthy Behaviors In Adolescents: Feasibility And Preliminary Effects On Exercise And Dietary Habits, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine F. Frisard, Shira I. Dunsiger, Sybil L. Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert 2018 Brown University

Integrating Mindfulness Training In School Health Education To Promote Healthy Behaviors In Adolescents: Feasibility And Preliminary Effects On Exercise And Dietary Habits, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine F. Frisard, Shira I. Dunsiger, Sybil L. Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert

Open Access Articles

Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6months thereafter. Quantile regression and linear mixed models were used, respectively, to estimate effects ...


Mental Disorders As Brain Disorders: The Impact On Stigma Of Neuroscience-Based Mental Health Education, Katherine Tighe 2018 Union College

Mental Disorders As Brain Disorders: The Impact On Stigma Of Neuroscience-Based Mental Health Education, Katherine Tighe

Honors Theses

Stigmatization of mental illness is undoubtedly detrimental to those with mental health concerns as it limits employment, self-esteem and social support (Markowitz, 1998). In effort to combat the issue of stigma, previous research has evaluated the effectiveness of education as a method to reduce stigma in a college sample; finding that peer-led presentations are effective in reducing stigma (Kosyluk et al., 2016). The current study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of neuroscience-oriented presentation for reducing the stigma of mental illness among college students. Researchers asked 53 Union College students to complete seven-item Social Distance Scale (SDS; Penn et al., 1994 ...


Practice-Based Conundrums And Existentialist Quandaries Of A Professional Code Of Ethics, Izaak L. Williams CSAC 2018 University of Hawaii

Practice-Based Conundrums And Existentialist Quandaries Of A Professional Code Of Ethics, Izaak L. Williams Csac

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

Ethical codes have long been considered indispensable tools in defining the proper conduct of counseling professionals. Revisions reflect the ideals of the industry to accommodate the evolving needs of clients and trends in treatment models, but the essence of the code is to convert principles befitting of the profession into concrete actions or considerations that abet professional decision-making. Acculturation into the profession involves ethics training intended to improve professionals’ ability to apply the code to situations that might arise in their practices, resulting in the most ethically appropriate action. However, such assumptions may be problematic. The idea of ethical competency ...


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