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Sogs Scores Correlate With Rates Fo Delay Discounting Of Hypothetical Monetary Amounts, But Not Non-Monetary Outcomes, Jeffrey N. Weatherly, Adamn Derenne 2010 University of North Dakota

Sogs Scores Correlate With Rates Fo Delay Discounting Of Hypothetical Monetary Amounts, But Not Non-Monetary Outcomes, Jeffrey N. Weatherly, Adamn Derenne

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

Although several studies have reported that gamblers display steeper rates of delay discounting than non-gamblers, other research has failed to find a systematic relationship between self-reported frequency of gambling and discounting of different outcomes. One hundred fifty six college students self-reported their frequency of gambling, completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), and then completed a delay-discounting task involving five different outcomes. Self-reported frequency of gambling was correlated with discounting of one outcome (finding an ideal dating partner) and the correlation was in the opposite direction of what would be expected from the literature. SOGS scores were significantly and positively …


A Review Of Petry & Madden’S Chapter Discounting And Pathologicalgambling In Impulsivity: The Behavioral And Neurologicalscience Of Discounting, Becky L. Nastally 2010 Southern Illinois University

A Review Of Petry & Madden’S Chapter Discounting And Pathologicalgambling In Impulsivity: The Behavioral And Neurologicalscience Of Discounting, Becky L. Nastally

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

Petry and Madden contribute a revealing chapter on the relationship between discounting and pathological gambling to Madden and Bickel’s (2010) Impulsivity: The Behavioral and Neurological Science of Discounting. Within the chapter, the authors note the increased interest in the topic of delay discounting and gambling while presenting some obscurities in the existing body of literature further research will need to address, including the co-occurring role of substance abuse in pathological gamblers. Additionally, the chapter outlines theoretical interpretations of discounting as they relate to gambling behavior as well as highlights the need for further research in the area of probability discounting …


Behavioral Gerontology And Gambling: The Jackalope Of Behavior Analysis, Jonathan C. Baker 2010 Southern Illinois University

Behavioral Gerontology And Gambling: The Jackalope Of Behavior Analysis, Jonathan C. Baker

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

Older adults constitute over one third of all gamblers in the United States. As the baby-boom generation continues to reach older adulthood, this proportion is likely to grow. To date, behavior-analytic research on gambling has focused on younger populations. Although such research is necessary and important, the present account will suggest that additional research should focus on studying older gamblers. The purpose of the present account is to review the literature that exists on typical behavior changes observed in older-adult populations and the implications for those changes related to current behavior-analytic research in gambling.


The Effect Of Relational Training On The Near-Miss Effect In Slot Machine Platers, Becky L. Nastally, Mark R. Dixon 2010 Southern Illinois University

The Effect Of Relational Training On The Near-Miss Effect In Slot Machine Platers, Becky L. Nastally, Mark R. Dixon

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

In the current study, six slot machine players were exposed to two concurrently available computer simulated slot machines (one yellow and one blue). The blue slot machine produced a high frequency of near-miss outcomes and the yellow slot produced no such outcomes. Both machines produced reinforcement on a random-ratio 10 schedule and response options were presented in a free operant paradigm. After a 50-trial exposure, participants completed multiple exemplar training and testing as well as a stimulus-sort task to form a relation between the color blue and ‘worse-than’ and then were re-exposed to the slot machine task for another 50 …


Temporal Discounting And Gambling: A Meaningful Relationship?, Jeffrey N. Weatherly 2010 University of North Dakota

Temporal Discounting And Gambling: A Meaningful Relationship?, Jeffrey N. Weatherly

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

Pathological gambling is an important and large societal problem. Theorists and researchers have linked pathological gambling to rates of temporal discounting, although not all attempts to do so have been successful. Unfortunately, popular measures of temporal discounting each have weaknesses, and studies of discounting have tended to focus on one particular commodity – hypothetical monetary rewards. Evidence exists to suggest that problem and pathological gambling is also linked to escape contingencies. If so, these findings could potentially explain the link that has been found between temporal discounting and gambling. Implications and predictions of this possibility are discussed.


The Impact Of Derived Relational Responding On Gambling Behavior, Simon Dymond, Bryan Roche 2010 University of Wales, Swansea

The Impact Of Derived Relational Responding On Gambling Behavior, Simon Dymond, Bryan Roche

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

The present article describes existing research on the impact of derived relational responding on gambling behavior. First, it is argued that a greater understanding of the role of verbal behavior in gambling behavior is made possible by research findings and theoretical advances in research on derived relational responding generally, and the transformation of stimulus functions in particular. Second, the findings of several recent studies are described in order to describe the key features of this contemporary approach for verbal events. Finally, implications for the verbally based treatment of disordered gambling are outlined.


A Model Of Flow And Play In Game-Based Learning The Impact Of Game Characteristics, Player Traits, And Player States, Davin Pavlas 2010 University of Central Florida

A Model Of Flow And Play In Game-Based Learning The Impact Of Game Characteristics, Player Traits, And Player States, Davin Pavlas

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, the relationship between flow state, serious games, and learning was examined. Serious games, which are games that convey something other than enjoyment (e.g., learning), are increasingly popular platforms for research, training, and advertisement. The elements that make serious games useful to researchers, trainers, and practitioners are closely linked to those that make up the positive psychology construct of flow state. Flow state describes an optimum experience that is encountered when a variety of factors are met, and is characterized by high focus, engagement, motivation, and immersion. While flow state is often discussed in the serious games literature, …


Upward And Onward, Jeffrey N. Weatherly 2010 University of North Dakota

Upward And Onward, Jeffrey N. Weatherly

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

No abstract provided.


Concurrent Validity Of The Gambling Functional Assessment (Gfa):Correlations With The South Oaks Gambling Screen (Sogs)And Indicators Of Diagnostic Efficiency, Joseph C. Miller, Mark R. Dixon, Amanda Parker, Ashley M. Kulland, Jeffrey N. Weatherly 2010 University of North Dakota

Concurrent Validity Of The Gambling Functional Assessment (Gfa):Correlations With The South Oaks Gambling Screen (Sogs)And Indicators Of Diagnostic Efficiency, Joseph C. Miller, Mark R. Dixon, Amanda Parker, Ashley M. Kulland, Jeffrey N. Weatherly

Analysis of Gambling Behavior

Concurrent validity of the recently introduced Gambling Functional Assessment (GFA) was assessed by comparison with the long-used South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) in two nonclinical adult samples (N = 201, 49% female; N=101, 74% female). Correlations between GFA total scores and its four content scores with SOGS scores were promising (r = .04 to .61), with the content score relating to Escape yielding the highest correlations (.45, .61) and the score relating to Attention yielding the lowest. Performance in the second sample, where the SOGS-defined base rate of pathological gambling (28.7%) was high, was best for Escape scores, which efficiently …


Assessment Of Early Maladaptive Schemas Via A Modified Stroop Task, Yelena Kholodenko 2010 California State University, San Bernardino

Assessment Of Early Maladaptive Schemas Via A Modified Stroop Task, Yelena Kholodenko

Theses Digitization Project

Processing biases play a major role in the understanding of anxiety disorders. The Schema theory hypothesizes that belief systems, early maladaptive schemas (EMS), cause selective processing of confirmatory information to the exclusion of disconfirmatory information. The current study was the first report attempting to provide empirical support for the measurement of EMS with a subtle cognitive processing assessment such as the Stoop task. A Schema Stroop task was constructed for the purposes of the current study.


Degrees Of Complexity And Flexibility In The Belief System And The Strength Of Identity Attachment To Belief Claims, Craig Allen Bray 2010 California State University, San Bernardino

Degrees Of Complexity And Flexibility In The Belief System And The Strength Of Identity Attachment To Belief Claims, Craig Allen Bray

Theses Digitization Project

Complexity and flexibility make unique but related contributions to the connection between belief system structure and self structure. This study was concerned with how individuals structure their beliefs. Three scales were combined to provide a measure of belief system complexity and flexibility and then correlated with the card sort results.


Feeling Of Knowing And Retrieval Failure: Tip-Of-The-Tongue State Is Not The Only Option, Amanda C. Gingerich 2010 Butler University

Feeling Of Knowing And Retrieval Failure: Tip-Of-The-Tongue State Is Not The Only Option, Amanda C. Gingerich

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

We investigated whether individuals are able to differentiate being in a tip-of-the-tongue state from the metacognitive experience of knowing information, but being unable to recall it. Results indicate that being unable to recall known information is separate from, and more common than, experiencing a tip-of-the-tongue state.


Evaluations Of Apologies: The Effects Of Apology Sincerity And Acceptance Motivation, Ida Hatcher 2010 Marshall University

Evaluations Of Apologies: The Effects Of Apology Sincerity And Acceptance Motivation, Ida Hatcher

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The present study examined the effects of apology sincerity and acceptance motivation on the facilitation of forgiveness of a transgression. Eighty-five undergraduates (26 males, 59 females) were randomly assigned to an Accepted Apology or a Rejected Apology condition. Participants wrote a detailed description of a situation in which they had experienced a transgression, the transgressor apologized, and they decided to accept or reject the apology. After completing their written descriptions, participants responded to a series of questions about the incident including their relationship with the transgressor, the time elapsed between the transgression and apology, the method of communication used to …


Gendered Perceptions Of Batterer Intervention Co-Facilitation, Dorothy Lynne Boston 2010 Marshall University

Gendered Perceptions Of Batterer Intervention Co-Facilitation, Dorothy Lynne Boston

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the experience of co-facilitating male batterer intervention groups as reported by male and female facilitators and to identify how that experience differs along gender lines, given that dual-gender facilitation is an expectation of licensing standards that has not been researched. The following research questions were asked: 1) are there notable differences in how co-facilitation of male batterer intervention groups is experienced by males and females, 2) are females more sensitive to and affected by issues of power and control within the facilitation process than their male peers, and 3) is it more …


Aggression To Gain Social Status: An Examination Of Middle And High School Females, Neely Snead Harvey 2010 Marshall University

Aggression To Gain Social Status: An Examination Of Middle And High School Females, Neely Snead Harvey

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The current study examined which type of aggression middle and high school females used most: indirect or direct aggression. Popularity (social standing) was also examined in order to help determine whether or not a female’s popularity was increased or decreased by which type of aggression, if any, she used the most. It was hypothesized that popular females used indirect aggression more than non-popular peers. Thirty participants were selected from grades seven through twelve at a rural combined middle/high school in Monongalia County, West Virginia. Participants were asked to nominate two popular and two unpopular females. Next, participants completed an aggression …


Cross-Informant Agreement Among Parents And Children, Staci S. Mullins 2010 Marshall University

Cross-Informant Agreement Among Parents And Children, Staci S. Mullins

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Rating scales are often used by school psychologists to assess for emotional and behavioral disorders in students. While one advantage of rating scales is that data can be collected and assessed from multiple informants, research has shown that agreement between multiple informants is usually low to moderate, with the lowest being between parents and youth. The Conners Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) is a new multi- dimensional rating scale claiming to have moderate parent/youth agreement. The purpose of this study was to analyze the cross-informant agreement between youth and parents using the Conners CBRS and then compare the correlations from …


Emotion Processing In High-Functioning Autistic Children: A Priming Task, Ashley E. Ruggles 2010 Western Washington University

Emotion Processing In High-Functioning Autistic Children: A Priming Task, Ashley E. Ruggles

WWU Graduate School Collection

Although high-functioning autistic individuals demonstrate normative intelligence, profound deficits in social processing exist. Understanding emotions in faces can be particularly difficult for autistic individuals. In the present research a priming task was used to uncover the speed and strength of association between emotional faces and emotional words. Autistic individuals are often capable of explicitly recognizing emotion in faces but still demonstrate difficulty interpreting emotional situations. In the current study, emotional words were primed by quickly presented matching or mismatching emotional faces. This may be more similar to naturalistic social interactions in which facial expressions change quickly. The aim was to …


Five-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task Performance Following Catecholamine Depletion Of Rat Medial Prefrontal Cortex: Implications For Attention Deficit In Schizophrenia, Rabia V. Magnusson 2010 Western Washington University

Five-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task Performance Following Catecholamine Depletion Of Rat Medial Prefrontal Cortex: Implications For Attention Deficit In Schizophrenia, Rabia V. Magnusson

WWU Graduate School Collection

The symptoms of schizophrenia are highly variable and include a variety of cognitive deficits, including attentional deficit. These cognitive deficits may involve dopamine (DA) underactivity in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) (Weinberger, Egan, Bertolino, Callicott, Mattay, Lipska, et al., 2001). The purpose of this thesis was to test the hypothesis that reduced DA in the PFC alters attention by examining the effects of reduced DA in the medial PFC (mPFC) of rats on a sustained attention task. Rats in the DA-lesioned group were administered 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in the mPFC. Following 6-OHDA administration, rats in the DA-lesioned and shamlesioned group were trained …


Effects Of Parental Depressive Symptoms And Marital Discord On Parental Functioning And Parent-Infant Relationships, Clare R. White 2010 Western Washington University

Effects Of Parental Depressive Symptoms And Marital Discord On Parental Functioning And Parent-Infant Relationships, Clare R. White

WWU Graduate School Collection

Mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms were examined as predictors of parentally reported parenting distress, infant difficulty, and dysfunctional parent-infant interactions within an actor-partner interdependence model approach (Cook & Kenny, 2005). Observed marital conflict styles were examined as mediators of associations. A community sample of 72 couples participated with their 6-14 month old infants. Path analyses using EQS (Bentler, 2005) revealed that mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms were significantly associated with increased parenting distress. Mothers' and fathers' parenting distress was subsequently associated with increases in infant difficulty. Fathers' depressive symptoms predicted greater dysfunctional father-infant interactions, and additionally predicted greater dysfunctional mother-infant …


The Relationship Between Parental Conflict And Family Interactions: The Role Of Emotional Security And Parenting Behaviors, Nichole Stettler 2010 Western Washington University

The Relationship Between Parental Conflict And Family Interactions: The Role Of Emotional Security And Parenting Behaviors, Nichole Stettler

WWU Graduate School Collection

Interparental conflict (IPC) is an inevitable part of family life which has been linked to child adjustment. Two theories have been proposed to explain this relationship. The emotional security hypothesis represents a direct path by which IPC affects children by threatening their sense of felt security in the interparental relationship. In contrast, the spillover hypothesis suggests that IPC affects children indirectly by influencing parenting practices. The current study extends previous research by examining both of these pathways in families with infants, as well as testing how IPC may contribute to family outcomes. Seventy-four two-parent families of 6- to 14- month-old …


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