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Boehner Versus The Gop: Examining The 2015 Vote For Speaker Of The House, Michael Bednarczuk 2017 University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

Boehner Versus The Gop: Examining The 2015 Vote For Speaker Of The House, Michael Bednarczuk

Journal of Ideology

Why did Speaker of the House John Boehner face the largest intraparty challenge to an incumbent speaker in over 150 years in January 2015? Goal salience theory will be used to explain this event. In addition, since this protest took place during the public vote for speaker and not during a private caucus, every vote in a leadership challenge can be examined for the first time. While the conventional view of leadership elections is that policy differences can fuel campaigns, this article argues that procedure is also important. Since it appears that the revolt was against the policies and practices ...


American Civil Associations And The Growth Of American Government: An Appraisal Of Alexis De Tocqueville’S Democracy In America (1835-1840) Applied To Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal And The Post-World War Ii Welfare State, John P. Varacalli 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

American Civil Associations And The Growth Of American Government: An Appraisal Of Alexis De Tocqueville’S Democracy In America (1835-1840) Applied To Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal And The Post-World War Ii Welfare State, John P. Varacalli

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859), a French aristocrat, intellectual, and commentator on American society during the 1830’s, described the United States as a society marked by a general “equality of condition,” that is, by a lack of noticeable social and economic distinctions among the citizenry. For Tocqueville, this characteristic of democracy encouraged the formation of an informal political bloc he termed “the majority” - a group who would often elect demagogues to political offices, since the latter were best able to give voice to majority opinion. Furthermore, de Tocqueville believed that this group was not only capable ...


Capitalism And Unfreedom: Louis D. Brandeis And A Liberty Of The Left, Eric L. Apar 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Capitalism And Unfreedom: Louis D. Brandeis And A Liberty Of The Left, Eric L. Apar

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The American Right features a well-developed—and well-heeled—infrastructure for promoting a conception of freedom as inextricable from capitalism. The American Left, by contrast, has seemed content to cede the territory, abandoning the ground of freedom for the terrain of “equality,” “justice,” “fairness,” and “prosperity.” This paper is an effort to address this asymmetry in the public discourse over the meaning of freedom. Its principal objective is to capture the vision of freedom embodied in the political and economic thought of Louis D. Brandeis, one of the American Left’s ablest expositors of freedom.

In addition, the paper has three ...


Toward A Reoriented Radicalism: Black Marxism And Orientalism, Alexandros Orphanides 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Toward A Reoriented Radicalism: Black Marxism And Orientalism, Alexandros Orphanides

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The 21st century has witnessed the unquestioned supremacy of late capitalism. It holds coercive power over nation states; it generates increased inequality within countries and around the globe. It can, today, exploit everywhere at once. The poorest countries in the world reside in the Global South. Of the twenty poorest countries in the world, seventeen are in Africa; the rest are elsewhere in the Global South. Of the hundred poorest countries in world, over 95 percent are in the Global South. In the United States, Blacks, Latinos, and Indigenous people have poverty rates that greatly exceed the national average. Poverty ...


The Technocratic Politics Of The Common Core State Standards In History, Kate Duguid 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Technocratic Politics Of The Common Core State Standards In History, Kate Duguid

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper shows that the explicit aims of the American educational standards for public schools, the Common Core State Standards to teach history to create “college and career ready” students, marks a shift from preparing students for political participation to preparing them for market participation. I trace the intellectual and pedagogical origins of the Common Core’s pretense of technocratic apolitical values back through the previous two major American curricular reform efforts. In the first section I discuss the origins and development of the National History Standards and show how Cold War anxiety prompted a shift in evaluating students as ...


Power, Liberalism, And Political Science: Some Christian Reflections, Daniel E. Young 2017 Northwestern College - Orange City

Power, Liberalism, And Political Science: Some Christian Reflections, Daniel E. Young

Northwestern Review

How should a Christian political scientist think about power, liberalism, and political science? In answering this question, this article first defines power. Considered primarily in relation to the state, power is exercised in conflicts of interests: by officials, parties, or groups or elites getting others to do something the others would not otherwise do, or keeping one or more alternative from even being discussed, and perhaps obscuring what the real interests of others are. Then the argument turns to establishing that how one thinks about power is closely related to one’s larger political theory, e.g., what counts as ...


The Terrors Of The Times.Docx, Ian Russell Koh 2017 Nanyang Technological University

The Terrors Of The Times.Docx, Ian Russell Koh

Ian Russell Koh

In the following discussion of the current international state of affairs, I amalgamate into my discussion a variety of domains and disciplines including history, philosophy, realism, and critical social theory. I attempt to furnish the reader with a broad caricature or snapshot of my understanding of global events in 6 paragraphs. Infused within my analysis are references to the works of Marx, along with his critique on liberal idealism and his exhortations for the advancement of scientific praxis. All is not well in the psyche of humanity.

Submitted as part of my application for the ISEAS scholarship.


Trump’S Inauguration: What Could Critical Theory Learn?, Graham MacPhee 2017 Selected Works

Trump’S Inauguration: What Could Critical Theory Learn?, Graham Macphee

Graham MacPhee

No abstract provided.


Our Principled Constitution, Mitchell N. Berman 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Our Principled Constitution, Mitchell N. Berman

Faculty Scholarship

Suppose that one of us contends, and the other denies, that transgender persons have constitutional rights to be treated in accord with their gender identity. It appears that we are disagreeing about “what the law is.” And, most probably, we disagree about what the law is on this matter because we disagree about what generally makes it the case that our constitutional law is this rather than that.

Constitutional theory should provide guidance. It should endeavor to explain what gives our constitutional rules the contents that they have, or what makes true constitutional propositions true. Call any such account a ...


Cognitive Sociology, Michael W. Raphael 2017 CUNY Graduate Center

Cognitive Sociology, Michael W. Raphael

Publications and Research

Cognitive sociology is the study of the conditions under which meaning is constituted through processes of reification. Cognitive sociology traces its origins to writings in the sociology of knowledge, sociology of culture, cognitive and cultural anthropology, and more recently, work done in cultural sociology and cognitive science. Its central questions revolve around locating these processes of reification since the locus of cognition is highly contentious. Researchers consider how individuality is related to notions of society (structures, institutions, systems, etc.) and notions of culture (cultural forms, cultural structures, sub-cultures, etc.). These questions further explore how these answers depend on learning processes ...


"Trans-American Indigeneities", Tracy Devine Guzmán 2017 University of Miami

"Trans-American Indigeneities", Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Forthcoming.


Considering Clausewitz Across Contexts, Laura Salter 2017 Harding University

Considering Clausewitz Across Contexts, Laura Salter

Tenor of Our Times

Carl von Clausewitz’s On War has been heralded as one of the most influential theories of war. It has influenced statesmen as diverse as Dwight Eisenhower, Vladimir Lenin, and Adolf Hitler. After having been incorporated into various schools of thought, taught to soldiers and studied extensively, it begs the question: what explains the continuous relevance of Clausewitz’s theory, despite changing contexts and technology? This paper posits that Clausewitz presented war as an extension of politics composed of a trinity of forces, used methodology that would transcend eras, and wrote about war’s very nature. In doing so, On ...


An Ghaoth A Chriofidh An Eorna: The Moral Economy Of Ireland's Whiteboys, 1761-1787., Connor Bartlett McDermott 2017 Bard College

An Ghaoth A Chriofidh An Eorna: The Moral Economy Of Ireland's Whiteboys, 1761-1787., Connor Bartlett Mcdermott

Senior Projects Spring 2017

In 1761, the peasantry of Ireland rose in insurrection against enclosure and tithes. The initial wave of protesters were known as 'Whiteboys,' and their insurrection came to be a model for subsequent Irish agrarian redresser movements throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth century. Applying E.P. Thompson’s theory of moral economy to the practice of Whiteboyism reveals the sophisticated motives which lay behind the Whiteboy’s 18th century protests against enclosure, tithes, and middlemen in rural Ireland. Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


An Ethical President Elect?, Cameron MacKenzie 2017 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

An Ethical President Elect?, Cameron Mackenzie

Augustana Center for the Study of Ethics Essay Contest

An ethics paper intended to take an unbiased stance, while breaking down the ethics surrounding then President Elect Donald Trump's 100-day plan.


Starting A War: Neoconservatism, Human Rights Rhetoric, And The Push To Democratize Iraq, Dylan Edward Long 2017 Bard College

Starting A War: Neoconservatism, Human Rights Rhetoric, And The Push To Democratize Iraq, Dylan Edward Long

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Ideological Infection In Dostoevsky's "Demons", Sam Joshua Reed 2017 Bard College

Ideological Infection In Dostoevsky's "Demons", Sam Joshua Reed

Senior Projects Spring 2017

This project is an exploration of ideology in Dostoevsky's 1871 novel "Demons." In this work, Dostoevsky portrays the connection between utopianism and extremism. This project explores how romantic and political idealism becomes the foundation for violence and terrorism, through the relationship of the 1840's liberal Stepan Trofimovich Verhovensky and his nihilistic sons.


Public Discourse And The Securitization Of Conflict, Gilda Raizel Edelman 2017 Bard College

Public Discourse And The Securitization Of Conflict, Gilda Raizel Edelman

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Evolutionary Paths And Confining Cages: The Genealogy Of American State Constitutions, Nancy Martorano Miller 2017 University of Dayton

Evolutionary Paths And Confining Cages: The Genealogy Of American State Constitutions, Nancy Martorano Miller

Political Science Faculty Publications

With this poster, Dr. Miller explained her work to identify how provisions and concepts in state constitutions are related to one another and evolved over time and to understand how the provisions in these documents impact the work of state officials in the policymaking process.

Her goals: 1. Provide a “genealogical” mapping of state constitutional evolution that will allow the testing of path dependency and other theories of institutional development. 2. Create a series of scores that can be used to assess the extent to which a state government’s capacity to act in a specific policy area (e.g ...


Colombian Peace Process Likely To Succeed, Kayla D. Graves 2017 James Madison University

Colombian Peace Process Likely To Succeed, Kayla D. Graves

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

On 2 October 2016, Colombians voted on a referendum to “end the conflict and establish stable and enduring peace” between Las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC, and Colombia’s democratic government. The referendum was rejected by a narrow margin―49.8% of voters in favor of the peace deal and 50.2% opposed. Following the referendum several terms were revised and the peace accord was approved by Colombian Congress on 30 November 2016. Now, the transition to peace begins.

Structured Analytic Techniques including Analysis of Competing Hypotheses, Scenario Generation, and Red Team Analysis support the conclusion that the Colombian ...


Human Water Security: It Boils Down To State Bureaucratic Capacity, Seth Howard 2017 University of Iowa

Human Water Security: It Boils Down To State Bureaucratic Capacity, Seth Howard

University of Iowa Honors Theses

Contemporaneous global demographic, environmental, and economic trends have elevated water issues to the fore of human rights and national security debates. Ipso facto, a profusion of research has attempted to explicate water insecurity causes and effects. This article examines the foremost theoretical explanations, data, and discrepancies. It then proposes and quantitatively tests a more parsimonious and evidentially coherent state bureaucratic capacity theory of water security. The results support the proposed theory and reveal three significant conclusions. Times series analyses reveal mixed-type regimes produce reduced water security compared to autocracies and democracies, with closed anocracies performing worst; this finding persists when ...


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