Presidential Control Over International Law, 2018 Duke Law School
Presidential Control Over International Law, Curtis A. Bradley, Jack L. Goldsmith
Presidents have come to dominate the making, interpretation, and termination of international law for the United States. Often without specific congressional concurrence, and sometimes even when it is likely that Congress would disagree, the President has developed the authority to:
(a) make a vast array of international obligations for the United States, through both written agreements and the development of customary international law;
(b) make increasingly consequential political commitments for the United States on practically any topic;
(c) interpret these obligations and commitments; and
(d) terminate or withdraw from these obligations and commitments.
While others have examined pieces of this ...
Sustaining Collective Self-Governance And Collective Action: A Constitutional Role Morality For Presidents And Members Of Congress, Neil S. Siegel
In the United States today, the behavior of the political branches is generally viewed as more damaging to the American constitutional system than is the behavior of the federal courts. Yet constitutional law scholarship continues to focus primarily on judges and judging. This Article suggests that such scholarship should develop for presidents and members of Congress what it has long advocated for judges: a role morality that imposes normative limits on the exercise of official discretion over and above strictly legal limits. The Article first grounds a role morality for federal elected officials in two purposes of the U.S ...
Intergenerational Land Conflict In Northern Uganda: Children, Customary Law And Return Migration, 2018 University of Richmond
Intergenerational Land Conflict In Northern Uganda: Children, Customary Law And Return Migration, Sandra F. Joireman
Political Science Faculty Publications
Northern Uganda is in transition after the conflict that ended in 2006. While its cities are thriving and economic opportunities abound, the social institutions governing land access are contested, the land administration system is changing, and the mechanisms available to address conflicts over resources have themselves become a venue for authority claims. This article examines the intergenerational nature of land conflicts in northern Uganda, focusing on the interplay of customary law, return migration and the development of a market in land. There are three contributions to existing literature: (1) a discussion of children's property rights under customary and statute ...
European Spaces And The Roma: Denaturalizing The Naturalized In Online Reader Comments, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
European Spaces And The Roma: Denaturalizing The Naturalized In Online Reader Comments, Theresa Catalano, Grace E. Fielder
Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education
With the entry of several Eastern European nations into the European Union (EU), a “third” space has developed in the discourse for nations perceived as not fully integrated “inside” the EU system. This article investigates the construction of this “third space” in the resultant “moral panic” about undesired immigration from other EU countries and its potential drain on the social services of the United Kingdom and links it to Euroskeptic discourse in British media. The article uses construal operations from cognitive linguistics combined with critical discourse studies as a way of denaturalizing the discourse in online comments that focus on ...
Sturm, Ruger & Co And The U.S. Firearms Industry, 2018 University of Richmond
Sturm, Ruger & Co And The U.S. Firearms Industry, Eryn Berquist, Julian Cha, Jeffrey S. Harrison, Kelsey Heady, Lindsay Kennedy, Will Macllwiane, Bikram Saini, Natalie Schmidt, Jason Werst
Robins Case Network
Ruger is one of the largest domestic gun and ammunition manufacturers in the United States, and also one of the most successful. Ruger makes very high quality guns at reasonable prices. The company also emphasizes research and development. With no debt and high gross profit margins, one would expect Ruger to be an outstanding investment. However, the U.S. gun industry is extremely volatile and also very competitive. Due to mass shootings, terrorism, and other highly visible events, there is ever increasing pressure for new regulation and restrictions on gun ownership and use. However, the industry has a very powerful ...
The Original Theory Of Constitutionalism, 2018 Duke Law School
The Original Theory Of Constitutionalism, David Singh Grewal, Jedediah Purdy
The U.S. Constitution embodies a conception of democratic sovereignty that has been substantially forgotten and obscured in today’s commentary. Recovering this original idea of constitution-making shows that today’s originalism is, ironically, unfaithful to its origins in an idea of self-rule that prized both the initial ratification of fundamental law and the political community’s ongoing power to reaffirm or change it. This does not mean, however, that living constitutionalism better fits the original conception of democratic self-rule. Rather, because the Constitution itself makes amendment practically impossible, it all but shuts down the very form of democratic sovereignty ...
Negative Affective Language In Politics, 2018 Boise State University
Negative Affective Language In Politics, Stephen M. Utych
Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations
How do the words we use to talk about politics influence political attitudes and evaluations? I focus specifically on negative affective language; words which individuals have pre-existing negative reactions towards. Considering the Affect Infusion Model (AIM), processing style influences how individuals use affect when making decisions. The impact of affective language depends upon the complexity of the decision. In simpler processing tasks, individuals will use affect as a heuristic. This causes a misattribution of generalized negative affect onto a political target, leading to harsher evaluations. When a decision is complex, affective language influences how new information is stored in memory ...
Visual Diplomacy: Reflections On Diplomatic Spectacle And Cinematic Thinking, 2017 University of Cyprus
Visual Diplomacy: Reflections On Diplomatic Spectacle And Cinematic Thinking, Costas M. Constantinou
Costas M. Constantinou
Gender Policy Feedback: Perceptions Of Sex Equity, Title Ix, And Political Mobilization Among College Athletes, 2017 Northwestern University
Gender Policy Feedback: Perceptions Of Sex Equity, Title Ix, And Political Mobilization Among College Athletes, James Druckman, Jacob Rothschild, Elizabeth Sharrow
The First Daughter Effect: The Impact Of Fathering Daughters On Men’S Preferences For Gender Equality Policies, 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst
The First Daughter Effect: The Impact Of Fathering Daughters On Men’S Preferences For Gender Equality Policies, Elizabeth Sharrow, Jesse H. Rhodes, Tatishe Nteta, Jill Greenlee
Queer Terror: Life, Death, And Desire In The Settler Colony, 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston
Queer Terror: Life, Death, And Desire In The Settler Colony, C. Heike Schotten
C. Heike Schotten
No abstract provided.
A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, 2017 Bilkent University
A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis
No abstract provided.
What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler
Major legislative actions during the early part of the 115th Congress have undermined the central argument for regulatory reform measures such as the REINS Act, a bill that would require congressional approval of all new major regulations. Proponents of the REINS Act argue that it would make the federal regulatory system more democratic by shifting responsibility for regulatory decisions away from unelected bureaucrats and toward the people’s representatives in Congress. But separate legislative actions in the opening of the 115th Congress only call this argument into question. Congress’s most significant initiatives during this period — its derailed attempts to ...
Critical Theory And Praxis .Pdf, 2017 National University of Singapore
Critical Theory And Praxis .Pdf, Ian Russell Koh
Ian Russell Koh
Raising Responsibility In Rakhine Security Essay.Pdf, 2017 National University of Singapore
Raising Responsibility In Rakhine Security Essay.Pdf, Ian Russell Koh
Ian Russell Koh
The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, 2017 Illinois State University
The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development
In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...
Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law
Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, John M. Greabe
Law Faculty Scholarship
Americans celebrate our Constitution as a beacon that can guide us through difficult situations. And justly so. But at times, the Constitution also has stood as a barrier to necessary reform.
The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, 2017 Fordham University
The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze
Journal of Global Catholicism
A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society
The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, 2017 Kennesaw State University
The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson
The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research
As a body intended to accurately represent the people of the United States, the U.S. Senate is not a very diverse group. However, it is the people themselves who vote their representatives into office. In seeking to find what qualities American voters look for in a senator, senatorial longevity is an excellent gauge. Through the analysis of previous studies and literature and the gathering of original data on the senatorial longevity of the 115th Congress, independent variables such as sex, education, and children can be analyzed to determine the demographic makeup of the successful American senator; thereby also ...
Applying John Kingdon’S Three Stream Model To The Policy Idea Of Universal Preschool, 2017 Bridgewater State University
Applying John Kingdon’S Three Stream Model To The Policy Idea Of Universal Preschool, George Atupem
Honors Program Theses and Projects
Public education is no longer the great equalizer in the United States. The achievement gap is widening and in many areas education policies are perpetuating the problem. This phenomenon has created an education system built on inequality. The achievement gap in the United States has continued to widen because many children are missing out on the educational, economic, and social benefits of attending a high-quality preschool program. Access to quality preschool is an issue that briefly found its way onto the national agenda in 2013 but has since been edged out by broader national issues, such as healthcare and immigration ...