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Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

In the recent literature on conflict resolution tends to underline negotiation model based on the argument or dialogue. Exchange between different styles of argument some trends have emerged in the rhetoric applied to the law, especially in procedural law. During the last decade researchers have recognized the value of the argument to understand various problems of jurisprudence in cases of conflict and strife. This paper proposes a complementary design to the analysis of the negotiation process based on debate and dialogue. It advocates a theory of argumentation in negotiation processes for instances where rational agents use strategies unpredictable with incomplete …


The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This book is designed to offer an interpretation of armed conflict in Colombia using analytical tools from the philosophy of language (Perelman, Lakoff Facounnier). It addresses the civil war in Colombia taking into account the work of Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan


Fear Of Arabness, henriette dahan kalev 2010 ben gurion university

Fear Of Arabness, Henriette Dahan Kalev

henriette dahan kalev

In this paper I discuss the fear of Arabness of the Jews of European and American origin, often called in Hebrew Ashkenazim, and its impact on the Jews of Arab and origin and Moslem countries who live in Israel and often called Mizrahim. I shall explore the Mizrahim's reaction to fear of Arabness directed towards them and the Moslem Arabs who remained in Israel after the establishment of the state. I shall examine the fear of Arabness as it was discussed in post Zionist and postcolonial critic of Arab-Jewishness.


Bargaining With Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women In The Shas Movement In Israel, henriette dahan kalev 2010 ben gurion university

Bargaining With Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women In The Shas Movement In Israel, Henriette Dahan Kalev

henriette dahan kalev

In this article the strategies of gender bargaining with the spiritual and political patriarchy will be explored through the case study of the women in Shas Movement. Shas is a Jewish ultra orthodox Sephardic patriarchal community in Israel. Shas's community life, beliefs and culture are rooted in the Jewish religion. Patriarchal codes of behavior whose legitimacy rests on the religious legacy and the Bible, the Halakha and the writings of the Sages. The rules and the gender relations are translated into codes of behavior that are implemented by forces of patriarchy which work through social network that function similar to …


Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar 2010 Florida Atlantic University

Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar

Mirya R Holman

The public image of medical malpractice cases is one of a courtroom, with an injured plaintiff, lawyers, and a judge. However, the reality of malpractice claims is very different. Approaching the study of alternative dispute resolution methods for medical malpractice claims with an eye towards identifying those contexts by which the claims are resolved, this article focuses on the institutional and informal processes of resolving disputes. These processes include both statutory procedural requirements and informal settlements, many of which occur prior to the filing of a lawsuit. A profile of medical malpractice claims in Florida from 1990 through 2008, indicates …


Benefit-Cost Analysis Of Environmental Projects: A Plethora Of Systematic Biases, PHILIP E. GRAVES 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Benefit-Cost Analysis Of Environmental Projects: A Plethora Of Systematic Biases, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

There are many reasons to suspect that benefit-cost analysis applied to environmental policies will result in policy decisions that will reject those environmental policies. The important question, of course, is whether those rejections are based on proper science. The present paper explores sources of bias in the methods used to evaluate environmental policy in the United States, although most of the arguments translate immediately to decision-making in other countries. There are some “big picture” considerations that have gone unrecognized, and there are numerous more minor, yet cumulatively important, technical details that point to potentially large biases against acceptance on benefit-cost …


Successful Grassroots Mobilization: Explaining The Victory Of Tom Perriello's 2008 Congressional Election, Brian John Mandeville 2010 Longwood University

Successful Grassroots Mobilization: Explaining The Victory Of Tom Perriello's 2008 Congressional Election, Brian John Mandeville

Theses & Honors Papers

The 2008 congressional election for the Fifth District of Virginia was unique for many reasons. It is exceptional that a relatively unknown challenger was able to take on an entrenched incumbent and succeed in defeating him, breaking the trend of incumbent victory seen in almost all House of Representative elections. This research demonstrates that the Perriello campaign's ability to create an effective grassroots network was a significant factor in determining the out come of the election. Through a detailed examination of the activities, personnel, and fundraising tactics that Perriello campaign made use of, this research found that Perriello's victory was …


Gender, Human Security And The United Nations: Security Language As A Political Framework For Women, Natalie Florea Hudson 2010 University of Dayton

Gender, Human Security And The United Nations: Security Language As A Political Framework For Women, Natalie Florea Hudson

Political Science Faculty Publications

This book examines the relationship between women, gender and the international security agenda, exploring the meaning of security in terms of discourse and practice, as well as the larger goals and strategies of the global women's movement.

Today, many complex global problems are being located within the security logic. From the environment to HIV/AIDS, state and non-state actors have made a practice out of securitizing issues that are not conventionally seen as such. As most prominently demonstrated by the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2001), activists for women's rights have increasingly framed women's rights and gender inequality as security issues …


Presidential Power In Historical Perspective: Reflections' On Calabresi And Yoo's The Unitary Executive, Christopher S. Yoo 2010 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Presidential Power In Historical Perspective: Reflections' On Calabresi And Yoo's The Unitary Executive, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

On February 6 and 7, 2009, more than three dozen of the nation’s most distinguished commentators on presidential power gathered in Philadelphia to explore themes raised by a book authored by Steven Calabresi and I co-authored reviewing the history of presidential practices with respect to the unitary executive. The conference honoring our book and the special journal issue bringing together the articles presented there provide a welcome opportunity both to look backwards on the history of our project and to look forwards at the questions yet to be answered.


The Blind Leading The Blind: Who Gets Polling Information And Does It Improve Decisions?, Cheryl Boudreau, Mathew D. McCubbins 2010 Duke Law School

The Blind Leading The Blind: Who Gets Polling Information And Does It Improve Decisions?, Cheryl Boudreau, Mathew D. Mccubbins

Faculty Scholarship

We analyze whether and when polls help citizens to improve their decisions. Specifically, we use experiments to investigate 1) whether and when citizens are willing to obtain polls and 2) whether and when polls help citizens to make better choices than they would have made on their own. We find that citizens are more likely to obtain polls when the decisions they must make are difficult and when they are unsophisticated. Ironically, when the decisions are difficult, the pollees are also uninformed and, therefore, do not provide useful information. We also find that when polls indicate the welfare-improving choice, citizens …


We Call Ourselves By Many Names: Storytelling And Inter-Minority Coalition-Building, Celina Su 2010 City University of New York

We Call Ourselves By Many Names: Storytelling And Inter-Minority Coalition-Building, Celina Su

Publications and Research

Scholars debate whether new immigrants will join minority native-born groups, especially African-Americans, in battling racial disparities, income inequalities, and discrimination in the United States. Although scholars have investigated inter-minority coalition-building in the context of electoral politics, a substantial share of newer immigrant social and political action has not been formalized. Social change organizations play an integral role in less formalized politics. The article draws upon ethnographic data on two case study organizations to investigate how they built coalitions between immigrants and non-immigrants. It pinpoints the ways in which they engaged in storytelling to emphasize multiple identity – namely, how any …


“Fraude Académico: Comparaciones Entre Dos Universidades Colombianas”, Andrés Henao Castro, Mauricio García Villegas, José Mejía, Claudia Ordóñez 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

“Fraude Académico: Comparaciones Entre Dos Universidades Colombianas”, Andrés Henao Castro, Mauricio García Villegas, José Mejía, Claudia Ordóñez

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

No abstract provided.


Identity Politics, Cigdem Sirin 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Identity Politics, Cigdem Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

No abstract provided.


Votando Con El Changuito: La Politización Del Consumo En América Latina, Rodolfo Sarsfield 2009 Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Georgia State University

Votando Con El Changuito: La Politización Del Consumo En América Latina, Rodolfo Sarsfield

Rodolfo Sarsfield

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The research presented here explores the effect of gender and gender consciousness on the policy preference of local elected officials. Remedying a gap in the scholarship on women in local office, I examine the attitudes of mayors and council members on a variety of urban policy issues. First positing a gender gap theory of representative attitudes, I find almost no differences in policy preferences between men and women serving in local office. As an alternative, I posit and test a gender consciousness theory of policy preferences. Using open-ended survey data, I find that possessing a gender consciousness has a significant …


State, Youth And Electoral Violence In Nigeria’S Fourth Republic: The Imperative Of A Nationally Cordinated Youth Empowerment Program, David O. Moveh Mr 2009 Department of Political Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

State, Youth And Electoral Violence In Nigeria’S Fourth Republic: The Imperative Of A Nationally Cordinated Youth Empowerment Program, David O. Moveh Mr

David O Moveh PhD.

One manifestation of Nigeria’s crisis of governance since the advent of civil rule in 1999 is the spate of youth violence that has characterized the electoral process. From the plains up north to the creeks in the south, Nigeria’s electoral process within the past decade has been mired in violence so much as to make mockery of the democratization process. A lot of works (Bangura: 1997, Momoh: 2000, Yau: 2000) have studied how Nigeria’s economic crisis and the attendant structural adjustment programme of the 1980s resulted in the alienation and marginalization of the youth, thereby exacerbating the whole phenomenon of …


A Comparative Study Of Globalization And Democratic Consolidation In Ghana And Nigeria (1990-2008), David O. Moveh Mr 2009 Department of Political Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

A Comparative Study Of Globalization And Democratic Consolidation In Ghana And Nigeria (1990-2008), David O. Moveh Mr

David O Moveh PhD.

The implications of globalization for the developing world continue to attract the attention of scholars across the globe; yet, scant attention is paid to the dynamics of its political consequences. This paper is a comparative study of the external linkages and regime trajectories of Ghana and Nigeria; within the period 1990-2008. Evidence gathered on both countries substantiates the propositions that: the more a peripheral state derives huge revenues from commodity export, the more it will be able to exercise a significant degree of independence by resisting external pressure to imbibe liberal democratic values and vice versa. Similarly, the higher a …


Sex And The City: Female Leaders And Spending On Social Welfare Programs In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

Sex And The City: Female Leaders And Spending On Social Welfare Programs In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

Scholars of urban politics have long argued that cities will shy away from extensive funding of social welfare programs, as fiscal realities make developmental policies far more attractive. Despite the arguments against municipal level funding of social welfare services, cities provide these programs. Why? One possible explanation is that local officials prefer funding welfare programs. The research presented here demonstrates that the gender composition of local elected bodies impacts the provision of welfare services. The presence of a female mayor has a large positive effect on the likelihood a city participates in funding welfare programs and the amount of monetary …


Systems Theory And Structural Functionalism, John Fisher 2009 Utah Valley University

Systems Theory And Structural Functionalism, John Fisher

Dr. John R. Fisher

Although structural functionalism finds its roots much earlier than systems theory, as researchers use it today, it is based on systems theory. This book chapter sets forth an approach for using systems theory and structural functionalism as frameworks and models for research.


Tony Blair's Lecture On Public Life And The Media: Functional Applications For Business And Research, John R. Fisher, Muhaedin Bela 2009 Utah Valley University

Tony Blair's Lecture On Public Life And The Media: Functional Applications For Business And Research, John R. Fisher, Muhaedin Bela

Dr. John R. Fisher

Because systems are coupled together, all behavior in society is dependent on each other. Government officials are dependent upon the media to relay policy information to the public. Similarly, the media rely on government officials to provide information their audiences want and need. Still, a certain amount of “stress” exists between government officials and the media. This presentation reports a study using systems theory and structural functionalism to analyze Tony Blair’s lecture on public life and the media. The study examined Blair’s criticism of the media which he claims has changed from objectively covering the news to blending of news …


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