Democracy Transformed: Perceived Legitimacy Of The Institutional Shift From Election To Random Selection Of Representatives, 2018 Gustavson School of Business, University of Victoria
Democracy Transformed: Perceived Legitimacy Of The Institutional Shift From Election To Random Selection Of Representatives, Simon Pek, Jeffrey Kennedy, Adam Cronkright
Journal of Public Deliberation
While democracy remains a firmly-held ideal, the present state of electoral democracy is plagued by growing disaffection. As a result, both scholars and practitioners have shown considerable interest in the potential of random selection as a means of selecting political representatives. Despite its potential, deployment of this alternative is limited by concerns about its perceived legitimacy. Drawing on an inductive analysis of the replacement of elections with random selection in two student governments in Bolivia, we explore stakeholders’ perceptions of the legitimacy of random selection by investigating both their overall support for randomly selecting representatives as well as the views ...
A Challenge To Socio-Ecological Resilience: Community Based Resource Management Organizations’ Perceptions And Responses To Cannabis Cultivation In Northern California, Yvonne Everett
Humboldt Journal of Social Relations
Local nonprofit organizations in the Pacific Northwest have stepped up to fill a leadership void in forest management since the Timber Wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Community based resource management groups (CBRM) have focused on stewardship of ecosystem services, and leading efforts to employ local workers to restore forest ecosystems and watershed functions. In Northern California, even as CBRM capacity has grown since the Timber Wars, a new transformative challenge threatens community and landscape adaptive capacity. Cannabis cultivation, which can have significant environmental and social impacts, has become a pervasive economic driver. I used interviews to explore CBRM leaders ...
Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, Matthew Bluem
This study examines the theory that quality of governance is largely dependent upon political accountability, and that the effect of political accountability on governance varies based on three main determinants: level of democracy, level of information available to the public, and diversification of the economy (Adserà et al. 2003). With quality of governance, represented by the World Bank’s World Governance Indicators (WGI), as the dependent variable, this study considers how these three independent variables, and several control variables, affect governance quality. Incorporating data from 2010 – 2015 for 143 countries in both cross-sectional OLS and fixed effects panel regression analysis ...
Poison Pills: How Subtle Differences In Processes, Public Opinion, And Leadership Doomed The American Health Care Act And Passed The Affordable Care Act, 2018 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University
Poison Pills: How Subtle Differences In Processes, Public Opinion, And Leadership Doomed The American Health Care Act And Passed The Affordable Care Act, Zachary Eichten
All College Thesis Program, 2016-present
In 2009, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act became law. This was possible because the Democratic Party had a majority in both branches of Congress and control in the executive branch. In 2017, the American Health Care Act failed to become law, despite the fact that the Republicans controlled Congress and the presidency. What factors explain the different outcomes? Why was one able to pass, but not the other? This study presents a framework for explaining these different outcomes by exploring the impact of the legislative process, the role of public opinion, and the impact of polarization as factors ...
Impact Of A Charter School On House Capitalization In A Title I Environment, 2018 Liberty University
Impact Of A Charter School On House Capitalization In A Title I Environment, Mark Haskew
This study used a mixed-methods approach to determine whether a charter school could influence house capitalization and whether it could induce some families to stay in the school district. It examined home sale values around a charter school in an area covered by underperforming Title I schools. There was a positive but statistically insignificant change in a pre/post comparison of home sale prices, but the increase was consistent with nearby control schools. However, a survey of charter school families found that 25 percent would have left the district had they not been enrolled at the charter school. A plurality ...
The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act 2017, The Trump Administration And Bureaucratic Drift, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act 2017, The Trump Administration And Bureaucratic Drift, Olivia Neistat
SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics
No abstract provided.
Predicting How U.S. Counties Will Vote In Presidential Elections Through Analysis Of Socio-Economic Factors, Voting Heuristics, And Party Platforms, Joseph Stoffa, Randall Lisbona, Christopher Farrar, Mike Martos
SMU Data Science Review
In this paper, it is proposed that voters, devoid of any pressing concerns that could be addressed at the federal level, will tend to vote by their ideology for their preferred party. However, given pressing concerns, they will vote for whichever party can address these concerns despite party affiliation. This hypothesis is extended to the county level by assuming counties can be defined as the aggregate of their voting residence and as such their behavior can be predicted by considering their past voting history, socioeconomic makeup, and party platform.
Bosnia’S Paradox: The Irony Of External Pressure Within Consociational Democracy, 2018 Lake Forest College
Bosnia’S Paradox: The Irony Of External Pressure Within Consociational Democracy, Finnian James Bunta
The merits of consociational democracy as a suitable approach in achieving stabilization in plural societies, especially societies deeply divided along ethnic lines, have come under fire in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper argues that the consociational approach enshrined in the Dayton Peace Accords, which ended the Bosnian conflict in 1995, has been unable to fulfill the stabilizing potential due to the active interference of international institutions. Too frequently international actors have offered “quick fixes” to heal Bosnia; however, in attempting to reform, international figures undermine the existing consociational framework. This is the irony of prolonged intervention. A ...
The Effect Of Belief Of Victory On Third-Party Vote Share: Duverger's Law & Why Evan Mcmullin Lost Utah In 2016, 2018 Brigham Young University
The Effect Of Belief Of Victory On Third-Party Vote Share: Duverger's Law & Why Evan Mcmullin Lost Utah In 2016, John Geilman
Undergraduate Honors Theses
A key reason Duverger’s Law is valid is a voter’s belief that a third-party does not have a chance at winning an election in a “first past the post” electoral system. Duverger’s Law has traditionally been explained through two reasons—a mechanical factor and a psychological factor. The mechanical factor focuses on aspects of electoral systems that work against third parties, while the psychological factor focuses on what voters think and feel about third parties. In the 2016 presidential election in the United States, voters in the state of Utah demonstrated that their perception of the electability ...
A Quick, Free, Somewhat Easy-To-Read Introduction To Empirical Social Science Research Methods, 2018 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
A Quick, Free, Somewhat Easy-To-Read Introduction To Empirical Social Science Research Methods, Christopher S. Horne
Open Educational Resources
A free, brief textbook to introduce students to the core concepts of empirical social science research methods, available in PDF (main download link) and EPUB (additional file below). This textbook has been used as the main textbook in an undergraduate social science research methods course (supplemented by many in-class exercises and research reports) and as the basis of a review in preparation for graduate-level study in research methods and program evaluation. A note to instructors: If you use this text in any way, whether as the primary text, a supplemental text, or a recommended resource, I ask only two small ...
Coalitions Matter: Citizenship, Women, And Quota Adoption In Africa, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Coalitions Matter: Citizenship, Women, And Quota Adoption In Africa, Alice Kang, Aili Mari Tripp
Faculty Publications: Political Science
We provide new theory and evidence of the role of domestic women’s coalitions in the adoption of gender quotas. Previous research has shown the importance of women’s movements to policy change. We show that specific types of mobilization, often multiethnic in character, are a more precise way of describing these influences. Using a new dataset of coalitions in 50 countries in Africa (1989–2014), we first examine where coalitions are likely to emerge. Controlling for factors that correlate with their formation, we find that when domestic women’s organizations form a coalition for quotas, governments are more likely ...
An Evaluation Of The 2016 Election Polls In The United States, 2018 Pew Research Center, Washington, DC
An Evaluation Of The 2016 Election Polls In The United States, Courtney Kennedy, Mark Blumenthal, Scott Clement, Joshua D. Clinton, Claire Durand, Charles Franklin, Kyley Mcgeeney, Lee Miringoff, Kristen M. Olson, Douglas Rivers, Lydia Saad, G. Evans Witt, Christopher Wlezien
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
The 2016 presidential election was a jarring event for polling in the United States. Preelection polls fueled high-profile predictions that Hillary Clinton’s likelihood of winning the presidency was about 90 percent, with estimates ranging from 71 to over 99 percent. When Donald Trump was declared the winner of the presidency, there was a widespread perception that the polls failed. But did the polls fail? And if so, why? Those are among the central questions addressed by an American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) ad hoc committee. This paper presents the committee’s analysis of the performance of preelection ...
Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications
This study evaluated the influence of temporal variation on the occurrence, fate, and transport of tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethazine (SMZ); antibiotics commonly used in swine production. Atrazine (ATZ) was used as a reference analyte to indicate the agricultural origin of the antibiotics. We also assessed the impact of season and hydrology on antibiotic concentrations. A reconnaissance study of the South Fork watershed of the Iowa River (SFIR), was conducted from 2013 to 2015. Tile drain effluent and surface water were monitored using polar organic integrative sampler (POCIS) technology. Approximately 169 animal feeding operations (AFOs) exist in SFIR, with 153 of ...
Forecasting Changes In Religiosity And Existential Security With An Agent-Based Model, 2018 Old Dominion University
Forecasting Changes In Religiosity And Existential Security With An Agent-Based Model, Ross J. Gore, Carlos Lemos, F. Leron Shults, Wesley J. Wildman
We employ existing data sets and agent-based modeling to forecast changes in religiosity and existential security among a collective of individuals over time. Existential security reflects the extent of economic, socioeconomic and human development provided by society. Our model includes agents in social networks interacting with one another based on the education level of the agents, the religious practices of the agents, and each agent's existential security within their natural and social environments. The data used to inform the values and relationships among these variables is based on rigorous statistical analysis of the International Social Survey Programme Religion Module ...
A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, 2018 Bilkent University
A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis
No abstract provided.
The Incarceration Nation: Interpreting The United States Imprisonment Rate, 2018 The University of Akron
The Incarceration Nation: Interpreting The United States Imprisonment Rate, Robert Sharp
Honors Research Projects
This research paper begins by establishing the importance of studying the United States’ incarceration rate. Overall mass imprisonment and racial disparities in sentencing are two of the main concerns when discussing this issue. Previously published literature has indicated various contributory factors to the racial disparity in sentencing, such as judge’s discretion, educational attainment, and policy implementation. This paper tests five hypotheses that assess which factors influence the incarceration rate. The independent variables are overall minority population, public ideology, educational attainment, unemployment, and poverty. Each hypothesis predicts positive or negative relationships between the United States incarceration rate and the corresponding ...
Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder
Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The average member of Congress is increasingly wealthier than the average citizens they represent, despite evidence that voters disapprove of wealthy candidates. This paper advances a potential explanation: wealthy legislators have advantages during party primaries, thereby limiting the pool of viable candidates in a general election. By combining F.E.C. donor files from the 2006-2016 congressional elections with demographic data from the U.S. Census Bureau, I find that congressional candidates come overwhelmingly from a district's wealthiest neighborhoods. Wealthy candidates are successful in congressional primaries primarily because of their fundraising advantage--which is driven by donors from their same ...
Creating A Livable Region Through Sustainable Development Practices: Reorienting Development In Windsor-Essex Through The Implementation Of Light Rail Transit, Justin Morgan Appler
Windsor-Essex County lacks proper regional transportation, a major sustainability issue compounded by poor land use strategies, resulting in low-density suburban communities defined by extensive sprawl and heavy dependence on private automobile use. The current development direction of Windsor-Essex County is unsustainable on multiple levels, turning the region into space in which residents have limited options for how they can efficiently travel within their own municipality and to other municipalities. The downtown core of Windsor needs serious regeneration and the communities that make up the larger metropolitan region need an effective means of travel that is both environmentally sustainable and affordable ...
How Disney’S Abc Avoided Reporting Electronic Arts Star Wars Game Micro-Transactions, 2018 University of Windsor
How Disney’S Abc Avoided Reporting Electronic Arts Star Wars Game Micro-Transactions, Rohan Khanna
With advancement in technology in the context of high speed internet, smartphones, animation and videogames to name a few, companies like Disney have been harnessing this evolution to help prosper in a capitalist competitive environment. Through the incorporation of Huckin’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), the research observes Disney’s attempt to fully leverage its newly acquired (costly) property, Star Wars in the realm of video games, to synergize promotional activities for the much more profitable films. The videogame is covered through articles and interviews on the ABC (American Broadcasting Company) news website and YouTube, respectively, and aims to report ...
Truth Or Lies? Fake News And Political Polarization, 2017 University of Wyoming
Truth Or Lies? Fake News And Political Polarization, Brian Halsey
Honors Theses AY 17/18
The phrase “fake news” has widely encapsulated the world following the election of Donald Trump to the office of President of the United States. Media outlets, both conservative and liberal, have come under attack from their opposing counterparts. The headlines which they run, rather than the substance of what is presented under that headline are now even more widely judged by the audiences who view that material than before. This paper, and the survey questions that accompany it, attempts to analyze whether the trustworthiness a viewer has of a certain headline, comes from the headline itself, or rather from the ...