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Military Influence On Middle Eastern Democratization Following The Arab Spring, Andrew Fleming 2021 The University of Akron

Military Influence On Middle Eastern Democratization Following The Arab Spring, Andrew Fleming

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Despite experiencing countless wars, sectarian extremism, imperialism, and authoritarian rule, very few events have impacted the Middle East more significantly than the Arab Spring. Starting in 2010, the Arab Spring marked a turning point in which the people of numerous Arabic states collectively gathered to protest and combat the oppressive regimes that had controlled the region for decades. The Spring was indicative of the strong, recurring ambitions for revolution and regime change across the Middle East, presenting the Arab nations with an opportunity to reform their states from within. For some Middle Eastern states, the Arab Spring served as a ...


Clear-Sighted Statistics, Edward Volchok 2020 CUNY Queensborough Community College

Clear-Sighted Statistics, Edward Volchok

Open Educational Resources

Clear-Sighted Statistics is an open-access introductory statistics textbook that can be read for free on computers, tablets, and smart phones.

The title Clear-Sighted Statistics stems from a simple observation: When we visualize data, the results of our analyses become apparent.

Throughout Clear-Sighted Statistics, data visualization is used to help you clearly see how to analyze the data and make the results of your analyses clear. In addition, Microsoft Excel—a great charting tool—is used to demonstrate some of the statistical techniques that are often ignored in an introductory statistics course: Effect Size, Statistical Power, the probability of a Type ...


Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Decision Tree For Predicting The Party Of Legislators, Afsana Mimi

Publications and Research

The motivation of the project is to identify the legislators who voted frequently against their party in terms of their roll call votes using Office of Clerk U.S. House of Representatives Data Sets collected in 2018 and 2019. We construct a model to predict the parties of legislators based on their votes. The method we used is Decision Tree from Data Mining. Python was used to collect raw data from internet, SAS was used to clean data, and all other calculations and graphical presentations are performed using the R software.


Gender And Judicial Decision-Making, Alexandra Just 2020 Bellarmine University

Gender And Judicial Decision-Making, Alexandra Just

Undergraduate Theses

This study employs a unique two-tiered approach, involving both quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze the influences – specifically, a judge’s gender – on the judicial decision-making process. First, a quantitative bivariate regression analysis was conducted to determine whether a Federal District Court judge’s gender had a statistically significant influence on the ideological direction of case outcomes (which is either liberal, meaning the decision was in favor of the petitioner, or conservative, meaning the decision was against the petitioner). Data was analyzed using the statistical program SPSS and was pulled from the 2016 Carp-Manning database, which contains over 110,000 ...


Al-Shabaab And Boko Haram: Recruitment Strategies, J. Tochukwu Omenma, Cheryl Hendricks, Nnamdi C. Ajaebili 2020 Department of Politics & International Relations, University of Johannesburg; Institute of African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Al-Shabaab And Boko Haram: Recruitment Strategies, J. Tochukwu Omenma, Cheryl Hendricks, Nnamdi C. Ajaebili

Peace and Conflict Studies

This paper is an examination of the membership recruitment strategies of two violent extremist organizations (VEOs), namely al-Shabaab and Boko Haram. The majority of the literature on VEOs concentrates on the conceptualization of terrorism, motivations for terrorism and counter-terrorism strategies, as well as a focus on the frequency of VEO attacks, number of fatalities and funding sources. The literature tends to portray poverty as the main driver of recruitment. The focus on recruitment strategies has been relatively recent. There is therefore still a lack of in-depth analyses on the processes of recruitment of specific extremist groups, and this impacts on ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Identity Theft Within America And Australia, Vincent Alagna 2020 University at Albany, State University of New York

A Comparative Analysis Of Identity Theft Within America And Australia, Vincent Alagna

Criminal Justice

Identity theft is a very prevalent crime within the United States that has substantial repercussions on society. This study analyzes factors that potentially contribute to America’s elevated rate of identity theft in relation to Australia in order to reveal its cause. It was ultimately found that the United States experiences a greater amount of computer usage within its country, has the ability to implement a stricter prison sentence on those convicted of committing identity theft in accordance with its legal code, and has a greater conviction rate while Australia has a higher prosecution rate. These findings, when applied in ...


All The News Fit To Print: Egyptian And Tunisian Media Development And Political Toleration Through Arab Spring, Seth Fiderer 2020 William & Mary

All The News Fit To Print: Egyptian And Tunisian Media Development And Political Toleration Through Arab Spring, Seth Fiderer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Arab Spring Revolutions of 2011 have had diverse outcomes throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Two states that have experienced large scale change are Tunisia and Egypt, both of which experienced regime change. Tunisia has experienced large-scale democratization and has become more politically open. Egypt experienced a brief democratic period between 2011 and 2013 before a military coup reverted the country to authoritarian practices. Both nations have revised their press codes since their respective revolutions. Additionally, both nations have had tenuous relations with Islamist groups, namely the Tunisian Ennahda party and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. Both groups ...


Measuring Anti-Vaxx Sentiment On Social Media, Campbell Scheuerman 2020 William & Mary

Measuring Anti-Vaxx Sentiment On Social Media, Campbell Scheuerman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this research was to understand sentiment on social media as it relates to the anti-vaccination movement. Using a corpora of Twitter, Facebook and Reddit the sentiment found on each of these platforms was measured using a frequency dictionary of lexicons with categories pertinent to the research and statistical tests. The results yielded key differences in how anti-vaxx sentiment is talked about on each platform.


Disentanglement In A Contested Setting: Testing The Effects Of Cultural Reminders On Kahan Et Al.'S Geoengineering Result, Michael Giovanniello 2020 William & Mary

Disentanglement In A Contested Setting: Testing The Effects Of Cultural Reminders On Kahan Et Al.'S Geoengineering Result, Michael Giovanniello

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The cultural cognition thesis argues that individuals have two channels for processing information: culture and knowledge. The reason that American climate change belief remains polarized along political and cultural lines is that the issue has accrued cultural significance blocking some groups from accepting scientific consensus. Kahan says the solution is to ‘disentangle’ the two, so that individuals may asses climate change information without cultural interference. In their 2015 paper Geoengineering and Climate Change Polarization: Testing a Two-Channel Model of Science Communication, Kahan et al. showed that exposing conservative individuals to information on geoengineering increased their concern about climate change. This ...


What Do You Meme?: How Twitter Memes Can Alter Perceptions Of Major Democratic Presidential Candidates, Caroline Beohm 2020 Susquehanna University

What Do You Meme?: How Twitter Memes Can Alter Perceptions Of Major Democratic Presidential Candidates, Caroline Beohm

Senior Scholars Day

No abstract provided.


Who Supports Wealth Redistribution? Self-Interest, Symbolic Politics And American Exceptionalism Approaches Towards 1990 Public Opinion, Maggie Wood 2020 Pepperdine University

Who Supports Wealth Redistribution? Self-Interest, Symbolic Politics And American Exceptionalism Approaches Towards 1990 Public Opinion, Maggie Wood

Global Tides

Economic inequality has been significantly rising in the United States, making it the most unequal advanced industrialized democracy. Understanding factors that influence public attitudes towards inequality and potential remedies such as redistribution of wealth, gives a reference point for tracking subsequent preference-policy links. This research utilizes survey data from the 1990 General Social Survey to explore factors influencing preferences towards redistribution as gross wealth consolidation among the top 10% was only starting to remerge. Empirically applying theories of economic self-interest, symbolic politics and American exceptionalism to wealth redistribution preferences, the research finds economic self-interest as having the biggest role in ...


287— The Question For The Modernization Theory, Fumi Ogura 2020 SUNY Geneseo

287— The Question For The Modernization Theory, Fumi Ogura

GREAT Day

In general, democratic countries have higher economic growth than non-democratic countries. The primary reason for this theory is that democracy and capitalism are mostly the two sides of the same coin. Thus, democratic countries can promote economic growth easier than authoritarian regimes. Most developed countries adopt to democracy while there are a lot of developing countries which do not have democratic political institution and adopt authoritarian regimes. For example, most countries in Middle East do not adopt democracy and overall GDP is not as high as developed countries like the US and European countries. However, some Middle Eastern countries that ...


In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner 2020 University of Pennsylvania

In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis uses multivariate regressions of the ANES 2016 Dataset to test whether working in a carbon-intensive industry affects belief in climate change. It also uses the same dataset to test whether living in an area that would see increased flooding and displacement under a climate change scenario can affect the same attitudes. Additionally, it presents crosstabulations of climate skeptics and non-skeptics by party preference, education, and turnout habits. I find that working in a carbon-intensive industry does not reduce a respondent’s likelihood to report belief in climate science. Similarly, living in a coastal area that is likely to ...


Political Ideology And Media Consumption, Andrew Robinson 2020 Georgia College

Political Ideology And Media Consumption, Andrew Robinson

Georgia College Student Research Events

Politics is a far reaching phenomenon that, in essence, controls everything that we do in our daily lives without us even realizing it most of the time, and it is constantly evolving and changing to fit the narrative of the age. In this modern world, we see an increase in political radicalization, especially in the United States. Politics has become more of a social experience than a set of beliefs, with some going so far as to incorporate it into their personal identity and seek and find the ideas that best fit them. This research analyzes the effect that a ...


How To Access Elites When Textbook Methods Fail? Challenges Of Purposive Sampling And Advantages Of Using Interviewees As “Fixers”, Esra Bakkalbasioglu 2020 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

How To Access Elites When Textbook Methods Fail? Challenges Of Purposive Sampling And Advantages Of Using Interviewees As “Fixers”, Esra Bakkalbasioglu

The Qualitative Report

Social science methods literature identifies gaining access as one of the main challenges of conducting elite interview research. However, the existing literature mostly fails to provide access strategies other than the “textbook” methods of sending email, letters, faxes, or making phone calls. Many researchers, especially the ones who conduct purposive sampling-based in elite interview research encounter various obstacles when they try to gain access to the potential interviewees. Especially in challenging research environments, textbook methods either fail the researchers using purposive sampling or considerably increase the time and energy spent to gain access to elite respondents. Drawing on the author ...


Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer 2020 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

This Article surveys intergovernmental institutions across federal states. Generally, these institutions offer meaningful cooperation for the different levels of government when addressing state problems. These institutions, however, often lack political authority to bind institutional members or implement authoritative state actions.

This Article proceeds in two general parts. First, this Article taxonomizes intergovernmental institutions across federal systems. Though few intergovernmental institutions are constitutionally mandated bodies, several federal states have enacted legislation to formalize these institutions while others simply utilize informal arrangements. This taxonomy will primarily discuss contemporary institutions within federal systems and focus exclusively on executive institutions. The taxonomy categorizes these ...


Approaches To Urban Land Use Governance: Conservation Or Housing Development?, Zlata Nourie 2020 University of New Mexico

Approaches To Urban Land Use Governance: Conservation Or Housing Development?, Zlata Nourie

Public Administration ETDs

Around the globe cities are growing and expanding in size. The increase in urban areas changes the face of our planet. Since every city, county, and state have a set amount of land that they can conserve or develop, this thesis investigates factors that impact land conservation or land development for housing. It also establishes the relations between land use, economic, social, and environmental processes in the selected area. From the very beginning, this paper researches different approaches to land use that help municipalities maintain and use their land resources.

The focus of this research is an area of land ...


Right To Counsel: Improving Access To Justice In Us Indigent Defense Systems, Travis Hartman 2020 Arcadia University

Right To Counsel: Improving Access To Justice In Us Indigent Defense Systems, Travis Hartman

Capstone Showcase

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to counsel for indigent defendants. Even though a constitutional right, indigent defense in the US suffers from significant problems. While scholars have attempted to provide solutions to the problems, a question persists, How are Indigent Defense Systems impacting how Access to Justice is being provided in the United States? To answer this question, a structured, focused comparison method was utilized to evaluate US indigent defense systems. Case studies were chosen based upon the delivery and majority of funding for indigent defense coming from counties. Right to counsel for Access to Justice was defined by ...


Political Centrism, Perspective Taking, And Outgroup Derogation: An Integrated Model, David Kesler 2020 Murray State University

Political Centrism, Perspective Taking, And Outgroup Derogation: An Integrated Model, David Kesler

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

The relationship between perspective taking abilities, political centrism, and outgroup derogation is not defined at this time. While previous research has demonstrated a negative relationship between political centrism and outgroup derogation (Van Prooijen, Krouwel, Boiten, & Eendebak, 2015), the relationship between the other variables is unclear. Therefore, the current study sought to measure the relationship between (1) perspective taking abilities and political centrism, (2) perspective taking and outgroup derogation, (3) political centrism and outgroup derogation and lastly, (4) whether the relationship between perspective taking abilities and political outgroup derogation would be mediated by an individual's level of political centrism.


The Soviet And American Wars In Afghanistan: Applying Clausewitzian Concepts To Modern Military Failure, Artur Kalandarov 2020 Bowdoin College

The Soviet And American Wars In Afghanistan: Applying Clausewitzian Concepts To Modern Military Failure, Artur Kalandarov

Honors Projects

This paper evaluates the validity of three concepts from Carl von Clausewitz’s On War as they relate to contemporary military conflict. Utilizing the Soviet and American Wars in Afghanistan as case studies, the paper also offers a model for comparative conflict analysis by expanding upon Clausewitz’s culminating point concept. It argues that – despite limitations to Clausewitz’s theory of war – his concepts of culminating points in military operations, mass and concentration, and changing war aims provide useful insights into counterinsurgency military failures. Chapter One identifies the Soviet and American culminating points. Concluding that the concept of a culminating ...


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