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The Marriage Of Governance And Development, Vernon D. Johnson 2017 Western Washington University

The Marriage Of Governance And Development, Vernon D. Johnson

Vernon Johnson

It is our pleasure to inaugurate The African Journal of Governance and Development, a new voice in the evolving conversation regarding the fate of the African continent in this era of globalisation. The editorial team wishes to thank the University of Saint Thomas of Maputo, Mozambique for offering the opportunity to provide a new outlet for those wishing to contribute to our understanding of the human condition in Africa. This journal aspires to be a multi-disciplinary publication that seeks to bring researchers and governance/development practitioners from around the world to share social scientific knowledge focused at the intersection of ...


U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Those studying and analyzing Western Pacific strategic trends and develop- ments have access to multiple unclassified analyses of security trends in this region covering these waters and adjacent countries. These information resources are produced by military and government agencies from multiple countries, multinational public policy research institutions, popular and scholarly journals, and Internet resources featuring text, data, webcasts, and imagery. One of these resources is the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission established in the 2001 National Defense Authorization Act. This article argues that this organization’s analyses should be considered essential reading by civilian and military policymakers ...


Centralization And Decentralization In Natural Disaster Response: A Comparative Case Study Of 3.11 Earthquake And Hurricane Katrina, Muxuan Wang 2017 Scripps College

Centralization And Decentralization In Natural Disaster Response: A Comparative Case Study Of 3.11 Earthquake And Hurricane Katrina, Muxuan Wang

Scripps Senior Theses

March 11, 2011 Earthquake in Japan and 2005 Hurricane Katrina both caused significant destruction and were both viewed as examples of government failures in natural disaster management. One year after the disasters, both countries enacted several policy reforms in response to their failures. However, while in the U.S, the central government's emergency power was strengthened, the DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan)'s government carried out reforms to strengthen the local governments. On the other hand, the other prominent political party in Japan, the LDP (Liberal Democratic Party), argued for more centralized power. How did these parties take different ...


Ngo Strategies In An Authoritarian Context, And Their Implications For Citizenship: The Case Of The People’S Republic Of China, Jennifer YJ Hsu, Carolyn L. Hsu, Reza Hasmath 2016 University of Alberta

Ngo Strategies In An Authoritarian Context, And Their Implications For Citizenship: The Case Of The People’S Republic Of China, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Carolyn L. Hsu, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

This study argues that different cities in China have different resource environments available for NGOs. Organizations react to these resource environments by constructing appropriate resource strategies, which in turn shape the characteristics and structures of the NGOs of that city. It further examines how these characteristics and structures influence the construction and performance of citizenship in an authoritarian environment. Specifically, some types of NGOs encourage Chinese citizens to be passive, while others offer a model for people to actively engage with social issues. This is aptly demonstrated in an analysis of NGOs operating across four cities – Beijing, Shanghai, Kunming, and ...


专制主义环境下的Ngo 策略,及对公民身份的影响:中国案例, Jennifer YJ Hsu, Carolyn L. Hsu, Reza Hasmath 2016 University of Alberta

专制主义环境下的Ngo 策略,及对公民身份的影响:中国案例, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Carolyn L. Hsu, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

本文认为在中国不同的城市里,NGO 所处的资源环境也是不一样的。为应对不同的资源环境,NGO 需要因地制宜制定合适的资源策略,这又反过来塑造了NGO 的特征和结构。本文还进一步探讨了这些特征和结构是如何影响专制主义环境公下民身份的构建和表现。特别是,某些类型的NGO 鼓励人们采取消极态度,而其他NGO 则为公民
提供了主动参与社会事务的方式。通过对中国四个城市(北京、上海、昆明和南京)的NGO 进行分析,揭示了三种不同类型资源环境和行为模型,本文的研究结果很好地证明了这个观点。本文也讨论了每种模型对于公民参与的影响。


Las Elecciones De 2015 En Guanajuato. La Recuperación Del Predominio ¿Endeble?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Fernando Díaz Pérez, Francisco A. Rojas Choza 2016 Universidad de Guanajuato

Las Elecciones De 2015 En Guanajuato. La Recuperación Del Predominio ¿Endeble?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Fernando Díaz Pérez, Francisco A. Rojas Choza

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Las elecciones de 2015 en Guanajuato se desarrollaron en un contexto estable en términos
políticos, con pocos escándalos mediáticos, pero con una intensa movilización partidista,
sobre todo de dos partidos, el partido predominante en el Estado, el Partido Acción
Nacional (PAN) y el Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI). Al mismo tiempo, como
en el resto del país, dicho proceso electoral se desarrolló con las reglas de la reforma
político electoral de 2014 que abrogó la normatividad anterior e introdujo nuevas leyes: la
Ley General de Partidos Políticos (LGPP), la Ley General de Instituciones y
Procedimientos Electorales (LGIPE) y la Ley General ...


The Electoral Success Of Communist-Successor Parties In The Czech Republic And Romania, Harley L. Roe 2016 University of San Francisco

The Electoral Success Of Communist-Successor Parties In The Czech Republic And Romania, Harley L. Roe

Master's Theses

Communist-successor parties are impacted by six social and political factors: party reimaging, coalition building, corruption and scandal, party leadership, EU accession, and social indicators. This project explores how the descendants of the totalitarian communist parties in the Czech Republic and Romania are influenced by each factor by analyzing election result data against these indicators. Party reimaging and coalition building are the most influential in determining voter turnout, while the other four work in conjunction to influence election results. This project contributes to the literature on electoral volatility, post-communist countries, voter behavior, and seeks to offer a model that can predict ...


The New Normal? Climate Variability And Ecoviolence In Sub-Saharan Africa, Alfonso Sanchez 2016 University of New Orleans

The New Normal? Climate Variability And Ecoviolence In Sub-Saharan Africa, Alfonso Sanchez

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Climate change presents a wide range of concerns that can jeopardize international security. Among those concerns are neo-Malthusian worries of diminishing natural resources. Predictive models suggest that rainfall and temperature anomalies have the potential to reduce water basins, crop production, increase land degradation among other perils that threaten human security. This concern is particularly true in sub-Saharan Africa given the region’s strong dependence on rain-fed agriculture. Despite strong claims from various world leaders and scientists of a direct climate-conflict nexus, little empirical evidence has been devoted to find a systematic causal pathway of this kind. What is more, the ...


Teaching Subjectively: Interdisciplinary Insights, Stacy Douglas, Betina Kuzmarov, Karen Schwartz, Mira Sucharov, Sarah L. Todd 2016 Carleton University

Teaching Subjectively: Interdisciplinary Insights, Stacy Douglas, Betina Kuzmarov, Karen Schwartz, Mira Sucharov, Sarah L. Todd

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

This article of linked, short essays reflecting on the experiences of five female scholars across three disciplines — law, social work and political science - draws upon Britzman’s (1991) notion of the “dialogic discourse” to explore how these professors’ sense of self is constituted through interplay with colleagues and their perceptions of students within the classroom. The authors explore the teacher/learner relationship as a dialogue within which learners and educators shape each other as they come to understand how and what they know. What the collection makes explicit is what is often only implicit, that the ways in which professors ...


Las Elecciones Y Sus Reglas, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte 2016 Universidad de Guanajuato

Las Elecciones Y Sus Reglas, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

¿Que son las elecciones? Las elecciones son un conjunto de reglas y procedimientos
institucionalizados que transforman los votos en escaños y/o cargos públicos.
Las elecciones tienen efectos sobre los individuos como electores, sobre el sistema
de partidos y sobre el sistema político. De esta manera, las elecciones son un filtro
entre la sociedad y las instituciones representativas y de gobierno. Las elecciones están
diseñadas para elegir representantes entre miembros o un grupo de miembros de una
organización, esta puede ser un grupo, un partido o un sistema político.


Disaster Capitalism: Empirical Evidence From Latin America And The Caribbean, Ransford F. Edwards Jr. 2016 Florida International University

Disaster Capitalism: Empirical Evidence From Latin America And The Caribbean, Ransford F. Edwards Jr.

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Natural disasters are uniquely transformative events. They can drastically transform physical terrain and the lives of those unfortunate enough to be caught in their wrath. However, natural disasters also provide an opportunity to reflect on past failures and, at times, a clean slate to correct those shortcomings. This project takes a political economic approach and recognizes natural disasters as occasions for agenda-setting on behalf of transnational commercial enterprises and market-oriented policy elites. These reformers often use the post-disaster policy space to articulate long-term development strategies based on market fundamentalism, and, more importantly, advance a set of policies consistent with their ...


Citizen Trust In Civil Servants: A Cross-National Examination, David J. Houston, Nurgul R. Aitalieva Ph.D., Andrew L. Morelock, Chris A. Shults 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Citizen Trust In Civil Servants: A Cross-National Examination, David J. Houston, Nurgul R. Aitalieva Ph.D., Andrew L. Morelock, Chris A. Shults

Nurgul R. Aitalieva, Ph.D.

How trusting of civil servants are citizens in North America and Europe? What individual-level and national-level attributes correlate with trust in civil servants? To answer these questions, data from national samples across 21 countries are taken from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2006 Role of Government module and are analyzed by estimating multilevel binary logistic regression models. Trust is correlated with both subjective (at the individual-level) and objective (at the national-level) indicators of performance. The quality of institutions also matters as countries with lower levels of public sector corruption experience higher levels of trust in the civil service.


Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman 2016 Purdue University

Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This presentation updates the article "Geopolitical Implications of the Sino-East China Sea Dispute for the U.S." published in Geopolitics, History, and International Relations which is already available in epubs.


The Western Sahara And The Search For The Roots Of Sahrawi National Identity, David Suarez 2016 Florida International University

The Western Sahara And The Search For The Roots Of Sahrawi National Identity, David Suarez

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This work is a socio-historical study of the roots of Sahrawi national identity. The Sahrawi are a community of people who live in the Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. Most of its territory has been occupied since 1975 by Morocco, which denies the existence of a distinctive population inhabiting the Western Sahara. In contrast, the POLISARIO Front, vanguard of the Sahrawi nationalist movement, argues that the Western Sahara belongs to the Sahrawi and seeks its full independence. It bases its claims on the notion of a distinctive history, language, and culture for the Sahrawi, separate from that of Moroccans ...


Not So Private: A Political Theology Of Church And Family, Jana Marguerite Bennett 2016 University of Dayton

Not So Private: A Political Theology Of Church And Family, Jana Marguerite Bennett

Jana M. Bennett

The words used to describe that relationship are public and private, words that frequently appear in both secular and Christian conversations about marriage and family. We name "family" and "church" as private matters, parts of life that are necessarily held distinctly from public matters, as in political life. At the same time, because Christians rightly understand family as a place where people learn discipleship and a place where formation and evangelization happen,3 we care very much about how to think about families in relation to church and state. There is a relationship between these three entities, American Christians insist ...


Minority Protection And Democratic Consolidation: The Role Of European Integration In The Republic Of Macedonia, Eltion Meka 2016 University of New York Tirana

Minority Protection And Democratic Consolidation: The Role Of European Integration In The Republic Of Macedonia, Eltion Meka

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

The purpose of this article is to take stock of the European integration literature in reference to Eastern Europe in order to better understand how international forces affect minority rights. The article will focus on the status of the Albanian minority in the case of the Republic of Macedonia and attempt to illustrate how European integration has contributed to or hindered ethnic reconciliation between the ethnic Albanian minority and Macedonian majority through a historical-sociological analysis. Additionally, by linking the protection of minority rights to democratic consolidation, this article will show how the former is largely dependent on the latter.


Populist Radical Right Parties And The Securitization Of Migration In France, Ashley Middleton 2016 SIT Study Abroad

Populist Radical Right Parties And The Securitization Of Migration In France, Ashley Middleton

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This research paper addresses the interrelationship between the securitization of migration and the influence of the French populist radical right party, Front National (FN), in promoting anti-migrant claims. By analysing how political actors have played a role in applying security terms to migration in Europe, the paper addresses the different types of socio-political factors that have influenced the anti-migrant sentiment in France. The paper also aims to summarize the role of the media in securitizing migration. Furthermore, the analysis continues with an exploration of French security policy with regard to migration to better understand how FN has benefitted from a ...


Power And Proximity: The Politics Of State Secession, Elizabeth A. Nelson 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Power And Proximity: The Politics Of State Secession, Elizabeth A. Nelson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

State secession is a rare occurrence in the international system. While a number of movements seek secession, the majority fail to achieve statehood. Of the exceptional successes, many have not had the strongest claims to statehood; some of these new states look far less like states than some that have failed. So what accounts for these secessions? I argue that the politics of regional actors drive the process. If a secessionist movement does not have the support of actors in the region, it will not achieve statehood. There are three mechanisms through which regional actors can determine outcomes: (1) they ...


Whose Finger On The Nuclear Trigger, Erika Simpson, Murray Thomson 2016 Western University

Whose Finger On The Nuclear Trigger, Erika Simpson, Murray Thomson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Russia And The Cis In 2008 : Axis Of Authoritarianism?, Charles E. Ziegler 2016 University of Louisville

Russia And The Cis In 2008 : Axis Of Authoritarianism?, Charles E. Ziegler

Charles E. Ziegler

Russia’s seamless presidential succession produced no major changes in domestic politics or foreign policy. Ties with Asia remained strong, though several key relationships—with China, Japan, and the Central Asian states—frayed under the impact of Russia’s military action in Georgia. Impressive economic performance in the first half of the year boosted Russian confidence as a great power, but its vulnerability to the global financial crisis together with the heavy-handed operation in the Caucasus undermined Moscow’s standing with both Asia and Europe by the end of the year.


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