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Structures, Biological Activities And Phylogenetic Relationships Of Terpenoids From Marine Ciliates Of The Genus Euplotes, Graziano Guella, Danielle Skropeta, Graziano Di Giuseppe, Fernando Dini 2010 University of Wollongong

Structures, Biological Activities And Phylogenetic Relationships Of Terpenoids From Marine Ciliates Of The Genus Euplotes, Graziano Guella, Danielle Skropeta, Graziano Di Giuseppe, Fernando Dini

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

In the last two decades, large scale axenic cell cultures of the marine species comprising the family Euplotidae have resulted in the isolation of several new classes of terpenoids with unprecedented carbon skeletons including the (i) euplotins, highly strained acetylated sesquiterpene hemiacetals; (ii) raikovenals, built on the bicyclo[3.2.0]heptane ring system; (iii) rarisetenolides and focardins containing an octahydroazulene moiety; and (iv) vannusals, with a unique C-30 backbone. Their complex structures have been elucidated through a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, molecular mechanics and quantum chemical calculations. Despite the limited number of biosynthetic experiments having ...


Specific Cellular Water Dynamics Observed In Vivo By Neutron Scattering And Nmr., Moeava Tehei, Marion Jasnin, Andreas Stadler, Giuseppe Zaccai 2010 University of Wollongong

Specific Cellular Water Dynamics Observed In Vivo By Neutron Scattering And Nmr., Moeava Tehei, Marion Jasnin, Andreas Stadler, Giuseppe Zaccai

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Neutron scattering, by using deuterium labelling, revealed how intracellular water dynamics, measured in vivo in E. coli, human red blood cells and the extreme halophile, Haloarcula marismortui, depends on the cell type and nature of the cytoplasm. The method uniquely permits the determination of motions on the molecular length (Ba˚ ngstrøm) and time (pico- to nanosecond) scales. In the bacterial and human cells, intracellular water beyond the hydration shells of cytoplasmic macromolecules and membrane faces flows as freely as liquid water. It is not ‘‘tamed’’ by confinement. In contrast, in the extreme halophile archaeon, in addition to free and hydration ...


Myriocin-Mediated Up-Regulation Of Hepatocyte Apoa-I Synthesis Is Associated With Erk Inhibition, Elias N. Glaros, Woojin Scott Kim, Brett Garner 2010 University of NSW

Myriocin-Mediated Up-Regulation Of Hepatocyte Apoa-I Synthesis Is Associated With Erk Inhibition, Elias N. Glaros, Woojin Scott Kim, Brett Garner

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Sphingolipids including sphingomyelin have been implicated as potential atherogenic lipids. Studies in apoE (apolipoprotein E)-null mice have revealed that the serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitor myriocin reduces plasma levels of sphingomyelin, ceramide, sphingosine-I-phosphate and glycosphingolipids and that this is associated with potent inhibition of atherosclerosis. Interestingly, hepatic apoA-I (apolipoprotein A-I) synthesis and plasma HDL (high-density lipoprotein)cholesterol levels were also increased in apoE-null mice treated with myriocin. Since myriocin is a known inhibitor of ERK (extracellular-signal-related kinase) phosphorylation, we assessed the possibility that myriocin may be acting to increase hepatic apoA-I production via this pathway. To address this, HepG2 cells and ...


Organic Bionics, Gordon G. Wallace, Simon E. Moulton, Caiyun Wang 2010 University of Wollongong

Organic Bionics, Gordon G. Wallace, Simon E. Moulton, Caiyun Wang

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Bionic technology involves the efficient integration of biology and electronics and is providing the basis for significant improvements in a number of medical treatments. The use of organic conducting polymers to provide a compatible multifunctional platform to interface the world of biology and electronics has attracted an increasing amount of attention over the past 15 years. This paper will discuss advances being made in the development of organic bionics and their application to improved health strategies. © 2010 Copyright SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering.


Indanedione-Substituted Poly(Terthiophene)S: Processable Conducting Polymers With Intramolecular Charge Transfer Interactions, Klaudia K. Wagner, Loretta L. Crowe, Pawel W. Wagner, Sanjeev Gambhir, Ashton Partridge, John C. Earles, Tracey M. Clarke, Keith Gordon, David L. Officer 2010 University of Wollongong

Indanedione-Substituted Poly(Terthiophene)S: Processable Conducting Polymers With Intramolecular Charge Transfer Interactions, Klaudia K. Wagner, Loretta L. Crowe, Pawel W. Wagner, Sanjeev Gambhir, Ashton Partridge, John C. Earles, Tracey M. Clarke, Keith Gordon, David L. Officer

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The electrochemical and chemical syntheses of poly(terthiophene)s bearing an indanedione pendant group and displaying intramolecular charge transfer interactions have been achieved. The nature of the charge transfer interaction is characterized through DFT calculations and experimental studies, including resonance Raman spectroscopy and absorption and emission data through a Lippert-Mataga analysis. It is found that the low-energy transition present in the indanedione-bearing monomer species has considerable charge transfer character with a dipole change of II D. Decomposition of the indanedione group occurred during hydrazine reduction after chemical polymerization. A soluble, low molecular weight indanedione-substituted polymer (weight average 4500 Da) was ...


Photoelectrochemical Cell Study On Closely Arranged Vertical Nanorod Bundles Of Cdse And Zn Doped Cdse Films, D Soundararajan, J K. Yoon, J S. Kwon, Y I. Kim, S H. Kim, J H. Park, Y J. Kim, D -Y Park, B C. Kim, G G. Wallace, J M. Ko 2010 Hanbat National University

Photoelectrochemical Cell Study On Closely Arranged Vertical Nanorod Bundles Of Cdse And Zn Doped Cdse Films, D Soundararajan, J K. Yoon, J S. Kwon, Y I. Kim, S H. Kim, J H. Park, Y J. Kim, D -Y Park, B C. Kim, G G. Wallace, J M. Ko

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Closely arranged CdSe and Zn doped CdSe vertical nanorod bundles were grown directly on FTO coated glass by using electrodeposition method. Structural analysis by XRD showed the hexagonal phase without any precipitates related to Zn. FE-SEM image showed end capped vertically aligned nanorods arranged closely. From the UV-vis transmittance spectra, band gap energy was found to vary between 1.94 and 1.98 eV due to the incorporation of Zn. Solar cell parameters were obtained by assembling photoelectrochemical cells using CdSe and CdSe:Zn photoanodes, Pt cathode and polysulfide (1M Na2S + 1M S + 1M NaOH) electrolyte. The efficiency was found ...


Gel-Carbon Nanotube Materials: The Relationship Between Nanotube Network Connectivity And Conductivity, Naratip Songmee, Pisith Singjai, Marc in het Panhuis 2010 University of Wollongong

Gel-Carbon Nanotube Materials: The Relationship Between Nanotube Network Connectivity And Conductivity, Naratip Songmee, Pisith Singjai, Marc In Het Panhuis

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The electrical resistance of carbon nanotube networks (NNs) prepared from combinations of gellan gum, xanthan gum, Triton X-100, SWNT and MWNT is reported. It is demonstrated that the NN conductivity can be obtained by analysing the resistance of two overlapping NN as a function of their overlap distance. Unexpectedly, the connectivity between two overlapping NN was found to scale with the electrical conductivity over 4 orders of magnitude. Insights into the dependence of inter-NN contact on applied pressure were obtained.


Management Of Amphibian Populations In Booderee National Park, South-Eastern Australia, Trent D. Penman, Traecey Brassil 2010 University of Wollongong

Management Of Amphibian Populations In Booderee National Park, South-Eastern Australia, Trent D. Penman, Traecey Brassil

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Often land set aside for conservation becomes a multiple use area, which forces land managers to balance biodiversity values against competing needs. Booderee National Park is an important conservation reserve for a range of amphibian species in south-eastern Australia. The Park includes a number of townships, defence facilities, and recreation areas, as well as land for conservation. We examined amphibian communities in the area and related these to broad habitat features and identified potential threats to the long term viability of these populations. Two distinct assemblages occurred within the Park that could be related to broad habitat features of the ...


The Nature Of Flooding, Robert P. Bourman 2010 University of Wollongong

The Nature Of Flooding, Robert P. Bourman

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Catchments And Waterways, Bob Bourman, Nick Harvey, Simon Bryars 2010 University of Wollongong

Catchments And Waterways, Bob Bourman, Nick Harvey, Simon Bryars

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Female Choice For Males With Greater Fertilization Success In The Swedish Moor Frog, Rana Arvalis, Craig D. Sherman, Jorgen Sagvik, Mats M. Olsson 2010 University of Wollongong

Female Choice For Males With Greater Fertilization Success In The Swedish Moor Frog, Rana Arvalis, Craig D. Sherman, Jorgen Sagvik, Mats M. Olsson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Background: Studies of mate choice in anuran amphibians have shown female preference for a wide range of male traits despite females gaining no direct resources from males (i.e. non-resource based mating system). Nevertheless, theoretical and empirical studies have shown that females may still gain indirect genetic benefits from choosing males of higher genetic quality and thereby increase their reproductive success. Methodology/Principal Findings: We investigated two components of sexual selection in the Moor frog (Rana arvalis), precopulatory female choice between two males of different size ('large' vs. 'small'), and their fertilization success in sperm competition and in isolation. Females ...


Parameters Governing Invasive Disease Propensity Of Non-M1 Serotype Group A Streptococci, Peter G. Maamary, Martina L. Sanderson-Smith, Ramy K. Aziz, Andrew Hollands, Jason N. Cole, Fiona C. McKay, Jason D. McArthur, Joshua K. Kirk, Amanda J. Cork, Rachael J. Keefe, Rita G. Kansal, Hongmin Sun, William L. Taylor, Gursharan S. Chhatwal, David Ginsburg, Victor Nizet, Malak Kotb, Mark J. Walker 2010 University of Wollongong

Parameters Governing Invasive Disease Propensity Of Non-M1 Serotype Group A Streptococci, Peter G. Maamary, Martina L. Sanderson-Smith, Ramy K. Aziz, Andrew Hollands, Jason N. Cole, Fiona C. Mckay, Jason D. Mcarthur, Joshua K. Kirk, Amanda J. Cork, Rachael J. Keefe, Rita G. Kansal, Hongmin Sun, William L. Taylor, Gursharan S. Chhatwal, David Ginsburg, Victor Nizet, Malak Kotb, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) causes rare but life-threatening syndromes of necrotizing fasciitis and toxic shock-like syndrome in humans. The GAS serotype M1T1 clone has globally disseminated, and mutations in the control of virulence regulatory sensor kinase (covRS) operon correlate with severe invasive disease. Here, a cohort of non-M1 GAS was screened to determine whether mutation in covRS triggers systemic dissemination in divergent M serotypes. A GAS disease model defining parameters governing invasive propensity of differing M types is proposed. The vast majority of GAS infection is benign. Nonetheless, many divergent M types possess limited capacity to cause invasive infection. Mill ...


Importance Of Secondary Sources In The Atmospheric Budgets Of Formic And Acetic Acids, Fabien Paulot, Debra Wunch, John D. Crounse, G C Toon, Dylan B. Millet, Peter F. DeCarlo, C Vigouroux, Nicholas M. Deutscher, G Gonzalez Abad, J Notholt, Thorsten Warneke, J Hannigan, Carsten Warneke, Joost A. De Gouw, Edward Dunlea, M. De Maziere, David W. Griffith, P Bernath, J L. Jimenez, Paul O. Wennberg 2010 California Institute of Technology

Importance Of Secondary Sources In The Atmospheric Budgets Of Formic And Acetic Acids, Fabien Paulot, Debra Wunch, John D. Crounse, G C Toon, Dylan B. Millet, Peter F. Decarlo, C Vigouroux, Nicholas M. Deutscher, G Gonzalez Abad, J Notholt, Thorsten Warneke, J Hannigan, Carsten Warneke, Joost A. De Gouw, Edward Dunlea, M. De Maziere, David W. Griffith, P Bernath, J L. Jimenez, Paul O. Wennberg

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We present a detailed budget of formic and acetic acids, two of the most abundant trace gases in the atmosphere. Our bottom-up estimate of the global source of formic and acetic acids are ∼1200 and ∼1400 Gmol/yr, dominated by photochemical oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds, in particular isoprene. Their sinks are dominated by wet and dry deposition. We use the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model to evaluate this budget against an extensive suite of measurements from ground, ship and satellite-based Fourier transform spectrometers, as well as from several aircraft campaigns over North America. The model captures the seasonality of ...


Patterns Of Demography For Rocky-Shore, Intertidal Invertebrates Approaching Their Geographical Range Limits: Tests Of The Abundant-Centre Hypothesis In South-Eastern Australia, Eszter Z. Hidas, David J. Ayre, Todd E. Minchinton 2010 University of Wollongong

Patterns Of Demography For Rocky-Shore, Intertidal Invertebrates Approaching Their Geographical Range Limits: Tests Of The Abundant-Centre Hypothesis In South-Eastern Australia, Eszter Z. Hidas, David J. Ayre, Todd E. Minchinton

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The abundant-centre hypothesis predicts that species' abundances peak at the centre of their geographical ranges and decline gradually towards their range limits. We tested predictions of this hypothesis for three rocky-shore, intertidal invertebrates with planktonic larvae (the whelk, Morula marginalba, the snail, Afrolittorina pyramidalis, and the barnacle, Tesseropora rosea) by quantifying their patterns of abundance and size, and inferring pulses of recruitment from size-frequency distributions, at multiple spatial scales spanning a 600-km region in south-eastern Australia and encompassing roughly the southern third of their geographical ranges. At the regional scale, abundances for all species were, as predicted, dramatically lower at ...


Phytochemical Investigations Of Stemona Curtisii And Synthetic Studies On Stemocurtisine Alkaloids, Sukanda Chaiyong, Araya Jatisatienr, Pitchaya Mungkornasawakul, Thanapat Sastraruji, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Thitima Urathamakul, Wilford Lie 2010 Chiang Mai University

Phytochemical Investigations Of Stemona Curtisii And Synthetic Studies On Stemocurtisine Alkaloids, Sukanda Chaiyong, Araya Jatisatienr, Pitchaya Mungkornasawakul, Thanapat Sastraruji, Stephen G. Pyne, Alison T. Ung, Thitima Urathamakul, Wilford Lie

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The isolation of two new Stemona alkaloids, 1-hydroxyprotostemonine and stemocurtisine N-oxide, and a new benzofuran, stemofuran L, from the root extracts of Stemona curtisii is reported. The major known alkaloids from this plant extract, stemocurtisine, stemocurtisinol, and oxyprotostemonine, were also isolated along with oxystemokerrine N-oxide. The nonalkaloid components of this extract included a new benzofuran derivative, stemofuran L, the known stemofurans F, J, and K, dihydro-γ-tocopherol, and stigmasterol. Stemocurtisine and stemocurtisinol were converted to their respective N-oxides by oxidation. Stemocurtisine was converted to a tetracyclic derivative by oxidative cleavage of the γ-butyrolactone ring, while stemocurtisinol gave a novel lactam derivative ...


Differential Endocytosis Of Tissue Plasminogen Activator By Serpins Pai-1 And Pai-2 On Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes, Jodi A. Lee, David Croucher, Marie Ranson 2010 University of Wollongong

Differential Endocytosis Of Tissue Plasminogen Activator By Serpins Pai-1 And Pai-2 On Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes, Jodi A. Lee, David Croucher, Marie Ranson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Generation of the broad spectrum protease plasmin is facilitated by the tissue (t-PA) and urokinase (u-PA) plasminogen activators, within multiple physiological and disease states. Finely tuned control of this proteolytic cascade is exerted by the plasminogen activator inhibitors type-1 (PAI-1/SERPINE1) and 2 (PAI-2/SERPINB2). Expression of this network of activators and inhibitors by cells of myeloid lineage appears to be highly interchangeable between physiological environments, and whilst the role of PAI-1 and PAI-2 in regulating u-PA-dependent functions is well established, the interaction between t-PA and PAI-2 on these cell types is poorly characterised. To this end, we used freshly ...


Stratigraphic Distribution And Suggested Evolution Of Dendroid Graptolites From The Silurian Of Eastern Australia, Barrie Rickards, Anthony Wright 2010 University of Cambridge

Stratigraphic Distribution And Suggested Evolution Of Dendroid Graptolites From The Silurian Of Eastern Australia, Barrie Rickards, Anthony Wright

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Five evolutionary lineages are proposed for Silurian species of the benthic dendroid graptolite genus Dictyonema, based largely on the exceptional eastern Australian records of the genus, comprising at least 25 species. These are: A, the delicatulum lineage with bifurcating ventral autothecal apertural spines; B, the paululum lineage with single ventral apertural spines or processes; C, the elegans lineage with isolated thecal apertures ± processes; D, the sherrardae lineage with dorsal apertural processes; and E, the venustum lineage with simple autothecal apertures. Brief comments are also made on other dendroid genera occurring in Australian strata, namely: Acanthograptus, Koremagraptus, Callograptus, Dendrograptus, Stelechocladia, Thallograptus ...


Septal Architecture And Palaeoecology Of Calceola (Cnidaria, Calceolidae), With Comments On The Phylogeny Of Devonian Operculate Tetracorals, Anthony J. Wright 2010 University of Wollongong

Septal Architecture And Palaeoecology Of Calceola (Cnidaria, Calceolidae), With Comments On The Phylogeny Of Devonian Operculate Tetracorals, Anthony J. Wright

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

In Calceola sandalina the full complement of counter major septa was established very low in the calyx, extending from the counter septum across to the edge of the counter face. At about mid-height of the calyx, a counter-lateral major septum was generated on either side of and from the counter septum. Serial minor septal insertion was initiated adjacent to the counter-lateral septa at a slightly later stage and continued throughout the subsequent ontogeny of the corallite, with minor septa (schizosepta?) arising on the median side of major septa and bifurcating from them. Alar fossulae are seen in the calyx of ...


New Data On Occurrences Of The Devonian Rugose Coral Calceola In Belgium, Anthony J. Wright, M Coen-Aubert, P Bultynck, A P. van Viersen 2010 University of Wollongong

New Data On Occurrences Of The Devonian Rugose Coral Calceola In Belgium, Anthony J. Wright, M Coen-Aubert, P Bultynck, A P. Van Viersen

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Opercula and corallites of Calceola sandalina from the late Eifelian and early Givetian (Middle Devonian) Hanonet Formation of Belgium are illustrated. The few previous illustrations of calceoloid corals from the Devonian of Belgium did not include opercula showing the generically diagnostic morphological features, so for the first time the presence of the genus and species in Belgium is confirmed. One important corallite shows the alar septum and insertion of septa on the external surface of the counter face adjacent to the alar septum.


The First Syntheses Of Enantiopure 2,2 '-Biindoline, Steven M. Wales, Anthony C. Willis, Paul A. Keller 2010 University of Wollongong

The First Syntheses Of Enantiopure 2,2 '-Biindoline, Steven M. Wales, Anthony C. Willis, Paul A. Keller

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The first two syntheses of chiral 2,2'-biindoline are reported either in five steps from 2,2'-bioxirane, or three steps from 2,2'-biaziridine, both with exceptional enantiopurity


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