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Cognitive Effort In The Beauty Contest Game, Pablo Brañas-Garza, Teresa García-Muñoz 2011 Chapman University

Cognitive Effort In The Beauty Contest Game, Pablo Brañas-Garza, Teresa García-Muñoz

ESI Working Papers

This paper analyzes cognitive effort in 6 different one-shot p-beauty games. We use both Raven and Cognitive Reáection tests to identify subjects' abilities. We find that the Raven test does not provide any insight on beauty contest game playing but CRT does: subjects with higher scores on this test are more prone to play dominant strategies.


Perceptions Of Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder And Treatment Acceptability: Cultural Trends, Sarah Girresch 2011 Eastern Illinois University

Perceptions Of Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder And Treatment Acceptability: Cultural Trends, Sarah Girresch

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Gaining Perspective: Incidents That Damage The Therapeutic Alliance As Described By Male Mental Health Clients, Michelle (Michelle Ann) Richards 2011 Western Washington University

Gaining Perspective: Incidents That Damage The Therapeutic Alliance As Described By Male Mental Health Clients, Michelle (Michelle Ann) Richards

WWU Graduate School Collection

This study investigated what incidents male clients found to be most detrimental to the formation or strengthening of the alliance with their mental health care providers, using an abbreviated version of the qualitative critical incident technique (a written form focusing on hindering incidents). Participants were 86 adult (M = 36.87 years old) male outpatients. Most (90.7%) were receiving individual counseling or psychotherapy at the time of the study. A total of 76 critical incident statements were extracted. After redundant statements were eliminated, 56 statements remained. The statements were sorted into categories by three participants and two researchers, according to ...


Interpretive Seeing: Art In The Archive, Meryl C. Crayton 2011 Western Washington University

Interpretive Seeing: Art In The Archive, Meryl C. Crayton

WWU Graduate School Collection

According to recent historical research trends, the iconography within art offers researchers new insight into past events, behaviors, and ideologies. Images tend to capture aspects of the past absent from textual records. Paintings and drawings have been employed by the United States army, past political leaders, and Western explorers to record the surrounding social, political, and/or physical environment. And, paintings often carry ideological arguments and critiques on the surrounding political and economic environment. These art records are creations and participants in the surrounding socio-political environment. As institutions of collective memory and preservers of public documents, archives are obligated to ...


Archival Education And Outreach: Promoting Communal Identity Through Education, Serra H. Hagedorn 2011 Western Washington University

Archival Education And Outreach: Promoting Communal Identity Through Education, Serra H. Hagedorn

WWU Graduate School Collection

Archival outreach programs serve a key role in the preservation and promotion of public history. Community based educational programs sponsored and implemented by archival repositories allow actual, as well as potential, patrons to learn about their local history and to familiarize themselves with archival materials. It is the purpose of this thesis to explore the postmodern archival perspective and to propose universal program models which can be adapted to facilitate educational outreach in archival repositories of various staff sizes and organizational affiliations. This study will appraise the similarities and differences of a variety of current public outreach programs with a ...


Geographies Of Governance Across La Amistad International Park, Lauren F. Miller 2011 Western Washington University

Geographies Of Governance Across La Amistad International Park, Lauren F. Miller

WWU Graduate School Collection

This research focused on levels of trust, participation levels, and the emergence of polycentric governance among buffer zone community stakeholders in a case study of La Amistad International Park in Costa Rica and Panama. In this investigation, I combined a human geography of regions perspective with Common Pool Resource (CPR) theory to analyze the management structure of a bi-national park (a UNESCO Biosphere and World Heritage Site) and its progress toward the UNESCO Biosphere goals. These goals focus on socio-economic development for human well-being and educational and research opportunities addressing global to local issues related to integrated conservation and development ...


Unruly Men, Improper Patriarchs: Male Witches In Colonial New England, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Lilley 2011 Western Washington University

Unruly Men, Improper Patriarchs: Male Witches In Colonial New England, Rachel E. (Rachel Elizabeth) Lilley

WWU Graduate School Collection

Set against the backdrop of the now infamous seventeenth-century witch-panic in Salem, Massachusetts, this thesis argues for a new conceptualization of the men who were accused of witchcraft. Rather than considering men as adjuncts to female actors in this narrative, or feminizing them to explain the accusations against them, this thesis argues that it was often their performance of hyper-masculinity put them at risk. Despite this focus, this thesis knits together a complex web of contextual and behavioral threads to explain accusations of witchcraft made against men in colonial New England. Additionally, this thesis argues that the writings of American ...


Differences In Anti-Fat Attitudes Among Healthcare Providers And General Students, Jessica C. Silks 2011 Western Washington University

Differences In Anti-Fat Attitudes Among Healthcare Providers And General Students, Jessica C. Silks

WWU Graduate School Collection

Weight bias is prevalent, detrimental, and resistant to change. This study provided a general student sample and a healthcare provider sample with information about behavioral, environmental, or biogenetic causes of obesity to compare resulting anti-fat attitudes. Across conditions, the healthcare providers were less likely to agree that obesity is personally controlled, and demonstrated more positive implicit attitudes than did the general students. Among general students, implicit anti-fat attitudes were impervious to reduction efforts across article conditions. Among healthcare providers, implicit anti-fat attitudes improved with biogenetic explanations and did not worsen with behavioral explanations relative to the control group. No such ...


Self Discrepancy And Narrative Repair, Lauren E. Jennings 2011 Western Washington University

Self Discrepancy And Narrative Repair, Lauren E. Jennings

WWU Graduate School Collection

Personal narratives have been shown to play an important role in creating a stable sense of self, yet little research has examined this in experimental designs. Thus, this study explored the utility of narrative, in comparison to other mechanisms (e.g., self-affirmation, distraction), for coping with threats to self-concept by examining affective and cognitive repair after experiencing a threat. Participants (N = 331) received false physiological feedback suggesting a prejudiced response to African Americans and obese people and were induced to complete one of five repair techniques. Participants also completed affect and self-concept measures pre-study, post-threat, and post-repair. Overall, threat-specific and ...


Making And Unmaking Of Transnational Environmental Cooperation, Yooil BAE, Dong-Ae SHIN, Yong-Wook LEE 2011 Singapore Management University

Making And Unmaking Of Transnational Environmental Cooperation, Yooil Bae, Dong-Ae Shin, Yong-Wook Lee

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

There has been an ongoing debate about how (or through what mechanisms) global environmental norms have influenced domestic political debates that give rise to green policy choices. In particular, effective international environmental cooperation between transnational and domestic NGOs has been recognized as a key to successful environmental movements. In this regard, the central question guiding research on the politics of environmental norms is, under what condition(s) transnational cooperation among NGOs would be more likely to be sustained so as to achieve its goals. This article proposes that one of the mechanisms missing from the debate is a bottom-up approach ...


Fostering Compliance In Preschool-Aged Children Using Least-To-Most Assistive Prompt Hierarchy, Courtney Powers 2011 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Fostering Compliance In Preschool-Aged Children Using Least-To-Most Assistive Prompt Hierarchy, Courtney Powers

LSU Master's Theses

Previous research has shown that prompting can increase child compliance to adult directives (Tarbox, Wallace, Penrod, & Tarbox, 2007; Wilder & Atwell, 2006; Wilder, Atwell, & Wine, 2006). The purpose of this study was to train teachers to use prompting to increase child compliance to teacher directives. This study builds on the current literature by using least-to-most prompting (Horner & Keilitz, 1975) within the naturally occurring context of the preschool classroom. The participants consisted of 3 preschool teachers who interacted with a target child in an early childhood classroom. Child compliance was measured during free choice center time. Results were consistent with previous research (Tarbox, Wallace, Penrod, & Tarbox, 2007; Wilder & Atwell, 2006; Wilder, Atwell, & Wine, 2006) by showing that the implementation of the least-to-most prompting intervention was correlated with an increase in child compliance.


A Comparative Study Of Three Inverse Kinematic Methods Of Serial Industrial Robot Manipulators In The Screw Theory Framework, Emre Sariyildiz, Eray Cakiray, Hakan Temeltas 2011 University of Wollongong

A Comparative Study Of Three Inverse Kinematic Methods Of Serial Industrial Robot Manipulators In The Screw Theory Framework, Emre Sariyildiz, Eray Cakiray, Hakan Temeltas

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In this paper, we compare three inverse kinematic formulation methods for the serial industrial robot manipulators. All formulation methods are based on screw theory. Screw theory is an effective way to establish a global description of rigid body and avoids singularities due to the use of the local coordinates. In these three formulation methods, the first one is based on quaternion algebra, the second one is based on dual-quaternions, and the last one that is called exponential mapping method is based on matrix algebra. Compared with the matrix algebra, quaternion algebra based solutions are more computationally efficient and they need ...


The Legal And Political Foundations Of Kosovo's Independence, Mensur Deva 2011 CUNY City College

The Legal And Political Foundations Of Kosovo's Independence, Mensur Deva

Master's Theses

The case of Kosovo's independence raised concern regarding setting a precedence for other pro self-determination movements in the world. The critical question is if the Kosovo case actually sets a precedent for these movements or if it is a unique case due to its sui generis situation. This paper is an attempt to analyze the legality and the legitimate right of Kosovo to become an independent state. The study examines the phenomenon of the creation of new states in the world, looking at historical events such as decolonization and the dissolution of communist countries in Eastern Europe. In addition ...


Usa Vs China; Energy Security Politics Challenges Of Peak-Oil And Climate Change, Tania Hoppe 2011 CUNY City College

Usa Vs China; Energy Security Politics Challenges Of Peak-Oil And Climate Change, Tania Hoppe

Master's Theses

"Energy is a critical basis for state survival. This thesis aims at examining the different energy-security strategies of the USA and China and the political means necessary to implement clean-energy development beyond marginal results. The success of China’s lead in its devotion to clean-energy production raises the question of what infrastructural and political challenges the US must overcome to further develop its clean energy industry. While China focuses on its competitive edge in the global energy market, can its domestic energy goals offset population density and addiction to coal? Despite economic competitiveness that comes with market globalization, society’s ...


Marxist Insurgencies And Indigenous Rights; The Cases Of Guatemala And Peru, Cocco Valentina 2011 CUNY City College

Marxist Insurgencies And Indigenous Rights; The Cases Of Guatemala And Peru, Cocco Valentina

Master's Theses

"The main purpose of this research is to understand the nature of the relationship between leftist armed guerrillas and indigenous rights in the Latin American region. I argue that the ethnic component and indigenous mobilization have greatly determined the political and social achievements of Marxist insurgencies active in many countries of the sub-continent during the second half of the twentieth century. In order to test my hypothesis, I devote particular attention to the historical exposition and critical analysis of both the ethnic problem and Marxism, in its European, Russian, Chinese, and Latin American versions. Subsequently, I focus on the case ...


Failure To Adapt; Intelligence Failure And Military Failure As Functions Of Strategic Failure?, David Firester 2011 CUNY City College

Failure To Adapt; Intelligence Failure And Military Failure As Functions Of Strategic Failure?, David Firester

Master's Theses

The following paper looks at intelligence failures and military failures through the lens of adaptation failure. This paper asserts that there is reason to believe that certain causal elements of alleged intelligence failures reside more so in the province of politics, than in the collection and analysis domain of intelligence tradecraft. This is not to say that failures are exclusively of a political nature, but that looking at politics and the relationship of policymakers to the Intelligence Community yields a preponderance of causal evidence. Secondly, it is suggested that a parallel set of underlying assumptions evident in adaptation failure theory ...


The Impact Of Domestic Politics On Foreign Policy Decision-Making In Turkish-American Relations, Sevda Ceren Ozgur 2011 CUNY City College

The Impact Of Domestic Politics On Foreign Policy Decision-Making In Turkish-American Relations, Sevda Ceren Ozgur

Master's Theses

"This study is an analysis of the impact of public opinion on the foreign policy decisionmaking process in Turkish-American relations. The aim of the study is to understand the construction and the mobilization of public opinion, and its the impact on the decisionmakers. Turkey and the United States have a long history of friendship dating back to the late 18th century. Public opinion has had a substantial influence on Turkish-American relations. There are various actors, such as lobby groups and the media, involved in the construction and the mobilization of public opinion in both countries. Understanding how they work and ...


Extra-Sovereign Institutions; The Ties That Bind, Daniel Spitaliere 2011 CUNY City College

Extra-Sovereign Institutions; The Ties That Bind, Daniel Spitaliere

Master's Theses

"Governance, globalization, and regionalism are all statements regarding the nature of integration in the current international relations system, but they do not readily explain what brings nation-states together in the first place. At first glance, regional institutions seem to be established on a basis of proximity, suggesting a spatial model of regional integration. However, a deeper investigation of the motivations and factors that lead to the creation of these institutions show this is not the case. In considering regional integration movements, this study establishes three core principles. First, that the creation of a successful extra-sovereign institution is dependent on specific ...


Cooperation Or Conflict In The Arctic? Unclos And The Barents And Beaufort Sea Disputes, Dovile Petkunaite 2011 CUNY City College

Cooperation Or Conflict In The Arctic? Unclos And The Barents And Beaufort Sea Disputes, Dovile Petkunaite

Master's Theses

The predicted prosperity of the Arctic has propelled countries to compete over territory and natural resources lying beneath the water. There is no doubt that a huge amount of potential natural resources in the disputed areas can cause significant tensions between the countries. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the cooperation and conflict dilemma in the Arctic. I examine the Barents Sea dispute and the Beaufort Sea dispute as case studies to demonstrate the potential for cooperation in the Arctic. I claim that the settlement of the Barents Sea dispute between Norway and Russia gives important lessons on how to ...


State And Nation-Building, Stabilization, And Development In Afghanistan, Maedeh Asadzadeh Barzi 2011 CUNY City College

State And Nation-Building, Stabilization, And Development In Afghanistan, Maedeh Asadzadeh Barzi

Master's Theses

"Afghanistan is emerging from more than two decades of conflict, capped by a severe nationwide drought in 1999-2001, and faces a complex, interrelated set of political, administrative, economic, and social challenge. The objective of this study was to analyze Afghanistan's human development based on specific criteria such as economic inequality and poverty, corruption, public health and most specifically children and women's health. This thesis identifies Afghanistan's challenges and impediments to development and state-building in the past nine years. I further argue that Afghanistan was successful in economic and public health matters due to the institutions that were ...


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