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The World Bank For Africa Or The World Bank For The World Bank, Paul Clements 2009 Western Michigan University

The World Bank For Africa Or The World Bank For The World Bank, Paul Clements

Paul Clements

No abstract provided.


The City Level Effects Of The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Maximilian Auffhammer, Antonio Bento, Scott Lowe 2009 University of California, Berkeley

The City Level Effects Of The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, Maximilian Auffhammer, Antonio Bento, Scott Lowe

Maximilian Auffhammer

This paper examines whether the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments caused the decline in ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) in California over the 1990 – 2000 period. Consistent with previous studies, we find that PM10 non-attainment status at the county level is not a significant factor in explaining the reductions in PM10. However, when we allow for spatially heterogeneous treatment effects within non-attainment counties, and incorporate measures of community characteristics, climate, geography, transboundary pollution and industrial composition and scale, we find that non-attainment designations at the city-level account for a 6% reduction in ambient PM10 concentrations. This paper examines whether ...


Labour Trafficking: Key Concepts And Issues, Fiona David 2009 Centre for International and Public Law, Australian National University

Labour Trafficking: Key Concepts And Issues, Fiona David

Fiona David

At the international level, there is no single, clear definition of ‘labour trafficking’. Arguably, the expression can be used to describe those forms of trafficking in persons of which the exploitative purpose relates to a person’s labour. There are, however, debates over the scope and meaning of these terms. This brief provides an introduction to key terms and notes some of the issues that remain less settled.


The Greco-Roman Roots Of The Western Just War Tradition, Greg Raymond 2009 Boise State University

The Greco-Roman Roots Of The Western Just War Tradition, Greg Raymond

Greg Raymond

Through a careful examination of religious and philosophical literature, the contributors to the volume analyze, compare and assess diverse Western, Islamic, Hindu and East Asian perspectives concerning the appropriate criteria that should govern the decision to resort to the use of armed force and, once that decision is made, what constraints should govern the actual conduct of military operations. In doing so, the volume promotes a better understanding of the various ways in which diverse people and societies within the global community approach the question of what constitutes the legitimate use of military force as an instrument of policy in ...


Power In Theory, In Data And In Pragmatics Research, Kristine Munoz 2009 University of Iowa

Power In Theory, In Data And In Pragmatics Research, Kristine Munoz

Kristine Muñoz

In this review I examine the different approaches to power theorized in this collection, attending particularly to the power dynamics of language choice in multilingual, multicultural encounters. Together the essays demonstrate a considerable range of conceptual positions on the spectrum of critical discourse analytic and sociolinguistic approaches to language use. A particularly significant difference in the approaches taken by these works is the extent to which claims and observations are grounded in concrete details of transcripts, as opposed to inferences about internal states - emotion, intention, cognition, perception - drawn from recorded and transcribed interactions. Those differences, I propose, amount to grounding ...


Book Review Of Ashley Lavelle (2008) The Death Of Social Democracy: Political Consequences In The 21st Century. (Aldershot: Ashgate), Giorgos Charalambous 2009 PRIO Cyprus Centre and University of Cyprus

Book Review Of Ashley Lavelle (2008) The Death Of Social Democracy: Political Consequences In The 21st Century. (Aldershot: Ashgate), Giorgos Charalambous

Giorgos Charalambous

No abstract provided.


Transnational Human Rights Networks: Significance And Challenges, Hans Schmitz 2009 Syracuse University

Transnational Human Rights Networks: Significance And Challenges, Hans Schmitz

Hans Peter Schmitz

No abstract provided.


The Origins And Evolution Of Ssip: How Methods Met Models, With A Short Interlude, Kelly Kadera 2009 University of Iowa

The Origins And Evolution Of Ssip: How Methods Met Models, With A Short Interlude, Kelly Kadera

Kelly M Kadera

No abstract provided.


Disabled Peers And Academic Achievement, Jane Friesen, Ross Hickey, Brian Krauth 2009 Simon Fraser University

Disabled Peers And Academic Achievement, Jane Friesen, Ross Hickey, Brian Krauth

Ross D Hickey

We use data on students in grades 4–7 in the Canadian province of British Columbia to investigate the effect of having disabled peers on value-added exam outcomes. Longitudinal data for multiple cohorts of students are used together with school-by-grade-level fixed effects to account for endogenous selection into schools. Our estimates suggest that same-grade peers with learning and behavioral disabilities have an adverse effect on the test score gains of nondisabled students in British Columbia. However, these effects are statistically insignificant and are sufficiently small that they are unlikely to raise concerns about the placement of this group of disabled ...


On The Occurrence Of Ponzi Schemes In Presence Of Credit Restrictions Penalizing Default., Abdelkrim Seghir 2009 American University in Cairo, School of Business, Department of Economics

On The Occurrence Of Ponzi Schemes In Presence Of Credit Restrictions Penalizing Default., Abdelkrim Seghir

Abdelkrim Seghir Dr.

This paper considers an infinite-horizon exchange economy with incomplete markets of real assets and default. Borrowers are required to constitute collateral in terms of durable goods and face credit restriction functions that depend on their past default. I show that Ponzi schemes are possible when these functions (i) are decreasing, and (ii) allow agents to simultaneously decrease their default level and increase their short--sales by a higher rate. Moreover, I prove that Ponzi schemes are ruled out for linear credit restriction functions provided that the slope of these functions is not too high.


Regulation Of Patient Management Software, James Williams, Jens Weber 2009 University of Toronto

Regulation Of Patient Management Software, James Williams, Jens Weber

James B Williams

This paper addresses the use of medical device regimes to regulate electronic health record systems. Using Canada as our motivating example, we analyze whether a regulatory framework designed around hardware devices is suitable for use in the software domain. After presenting a thorough summary of the conceptual framework of medical device law, we consider the gaps and issues that arise when considering software systems. Our claim is that medical device regimes are not a suitable tool for the regulation of software, given the unique nature of software systems as engineering artifacts.


"Reason," A Short Story By Vivek Shanbag In Sirigannada: Contemporary Writings In Kannada (Ed) Vivek Shanbag (Ed.), New Delhi: Tranquebar Books., Chandan Gowda 2009 National Law School of India University

"Reason," A Short Story By Vivek Shanbag In Sirigannada: Contemporary Writings In Kannada (Ed) Vivek Shanbag (Ed.), New Delhi: Tranquebar Books., Chandan Gowda

Chandan Gowda

No abstract provided.


Testing Lyoequivalency For Three Commercially Sustainedrelease Tablets Containing Diltiazem Hydrochloride, Philadelphia University 2009 Philadelphia University

Testing Lyoequivalency For Three Commercially Sustainedrelease Tablets Containing Diltiazem Hydrochloride, Philadelphia University

Philadelphia University, Jordan

No abstract provided.


Disparities In The Benefits From Democratic Reform In Nigeria: A Gender Perspective, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere 2009 Georgia Institute of Technology

Disparities In The Benefits From Democratic Reform In Nigeria: A Gender Perspective, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

No abstract provided.


Unravelling In Two-Sided Matching Markets And Similarity Of Preferences, Hanna Halaburda 2009 Harvard University

Unravelling In Two-Sided Matching Markets And Similarity Of Preferences, Hanna Halaburda

Hanna Halaburda

This paper investigates the causes and welfare consequences of unravelling in two-sided matching markets. It shows that similarity of preferences is an important factor driving unravelling. In particular, under the ex-post stable mechanism (the mechanism that the literature focuses on), unravelling is more likely to occur when participants have more similar preferences. Moreover, any Pareto-optimal mechanism must prevent unravelling and the ex-post stable mechanism is Pareto-optimal if and only if it prevents unravelling.


School Based Mental Health, Christina Walker 2009 Indiana State University

School Based Mental Health, Christina Walker

Christina Walker, M.Ed

No abstract provided.


Exclusivity, Competition And The Irrelevance Of Internal Investment, Catherine de Fontenay, Joshua Gans, Vivienne Groves 2009 Melbourne Business School

Exclusivity, Competition And The Irrelevance Of Internal Investment, Catherine De Fontenay, Joshua Gans, Vivienne Groves

Catherine de Fontenay

This paper considers the effect of exclusive contracts on investment decisions in a market with two upstream and two downstream firms. Segal and Whinston’s (2000) irrelevance result is generalized and it is shown that exclusive contracts have no effect on the equilibrium level of internal investment for the contracted parties when competition exists in both the upstream and downstream markets. Furthermore, by considering a more competitive environment we are able to demonstrate that strongly internal investment by rival upstream-downstream bargaining pairs is similarly unaffected by the presence of exclusive contracts.


Does Response Evaluation And Decision (Red) Mediate The Relation Between Hostile Attributional Style And Antisocial Behavior In Adolescence?, Reid Fontaine 2009 University of Arizona

Does Response Evaluation And Decision (Red) Mediate The Relation Between Hostile Attributional Style And Antisocial Behavior In Adolescence?, Reid Fontaine

Reid G. Fontaine

The role of hostile attributional style (HAS) in antisocial development has been well-documented. We analyzed longitudinal data on 585 youths (48% female; 19% ethnic minority) to test the hypothesis that response evaluation and decision (RED) mediates the relation between HAS and antisocial behavior in adolescence. In Grades 10 and 12, adolescent participants and their parents reported participants’ antisocial conduct. In Grade 11, participants were asked to imagine themselves in videotaped ambiguous-provocation scenarios. Segment 1 of each scenario presented an ambiguous provocation, after which participants answered HAS questions. In segment 2, participants were asked to imagine themselves responding aggressively to the ...


Finding An Item From A Citation, Shannon Johnson 2009 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne

Finding An Item From A Citation, Shannon Johnson

Shannon F Johnson

This short Adobe Captivate tutorial is designed to help students locate an item based on a print citation.


Livelihood Impacts Of Payments For Forestry Carbon Services: Field Evidence From Mozambique, 2009 Selected Works

Livelihood Impacts Of Payments For Forestry Carbon Services: Field Evidence From Mozambique

Rohit Jindal

No abstract provided.


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