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Son Targeting Fertility Behavior: Some Consequences And Determinants, Robert De Jong, Deepankar Basu 2010 Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Son Targeting Fertility Behavior: Some Consequences And Determinants, Robert De Jong, Deepankar Basu

Economics Department Faculty Publications Series

This article draws out some implications of son targeting fertility behavior and studies its determinants. We demonstrate that such behavior has two notable implications at the aggregate level:(a) girls have a larger number of siblings (sibling effect), and (b) girls are born at relatively earlier parities within families (birth-order effect). Empirically testing for these effects, we find that both are present in many countries in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and North Africa but are absent in the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Using maximum likelihood estimation, we study the effect of covariates on son targeting fertility behavior in India, a ...


Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Information Behaviors Of Cancer Patients In The Information Age, Lisa Zilinski 2010 University of South Florida

Information Behaviors Of Cancer Patients In The Information Age, Lisa Zilinski

University Libraries Scholarship

Advances in cancer treatments and the increasing availability of information are changing the information behaviors of cancer patients. Many American adults search for health-related information on the Internet and have made decisions based on results from general search engines. Information and health professionals are concerned about the reliability, validity and volume of health information available. Patient usage and preferences are discussed. This article reviews recent literature and research surrounding the information seeking behaviors of cancer patients and provides ideas for future research.


Challenges In Sustaining The Million Book Project, A Project Supported By The National Science Foundation, Gloriana St. Clair 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Challenges In Sustaining The Million Book Project, A Project Supported By The National Science Foundation, Gloriana St. Clair

University Libraries Scholarship

One of the main roles I have played as a director of the Universal Digital Library has been to write grant proposals to support our work. Both for this project and for another project—Olive.org, an archive of executable content—how to sustain the final product is the most difficult challenge. This paper discusses the various models that might be adopted to sustain a large corpus of digital material, such as that of the million book project. Methods discussed here include government funding, foundations and non profits, university homes, and joining existing projects. All individuals working with large digital ...


Multi-Player Bargaining With Endogenous Capacity, Gabriele Camera, Cemil Selcuk 2010 Chapman University

Multi-Player Bargaining With Endogenous Capacity, Gabriele Camera, Cemil Selcuk

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

We study equilibrium prices and trade volume in a market with several identical buyers and a seller who commits to an inventory and then offers goods sequentially. Prices are determined by a strategic costly bargaining process with a random sequence of proponents. A unique subgame perfect equilibrium exists, characterized by no costly delays and heterogeneous sale prices. In equilibrium constraining capacity is a bargaining tactic the seller uses to improve a weak bargaining position. With capacity constraints, sale prices approach the outcome of an auction as bargaining costs vanish. The framework provides a building block for price formation in models ...


Did I Do That? Group Positioning And Asymmetry In Attributional Bias, Brian Gunia, Brice Corgnet 2010 Northwestern University

Did I Do That? Group Positioning And Asymmetry In Attributional Bias, Brian Gunia, Brice Corgnet

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

A laboratory experiment examined whether one structural feature of groups—members’ physical positioning—may produce asymmetry in their perceived contribution to a task. In particular, we investigated asymmetry in group members’ (often excessive) claims of credit for collective tasks ("the self-serving attributional bias"). Consistent with the availability account of this bias, group members located in the middle of a group, with easy visual access to their partners’ contributions, demonstrated less bias than outside members (who demonstrated bias consistent with prior research)—but no less satisfaction. Further analyses suggested that these results reflected bias reduction among middle members and did stem ...


Team Formation And Self‐Serving Biases, Brice Corgnet 2010 Chapman University

Team Formation And Self‐Serving Biases, Brice Corgnet

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

There is extensive evidence which indicates that people learn positively about themselves. We build on this finding to develop a model of team formation. We show that under complete information learning positively about oneself prevents efficient team formation. Agents becoming overconfident tend to ask for an excessive share of the group outcome. Positive learning generates divergence in workers' beliefs and hampers efficient team formation. Interestingly, in a context of incomplete information regarding the partner's ability, extensive learning biases may reduce the divergence in agents' beliefs and facilitate efficient team formation as a result. We apply our model to coauthorship ...


Applicative Constructions In Shipibo-Konibo (Panoan), Pilar Valenzuela 2010 Chapman University

Applicative Constructions In Shipibo-Konibo (Panoan), Pilar Valenzuela

World Languages and Cultures Faculty Articles and Research

This article provides a detailed, typologically informed treatment of applicative constructions in Shipibo-Konibo, a Panoan language from Peruvian Amazonia. Shipibo-Konibo has three applicative suffixes: affective (i.e., benefactive or malefactive), dedicated malefactive, and associative. These applicative types are rather common cross-linguistically and hence the language cannot be said to be particularly rich either in terms of number or kinds of applicative constructions. Nevertheless, the Shipibo-Konibo system exhibits certain points of special interest such as the interplay between transitivity and the different applicative construction types, which include a restriction on the dedicated malefactive to combine with transitive verbs only, and the ...


Review Of “Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working For Women Prisoners, By Jodie Michelle Lawston”, Lisa A. Leitz 2010 Chapman University

Review Of “Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working For Women Prisoners, By Jodie Michelle Lawston”, Lisa A. Leitz

Peace Studies Faculty Articles and Research

Book review of Jodie Michelle Lawston's "Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working for Women Prisoners".


Red Rocks, Tom Grillo, John Sipple, Ethan Weitzman 2010 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Red Rocks, Tom Grillo, John Sipple, Ethan Weitzman

Student Environmental Law Films

This film explores the background and issues surrounding Senate bill 799 - A bill to designate as wilderness certain Federal portions of the red rock canyons of the Colorado Plateau and the Great Basin Deserts in the State of Utah for the benefit of present and future generations of people in the United States.


Best Practices For Online Video Tutorials: A Study Of Student Preferences And Understanding, Melissa Bowles-Terry, Merinda Kaye Hensley, Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe 2010 University of Wyoming

Best Practices For Online Video Tutorials: A Study Of Student Preferences And Understanding, Melissa Bowles-Terry, Merinda Kaye Hensley, Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe

University of Wyoming Libraries Faculty Publications

In order to develop best practices for online video library tutorials, this research study used an interview-based research method to investigate usability, findability, and instructional effectiveness. The findings document student learner preferences and are the basis for guidelines for future tutorial development.


An Extraordinary Example Of Photokarren In A Sandstone Cave, Cueva Charles Brewer, Chimantá Plateau, Venezuela: Biogeomorphology On A Small Scale, Joyce Lundberg, Donald A. McFarlane, Charles Brewer-Carias 2010 Carleton University

An Extraordinary Example Of Photokarren In A Sandstone Cave, Cueva Charles Brewer, Chimantá Plateau, Venezuela: Biogeomorphology On A Small Scale, Joyce Lundberg, Donald A. Mcfarlane, Charles Brewer-Carias

WM Keck Science Faculty Papers

A distinctive suite of small-scale erosional forms that are oriented towards the light occur close to the entrance of Cueva Charles Brewer, a large cave in a sandstone tepui, in SE Venezuela. These are the third example of photokarren ever studied in the world, the other two being from Borneo and Ireland. They are the only photokarren ever described from sandstone, and the only example from a non-carbonate environment. The host rock is a poorly-lithified unit of the Precambrian quartz arenite of the Roraima Supergroup. The forms are all oriented towards the light at 30° regardless of rock surface orientation ...


A Unique Population Of Cave Bears (Carnivora: Ursidae) From The Middle Pleistocene Of Kents Cavern, England, Based On Dental Morphometrics, Donald A. McFarlane, Martin Sabol, Joyce Lundberg 2010 Claremont McKenna College; Pitzer College; Scripps College

A Unique Population Of Cave Bears (Carnivora: Ursidae) From The Middle Pleistocene Of Kents Cavern, England, Based On Dental Morphometrics, Donald A. Mcfarlane, Martin Sabol, Joyce Lundberg

WM Keck Science Faculty Papers

The ‘breccia’ stratum from Kents (we follow local tradition in using the form ‘Kents’, without an apostrophe) Cavern, England, has been well known for its rich yield of cave-bear material since excavations began in the mid-19th century. Recent work has established that the bears are of latest MIS 12 or earliest MIS 11 age. A life table based on a collection of 67 molariform teeth is consistent with the use of the cave as a hibernaculum. Univariate and morphological assessment of the teeth shows an unusual range of primitive and more derived characters. Multivariate morphometric analysis of cave-bear teeth from ...


Meat's Place On The Campaign Menu: How U.S. Environmental Discourse Negotiates Vegetarianism, Carrie Packwood Freeman 2010 Georgia State University

Meat's Place On The Campaign Menu: How U.S. Environmental Discourse Negotiates Vegetarianism, Carrie Packwood Freeman

Communication Faculty Publications

Given the impact of America’s food choices, particularly animal-based foods, on life-sustaining systems, to what extent is the environmental movement making meat-based diets an issue? This research analyzes websites of 15 U.S. environmental advocacy organizations (EOs) to examine how they negotiate the question of animal versus plant-based diets and propose solutions for food producers and consumers. EOs proposed that industrial agriculture and commercial fishing/aquaculture severely limit destructive practices to more sustainably meet consumer demand for animal products. EOs offered consumers choices, including: 1) replacement of much industrial food with local, organic, and/or sustainable animal or plant ...


January/February 2010, Stall Times 2010 Georgia State University

January/February 2010, Stall Times

University Library Stall Times

No abstract provided.


Communication And Culture (Com 320) City As Classroom Project Report, Katie Neary Dunleavy PhD 2010 La Salle University

Communication And Culture (Com 320) City As Classroom Project Report, Katie Neary Dunleavy Phd

City as Classroom Projects

The purpose of this course is to provide students with the theoretical tools necessary to understand the reciprocal link between communication and culture: how communication practices create, reflect, and maintain cultures, as well as how culture influences communication practices. Focus will be on intercultural, cross-cultural, and interethnic communication.

As part of a larger project, students selected a microculture within the city to explore. After attending, students wrote a reflection on the experience, and then wrote a larger summative paper on numerous cultural experiences and synthesized the content from the course with the experiences.


Organizational Communication (Com 317) City As Classroom Project Report, Andrea Pampaloni PhD 2010 La Salle University

Organizational Communication (Com 317) City As Classroom Project Report, Andrea Pampaloni Phd

City as Classroom Projects

Organizational Communication focuses on the study and implementation of effective communication within various types of organizations, including corporations, nonprofits, and institutions. It examines how communication acts as the foundation of all organizations by considering major schools of thought about organizations and communication networks, functions, and practices. It also explore significant issues in organizational settings including leadership, conflict, power, ethics, culture, and technology.

Students in this class are required to interview a (non-family member) professional in a field they may be interested in pursuing to see how various aspects of organizational communication are used in the workplace. As a result of ...


Diasporic Cultural Citizenship: Negotiate And Create Places And Identities In Their Refugee Migration And Deportation Experiences, Shirley S. Tang 2010 University of Masschusetts Boston

Diasporic Cultural Citizenship: Negotiate And Create Places And Identities In Their Refugee Migration And Deportation Experiences, Shirley S. Tang

Trotter Review

In 2002, the oldest Khmer (Cambodian) American community organization in Massachusetts, the Cambodian Community of Massachusetts (CCM), closed its doors to constituents in the state’s North Shore metro region, where the adjacent gateway cities of Lynn and Revere were home to the country’s fifth-largest concentration of Cambodian Americans, according to the 2000 Census. Founded by Cambodian refugees and their supporters in 1981 as one of the first-generation mutual assistance associations encouraged by the federal Office for Refugee Resettlement, CCM had operate as an ethnic-based, multiservice agency that helped survivors of war and trauma in Cambodia to adjust to ...


Service Versus Advocacy? A Comparison Of Two Latino Community-Based Organizations In Chelsea, Massachusetts, Glenn Jacobs 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Service Versus Advocacy? A Comparison Of Two Latino Community-Based Organizations In Chelsea, Massachusetts, Glenn Jacobs

Trotter Review

Anyone walking down Chelsea’s main drag, Broadway, would be struck by its raucous cacophony of sights and sounds, a panoply of foreign languages spoken by women (many mothers with young children and infants), children, teenagers, and men of a variety of physiognomies and skin tones; a collage of small specialty shops selling jewelry, clothing, religious statues, CDs, and mobile phones; and restaurants and eateries serving El Salvadoran, Vietnamese, Mexican, and Chinese food; pawnshops, check-cashing places, bakeries, and coffee shops, with occasional rectangles of negative visual space occupied by the post office and chain drug and convenience stores. It is ...


Housing And Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Housing And Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Public Policy and Public Affairs Faculty Publication Series

Researchers in housing and community development design and evaluate policies regarding access to attractive, affordable and sustainable housing and improving the social, physical and economic infrastructure of communities, especially those in the urban core. Practitioners in this field confront political considerations, administrative guidelines and limited funding.

Decision science can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of market-rate housing development and provide support for policy responses to issues such as affordable housing, race and class segregation, ineffective and/or inequitable economic development, and sustainable development. This research spans many disciplines, including systems modeling, urban economics, multi-criteria decision modeling, stochastic models and decision ...


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