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Alcohol Use And Popularity: Social Payoffs From Conforming To Peers' Behavior, Michael T. French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Edward Norton 2010 University of Miami

Alcohol Use And Popularity: Social Payoffs From Conforming To Peers' Behavior, Michael T. French, Ana Balsa, Jenny Homer, Edward Norton

Michael T. French

Although many economic analyses of adolescents have examined the costs of risky behaviors, few have investigated the gains that young people derive from such actions, particularly in terms of social payoffs for complying with peer behavior. This paper studies the relationship between adolescents' use of alcohol (relative to that of their peers) and popularity at school. We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a rich and nationally representative survey with detailed information on social networks. Our findings suggest that adolescents are socially rewarded for conforming to their peers' alcohol use and penalized (to a lesser degree ...


Introduction To Discourse Analysis (Fall 2011 Syllabus), Adam Hodges 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Introduction To Discourse Analysis (Fall 2011 Syllabus), Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Discourse analysis places a primary focus on how things are said; and this close attention to the details of ―language in use‖ can offer insight into a variety of questions posed by researchers across the humanities and social sciences. In this course, we will examine the way discourse is itself a form of social action that plays a fundamental role in organizing social, cultural, and political life. In addition to becoming familiar with a variety of approaches and topics in the study of discourse, a major aim of the course is for you to develop the tools and skills needed ...


Perceptions Of Family Support Among Students Of Color At A Predominantly White University, Dina C. Maramba, Robert T. Palmer 2010 Howard University

Perceptions Of Family Support Among Students Of Color At A Predominantly White University, Dina C. Maramba, Robert T. Palmer

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

The challenge of facilitating the retention and persistence of students of color in higher education continues. While research has focused on internal factors of the college environment important to the success of students of color at predominantly White institutions (PWIs), this qualitative study examines an external factor—family support and its interconnectedness with the success and persistence of students of color. More specifically, the findings emphasize the importance of family support for this population attending PWIs. Implications for practice and future research are offered.


Research Statement, Pingkang Yu 2010 Selected Works

Research Statement, Pingkang Yu

Pingkang Yu

No abstract provided.


On Equality: The Anti-Interference Principle, Donald J. Kochan 2010 Chapman University School of Law

On Equality: The Anti-Interference Principle, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This Essay introduces the “Anti-Interference Principle” – a new term on the meaning of equality, or at least one not yet so-named in the equality lexicon – as a necessary foundation for achieving the goal of true equality. Equality has a long-standing place in the discussion of politics and jurisprudence and remains a struggle of definition today. Rather than rehash the mass of scholarship, this Essay seeks to summarize the general equality concept, and propose that the legal discourse on equality center on a requirement that governmental power must protect and respect equal treatment and opportunity, unconstrained, not equal outcomes. It argues ...


Adding Another Notch To America's Corn Belt, Chris Laingen 2010 Eastern Illinois University

Adding Another Notch To America's Corn Belt, Chris Laingen

Christopher R. Laingen

No abstract provided.


A Picture Is Worth 972 Words: The Old, Red Barn, Chris Laingen 2010 Eastern Illinois University

A Picture Is Worth 972 Words: The Old, Red Barn, Chris Laingen

Christopher R. Laingen

No abstract provided.


The Christmas Carols Of Keith D Rowley - Part 3, Keith D. Rowley 2010 Utah Valley University

The Christmas Carols Of Keith D Rowley - Part 3, Keith D. Rowley

Keith D Rowley

Ten Christmas carols composed between 1992 and 2001.


Researching The (Dis)Connection Between Literary Discussions And Speaking Functions: A Replication With Intermediate Learners, Joshua J. Thoms 2010 Utah State University

Researching The (Dis)Connection Between Literary Discussions And Speaking Functions: A Replication With Intermediate Learners, Joshua J. Thoms

Joshua J. Thoms

Responding to the call for more replication studies in the fields of second language acquisition and applied linguistics (Ortega, 2009; Polio & Gass, 1997), this chapter reports on a conceptual study based on the work of Donato and Brooks (2004). The current study is different in that it analyzes whole-class discussions in Spanish between an instructor and her 19 students in an introductory Spanish literature course (i.e., 5th semester) at the college level. One overarching research question is explored along with two sub-questions: (1) Does an introductory-level literature course for Spanish language learners provide occasions during whole-class discussion for participation in Intermediate-level speaking functions as defined in the ACTFL Speaking Proficiency Guidelines?; (a) How often do students produce turns of more than one sentence while participating in a whole-class discussion?; and (b) Why and when do students produce turns that are more than one sentence? The study sheds light on the role of whole-class discussion on L2 learning in a college- and introductory-level L2 literature course.


Disability Trouble, Bradley A. Areheart 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Disability Trouble, Bradley A. Areheart

Bradley A. Areheart

In the 1960s, the term “gender” emerged in the academic literature to indicate the socially constructed nature of being a man or woman. The gender/sex binary soon became standard academic fare, with sex representing biology and gender representing sex’s social construct. However, in the 1980s feminists became concerned the gender/sex binary - by effectively designating sex as non-social - left room for biological determinism. These feminists made “gender trouble” in part by arguing biological sex was a social concept. The resulting scholarship on sex and gender enriched feminist thought and catalyzed civil rights through an expansion of legal protections ...


Price Elasticity Of Expenditure Across Health Care Services, Fabian Duarte 2010 Yale University

Price Elasticity Of Expenditure Across Health Care Services, Fabian Duarte

Fabian Duarte

Policymakers in countries around the world are faced with rising health care costs and are debating ways to reform health care to reduce expenditures. Estimates of price elasticity of expenditure are a key component for predicting expenditures under alternative policies. Using unique individual-level data compiled from administrative records from the Chilean private health insurance market, I estimate the price elasticity of expenditures across a variety of health care services. These rich data allow me to examine the heterogeneity of price elasticities across types of service and demographic groups. Using exogenous changes in price generated by changes made by the Chilean ...


Rat Pup Social Motivation: A Critical Component Of Early Psychological Development, Howard C. Cromwell 2010 Bowling Green State University

Rat Pup Social Motivation: A Critical Component Of Early Psychological Development, Howard C. Cromwell

Howard Casey Cromwell

Examining the role of the offspring in early social dynamics is especially difficult. Human developmental psychology has found infant behavior to be a vital part of the early environmental setting. In the rodent model, the different ways that a rodent neonate or pup can influence social dynamics are not well known. Typically, litters of neonates or pups offer complex social interactions dominated by behavior seemingly initiated and maintained by the primary caregiver (e.g., the dam). Despite this strong role for the caregiver, the young most likely influence the litter dynamics in many powerful ways including communication signals, discrimination abilities ...


Book Review Of Inside The Hollywood Fan Magazine: A History Of Star Makers, Fabricators, And Gossip Mongers, Scott B. Fosdick 2010 San Jose State University

Book Review Of Inside The Hollywood Fan Magazine: A History Of Star Makers, Fabricators, And Gossip Mongers, Scott B. Fosdick

Scott B. Fosdick

No abstract provided.


The State Of Media Literacy: A Response To Potter., Renee Hobbs 2010 Harrington School of Communication and Media, University of Rhode Island

The State Of Media Literacy: A Response To Potter., Renee Hobbs

Renee Hobbs

No abstract provided.


Cattle, Livelihoods, And Coping With Food Insecurity In The Context Of Drought And Hiv/Aids In Rural Zimbabwe, John Mazzeo 2010 DePaul University

Cattle, Livelihoods, And Coping With Food Insecurity In The Context Of Drought And Hiv/Aids In Rural Zimbabwe, John Mazzeo

John Mazzeo, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Connecting British Columbia (Canada) School Libraries And Student Achievement: A Comparison Of Higher And Lower Performing Schools With Similar Overall Funding, Ken Haycock 2010 San Jose State University

Connecting British Columbia (Canada) School Libraries And Student Achievement: A Comparison Of Higher And Lower Performing Schools With Similar Overall Funding, Ken Haycock

Ken Haycock

Research over time has established associations between components of the school library and student achievement. This study was designed to investigate these associations in schools in British Columbia (Canada) where the government provides equitable funding of public schools while allowing individual school districts and schools to determine individual funding priorities. Findings replicated what numerous previous studies have shown: higher student standardized test scores were associated with a school library that is more accessible, better funded, professionally staffed, managed, stocked, integrated and used. Findings moreover pointed to higher student achievement in those schools where greater resources, from the same limited allocation ...


Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán 2010 University of Miami

Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


Ethnic Differences In Food Sources Of Vitamin D In Adolescent American Girls: The National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute Growth And Health Study, R H. Striegel, L V. Van Horn, R Bausermann, S Affenito, D Thompson, D Franko, A Albertson 2010 Wesleyan University

Ethnic Differences In Food Sources Of Vitamin D In Adolescent American Girls: The National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute Growth And Health Study, R H. Striegel, L V. Van Horn, R Bausermann, S Affenito, D Thompson, D Franko, A Albertson

Ruth Striegel Weissman

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study (NGHS) was a 10-year longitudinal study of the development of obesity and CVD risk factors (including dietary, psychosocial, environmental and others) in 2,379 African-American and white females who were 9 or 10 years old at study entry. Current studies have documented a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency among healthy children, adolescents and young adults in the United States, especially among low-income, black and Hispanic children (defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations of ≤ 20 ng/mL). Although the main source of vitamin D is direct exposure of the ...


Strategies To Disrupt Online Child Pornography Networks, Kila Joffres, Martin Bouchard, Richard Frank, Bryce Westlake 2010 Simon Fraser University

Strategies To Disrupt Online Child Pornography Networks, Kila Joffres, Martin Bouchard, Richard Frank, Bryce Westlake

Bryce Garreth Westlake

This paper seeks to determine which attack strategies (hub, bridge, or fragmentation) are most effective at disrupting two online child pornography networks in terms of outcome measures that include density, clustering, compactness, and average path length. For this purpose, two networks were extracted using a web-crawler that recursively follows child exploitation sites. It was found that different attack strategies were warranted depending on the outcome measure and the network structure. Overall, hub attacks were most effective at reducing network density and clustering, whereas fragmentation attacks were most effective at reducing the network's distance-based cohesion and average path length. In ...


Indigenous Peoples And Global Capitalism: Researching, Knowing And Promoting Social Justice, Asafa Jalata 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Indigenous Peoples And Global Capitalism: Researching, Knowing And Promoting Social Justice, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

The paper critically examines how indigenous peoples all over the world have been terrorized, exterminated, abused, and misused by those ethnonations that control nation-states in the capitalist world system. The homelands, economic and natural resources of indigenous peoples were expropriated and transferred to colonial settlers and their descendants and collaborators that have no interest to protect the political, economic, civil, and social rights that are articulated in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Since the indigenous peoples are not represented in academia and media institutions, their voices are muzzled and hidden and ...


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