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The Influence Of Board Size On Intellectual Capital Disclosure By Kenyan Listed Firms, Indra Abeysekera 2010 University of Wollongong

The Influence Of Board Size On Intellectual Capital Disclosure By Kenyan Listed Firms, Indra Abeysekera

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of board size on firms disclosing more, rather than less, strategic and tactical intellectual capital resources using the top 26 of the 52 firms ranked by the Nairobi Stock Exchange for market capitalization in 2002 and in 2003. This study identifies intellectual capital disclosure by three separate categories: internal capital, external capital, and human capital. Hence, this study examines the influence of board size on six disclosure outcomes. Design/methodology/approach – The study develops hypotheses using the resource dependency theory. Using content analysis for data generation, this study classifies ...


Inter-Firm Collaboration In Australian Telecom Market, Aimee Zhang, Charles Harvie 2010 University of Wollongong

Inter-Firm Collaboration In Australian Telecom Market, Aimee Zhang, Charles Harvie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Australian telecommunications market is a typical mature market in a developed country. This paper gives an overview of the Australian telecommunication market’s development, industry structure, major components and contributions, major firms, key government agencies and organizations in this market. The history and development process of the Australian telecommunications market is, like most telecom markets in the world, one from monopoly to limited competition, from state ownership to market driven and from closed to open. To study inter-firm collaboration types, benefits, and barriers, a qualitative interview was conducted to collect real industry data from different sectors. Face-to-face interviews were ...


Enhancing Industry Association Theory: A Comparative Business History Contribution, James Reveley, Simon Ville 2010 University of Wollongong

Enhancing Industry Association Theory: A Comparative Business History Contribution, James Reveley, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Our comparative business historical examination of industry associations aims to enrich the under-theorized study of this distinctive type of meta-organization. We compare two New Zealand industry associations operating in the same supply chain but with differing degrees of associative capacity and types of external architecture. Our analysis of these associations builds on two strands of theory that rarely communicate with each other: New Institutional Economics (NIE) and Organizational–Institutional Theory (OIT). We demonstrate how NIE describes the structural potentialities for associational strength, while OIT addresses the relational context within associations. In turn, NIE’s examination of external influences reinforces OIT ...


Working At The Coalface: Being A Miner In Times Of Change, Peter D. McLean, Patrick M. Dawson 2010 University of Wollongong

Working At The Coalface: Being A Miner In Times Of Change, Peter D. Mclean, Patrick M. Dawson

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A case study analysis of the introduction of a new system for appraising worker performance in an Australian coal mine is used to explore the related concepts of identity and culture that are central to explaining individual and group behaviour in organizational context (Irrmann, 2002: 164). The change initiative was initiated by management following a search and evaluation of the general business environment to see what other organizations were doing to improve their operations. There was no prior consultation with employees, nor were any attempts made to involve mine workers before implementing what management described as a more ‘scientific’ and ...


Women Leading Family Businesses, Mary Barrett 2010 University of Wollongong

Women Leading Family Businesses, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Women in leadership roles in family businesses are still not regarded as the norm. Media representations of women CEOs of family firms still emphasize the sensational and unique aspects of their presence at the top, especially with stories about the 'little girl' who became a successor in a family business, the devastated widow who took over her late husband's business and led it to great heights, or the sister who outperformed an older brother in a family owned automobile dealership. Yet women should not be seen as oddities in business, including family business, when in most countries they form ...


The Mechanics Of Ecollaboration And Why It Works- An Empirical Assessment Of Australian Smes, Lois Burgess, Michael L. Jones 2010 University of Wollongong

The Mechanics Of Ecollaboration And Why It Works- An Empirical Assessment Of Australian Smes, Lois Burgess, Michael L. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper investigates factors conducive to the development of Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) innovation in the context of the adoption and use of electronic collaboration technologies (eCollaboration), to enhance business growth, competitiveness and future economic viability. A change from competition to collaboration is an imperative for many firms today. The current economic climate is one reason why firms should work together, but more driving than this are the ubiquitous effects of globalisation. Australian firms are facing fierce competition from many overseas nations which have the advantage of cost effective labour. Businesses must transcend from attitudes of competing to attitudes ...


The Caqda Paradox: A Divergence Between Research Method And Analytical Tool, Michael Jones, Kieren Diment 2010 University of Wollongong

The Caqda Paradox: A Divergence Between Research Method And Analytical Tool, Michael Jones, Kieren Diment

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A wide range of software tools are available to assist researchers with the process of qualitative data analysis. These include tools that emphasise manual handling of data, (e.g. NVivo, Atlas.ti) and tools that provide some automated analysis based on statistical properties of texts (e.g. Leximancer). These tools are enhancing research, making research activities less complex and tedious, and rendering the process more transparent and portable (Dohan et al. 1998; Welsh 2002; Andrew et al. 2007; Jones 2007). The use of these tools in published works over the last five to ten years has become increasingly more evident ...


Size Still Matters When Firms Choose Business Collaborators, Yu Zhang, Charles Harvie 2010 University of Wollongong

Size Still Matters When Firms Choose Business Collaborators, Yu Zhang, Charles Harvie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Collaborate with peer-sized or larger-sized partner helps the firm to enhance its process, product quality, reputation, and market position. Therefore, when choosing collaborator, firms prefer peer-sized or lager-sized partners. Many empirical researches try to link the firm’s size with the performance and result of collaboration. However, there are still many debates. Instead of using the firm’s size, this paper use the compared size or size difference between collaborating firms to examine its influence on the performance of inter-firm collaboration. The results from qualitative case study and quantitative online survey in both Australia and China supported that size matters ...


A Subjective Evaluation Of Attitudes Towards E-Health, S. Banna, Helen Hasan, J. Meloche 2010 University of Wollongong

A Subjective Evaluation Of Attitudes Towards E-Health, S. Banna, Helen Hasan, J. Meloche

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

E-health, the provision of healthcare services via the Internet, has the potential to address the limited capacity of the healthcare system and thereby improve health outcomes. While there is considerable development of e-health services in practice, research in this important area often lags practice and takes a restricted view of user needs. The study presented in this paper undertakes a holistic evaluation of perceptions of e-health services and tools by addressing the activities of diverse stakeholders from healthcare practitioners to the general public. The research uses Q-methodology to explore the opportunities, challenges, barriers, and potential benefits of e-health to guide ...


The Unit Of Analysis In Is Theory: The Case For Activity, Helen Hasan, Sumayya Banna 2010 University of Wollongong

The Unit Of Analysis In Is Theory: The Case For Activity, Helen Hasan, Sumayya Banna

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In the field of IS, researchers use and adapt existing theories to make sense of their data. They also build new theory from their research findings. The way theory is used, adapted or created usually assumes a certain unit of analysis, which could be the artefact, the system, the organisation, the user, the developer, the team or something else. In this paper we propose that ‘activity’ should also be considered as a suitable unit of analysis for theory in IS since the purpose of any information systems is to facilitate activities of use. To support this proposition, we describe tenets ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Retention Of Dissatisfied Business Services Customers Using Structural Equation Modelling, Venkata K. Yanamandram, Lesley White 2010 University of Wollongong

An Empirical Analysis Of The Retention Of Dissatisfied Business Services Customers Using Structural Equation Modelling, Venkata K. Yanamandram, Lesley White

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study extends the body of literature concerning service switching, complaint handling, dependence and commitment by investigating why dissatisfied B2B customers do not switch service providers. Specifically, it develops and tests a social exchange-based model examining how dissatisfied, but behaviourally loyal, customers act in terms of their repurchase intentions. A conceptual model, specifying a set of hypothesised relationships between dimensions of switching costs, interpersonal relationships, dimensions of complaint handling, satisfaction with complaint handling, attractiveness of alternatives, dependence, calculative commitment and repurchase intentions, was examined using AMOS 17.0 on a sample of 376 business directors/managers from responding organisations. The ...


Collective Learning In The Development Of Innovative Local Organizations And Regions, Samuel Garrett-Jones 2010 University of Wollongong

Collective Learning In The Development Of Innovative Local Organizations And Regions, Samuel Garrett-Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The paper discusses the specific problems of constructing local advantage in the regional innovation setting in Australia. Focusing on ‘nontraditional’ intermediary organizations and their role in promoting learning it reviews a novel approach to accelerating the performance of a local council in New South Wales, Australia and its associated regional development organization.


Environmental Refugees: An Accountability Perspective, Stephanie Perkiss, Graham D. Bowrey, Nicholas J. Gill 2010 University of Wollongong

Environmental Refugees: An Accountability Perspective, Stephanie Perkiss, Graham D. Bowrey, Nicholas J. Gill

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the increasing concern of the impact climate change on vulnerable nations, the creation of environmental refugees and the notion of government accountability towards addressing issues associated with supporting environmental refugees. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on the Second Reading, in the Australian Federal Parliament, of the proposed Migration (Climate Refugees) Amendment Bill 2007 and the associated replies by the various political actors within the senate. The main method used to review this material is discourse analysis. Findings: The key finding from this initial review is that while all actors ...


The Portrayal Of Aboriginal Spiritual Identity In Tourism Advertising: Creating An Image Of Extraordinary Reality Or Mere Confusion?, Alan A. Pomering 2010 University of Wollongong

The Portrayal Of Aboriginal Spiritual Identity In Tourism Advertising: Creating An Image Of Extraordinary Reality Or Mere Confusion?, Alan A. Pomering

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper considers how Aboriginal identity and spirituality are appropriated to construct national identity for an Australian tourism advertising campaign, and proposes a research agenda to investigate whether incongruity, based on consumers’ prior knowledge of Indigenous Australians’ real everyday identity, might reduce advertising effectiveness.


Migrant Remittances, Financial Sector Development And The Government Ownership Of Banks, Arusha V. Cooray 2010 University of Wollongong

Migrant Remittances, Financial Sector Development And The Government Ownership Of Banks, Arusha V. Cooray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study investigates the influence of migrant remittances on twodimensions of the financial sector, namely, size and efficiency. Evidence suggests thatmigrant remittances contribute to increasing the size and efficiency of the financialsector. The study, in addition, examines the impact of remittances on financial sectorsize and efficiency through the government ownership of banks channel. While theresults suggest that remittances lead to larger increases in financial sector size incountries in which the government ownership of banks is lower and increases inefficiency in countries in which the government ownership of banks is higher, thegovernment is found to play an important role in promoting ...


Strategic Ambiguity And Ethical Actions, Ah Ba Sim, Mario Fernando 2010 University of Wollongong

Strategic Ambiguity And Ethical Actions, Ah Ba Sim, Mario Fernando

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Ethics and moral obligations of management are an integral component in corporate strategy and support is now increasing for the proposition that ethics should be central, not peripheral, to the overall management of the firm. Within this context, we examine the influence of strategic ambiguity on the ethical actions of corporations. Strategic ambiguity is a prevalent and valuable tactic in organizational strategy making. However, the influence of strategic ambiguity on organizational strategy making and communication may lead to unethical executive behaviour and action. This paper develops a framework to examine the role of strategic ambiguity in ethical action, using James ...


Was The Copenhagen Summit Doomed From The Start? Some Insights From Green Is Research, Helen M. Hasan, C Dwyer 2010 University of Wollongong

Was The Copenhagen Summit Doomed From The Start? Some Insights From Green Is Research, Helen M. Hasan, C Dwyer

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

At the 2009 Copenhagen Summit on Climate Change, COP15, so many contradictory demands were apparent that it is doubtful whether it produced many useful outcomes. In this paper we question whether it, and summits like it, may be inherently doomed to fall short of expectations. With its experience of the intrinsic contradictions within socio-technical systems, the Information System’s profession may provide some insights into complex issues such as climate change. IS research has often demonstrated that imposed top-down solutions rarely provide the most promising way to approach highly complex problems. On the other hand, bottom-up emergent processes, though less ...


Innovation In The Web Marketing Programs Of American Convention And Visitor Bureaus, Florian Zach, Ulrike Gretzel, Zheng Xiang 2010 Temple University

Innovation In The Web Marketing Programs Of American Convention And Visitor Bureaus, Florian Zach, Ulrike Gretzel, Zheng Xiang

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

It is generally acknowledged that innovation is an important source for competitive advantage among tourism destinations. The goal of this study was to identify and assess the nature of innovation by American convention and visitors bureaus. In particular, this study examined the extent, timeliness, and continuity of innovation in Web marketing efforts and the perceived contribution of this investment to the overall success of the bureau's Web marketing program. The findings indicate that American convention and visitor bureaus have invested substantially in their websites and continue redesigning them as new technology and Web marketing trends emerge. However, it appears ...


Influence Of Consumers' Online Decision-Making Style On Comparison Shopping Proneness And Perceived Usefulness Of Comparison Shopping Tools, Young Park, Ulrike Gretzel 2010 Catholic University of Daegu

Influence Of Consumers' Online Decision-Making Style On Comparison Shopping Proneness And Perceived Usefulness Of Comparison Shopping Tools, Young Park, Ulrike Gretzel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Applications to support online comparison shopping are expected to become increasingly available to consumers. However, not all consumers equally engage in online comparison shopping and, thus, would not necessarily benefit from such tools. The study proposes that the perceived usefulness of comparison shopping tools depends on consumers‟ comparison shopping proneness, which in turn is influenced by consumers‟ online decision-making styles. An online survey using a consumer research panel was conducted to test the hypotheses in the context of travel comparison shopping tools. The results suggest that some consumer decision-making style dimensions influence comparison shopping proneness while others have no influence ...


Exploring Older Worker Labour Force Participation Across Oecd Countries In The Context Of Ageing Populations: A Reserve Army Of Labour?, Martin J. O'Brien 2010 University of Wollongong

Exploring Older Worker Labour Force Participation Across Oecd Countries In The Context Of Ageing Populations: A Reserve Army Of Labour?, Martin J. O'Brien

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The governments of many developed economies are facing policy issues associated with ageing populations. Pension reforms, increasing labour force participation of older workers and increasing the standard retirement age are policy reforms suggested by the OECD to address ageing populations. However, many of the same governments now embracing these reforms had until recently encouraged early exit of older workers from the labour force in periods of excess labour supply, leading to allegations that these governments had treated older workers as a ―reserve army of labour‖. In this paper a panel model is estimated for the labour force participation of males ...


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