Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

350750 Full-Text Articles 225086 Authors 79883493 Downloads 420 Institutions

All Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Faceted Search

350750 full-text articles. Page 8402 of 8455.

Links To Op-Eds, Working Papers & Research Notes Available On The Web, Jing-Dong Yuan 2009 Monterey Institute of International Studies

Links To Op-Eds, Working Papers & Research Notes Available On The Web, Jing-Dong Yuan

Jing-Dong Yuan 袁劲东

No abstract provided.


Review Of Timothy J. Sullivan. New York State And The Rise Of Modern Conservatism: Redrawing Party Lines. (State University Of New York Press, 2008), Brian Glenn 2009 Wesleyan University

Review Of Timothy J. Sullivan. New York State And The Rise Of Modern Conservatism: Redrawing Party Lines. (State University Of New York Press, 2008), Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


Variation In Contrastive Phonation In Santa Ana Del Valle Zapotec, Christina Esposito 2009 Macalester College

Variation In Contrastive Phonation In Santa Ana Del Valle Zapotec, Christina Esposito

Christina Esposito

No abstract provided.


Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, And Social Welfare In China, Emily Hannum, Meiyan Wang 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, And Social Welfare In China, Emily Hannum, Meiyan Wang

Emily C. Hannum

This chapter investigates poverty and social welfare among China’s minority groups. Focusing on the Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, and Uygur populations, China’s five largest minority groups, as well as other minorities in the aggregate, this chapter will begin by providing an introduction to the classification of ethnic groups in China. We consider the relationship of this classification scheme to the concept of indigenous populations, and develop working definitions of minority status and ethnic group for use in the chapter. We then discuss recent economic trends and introduce some of the main government policies targeted toward ethnic minorities. With ...


Community Gardens, Evan Weissman 2009 Syracuse University

Community Gardens, Evan Weissman

Evan L. Weissman

Community gardens are any garden cultivated by a group of people and are the primary space of urban agriculture in the United States. Historically, community gardens emerged in response to political economic crises in U.S. cities. Today, community garden participation is augmented by an interest in organic, local, and “slow” food; an increase in environmental concern; and urban struggles for public space. Community gardens have an extensive history in the United States that is widely understood as seven separate but overlapping “movements” that emerged to try to address specific social problems: Potato Patches (1894–1917), School Gardens (1900–1920 ...


Cv, Stephen Shmanske 2009 California State University, East Bay

Cv, Stephen Shmanske

Stephen Shmanske

No abstract provided.


A Neural Basis For The Effect Of Candidate Appearance On Election Outcomes, Kyle Mattes, M. Spezio, A. Rangel 2009 Selected Works

A Neural Basis For The Effect Of Candidate Appearance On Election Outcomes, Kyle Mattes, M. Spezio, A. Rangel

Kyle Mattes

Election outcomes correlate with judgments based on a candidate's visual appearance, suggesting that the attributions viewers make based on appearance, so-called thin-slice judgments, influence voting. Yet, it is not known whether the effect of appearance on voting is more strongly influenced by positive or negative attributions, nor which neural mechanisms subserve this effect. We conducted two independent brain imaging studies to address this question. In Study 1, images of losing candidates elicited greater activation in the insula and ventral anterior cingulate than images of winning candidates. Winning candidates elicited no differential activation at all. This suggests that negative attributions ...


Lebanon: The Constrained Democracy And Its National Developmental Impact, Marcus Marktanner, Samir Makdisi, Fadia Kiwan 2009 American University of Beirut

Lebanon: The Constrained Democracy And Its National Developmental Impact, Marcus Marktanner, Samir Makdisi, Fadia Kiwan

Marcus Marktanner

No abstract provided.


Practical Research Proposal And Publication Profiling, alan porter, david schoeneck, david roessner, jon garner 2009 Georgia Tech

Practical Research Proposal And Publication Profiling, Alan Porter, David Schoeneck, David Roessner, Jon Garner

alan l porter

We present means to enable profiling to situate research activities (such as proposals or publications) within research domains, identify cognitive and social networks, and track knowledge transfers. Here we profile a set of 123 National Science Foundation educational research awards. We investigate NSF award summaries, proposal references, publications by the funded researchers, and citations to those publications. Our Integration measure and science overlay maps show that these ROLE/REESE programs have facilitated interdisciplinary research. NSF program managers were able to associate highly cited researchers into key contributing communities using the co-citation maps. We explore “before vs. after” research patterns to ...


Voluntary Environmental Regulation In Developing Countries: Mexico's Clean Industry Program, William Pizer, Allen Blackman, Bidisha Lahiri, Marisol Rivera Planter, Carlos Muñoz Piña 2009 Duke University

Voluntary Environmental Regulation In Developing Countries: Mexico's Clean Industry Program, William Pizer, Allen Blackman, Bidisha Lahiri, Marisol Rivera Planter, Carlos Muñoz Piña

William Pizer

Because conventional command-and-control environmental regulation often performs poorly in developing countries, policymakers are increasingly experimenting with alternatives, including voluntary regulatory programs. Research in industrialized countries suggests that such programs are sometimes ineffective because they mainly attract relatively clean participants free-riding on unrelated pollution control investments. We use plant-level data on more than 100,000 facilities to analyze the Clean Industry Program, Mexico’s flagship voluntary regulatory initiative. We seek to identify the drivers of participation and to determine whether the program improves participants’ environmental performance. Using data from the program’s first decade, we find that plants recently fined by ...


What Does Kosovo Teach Us About Using Human Rights Law To Prosecute Corruption Offences?, Bryane Michael 2009 Stockholm School of Economics

What Does Kosovo Teach Us About Using Human Rights Law To Prosecute Corruption Offences?, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

If a patient must pay a bribe to obtain life-saving surgery, does the doctor’s solicitation of a bribe represent a violation of the victim’s human rights? This paper explores the ways in which anti-corruption practitioners can look to various provisions in human rights law in order to prevent or prosecute corruption-related offences. We use Kosovo as a case study because its constitution gives direct effect to the major international human rights conventions. We find -- using Kosovo as a case study -- that some types of corruption lead to separately prosecutable human rights offences. We also find that pre-existing violations ...


Liberalizing Trade In Services: A New Agenda For Growth And Jobs In Europe?, Suparna Karmakar 2009 Selected Works

Liberalizing Trade In Services: A New Agenda For Growth And Jobs In Europe?, Suparna Karmakar

Suparna Karmakar

No abstract provided.


Researching Life Itself: Human Centred Passionate Appreciation, Gloria Gordon 2009 London South Bank University

Researching Life Itself: Human Centred Passionate Appreciation, Gloria Gordon

Gloria Gordon PhD

My PhD studies followed on directly from the completion of my MBA research project in which I explored the experience of being black in organisational/institutional life, with the goal of achieving transformational outcomes. I doubt I would have a PhD today had I not adopted the practitioner/researcher approach, with the sole aim of exploring the lived contradictions of being 'black' in British society. At the time I had little understanding of the link between personal troubles and public issues, as noted by C Wright Mills. Instead, I saw myself as the problem and continually thought of ways of ...


The Effects Of Outcome Severity, Damage Amounts, And Counterfactual Thinking On Juror Punitive Award Decision Making, Tarika Daftary-Kapur, Melissa Cahoon 2009 Fairleigh Dickinson University - Metropolitan Campus

The Effects Of Outcome Severity, Damage Amounts, And Counterfactual Thinking On Juror Punitive Award Decision Making, Tarika Daftary-Kapur, Melissa Cahoon

Tarika Daftary-Kapur

No abstract provided.


Global Manufacturing So2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?, Nicole Mathys, Jean-Marie Grether, Jaime Melo 2009 University of Geneva

Global Manufacturing So2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?, Nicole Mathys, Jean-Marie Grether, Jaime Melo

Nicole Andréa Mathys

A growth-decomposition (scale, technique and composition effect) covering 62 countries and seven manufacturing sectors over the 1990–2000 period shows that trade, through reallocations of activities across countries, has contributed to a 2–3% decrease in world SO2 emissions. However, when compared to a constructed counterfactual no-trade benchmark, depending on the base year, trade would have contributed to a 3–10% increase in emissions. Finally adding emissions coming from trade-related transport activities, global emissions are increased through trade by 16% in 1990 and 13% in 2000, the decline being largely attributable to a shift of dirty activities towards cleaner countries.


Sorting Out Smart Surveillance, David Wright, Michael Friedewald, Serge Gutwirth, Marc Langheinrich, Emilio Mordini, Rocco Bellanova, Paul de Hert, Kush Wadhwa, Didier Bigo 2009 Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research

Sorting Out Smart Surveillance, David Wright, Michael Friedewald, Serge Gutwirth, Marc Langheinrich, Emilio Mordini, Rocco Bellanova, Paul De Hert, Kush Wadhwa, Didier Bigo

Michael Friedewald

Surveillance is becoming ubiquitous in our society. We can also see the emergence of “smart” surveillance technologies and the assemblages (or combinations) of such tech- nologies, supposedly to combat crime and terrorism, but in fact used for a variety of purposes, many of which are intrusive upon the privacy of law-abiding citizens. Following the dark days of 9/11, security and surveillance became paramount. More recently, in Europe, there has been a policy commitment to restore privacy to centre stage. This paper examines the legal tools available to ensure that privacy and personal data protection are respected in attempts to ...


An Uncommon Commons: Applying The Commons Concept To Your Library, Stacey Greenwell 2009 University of Kentucky

An Uncommon Commons: Applying The Commons Concept To Your Library, Stacey Greenwell

Stacey Greenwell

No abstract provided.


Amygdala And Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex Responses To Appearance-Based And Behavior-Based Person Impressions., Sean Baron, M Gobinni, Andrew Engell, Alex Todorov 2009 Kenyon College

Amygdala And Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex Responses To Appearance-Based And Behavior-Based Person Impressions., Sean Baron, M Gobinni, Andrew Engell, Alex Todorov

Andrew Engell

n/a


Does Ethical Leadership Make A Difference? Exploring Leader And Follower Consequences Of Ethical Leader Behavior., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff, Michael Brown 2009 DePaul University

Does Ethical Leadership Make A Difference? Exploring Leader And Follower Consequences Of Ethical Leader Behavior., Robert Rubin, Erich Dierdorff, Michael Brown

Erich C. Dierdorff

Despite sustained attention to ethical leadership in organizations, scholarship remains largely descriptive. This study employs an empirical approach to examine the consequences of ethical leadership on leader promotability. From a sample of ninety-six managers from two independent organizations, we found that ethical leaders were increasingly likely to be rated by their superior as exhibiting potential to reach senior leadership positions. However, leaders who displayed increased ethical leadership were no more likely to be viewed as promotable in the near-term compared to those who displayed less ethical leadership. Our findings also show ethical culture and pressure to achieve results are important ...


City Governance And Immigrant Incorporation, Rene Rocha, Alisa Hicklin, Robert Wrinkle 2009 University of Iowa

City Governance And Immigrant Incorporation, Rene Rocha, Alisa Hicklin, Robert Wrinkle

Rene R. Rocha

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress