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Poverty Effects Of The Minimum Wage: The Role Of Household Employment Composition, Gary S. Fields, Baran Han, Ravi Kanbur 2011 Cornell University

Poverty Effects Of The Minimum Wage: The Role Of Household Employment Composition, Gary S. Fields, Baran Han, Ravi Kanbur

Gary S Fields

A change in a country’s minimum wage will in general affect the number of workers in covered sector employment, uncovered sector employment, and unemployment. The impact of these labor market adjustments on absolute poverty will depend on how the pattern of employment composition changes within households and on how income is shared within households. An earlier paper (Fields and Kanbur, 2007) focused on the income-sharing dimension of the problem. The present paper focuses on household employment composition. For a particular structure of the labor market— one with good jobs, bad jobs, unemployment, and adult and youth workers— and with ...


What We Know (And Want To Know) About Earnings Mobility In Developing Countries, Gary S. Fields 2011 Cornell University

What We Know (And Want To Know) About Earnings Mobility In Developing Countries, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] Some developing countries have experienced rapid economic growth, some slow economic growth, some no growth at all, and some economic decline. The traditional way of gauging the distributional consequences of economic growth, if in fact there was economic growth, is to use data from comparable cross sections to calculate various measures of (relative) inequality and (absolute) poverty. The very large literature on inequality and poverty will not be reviewed here. A newer approach in the development literature is to study the distributional consequences of economic growth (or non-growth) by using data for the same recipient units for two or ...


Poverty And Low Earnings In The Developing World, Gary S. Fields 2011 Cornell University ILR School

Poverty And Low Earnings In The Developing World, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

More than three billion people are poor by international standards, and essentially all are to be found in the low- and middle-income countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The issues for understanding poverty in the developing world - among them, self-employment and household enterprises, agricultural work, casual employment, and informal work – differ from those in the developed world. Different policy issues predominate: stimulating economic growth, harnessing the energies of the private sector, increasing paid employment, and raising the returns to self-employment. This chapter details how the poorer half of the world’s people work and gives an overview of lessons ...


But That’S Not What Economic Mobility Is!, Gary Fields 2011 Cornell University

But That’S Not What Economic Mobility Is!, Gary Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] How many times have you attended a talk or read a paper on economic mobility and thought, “What you are talking about is not what I am interested in”? Not only do different people have different ideas about what economic mobility is, but they have different clear ideas about what economic mobility is. The purpose of this paper is to present the essential features of the different economic mobility concepts that are found in the literature.


The Bias Against Creativity: Why People Desire But Reject Creative Ideas, Jennifer S. Mueller, Shimul Melwani, Jack A. Goncalo 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Bias Against Creativity: Why People Desire But Reject Creative Ideas, Jennifer S. Mueller, Shimul Melwani, Jack A. Goncalo

Jack Goncalo

People often reject creative ideas even when espousing creativity as a desired goal. To explain this paradox, we propose that people can hold a bias against creativity that is not necessarily overt, and which is activated when people experience a motivation to reduce uncertainty. In two studies, we measure and manipulate uncertainty using different methods including: discrete uncertainty feelings, and an uncertainty reduction prime. The results of both studies demonstrated a negative bias toward creativity (relative to practicality) when participants experienced uncertainty. Furthermore, the bias against creativity interfered with participants’ ability to recognize a creative idea. These results reveal a ...


Creating A Culture Of Innovation And Mobility With An Ipad For All Librarians And Support Staff, Clem Guthro 2011 Colby College

Creating A Culture Of Innovation And Mobility With An Ipad For All Librarians And Support Staff, Clem Guthro

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


"Nervous Diseases" And The Politics Of Healing In America, 1869-1919, Matthew Bessette 2011 The College at Brockport

"Nervous Diseases" And The Politics Of Healing In America, 1869-1919, Matthew Bessette

History Master's Theses

This paper follows the discourse of "nervous diseases" in America as it was articulated and contested by various lay, religious, and medical healers from the late nineteenth-century through the First World War. Specifically, it inquires into how their various diagnoses, treatments, and regimens either shaped or reinforced the structure of the social order and the individual's designated role within it. On the one hand, while dissenting interpretations and healing modalities challenged this discourse, their underlying ideological agreement with it, in crucial respects, accounts for why they failed to alter or decenter it. On the other hand, a majority of ...


Wku Libraries: An Introspective Review 2011, Connie Foster, Chair 2011 Western Kentucky University

Wku Libraries: An Introspective Review 2011, Connie Foster, Chair

Library Annual Reports, Reports, and Statistics

No abstract provided.


Kentucky American Legion School Masters' Club (Sc 2469), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2011 Western Kentucky University

Kentucky American Legion School Masters' Club (Sc 2469), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1469. Constitution and bylaws of the Kentucky American Legion School Masters' Club, an organization formed to advance the goals of education and open to Legionnaires with teaching experience.


Iowa State Daily (Need To Know 08-15-2011), Iowa State Daily 2011 Iowa State University

Iowa State Daily (Need To Know 08-15-2011), Iowa State Daily

Iowa State Daily, August 2011

A Guide to all things you Need to Know about Iowa State University.


The Relationship Between Performance In Near Match-To-Sample Tasks And Fluid Intelligence., Meredith C. Frey 2011 Otterbein University

The Relationship Between Performance In Near Match-To-Sample Tasks And Fluid Intelligence., Meredith C. Frey

Psychology Faculty Scholarship

Match-to-sample is a timed task in which a subject is presented with a visual stimulus (the probe) and must select a match to that stimulus (the target) from among an array of distractors. These tasks are frequently employed as tests of basic cognitive abilities and demonstrate consistent correlations with measures of intelligence. In the current study, a match-to-sample task was modified to produce near-match conditions (trials for which no exact match existed). Two factors were manipulated: type of discrepancy between the target and probe (additive or subtractive) and degree of discrepancy between target and probe (1 element or 2 elements ...


Au, Conflict, And Conflict Resolution In Africa: Comparative Analysis Of The Recent Kenya & Zimbabwe Conflicts, Brian-Vincent O. IKEJIAKU Dr. 2011 BITE-Staffordshire University, Derby University

Au, Conflict, And Conflict Resolution In Africa: Comparative Analysis Of The Recent Kenya & Zimbabwe Conflicts, Brian-Vincent O. Ikejiaku Dr.

Brian-Vincent O IKEJIAKU, PhD.

No abstract provided.


School Resource Officer Programs: Implementation's Effect On Student Perceptions Of Safety, Stephen Clipper 2011 Rowan University

School Resource Officer Programs: Implementation's Effect On Student Perceptions Of Safety, Stephen Clipper

Theses and Dissertations

School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs are a widely implemented community policing initiative in schools. The limited research on SRO Programs suggests that there are implementation differences between programs. This study explores the effect that implementation style has on program effectiveness as measured by student perceptions of safety as well as student reporting behaviors. This study found mixed results. Direct analyses revealed students who attend schools with community-oriented SRO programs feel slightly safer. Multi-level modeling was utilized to determine the effects that individual and school level variables have on perceptions of safety and on the ability of SRO programs to affect ...


Recovery Of Alpine Herbfield On A Closed Walking Track In The Kosciuszko Alpine Zone, Australia, Pascal Scherrer, Catherine M. Pickering 2011 Edith Cowan University

Recovery Of Alpine Herbfield On A Closed Walking Track In The Kosciuszko Alpine Zone, Australia, Pascal Scherrer, Catherine M. Pickering

Dr Pascal Scherrer

Human use of arctic and alpine environments can result in damage to the natural vegetation and soils. Restoration of the damage can have limited success due to the severity of the environment, which restricts plant germination and growth and increases the potential for soil erosion. In this study, we evaluated the success of restoration of a closed track in the alpine area around continental Australia's highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko. Vegetation and soils along a 4 km walking track (that was closed and rehabilitated more than 15 yr ago) were compared with the adjacent undisturbed vegetation and soils. There was ...


Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 2, Jan Kallberg 2011 University of Texas at Dallas

Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 2, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

Waldo’s predictions about the future for public administration describe five areas that would be problematic in the future: legitimacy, authority, knowledge, control, and confidence. Legitimacy includes not only that the government is legally legitimized but capable and focused on an intention to deliver the “good society.” Authority, according to Waldo, is the ability to implement policy with the acceptance of the people based on rationalism, expectations of public good, ethics, superior knowledge, and institutional contexts. Knowledge is institutional knowledge, the ability to arrange and utilize knowledge within the bureaucracy since coordination is the major challenge in knowledge management. Government ...


Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 1, Jan Kallberg 2011 University of Texas at Dallas

Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 1, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

Dwight Waldo wrote The Enterprise of Public Administration in 1979 looking back on a long and fruitful academic career, but also as a reflection about the future for public administration. Can a 30 year old book still be relevant? You bet. Today, the public sector is increasingly facing fiscal challenges. Federal, state, and local governments throughout the country have major budget deficits followed by austerity measures that undermine the ability to deliver the good life of the future. In this day and age rereading Dwight Waldo’s The Enterprise of Public Administration is an intellectual exercise worth pursuing. Several of ...


Creating A Culture Of Innovation And Mobility With An Ipad For All Librarians And Support Staff, Clem Guthro 2011 Colby College

Creating A Culture Of Innovation And Mobility With An Ipad For All Librarians And Support Staff, Clem Guthro

Clem Guthro

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Organic And Inorganic Phosphorus In Soils Derived From Cretaceous Sediments And Basement Complex Soils Of Guinea Savannah Of Kogi State, North Central Nigeria, Sunday I. Amhakhian, H H. Isitekhale, Charles I. Oyewole 2011 Kogi State University

Assessment Of Organic And Inorganic Phosphorus In Soils Derived From Cretaceous Sediments And Basement Complex Soils Of Guinea Savannah Of Kogi State, North Central Nigeria, Sunday I. Amhakhian, H H. Isitekhale, Charles I. Oyewole

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

A pot experiment was carried out using 20 surface soils (0-15cm depth) in 2008 to assess soil organic phosphorus and some fraction of inorganic phosphorus in other to know their availability in the soils of the studied area and also work have not been done in this areas in respect to organic and in-organic phosphorus. The experiment was conducted using 20 soils 10 from each geological formation (Cretaceous sediments and Basement complex soils), respectively. The mean organic phosphorus of 63.51 mgkg 1 soil was obtained for Cretaceous sediment soils and 158.54 mgkg 1 soil for the basement complex ...


Will Getting A Pet Make You Healthier?, Harold Herzog 2011 Animal Studies Repository

Will Getting A Pet Make You Healthier?, Harold Herzog

'Animals and Us' Blog Posts

Are pets good for people? The evidence is surprisingly mixed.


Let Presidential Hopefuls Have Their Say, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee 2011 Singapore Management University

Let Presidential Hopefuls Have Their Say, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

The announcement by the Presidential Elections Committee (PEC) of the prospective candidates who have been issued certificates of eligibility for the 2011 presidential election in Singapore makes interesting reading for what it does and does not say. The Committee’s decision-making process is also fairly opaque. It is submitted the rules governing the PEC’s task should be reviewed before the next election. At least, it is hoped future Committees will adopt as constitutional conventions the practices of granting hearings to applicants, announcing decisions well ahead of nomination day, and issuing full reasons.


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