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The Electronic Trading Systems And Bid-Ask Spreads In The Foreign Exchange Market, Liang Ding, Jonas Hiltrop 2009 Macalester College

The Electronic Trading Systems And Bid-Ask Spreads In The Foreign Exchange Market, Liang Ding, Jonas Hiltrop

Liang Ding

No abstract provided.


Cultural Effects On Accounting Practice And Investment Decisions, Karen Leonard, Mike Slaubaugh, H.C. Wang 2009 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Cultural Effects On Accounting Practice And Investment Decisions, Karen Leonard, Mike Slaubaugh, H.C. Wang

Karen Moustafa Leonard

No abstract provided.


Butler University’S Center For Strategic Communication For Nonprofits, Loni McKown 2009 Butler University

Butler University’S Center For Strategic Communication For Nonprofits, Loni Mckown

Loni McKown

No abstract provided.


The Politics Measurement Makes: Performance Management In The Obama Era, Donald Moynihan 2009 University of Wisconsin-Madison

The Politics Measurement Makes: Performance Management In The Obama Era, Donald Moynihan

Donald Moynihan

President Obama assumed leadership of the state in an era of governance by performance management. While sometimes dismissed as a technocratic tool, performance management has profound implications for how the state is governed - impacting the distribution of administrative power, the capacity to exert control and accountability, and the means by which citizens experience the state. This article examines the transition of performance systems between the presidencies of George W. Bush and Barack Obama, which was marked by a mixture of continuity and change. Both presidents identified performance as the central organizing theme for their management initiatives. The enthusiastic adoption of ...


Introducción A La Economía De La Salud, Xavier Martinez-Giralt 2009 Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Introducción A La Economía De La Salud, Xavier Martinez-Giralt

Xavier Martinez-Giralt

No abstract provided.


Repeated Electoral Competition Over Non-Linear Income Tax Schedules, Georges Casamatta, Helmuth Cremer, Philippe De Donder 2009 Toulouse School of Economics

Repeated Electoral Competition Over Non-Linear Income Tax Schedules, Georges Casamatta, Helmuth Cremer, Philippe De Donder

Georges Casamatta

We consider a repeated electoral competition game between two parties, each representing a constituent with a given income level. Parties are unable to commit to a policy before the election; they choose a non-linear income tax schedule once elected. In each period, citizens cast a vote either for the incumbent or for the challenger. We first show that there exist (pure strategy) subgame perfect equilibria where both parties choose the most-preferred tax schedule of their constituent, subject to the constraint that they are reelected. We characterize a specific class of these BPR (Best Policy with Reelection) equilibria in which one ...


Differential Fuel Taxes And Their Effects On Automobile Demand, Claudio Agostini 2009 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Differential Fuel Taxes And Their Effects On Automobile Demand, Claudio Agostini

Claudio A. Agostini

Fuel taxation policy in Chile has always been to keep taxes on diesel lower than those on gasoline. The proportion of automobiles with diesel engines has grown considerably as a result. Just 20% of diesel engine emissions are equivalent to 80% of gasoline engine emissions, and this affects the level of externalities associated with automobile use, especially in cities such as Santiago where pollution levels are high. This study estimates the effect of the fuel tax differential on automobile demand. The findings indicate diesel automobile demand elasticities of -3.4 and 2.1 with respect to the price of the ...


Does Patriarchy Explain Intimate Partner Violence--State-Level Correlates Of Violence Toward Women And Female Homicide, Pamela Johnson, Ken Corvo 2009 Syracuse University

Does Patriarchy Explain Intimate Partner Violence--State-Level Correlates Of Violence Toward Women And Female Homicide, Pamela Johnson, Ken Corvo

Pamela J. Johnson

Historically, patriarchy has been used to explain male aggression towards female partners. But does this theoretical framework adequately describe why partners are violent? More importantly, does it help predict lethal abuse? In this article, the authors describe research on the causes of partner violence. They also provide results from their study wherein they examine whether patriarchy alone can explain partner violence. They conclude that it cannot, especially in cases of female homicide. These findings have implications for state-certified interventions that are premised on the centrality of patriarchy as the cause of domestic violence.


Voluntary And Involuntary Job Mobility And Earnings Inequality In Urban China, 1993-2000, Xiaogang Wu 2009 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Voluntary And Involuntary Job Mobility And Earnings Inequality In Urban China, 1993-2000, Xiaogang Wu

Xiaogang Wu

This paper proposes a model of selective mobility of workers from the state sector to the market sector to illustrate how the market transition has led to earnings inequality in former state socialist countries. Analysis of the survey data collected in 2000 from 10 Chinese cities reveals that recent entrants into the market are driven by two different institutional processes—some are self-selected for higher economic returns (voluntary entrants) and some are pushed into the market through layoffs (involuntary entrants), resulting in a more heterogeneous body of workers in the market sector than before. Linear regression results show that the ...


Memorias Pintadas Y Secretos Públicos [Picturing Memories And Public Secrets], Olga González-Castenada 2009 Macalester College

Memorias Pintadas Y Secretos Públicos [Picturing Memories And Public Secrets], Olga González-Castenada

Olga González-Castenada

No abstract provided.


The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, christopher parmeter, Jaren Pope 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, Christopher Parmeter, Jaren Pope

Christopher F. Parmeter

Presidential Executive Order 12,866 requires federal agencies to design “cost-effective” regulations and to assess “costs and benefits” of these regulations on the basis of “the best reasonably obtainable scientific, technical, economic, and other information.” Benefit transfers are one economic approach used to estimate these benefits and costs, and the use of existing economic information to predict the effects of new policies is well established. However, advancing the practice of benefit transfers is crucial if economists are to play a role in developing federal policies. We review contributions to the benefit-transfer literature and present a unified conceptual framework to guide ...


Review Of Handbook Of Research On Innovation And Clusters: Cases And Policies, Edited By Charlie Karlsson (2008), Jennifer Clark 2009 Georgia Institute of Technology

Review Of Handbook Of Research On Innovation And Clusters: Cases And Policies, Edited By Charlie Karlsson (2008), Jennifer Clark

Jennifer Clark

No abstract provided.


Local Distributional Effects Of Government Cash Transfers In Chile, Claudio Agostini, Philip Brown 2009 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Local Distributional Effects Of Government Cash Transfers In Chile, Claudio Agostini, Philip Brown

Claudio A. Agostini

Despite rapid economic growth and poverty reduction, inequality in Chile has remained high and" "remarkably constant over the last 20 years, prompting academic and public interest in the subject. Due to data limitations, however, research on inequality in Chile has concentrated on the national and regional levels. The impact of cash subsidies to poor households on local inequality is thus not well understood. Using poverty-mapping methods to asses this impact, we find heterogeneity in the effec- tiveness of regional and municipal governments in reducing inequality via poverty-reduction transfers, suggesting that alternative targeting regimes may complement current practice in aiding the ...


The Role Of The State In Making A National Market: The Evolution Of The Grain Market In China, Wubiao Zhou 2009 Chinese University of Hong Kong

The Role Of The State In Making A National Market: The Evolution Of The Grain Market In China, Wubiao Zhou

Wubiao Zhou

No abstract provided.


Managing Documents At Home For Serious Leisure: A Case Study Of The Hobby Of Gourmet Cooking, Jenna Hartel 2009 University of Toronto Faculty of Information

Managing Documents At Home For Serious Leisure: A Case Study Of The Hobby Of Gourmet Cooking, Jenna Hartel

Jenna Hartel

Purpose – This paper describes the way participants in the hobby of gourmet cooking in the United States manage culinary information in their homes. Design/methodology/approach – The study utilizes domain analysis and serious leisure as a conceptual framework and employs an ethnographic approach. Twenty gourmet cooks in the United States were interviewed at home and then their culinary information collections were documented through a guided tour and photographic inventory. The resulting ethnographic record was analyzed using grounded theory and NVivo software. Findings – The findings introduce the personal culinary library (or PCL): a constellation of cooking-related information resources and information structures ...


Peaceful Relationships, Lester Kurtz 2009 George Mason University

Peaceful Relationships, Lester Kurtz

Lester R. Kurtz

Peaceful relationships are sustained interactions characterized by the absence or low levels of violence. Easier to theorize or write about than to sustain in practice, from interpersonal interactions to relations at the global level and among states, institutions, and social groups, peaceful relationships are the building blocks of a more peaceful world. Interwoven with a web of violence in human affairs is a web of peaceful relations, from the micro level to the macro level, that probably shape most human behavior.


Regional Development And Interregional Collaboration In The Growth Of Nanotechnology Research In China, Li Tang, Philip Shapira 2009 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus

Regional Development And Interregional Collaboration In The Growth Of Nanotechnology Research In China, Li Tang, Philip Shapira

Li Tang

China is becoming a leading nation in terms of its share of the world’s publications in the emerging nanotechnology domain. This paper demonstrates that the international rise of China’s position in nanotechnology has been underwritten by the emergence of a series of regional hubs of nanotechnology R&D activity within the country. We develop a unique database of Chinese nanotechnology articles covering the period 1990 to mid-2006 to identify the regional distribution of nanotechnology research in China. To build this database, a new approach was developed to clean and standardize the geographical allocation of Chinese publication records. We ...


Confronting The Settler Legacy: Indigenisation And Transformation In South Africa And Zimbabwe, Stefan Andreasson 2009 Queen's University - Belfast

Confronting The Settler Legacy: Indigenisation And Transformation In South Africa And Zimbabwe, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

This article examines attempts to negotiate a perceived residual dominance of settler populations in South Africa and Zimbabwe by means of developmental and cultural policies deemed necessary to restore sovereignty to Africans. Indigenisation has become a preferred strategy for reconstructing post-colonial states in Africa: indigenisation of the economy as part of a Third Chimurenga in Zimbabwe and Black Economic Empowerment in the socio-cultural context of Ubuntu in South Africa. These are issues arising from the regional legacy of contested and uneven transitions to majority rule. Identifying how governments frame the ‘settler problem’, and politicise space in doing so, is crucial ...


Coöperatief Verantwoord Ondernemen, Caroline Gijselinckx, Wim Van Opstal 2009 CESOC, Leuven University College

Coöperatief Verantwoord Ondernemen, Caroline Gijselinckx, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Met de term ‘coöperatief verantwoord ondernemen’ kan de eigen wijze waarop coöperaties op een maatschappelijk verantwoorde wijze ondernemen gevat worden. De term ‘coöperatief verantwoord ondernemen’ werd gelanceerd door Develtere et al. (2005). In Canada werd hij quasi gelijktijdig gehanteerd door Harris (2005). Recent werd hij ook in binnen- en buitenland opgepikt in coöperatieve en sociale bewegingen. In deze e-note lichten Caroline Gijselinckx en Wim Van Opstal van het Cera Steunpunt Coöperatief Ondernemen dit concept toe en geven aan hoe het coöperaties in staat stelt de typisch coöperatieve wijze van maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen te duiden en te communiceren.


Information Needs And Information Seeking Behaviour Of Commercial Motorcycle Operators In Nsukka Metropolis In Enugu State, Nigeria., Helen Okpala (nee Eke) 2009 University of Nigeria,Nsukka

Information Needs And Information Seeking Behaviour Of Commercial Motorcycle Operators In Nsukka Metropolis In Enugu State, Nigeria., Helen Okpala (Nee Eke)

Helen Nneka Eke-Okpala

The study sought to identify the information needs and information seeking behaviour of commercial motorcycle operators in Nsukka metropolis in Enugu State of Nigeria. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and the sample comprised 400 commercial motorcycle operators out of a population of 2. 050 operators in the metropolis. Questionnaire was used to generate data for the study and the data generated were analyzed using frequency tables and percentages. The result revealed that their most important information needs are; information on how to avoid accidents, where to get the best ...


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