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Equine Embrace : Touch And The Therapeutic Encounter In Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy From The Perspective Of The Clinician, Ann Marie Sexauer 2011 Smith College

Equine Embrace : Touch And The Therapeutic Encounter In Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy From The Perspective Of The Clinician, Ann Marie Sexauer

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to examine touch between human and equine in the therapeutic context from the perspective of the clinician conducting an equine facilitated psychotherapy session. Thirteen practitioners, twelve from the mental health field and one life coach, participated in a single semi-structured in-depth interview. The practitioners were questioned on their views of touch between themselves and their clients, and between horse and client. They were also asked if their touch practices changed with the presence of an animal, as well as what outcome they saw due to clients touching the horse, and in which situations. The findings showed ...


Mothers' Feelings About Physical And Emotional Intimacy Twelve To Fifteen Months After The Birth Of A First Child, Melanie Freedberg Shapiro 2011 Smith College

Mothers' Feelings About Physical And Emotional Intimacy Twelve To Fifteen Months After The Birth Of A First Child, Melanie Freedberg Shapiro

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative study explored first time mothers' feelings about physical and emotional intimacy twelve to fifteen (12-15) months the birth of a first child. It also looked to understand what factors mothers thought would improve intimacy with their partners during this time period. The transition to parenthood prompted a change in many mothers' feelings about intimacy and changes in their relationship with their husbands and themselves. Twelve mothers' who had their first child twelve to fifteen (12-15) months ago, who were married for at least two years participated in the study. All participants answered open-ended interview questions focusing on the ...


Clinical Use Of Music As An Adjunct To Evidence-Based Treatment For Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Levin Jaered Sibley-Schwartz 2011 Smith College

Clinical Use Of Music As An Adjunct To Evidence-Based Treatment For Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Levin Jaered Sibley-Schwartz

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Substantial efforts have been made to provide evidence based therapeutic treatment for combat veterans seeking mental health services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Due to the clinical complexity of PTSD, discovering a muti-effect approach treating both the diagnostically significant PTS symptoms as well as the non-diagnostic associated features of PTSD would be beneficial. This independent investigation was developed to explore the relationship of music to the current evidence-based treatment practices for PTSD. The researcher explored the relationship between the physiological, psychological and social effects of both music and PTSD, the mechanisms of change intrinsic to PTSD therapy, and the clinical ...


The Effects Of Equine Therapy On The Therapist, Winifred Berry Simmons 2011 Smith College

The Effects Of Equine Therapy On The Therapist, Winifred Berry Simmons

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study was undertaken to examine therapists' perspectives of the impact that working with horses through equine therapy has on their lives. The researcher conducted semi-structured, open-ended interviews with eight equine therapists who held various advanced degrees in schools of mental health including social work, counseling, and psychology, as well as at least one year of professional experience working as an equine therapist. This study explored the effects on one's personal and professional life of working with horses. The study looked to identify participants' experiences as equine therapists through their origins as equine therapists, changes that occurred in their ...


When Childbearing Triggers Trauma : How Obstetric Nurses Support Sexual Abuse Survivors Through Pregnancy And, Nicole Vengrove Soffer 2011 Smith College

When Childbearing Triggers Trauma : How Obstetric Nurses Support Sexual Abuse Survivors Through Pregnancy And, Nicole Vengrove Soffer

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Survivors of sexual abuse may experience heightened vulnerability and sensitivity during their pregnancies and child birthing processes. This qualitative study explores how Obstetric and Gynecology (OBGYN) nurses understand and respond to the unique needs of this population, and how they partner with social workers to do so. This research highlights OBGYN nurses' attunement to survivors' needs and suggests ways that nurses and social workers can better work together to provide comprehensive care and therapeutic interventions to pregnant sexual abuse survivors. Participants (n=33), who completed an online anonymous survey, are Registered Nurses who have knowingly worked with at least one ...


Parents With Children In Therapy : Is There A Relationship Between Parental Attachment Styles And The Parent-Therapist Alliance?, Jessica Ruth Taylor-Pickford 2011 Smith College

Parents With Children In Therapy : Is There A Relationship Between Parental Attachment Styles And The Parent-Therapist Alliance?, Jessica Ruth Taylor-Pickford

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Over 2,000 studies have been completed exploring the working alliance in adult psychotherapy (Horvath and Bedi, 2002); by comparison, only 23 studies have explored the working alliance in psychotherapy with children (Shirk and Karver, 2003). However, the alliance in youth therapy may be more complex than in adult psychotherapy because it also involves the alliance between the child's parent(s) and the therapist (Hawley and Weisz, 2005). The parenttherapist alliance is one of the least emphasized relationships in theoretical or empirical literature referring to child therapy, and was the focus of the current study. Using a cross-sectional, quantitative ...


The Use Of Art In The Therapeutic Setting By Graduate Level Clinicians, Alison Ruth Kemple 2011 Smith College

The Use Of Art In The Therapeutic Setting By Graduate Level Clinicians, Alison Ruth Kemple

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This exploratory descriptive study surveyed clinicians and art therapists about their use of art in the therapeutic setting. The survey was done online eliciting both responses to a questionnaire and also collecting brief narrative elaborations of participants' questionnaire answers in dialogue boxes. A significant finding is that clinicians and art therapists who participated in this study reported the use of art in a myriad of clinical locations and types of practices, as well as using art for various mental/ emotional difficulties. One unexpected finding is that some participants were adamant in their opinions that art therapy should not be used ...


Narratives Of Resilience : Stories Of Survival Among Rwandan Women Who Endured The 1994 Genocide, Leah Krieger 2011 Smith College

Narratives Of Resilience : Stories Of Survival Among Rwandan Women Who Endured The 1994 Genocide, Leah Krieger

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This qualitative thesis explores resiliency factors of 17 Rwandan women who survived the 1994 genocide. The psychological symptoms of trauma and resiliency research are explored as well as narrative healing techniques. The thesis uses secondary data of unedited testimonies collected after the genocide in Rwanda and qualitatively codes for resiliency. The research shows that the following factors aided in resiliency with this population: courage, a belief in God, carrying on the legacy of their family, communal support and a purpose in life. This body of work emphasizes the potential for not only healing after a trauma, but also increased growth ...


Using Marriage To Protect White Supremacy And Heterosexual Privilege : A Historical Analysis Of Marriage Law In The United States, Katharine Franks Kyros 2011 Smith College

Using Marriage To Protect White Supremacy And Heterosexual Privilege : A Historical Analysis Of Marriage Law In The United States, Katharine Franks Kyros

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This study tracks the ways that the regulation of marriage in the United States has been used to oppress populations and protect privilege, specifically focusing on racial and heterosexual privilege. Looking at the intersection of oppression with marriage law in the United States, the more specific concepts of othering, marginalization, and institutional discrimination are addressed. The United States had laws prohibiting interracial marriage in place from 1630 until these laws were declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court in 1967. Miscegenation laws were used to target and punish individuals engaging in relationships that threatened the social order. The exclusion of ...


I Will Not Let You Go Until You Bless Me : An Exploratory Study Of Gay Christian Men's Integration Of Religious And Sexual Identities, John Paul Reardon 2011 Smith College

I Will Not Let You Go Until You Bless Me : An Exploratory Study Of Gay Christian Men's Integration Of Religious And Sexual Identities, John Paul Reardon

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Eleven self-identified gay Christian men were interviewed regarding the process by which they integrated their gay and Christian identities. The data revealed that they experienced a three-phase process The first phase, Initial Dissonance, occurred as their emerging gay identities came into conflict with the conservative Christian churches to which they belonged. Participants experienced both implicit and explicit rejection. Some isolated themselves in order to avoid rejection. The second phase consisted of an Initial Response to the dissonance. Responses included compartmentalized homosexual experimentation, attempts to reject the gay identity through suppression of sexual desires, reparative therapy, and participation in Ex-Gay ministries ...


Interdisciplinary Collaboration In A Psychiatric Treatment Setting : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Bradley Hospital, Riverside, Rhode Island, Timothy John Albro 2011 Smith College

Interdisciplinary Collaboration In A Psychiatric Treatment Setting : A Project Based Upon An Investigation At Bradley Hospital, Riverside, Rhode Island, Timothy John Albro

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This purpose of this exploratory, qualitative study was to explore interdisciplinary collaboration as experienced by clinicians in a psychiatric hospital setting, where collaboration is a routine part of mental health treatment. This study examined how individual practitioners brought their unique theoretical and personal perspectives to their work, and how interdisciplinary collaboration shaped their own clinical thinking and actions. The subjects in this research were social workers, psychiatrists, and psychologists, working in clinical roles at Bradley Psychiatric Hospital for Children and Adolescents in Riverside, RI.; they were divided into two focus groups, each meeting for one and a half hours. Questions ...


Measuring The Cultural Competence Of Hospice Social Workers Using The Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale-Racial Diversity Form, Revised Version For Use In Hospice Settings, Jessica Moore Begans 2011 Smith College

Measuring The Cultural Competence Of Hospice Social Workers Using The Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale-Racial Diversity Form, Revised Version For Use In Hospice Settings, Jessica Moore Begans

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Although about 40% of American deaths occur in hospice care, and although social workers are members of nearly all hospice teams, there is scant research on the cross-cultural practices and competence of hospice social workers. Before this study, no self-report cultural competence scale was available to measure the perceived cultural competence skills of hospice social workers. To address this issue, a validated cross-cultural competence scale, the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity (Sheu, 2005) was modified to reflect the functions of hospice social workers. The revised scale (Begans, 2011) was completed by 33 hospice social workers in a New England ...


"A Certain Dream" : The Political Potential For Therapy By Activist Clinical Social Workers, Anna Rachel Cable 2011 Smith College

"A Certain Dream" : The Political Potential For Therapy By Activist Clinical Social Workers, Anna Rachel Cable

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

In this study, I explore the integration of clinical and political levels of practice among clinical social workers who self-identify as political activists. Particular attention was paid to treatment issues with clients from oppressed populations, and to the benefits and drawbacks of particular clinical theories for addressing social conditions in the lives of these clients. Paolo Friere's Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1970) serves a theoretical backdrop. Specifically, Friere's concept of conscientization, the practice of building the capacity for critical consciousness and reflective action, served as a framework for the study. Eleven social workers were interviewed for this study ...


Transgender Perspectives On Accessible Primary Healthcare : A Mixed Method Study, Ann Marie Coakley 2011 Smith College

Transgender Perspectives On Accessible Primary Healthcare : A Mixed Method Study, Ann Marie Coakley

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This mixed method study was undertaken to explore and describe the transgender perspective of socially sensitive and medically competent primary healthcare provision. So far the focus of activists and researchers has concerned the barriers to care rather than positive models of the transgender healthcare experience. To gather viewpoints nationally from people of various transgender identities, an internet survey was conducted yielding responses from 116 participants from ages 18 to 72. Quantitative data was gathered on demographic, gender identities and present healthcare access and quality. Qualitative questions were asked about positive models for accessible healthcare in four areas: office structure, staff ...


Social Workers' Perspectives On Managed Care : An Exploratory Study, Julia Fraley Coles 2011 Smith College

Social Workers' Perspectives On Managed Care : An Exploratory Study, Julia Fraley Coles

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore social workers' perceptions of the impact of managed care on their work with clients. The thesis question is "What are clinical social workers perceptions of the impact of managed care on practice?" Included in this question are social workers' perceptions of the impact of managed care on their therapeutic relationships with clients, their effectiveness and autonomy, helpful support systems when interacting with managed care organizations, ethical issues including confidentiality and issues of social justice, assessment, implementation of the treatment plan - including the time frame of treatment and choice of treatment modality, and ...


Cognitively Informed Therapeutic Relationships Between Dogs And Humans : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation, Dawn Marie Colinan 2011 Smith College

Cognitively Informed Therapeutic Relationships Between Dogs And Humans : A Project Based Upon An Independent Investigation, Dawn Marie Colinan

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Humans and dogs have been interacting and building relationship for what is thought to be tens of thousands of years. Within the last few generations, attention has been paid to the potential therapeutic effects of this relationship. Beneficial effects have been observed for many years. Recently, criticisms in methodology from primarily qualitative and anecdotal data have suggested that evidence is weak. Ethology, the study of animal behavior, is accustomed to experimental procedures. Typically studying wild species, ethology presents a fortunate opportunity to apply its rigorous scientific methodology to the therapeutic literature being critiqued. Ethology has evolutionary theory as its foundational ...


Patriarchy And The Trap Of Masculinity : A Post-Colonial Analysis Of Violence Against Sexual Minorities In Uganda, Sarah Elspeth Coughtry 2011 Smith College

Patriarchy And The Trap Of Masculinity : A Post-Colonial Analysis Of Violence Against Sexual Minorities In Uganda, Sarah Elspeth Coughtry

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This theoretical study examines the causes and socio-historical factors behind maleperpetrated violence against sexual minorities in Uganda. Violence against sexual minorities is a widely overlooked societal problem in Uganda, as it is in many areas of the world where homosexual acts are criminalized. As sexual minorities gain visibility and seek basic human rights in their country, they are met with a violent backlash fueled by homophobia and heterosexist ideology. Most of these acts of violence are committed by males, and many go unreported. While various theorists have explored how homophobia, heterosexism and patriarchy play a role in violence against sexual ...


Parents' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Teachers' Attitudes And Behaviors On The Social-Emotional Functioning Of Children With Adhd/Add, Margaret Elizabeth Gaskell 2011 Smith College

Parents' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Teachers' Attitudes And Behaviors On The Social-Emotional Functioning Of Children With Adhd/Add, Margaret Elizabeth Gaskell

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD) is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder, affecting attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, in 3 to 7 percent of school age children (American Psychiatric Association, 2000; Daley and Birchwood, 2010). ADHD/ADD can impact all aspects of life, in particularly school and social-emotional functioning (Mash and Barkley, 2006; Daley and Birchwood, 2010). Few studies have directly examined teachers' attitudes and behaviors related to teaching children with ADHD/ADD (Kos, Richdale, and Hay, 2006). The goal of this study was to explore the impact of teacher attitudes and behaviors on the social and emotional functioning of ...


What Are The Athletic Stressors And Clinical Implications Experienced By First Year Division Iii Student-Athletes : An Exploratory Study, Jennifer A. Johnson, Jennifer Anne Johnson 2011 Smith College

What Are The Athletic Stressors And Clinical Implications Experienced By First Year Division Iii Student-Athletes : An Exploratory Study, Jennifer A. Johnson, Jennifer Anne Johnson

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

This exploratory study was undertaken to investigate the ways that stressors from athletics may impact Division III female student-athletes emotional and cognitive states during their first year at college. Findings were compared to the experiences from various studentathletes from other divisions, assessing the extent to which they have coped and managed their stress. Data was collected from Division III female athletes at two all-women's colleges located in New England. With the help of five guided interview questions, narrative interviews were conducted with seven subjects who spoke about their first year experiences as a student-athlete. Interview questions were carefully designed ...


Procrastination In Relation To Self-Efficacy In Graduate Students Writing A Doctoral Dissertation, ZoeН_ Alberta Kahn 2011 Smith College

Procrastination In Relation To Self-Efficacy In Graduate Students Writing A Doctoral Dissertation, Zoeн_ Alberta Kahn

Theses, Dissertations, and Projects

Procrastination and self-efficacy have been studied over the years; however, there is a gap in the literature on the relationship between the two constructs and in relation to the populations in which researchers have chosen to focus. The present study used quantitative approaches to explore the relationship, if any, that existed between procrastination and self-efficacy in graduate students finishing a doctoral dissertation (N=19). Data were collected using an anonymous online survey which included demographic questions, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), and the Tuckman Procrastination Questionnaire (TPQ). The GSES calculated levels of self-efficacy and the TPQ assessed levels of procrastination ...


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