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Rnn Classification Of English Vowels: Nasalized Or Not, Ling Liu, Mans Hulden, Rebecca Scarborough 2019 University of Colorado Boulder

Rnn Classification Of English Vowels: Nasalized Or Not, Ling Liu, Mans Hulden, Rebecca Scarborough

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

Vowel nasality is perceived and used by English listeners though it is not phonemic. Feature-based classifiers have been built to evaluate what features are useful for nasality perception and measurement. These classifiers require heavy high-level feature engineering with most features discrete and measured at discrete points. Recurrent neural networks can take advantage of sequential information, and has the advantage of freeing us from high-level feature engineering and potentially being stronger simulation models with a holistic view. Therefore, we constructed two types of RNN classifiers (vanilla RNN and LSTM) with MFCCs of the vowel as input to predict whether the vowel ...


Developing A Real-Time Translator From Neural Signals To Text: An Articulatory Phonetics Approach, Lindy Comstock, Ariel Tankus, Michelle Tran, Nader Pouratian, Itzhak Fried, William Speier 2019 University of California, Los Angeles

Developing A Real-Time Translator From Neural Signals To Text: An Articulatory Phonetics Approach, Lindy Comstock, Ariel Tankus, Michelle Tran, Nader Pouratian, Itzhak Fried, William Speier

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

New developments in brain-computer interfaces (BCI) harness machine learning to decode spoken language from electrocorticographic (ECoG) and local field potential (LFP) signals. Orienting to signals associated with motor movements that produce articulatory features improves phoneme detection quality: individual phonemes share features, but possess a unique feature set; classification by feature set allows for a finer distinction between neural signals. Data indicates vowels are more detectable, consonants have greater detection accuracy, place of articulation informs precision, and manner of articulation affects recall. Findings have implications for the multisensory integration of speech and the role of motor imagery in phonemic neural representations.


On The Interaction Between Dependency Frequency And Semantic Fit In Sentence Processing, Soo Hyun Ryu, Rui P. Chaves 2019 University at Buffalo

On The Interaction Between Dependency Frequency And Semantic Fit In Sentence Processing, Soo Hyun Ryu, Rui P. Chaves

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


The Information-Fluent English Language Learner: Cultural And Pedagogical Considerations, Megan Hodge 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Information-Fluent English Language Learner: Cultural And Pedagogical Considerations, Megan Hodge

VCU Libraries Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Finding Law, Stephen E. Sachs 2019 Duke Law School

Finding Law, Stephen E. Sachs

Faculty Scholarship

That the judge's task is to find the law, not to make it, was once a commonplace of our legal culture. Today, decades after Erie, the idea of a common law discovered by judges is commonly dismissed -- as a "fallacy," an "illusion," a "brooding omnipresence in the sky." That dismissive view is wrong. Expecting judges to find unwritten law is no childish fiction of the benighted past, but a real and plausible option for a modern legal system.

This Essay seeks to restore the respectability of finding law, in part by responding to two criticisms made by Erie and ...


Performance Simulation And Evaluation Of Net Zero Energy Buildings In An Australian Coastal Climate, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma 2019 University of Wollongong

Performance Simulation And Evaluation Of Net Zero Energy Buildings In An Australian Coastal Climate, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Net zero energy buildings (NZEB) are becoming more common, and as new energy saving designs and technologies become available, the ability to estimate overall energy use and understand the impact on operation of building appliances will become important. This paper outlines simulation results of performance improvements achieved by modifying various components (glazing, lighting, thermal comfort settings) of two tertiary education NZEBs and a typical modern commercial building. The DesignBuilder models' thermal performance and energy consumption were validated using real data from case study buildings. The work shows validating models of smaller, less conven-tional, buildings is more difficult than for larger ...


Outsider Ethnic Minorities And Wage Determination In China, Andrew MacDonald, Reza Hasmath 2018 University of Louisville

Outsider Ethnic Minorities And Wage Determination In China, Andrew Macdonald, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

The literature on ethnic minorities in China has a significant puzzle: in some studies, urban minorities perceive lower wages relative to the majority Han, while in other studies there is little to no evidence of this wage gap. There is not a clear theoretical expectation as to how these findings could simultaneously be true suggesting that new theory-building is necessary. We propose that the primary issue, and a potential solution, is the failure to fully disaggregate ethnic minority groups’ labour market experiences. We leverage a new, large dataset solely looking at ethnic minorities in China to explore this divergence. Our ...


Slurs And Register: A Case Study In Meaning Pluralism, Justina Diaz-Legaspe, Chang Liu, Robert J. Stainton 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Slurs And Register: A Case Study In Meaning Pluralism, Justina Diaz-Legaspe, Chang Liu, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

Most theories of slurs fall into one of two families: those which understand slurring terms to involve special descriptive/informational content (however conveyed), and those which understand them to encode special emotive/expressive content. Our view is that both offer essential insights, but that part of what sets slurs apart is use-theoretic content. In particular, we urge that slurring words belong at the intersection of a number of categories in a sociolinguistic register taxonomy, one that usually includes [+slang] and [+vulgar] and always includes [-polite] and [+derogatory]. Thus, e.g., what distinguishes ‘Chinese’ from ‘chink’ is neither a peculiar sort ...


What Explains The Rise Of Majority-Minority Tensions And Conflict In Xinjiang?, Reza Hasmath 2018 University of Alberta

What Explains The Rise Of Majority-Minority Tensions And Conflict In Xinjiang?, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

In the past few years there has been a rise of inter-ethnic violence in China. While ethno-cultural repression and ineffective state policies are correctly attributed as key culprits behind this reality, this article suggests that socio-economic factors play a fundamental contributory role as well. Using the Xinjiang case, the article maps ethnic tensions and violence as a manifestation and expression of a growing and heighten ethno-cultural consciousness stemming from ethnic minorities’ low socio-economic status due, in part, to internal Han migration, and a labour market process – involving agency and structure – that has shaped a split and segmented labour market.


Physician-Assisted Death: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Alyssa Thurston 2018 Pepperdine University School of Law

Physician-Assisted Death: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Alyssa Thurston

Alyssa Thurston

This bibliography compiles selected secondary and primary materials on physician-assisted death. Secondary sources include books, book chapters, law review and law journal articles, bibliographies, websites, and current awareness materials, and are mostly limited to publication dates of 2007-2018. Most of the included materials focus on the United States, but a number of sources also discuss other countries and one section is devoted to international experiences with physician-assisted death.


Book (Oup) - Proportionality Balancing And Constitutional Governance - Chapter 6.Pdf, Alec Stone Sweet 2018 Yale Law School

Book (Oup) - Proportionality Balancing And Constitutional Governance - Chapter 6.Pdf, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Social Enterprise, Stuart C. Mendel 2018 Nonprofit Academic Centers Council

Social Enterprise, Stuart C. Mendel

Stuart C Mendel

Interest in concepts that cross the boundaries of nonprofit, business, and government institution forms has been associated with the nonprofit leadership and management literature since the 1980s and early 1990s.  From the standpoint of nonprofit sector processes, the earliest scholarly writing recognized what we now call social innovation as contributing to the conditions for social change and issues advocacy. Thinking on social enterprise centered on-cause related marketing involving collaborative relationships between nonprofits and businesses.  The scrutiny for social entrepreneurism led to discourse on revenue producing earned income activities and the resulting income obligations for unrelated business income tax (UBIT), with ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


The Right To Be Forgotten And Implications On Digital Collections: A Survey Of Arl Member Institutions On Practice And Policy, 2018 Selected Works

The Right To Be Forgotten And Implications On Digital Collections: A Survey Of Arl Member Institutions On Practice And Policy

Virginia A Dressler

In the spring of 2017, digital librarians and digital collection managers at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member institutions were surveyed on practices and policies surrounding takedown requests in openly accessible digital collections. The survey collected basic demographic information surrounding the digital repositories (anonymized) and presented a series of hypothetical scenarios for respondents to consider and reflect upon. The survey received a 25.8% response rate, with many intriguing insights. Survey findings are presented, along with a discussion on future recommendations for work in this area.


"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble 2018 DePaul University

"Politics, Money, And Distrust: French-American Alliances In The International Campaign For Women’S Equal Rights, 1925–1930.”, Sara L. Kimble

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Reimagining Research Services’ Outreach To Faculty And Students: A Tale Of Two Research Departments (University Of Central Florida And Florida Gulf Coast University) No Title, Barbara Tierney, Linda Colding Dr. 2018 University of Central Florida

Reimagining Research Services’ Outreach To Faculty And Students: A Tale Of Two Research Departments (University Of Central Florida And Florida Gulf Coast University) No Title, Barbara Tierney, Linda Colding Dr.

Barbara Tierney

Two academic library research managers discuss innovative outreach strategies that they coordinate in their respective libraries (University of Central Florida serves 68,000+ students, Florida Gulf Coast University serves 15,000+ students) to support faculty and student success for teaching, learning, and research. A poster1 was created to illustrate these strategies.


Body Battlegrounds: Transgressions, Tensions And Transformations, Chris Bobel, Samantha Kwan 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston

Body Battlegrounds: Transgressions, Tensions And Transformations, Chris Bobel, Samantha Kwan

Chris Bobel

Body Battlegrounds explores the rich and complex lives of society’s body outlaws—individuals from myriad social locations who oppose hegemonic norms, customs, and conventions about the body in context. Original research chapters (based on textual analysis, qualitative interviews, and participant observation), along with personal narratives, provide a window into the everyday lives of people rewriting the norms of embodiment in sites like schools, sporting events, and the doctor’s office. Each accessibly-written, pedagogically-oriented chapter and narrative is at once theoretically and methodologically transparent and alive with the voices of the actors at the center of inquiry.
 
Body Battlegrounds is ...


A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, Jomon Aliyas Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi 2018 Selected Works

A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, Jomon Aliyas Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi

Aniruddha Bagchi

Increasing healthcare costs and the deterioration of healthcare quality have always been major concerns to policy makers in the United States, and Certificate of Need (CON) Law has been implemented as one way to curb wasteful healthcare resource use. Theoretically, CON can lead to a reduction in the number of beds as well as in the number of inpatient days (possibly by shortening the length of patient stay). However, these two effects impact inpatient occupancy rate in opposite directions. We test empirically to find out which of these two effects dominate. In this study, we investigate the impact of CON ...


East Meets West: The Japan Association Of National University Libraries (Janul) And The University Of Central Florida (Ucf) Exchange Librarians And Learning Commons Information No Title, Barbara Tierney, Yuka Taniguchi 2018 University of Central Florida

East Meets West: The Japan Association Of National University Libraries (Janul) And The University Of Central Florida (Ucf) Exchange Librarians And Learning Commons Information No Title, Barbara Tierney, Yuka Taniguchi

Barbara Tierney

Is your library contemplating an international librarian exchange? Such exchanges not only increase participants’ understanding of other cultures, they also challenge participants to look at their own cultures from a new perspective.
Two academic librarians, Yuka Taniguchi from Kobe University1  (Japan) and Barbara Tierney from the University of Central Florida2  discuss their visits to each other’s libraries in 2016-2017 to share information about their respective learning commons and outreach programs. 
 
This article focuses on the lessons learned for each librarian and practical tips on how to accomplish a successful academic library foreign exchange.


Resistance To Neocolonialism In Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory, ZENG Jun 2018 college of liberal arts,shanghai university

Resistance To Neocolonialism In Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory, Zeng Jun

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Resistance to Neocolonialism in Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory" Jun ZENG claims that the introduction of Western Literary Theory in the past forty years of China's reform and opening up was carried out under the background of neo-colonialism. "Western imagination" in the discourse of contemporary Chinese literary theory was an important aspect of the strategy of cultural resistance under the overwhelming influence of Western neocolonialism. Contemporary Chinese literary theory no longer simply regards Western literary theory in the twentieth century as a bourgeois literary ideology; instead, it adopts a "de-ideological" attitude to return to the issues of ...


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