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Shaming The Truth: Naming And Shaming And Transitional Justice, Christopher F. Patane, Marc S. Polizzi 2017 University of Missouri

Shaming The Truth: Naming And Shaming And Transitional Justice, Christopher F. Patane, Marc S. Polizzi

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

While it is generally recognized that “naming and shaming” carried out by transnational human rights actors can lead to an improvement in aggregate conditions, it is less clear whether this strategy influences more specific behavior. As more states are democratizing, the international community has stepped up efforts at transitional justice to promote accountability and reconciliation. What is unclear is whether this promotion has been positive or negative for the pursuit of transitional justice broadly or if the community prioritizes some mechanisms over others.

In this paper, we examine the role that human rights advocacy plays in the onset of transitional ...


Understanding Truth: How Commissioners Influence The Final Report Of A Truth Commission, Christine Bianco 2017 Florida International University

Understanding Truth: How Commissioners Influence The Final Report Of A Truth Commission, Christine Bianco

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Ensuring a future of human rights means coming to terms with past violations of human rights. This both recognizes human rights as an important position in the policy of the state and helps to end a system of impunity against such actions, even if it is done symbolically. One of the major mechanisms that states have used to address their past has been truth commissions. The strength of truth commissions lies in their ability to bring to light the voices of the victims as well as their ability to criticize those who have committed human rights abuses.

In order to ...


Collective Memory Of Past Human Rights Abuses-South Korea, Ñusta Carranza Ko 2017 Ohio Northern University

Collective Memory Of Past Human Rights Abuses-South Korea, Ñusta Carranza Ko

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The discourse on transitional justice by academics and practitioners center upon a common understanding of the importance of truth-seeking or truth-telling, reparations, prosecutions, and other institutional reforms in addressing a state’s past abuses. Policies of memorialization complement these processes of transitional justice, with the production of collective memory and history that helps transitioning states from authoritarian pasts toward reconciliation.

This study builds on the growing interest in memory initiatives by bringing to light the integral and "visible" role memory practices have played in truth-seeking and reparations processes. Particularly, it focuses on the building of collective memory integrated in truth ...


Advice For Future Truth Commission Architects: How To Gender-Mainstream And Intersectionality-Mainstream Consultations, Operations, And Final Reports To Improve Outcomes In Healing, Justice, And Empowerment, Natalie Romeri-Lewis 2017 Brigham Young University

Advice For Future Truth Commission Architects: How To Gender-Mainstream And Intersectionality-Mainstream Consultations, Operations, And Final Reports To Improve Outcomes In Healing, Justice, And Empowerment, Natalie Romeri-Lewis

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Intersectionality theory identifies some females at higher risk for experiencing silencing and human rights abuses than others (Crenshaw 1989) and calls for analyzing discrimination among interconnected identities (e.g. ethnicity, level of education, urban-rural residence). Thus, we ask, have truth commission designers gender-mainstreamed or applied intersectionality theory when respectively designing, promoting, taking statements at, and writing the final reports and recommendations of truth commissions?

First, this project identifies the level of gender and intersectionality awareness of academic truth commission studies and the more than 20 existing transitional justice datasets found in Mallinder and O'Rourke (2016).

Second, this project aims ...


The Power And Pathologies Of Language: How Human Rights Messaging Can Also Affect Support For Violent Non-State Actors, Alexandra Haines, Michele Leiby, Matthew Krain 2017 The College of Wooster

The Power And Pathologies Of Language: How Human Rights Messaging Can Also Affect Support For Violent Non-State Actors, Alexandra Haines, Michele Leiby, Matthew Krain

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Are framing strategies that are effective at encouraging pro-social behavior such as participation in human rights campaigns also effective at mobilizing support for “anti-social” and violent causes? Using an experimental research design, we seek to understand under what conditions individuals will express support for retributive violent action.

We hypothesize that a personal story of victimization, wherein the humanity and vulnerability of the victim and the intensity of the violence suffered are described in vivid detail, will be necessary and sufficient to cause the audience to express support for the victim’s subsequent participation in organized, retaliatory violence. We expect that ...


No Human Right To Sodomy: Christian Conservative Opposition To Sogi Human Rights, Cynthia Burack 2017 Ohio State University - Main Campus

No Human Right To Sodomy: Christian Conservative Opposition To Sogi Human Rights, Cynthia Burack

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The American Christian conservative movement is the most consistent and persistent adversary of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) civil rights in the US. In recent years, the Christian right has responded to changes in attitudes to same-sex sexuality in the US by relocating some of their attention and operations to issues and arenas of contest outside the US that hold more promise for implacable antagonism to rights and recognition for LGBTQ people. In some parts of the world, these US-based anti-LGBTQ actors have become recognized as “experts” on gender and sexual minorities and the dire consequences the existence of ...


We Just Need To Pee: Bathroom Bills And The Intersection Of Human Rights, Gender, And Race, Lena Tenney 2017 Ohio State University - Main Campus

We Just Need To Pee: Bathroom Bills And The Intersection Of Human Rights, Gender, And Race, Lena Tenney

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Although rarely publicly discussed, bathrooms are a fundamental element of everyday life. In fact, the majority of the population does not question their right or ability to access public restroom facilities because they are a mundane aspect of daily routine. However, the recent rise of “bathroom bills” in state legislatures has sparked significant media coverage and highlighted activist movements seeking to guarantee safe, affirming, and legally protected access to bathrooms for people of all gender identities and expressions.

This paper will illustrate that bathroom access is not only a matter of public policy, but also a question of human rights ...


Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff 2017 Carleton University

Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Multilateral human rights diplomacy is a product of the triad relationship between intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), and states. This paper examines the emergence of LGBT rights within the context of the UN human rights system. Recently, the global debates around LGBT rights have become much more public and increasingly complex: Ministers, leaders, and even the UN Secretary-General routinely call on states to do more to protect sexual minorities. Countries such as Uganda and Russia are labeled “homophobic” — not just by human rights activists, but by other states. These “accusations” are delivered both bilaterally and in multilateral forums ...


Faith-Based Civil Society Organizations And The Protection Of Victims Of Human Rights Abuses In Nigeria, Nathaniel Umukoro 2017 Delta State University

Faith-Based Civil Society Organizations And The Protection Of Victims Of Human Rights Abuses In Nigeria, Nathaniel Umukoro

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Nigeria has witnessed various forms of human rights violations such as extrajudicial killings, rape, and torture during both military and civilian regimes. Amnesty International, the U.S. State Department, and the Political Terror Scale of the Centre for Systemic Peace indicate that Nigeria is a country characterized by generalized human rights violations.

Over the years, several scholars have examined the causes, nature, responses of the state, and reasons for the persistence of human rights violations in Nigeria. A careful consideration of these studies indicates that the role of faith-based civil society organizations in the protection of victims of human rights ...


Emotional Correlates Of Human Rights Support, Joseph Braun 2017 University of Maryland at College Park

Emotional Correlates Of Human Rights Support, Joseph Braun

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The efforts of human rights organizations often hinge on their ability to attract public support. Scholarly work on human rights, however, has largely neglected the question of how and why human rights regimes or specific campaigns may attract supporters. This paper takes a micro-level approach, focused on the practical question of how and why some human rights issues attract wide bases of support while others do not.

I hypothesize that emotional reactions to human rights abuse will be a significant predictor of individuals’ choices to support a human rights campaign. To test this possibility, I conduct an experiment seeking to ...


Demystifying Citation Metrics, Michael Ladisch 2017 University of the Pacific

Demystifying Citation Metrics, Michael Ladisch

Pacific Libraries Scholarly Communication Talks

Attendees will learn about the benefits and limitations of citation analysis. We will also provide help to find metrics such as h-index or Journal Impact Factor in Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Finally, we will give some advice on the use of metrics on your resume.

  • Pros and Cons (use and benefits, controversy and limitations)
  • Tools (Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar)
  • Metrics (H-index, Journal Impact Factor, CiteScore)
  • Altmetrics
  • ORCID ID
  • Metrics for CV


Gender, Displacement And Transitional Justice, Sinead McGrath 2017 University College Dublin

Gender, Displacement And Transitional Justice, Sinead Mcgrath

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

In the past fifteen years, there has been huge emphasis on the need for gendered mechanisms dealing with both forced migration and peacebuilding. The UN landmark resolution on Women, Peace and Security (S/RES/1325) and the gender-mainstreaming of the 1951 Refugee Convention have urged all actors to increase the participation of women in peacebuilding and their protection in instances of displacement. An underdeveloped link between these issues has not been addressed by the academic community, particularly when looking at societies in transition and the relationship of displaced women to international migration organisations in the context of transitional justice. This ...


The Political Psychology Of Environmental Civil Resistance, Stephen Arves 2017 University of Maryland - College Park

The Political Psychology Of Environmental Civil Resistance, Stephen Arves

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

What persuades individuals to support environmental civil resistance? More specifically, how do emotions and message frames shape support? Despite the recent focus on the political psychology of environmental attitudes, less research has considered the motivations behind environmental civil resistance support. This warrants attention because much of the environmental movement occurs outside of conventional political participation channels (i.e. voting) and instead employs tactics such as nonviolent demonstrations and petition signing.

Furthermore, the environmental movement needs to attract considerable support and participation for these tactics to be successful. Given these considerations, this project aims to explain how emotions (fear or anger ...


Making The Sustainable Development Goals Really Sustainable: Human Rights Strategies To Improve Land Tenure Rights And Wages For The Poor, Paul J. Nelson 2017 University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus

Making The Sustainable Development Goals Really Sustainable: Human Rights Strategies To Improve Land Tenure Rights And Wages For The Poor, Paul J. Nelson

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The Millennium Development Goals created incentives for donors and governments to favor quick impact over addressing complex social systems. As a result, the MDG period saw little sustained effort to open up access to those productive assets, and that presents a challenge for the SDGs.

This paper argues (1) that this failing of the MDGs weakened their impact; (2) that the SDGs significantly improve on this record by including goals and targets that focus on these productive assets, in both land and labor; (3) that human rights approaches have driven important efforts in some societies to improve land and labor ...


Inequalities, Human Rights, And Sustainable Development Goal 10, Gillian MacNaughton 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Inequalities, Human Rights, And Sustainable Development Goal 10, Gillian Macnaughton

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Most of the 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets echo the goals and targets in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) framework. SDG 10 — reduce inequality within and among countries — is, however, completely new. The idea that the global community should work together toward equality had no part in the MDG framework, which focused on reducing poverty rather than making a more equal world. From a human rights perspective, the inclusion of the new SDG on reducing inequality is a great step forward.

Notably, Oxfam reported in January 2017 that the eight wealthiest men in the world own the ...


Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray 2017 University of Connecticut

Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

How were women involved in Egypt’s 2011 revolution/uprising? What role did they play vis-à-vis male activists? To what degree were Egyptian women “equal” during those 18 days in Tahrir Square? These questions will be explored within the context of interviews conducted by this writer in Cairo during and following Egypt’s 18-day revolution (uprising). This essay will explore the public/private sphere split, political consciousness-raising, and gender equality within the context of the stories of Egyptian women on the front lines of protest.

Much of the recent literature on women's protests in Egypt has focused on women ...


Out Of The Prison And Onto The Streets: The Trafficking Of Incarcerated Women (A Trans-Disciplinary Media Research Project), Mei-Ling McNamara 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

Out Of The Prison And Onto The Streets: The Trafficking Of Incarcerated Women (A Trans-Disciplinary Media Research Project), Mei-Ling Mcnamara

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Women are being actively targeted for the sex trafficking trade within US prisons and are recruited by a network of fellow inmates who are given "finders fees" for supplying victims. In prisons from Florida to North Carolina, Ohio to Massachusetts, women are promised housing and food in exchange for work upon release but instead are deceived and prostituted for the human trafficking trade. Some traffickers stalk their victims through public-access profiles from statewide prison websites, then groom them over months through correspondence and phone calls.

Inside the largest women’s prison in the United States, the Florida Lowell Correctional Institution ...


Silenced Agency Gains A Voice?, Katarina Lucas 2017 New School

Silenced Agency Gains A Voice?, Katarina Lucas

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Nearly twenty-three years since the Dayton Peace Accords ended the military violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia), the right to reparation for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence remains unrealized, as existing mechanisms for acquiring compensation and psycho-social services are gender-blind, decentralized, discriminatory, and nonexistent in parts of the country.

In 2012, the Bosnian government sought to begin remedying this broken system through the draft Programme for Victims of Wartime Rape, Sexual Abuse and Torture, and their Families (Programme). Today, the Programme remains stagnant as a draft policy, yet efforts by local and global actors to seek forms of reparation for ...


The New Disappeared: Illegality, The Deportation Regime, And The Resurrection Of State Violence, Miranda Cady Hallett 2017 University of Dayton

The New Disappeared: Illegality, The Deportation Regime, And The Resurrection Of State Violence, Miranda Cady Hallett

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

President Donald J. Trump’s executive actions expanding immigration enforcement and reproducing stigmatizing discourses about immigrants, refugees, and asylum-seekers are not a new direction in immigration enforcement. While the racist dimensions of the approach are more unmasked in his rhetoric, current enforcement is merely the expansion of an entrenched project of state violence. The current panic, in other words, is the culmination of the buildup of the deportation regime (De Genova and Peutz 2010), an interconnected web of systems of incarceration and exile that serves as a broad mechanism of social control and repression.

In the U.S., this system ...


Impacts Of The Trump Administration’S Policies On Immigrants And Refugees In Dayton, Miranda Cady Hallett, Theo J. Majka 2017 University of Dayton

Impacts Of The Trump Administration’S Policies On Immigrants And Refugees In Dayton, Miranda Cady Hallett, Theo J. Majka

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The Trump administration’s executive orders and policy changes regarding refugee resettlement and stepped-up Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) actions are likely to create serious human rights and humanitarian impacts. These include separation of children from their parents, denial of due process in immigration courts, lengthy incarceration in detention centers, denial or loss of employment, denial of visas to citizens of some predominantly Muslim countries, denial of entry to previously vetted refugees scheduled for resettlement, and return (refoulment) of persons with well-founded fears of persecution or torture.

These actions will potentially impact key human rights areas and concerns, such as ...


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