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Evaluating The Relationship Between Depression, Perceived Stress, Sleep Quality, And Lure Discrimination, Jessica Rothberg 2019 Montclair State University

Evaluating The Relationship Between Depression, Perceived Stress, Sleep Quality, And Lure Discrimination, Jessica Rothberg

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Depression, Stress and disordered sleep have been found to negatively affect cognition. However, the specific mechanisms affected are still unclear. These clinical symptoms are all independently associated with the hippocampus, where a memory process called pattern separation is assumed to occur. The current study aimed to further investigate the association between depression and pattern separation by further examining the role that sleep and stress play in this relationship. This study is an expansion from Shelton and Kirwan (2013) where they used the Mnemonic Similarities Task to evaluate lure discrimination and depression. I expanded on this by also evaluating sleep quality ...


Using Twitter To Support Reflective Learning In An Asynchronous Online Course, Tian Luo, Smruti J. Shah, Helen Crompton 2019 Old Dominion University

Using Twitter To Support Reflective Learning In An Asynchronous Online Course, Tian Luo, Smruti J. Shah, Helen Crompton

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to further our understanding of the use of Twitter for promoting reflective learning. Specifically, this study investigated how students participate in Twitter-supported activities, what type of knowledge are manifested when Twitter is used to reflect on the course readings, and how students perceive the Twitter-supported activities. The data showed that Twitter was successful in keeping the learners engaged in the reflective discussion activities for a prolonged period compared to Blackboard. Students overall had a positive perception towards the integration of Twitter to support reflection and discussion along with active participation. Twitter was effective in ...


Master’S Project: Vermont Town Forest Recreation Planning And Community Assistance Program: The Future Of Forest-Based Outdoor Recreation, Taylor M. Luneau 2019 University of Vermont

Master’S Project: Vermont Town Forest Recreation Planning And Community Assistance Program: The Future Of Forest-Based Outdoor Recreation, Taylor M. Luneau

Rubenstein School Masters Project Publications

The Vermont Town Forest Recreation Planning Community Assistance Program (VTFRP) was a comprehensive community planning process held in ten diverse towns across Vermont. Led by the Urban and Community Forestry Program and the SE Group, the VTFRP helped towns develop a vision for the future management of their forests through open house workshops, site visits, steering committee meetings, and community surveys. The process provided towns with a forest recreation planning toolkit and an individualized action-based forest stewardship and recreation plan. By analyzing data from the community surveys and open house activities across all ten towns, my project considered the recreation ...


'Stand Up To Suicide', Katherine Hickman 2019 The University of Akron

'Stand Up To Suicide', Katherine Hickman

Honors Research Projects

This paper reviews the planning and implementation of a suicide prevention event titled ‘Stand Up to Suicide’ held at The University of Akron in September 2018. This project was designed in response to the rising suicide crisis. After reviewing various peer-reviewed articles, communication methods, and interviewing mental-health professionals, an event was created and implemented to empower students to speak up about suicide awareness and get connected to suicide prevention resources. While an average of 123 individuals die by suicide in the United States every day, suicide is preventable. With a space to enter into the tough conversation of suicide, this ...


The Effects Of Mood On Empathy, Openness To Diversity, Attitudes, And Willingness To Help Marginalized Groups, Angela J. Adams 2019 Georgia Southern University

The Effects Of Mood On Empathy, Openness To Diversity, Attitudes, And Willingness To Help Marginalized Groups, Angela J. Adams

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Members of marginalized groups such as lesbian women and gay men are often at an increased risk of threat or harm compared to their heterosexual counterparts. They may experience prejudice in the form of discrimination and stigma related behaviors. Due to the stigma lesbian women and gay men face throughout various stages of their lives, it is important to examine and discover which factors increase more acceptance and empathy. Additionally, it is important to examine ways to increase positive regard and reduce discrimination in order to promote psychological and overall wellbeing for lesbians and gay men. Given what we know ...


Moderating Effects Of Posttraumatic Growth On Suicidal Ideation After Combat Exposure, Matthew A. Strader 2019 Georgia Southern University

Moderating Effects Of Posttraumatic Growth On Suicidal Ideation After Combat Exposure, Matthew A. Strader

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The suicide rate in the United States has risen since 1999 (Curtin, Warner, & Hedegaard, 2016). This increase may be a distinct problem for military service members who may have an additional risk through combat exposure (Bryan et al., 2015). There is a need to identify protective factors for suicide broadly and specifically for military service members and veterans. There is emerging evidence that posttraumatic growth may be a protective factor for suicide ideation possibly buffering the effects of combat exposure on suicide ideation (Bush, Skopp, McCann, & Luxton, 2011). The current study was designed to further examine the relationship between combat ...


Investigating The Interaction Between Memory Recall Content And Savoring Interventions On Openness, Caroline V. Young 2019 Georgia Southern University

Investigating The Interaction Between Memory Recall Content And Savoring Interventions On Openness, Caroline V. Young

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Openness is generally characterized by a stark curiosity for novel experiences and the ability to flexibly shift one’s attention and thinking processes to appreciate differing perspectives. Research suggests openness is a personal resource in terms of helping individuals effectively regulate emotions, cope with stress, and socialize with diverse populations. However, it is unknown what interventions specifically lead to an increase in openness. Positive affect appears to be associated with openness, yet the mechanisms by which positive affect promotes openness remain unclear. It is possible savoring, the ability to maintain and extend positive affect, may play an important role in ...


Grain Boundary Induced Deformation Mechanisms In Nanocrystalline Al By Molecular Dynamics Simulation: From Interatomic Potential Perspective, Liang Zhang, Yasushi Shibuta, Xiaoxu Huang, Cheng Lu, Mao Liu 2019 University of Tokyo

Grain Boundary Induced Deformation Mechanisms In Nanocrystalline Al By Molecular Dynamics Simulation: From Interatomic Potential Perspective, Liang Zhang, Yasushi Shibuta, Xiaoxu Huang, Cheng Lu, Mao Liu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Nanocrystalline metals exhibit many excellent mechanical properties and their underlying deformation mechanisms have been studying widespread. The well-designed atomistic simulations can predict the mechanical behavior of materials ahead of experiments and provide sufficient information on the atomic scale. The choice of appropriate interatomic potential is one of the main concerns of any atomistic simulation that needs to be seriously considered in order to obtain reliable results. In this study, we investigated the mechanical response and the deformation mechanisms of nanocrystalline Al under uniaxial loading by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with different embedded atom method (EAM) interatomic potentials. The selection of ...


Reconciliation: Facilitating Ethical Space Between Indigenous Women And Girls Of A Drum Circle And White, Settler Men Of A Police Chorus, Kelly Laurila 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Reconciliation: Facilitating Ethical Space Between Indigenous Women And Girls Of A Drum Circle And White, Settler Men Of A Police Chorus, Kelly Laurila

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Abstract

The purpose of this dissertation was to seek understanding of how a singing partnership between Indigenous women and girls of a drum circle and white, Settler men of a police chorus (i.e., representing public relations for Waterloo Regional Police Services)[1] has been sustained within a local context for five years. Knowing the historical and ongoing colonial systemic violence in policing practices with Indigenous peoples in Canada, it seems unlikely that such a partnership would take place. Song provided this partnership with a bridge for engagement and a means to disrupt enduring perceptions of one another that have ...


A New Method For Direct Tensile Testing Of Concrete, Faez Alhussainy, Hayder Alaa Hasan, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi 2019 University of Wollongong

A New Method For Direct Tensile Testing Of Concrete, Faez Alhussainy, Hayder Alaa Hasan, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Different testing methods were used in previous studies to measure the direct tensile strength of concrete. However, these methods experienced several major deficiencies such as stress concentration at the end of the specimens because of inadequate gripping and loading eccentricity and nonuniform fracture plane because of difficulties in aligning and centering the specimens during testing. This study presents the details of a new method of testing concrete under uniaxial tension. The method was developed to overcome the difficulties associated with testing methods adopted in the previous research studies. A full description of the wooden molds used in casting the specimens ...


Identifying Participation Of Individual Verbs Or Verbnet Classes In The Causative Alternation, Esther Seyffarth 2019 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf

Identifying Participation Of Individual Verbs Or Verbnet Classes In The Causative Alternation, Esther Seyffarth

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

Verbs that participate in diathesis alternations have different semantics in their different syntactic environments, which need to be distinguished in order to process these verbs and their contexts correctly. We design and implement 8 approaches to the automatic identification of the causative alternation in English (3 based on VerbNet classes, 5 based on individual verbs). For verbs in this alternation, the semantic roles that contribute to the meaning of the verb can be associated with different syntactic slots. Our most successful approaches use distributional vectors and achieve an F1 score of up to 79% on a balanced test set. We ...


Can Entropy Explain Successor Surprisal Effects In Reading?, Marten van Schijndel, Tal Linzen 2019 Johns Hopkins University

Can Entropy Explain Successor Surprisal Effects In Reading?, Marten Van Schijndel, Tal Linzen

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

Human reading behavior is sensitive to surprisal: more predictable words tend to be read faster. Unexpectedly, this applies not only to the surprisal of the word that is currently being read, but also to the surprisal of upcoming (successor) words that have not been fixated yet. This finding has been interpreted as evidence that readers can extract lexical information parafoveally. Calling this interpretation into question, Angele et al. (2015) showed that successor effects appear even in contexts in which those successor words are not yet visible. They hypothesized that successor surprisal predicts reading time because it approximates the reader’s ...


Modeling Clausal Complementation For A Grammar Engineering Resource, Olga Zamaraeva, Kristen Howell, Emily M. Bender 2019 University of Washington

Modeling Clausal Complementation For A Grammar Engineering Resource, Olga Zamaraeva, Kristen Howell, Emily M. Bender

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

We present a grammar engineering library for modeling objectival declarative clausal complementation patterns attested cross-linguistically. Our primary contribution is positing a set of syntactico-semantic analyses couched within a variant of the HPSG syntactic formalism and integrating them with a variety of phenomena already implemented in a grammar engineering toolkit. We evaluate the addition to the system on testsuites from genetically diverse languages that were not considered during development.


Non-Entailed Subsequences As A Challenge For Natural Language Inference, Richard T. McCoy, Tal Linzen 2019 Johns Hopkins University

Non-Entailed Subsequences As A Challenge For Natural Language Inference, Richard T. Mccoy, Tal Linzen

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Do Rnns Learn Human-Like Abstract Word Order Preferences?, Richard Futrell, Roger P. Levy 2019 University of California, Irvine

Do Rnns Learn Human-Like Abstract Word Order Preferences?, Richard Futrell, Roger P. Levy

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

RNN language models have achieved state-of-the-art results on various tasks, but what exactly they are representing about syntax is as yet unclear. Here we investigate whether RNN language models learn humanlike word order preferences in syntactic alternations. We collect language model surprisal scores for controlled sentence stimuli exhibiting major syntactic alternations in English: heavy NP shift, particle shift, the dative alternation, and the genitive alternation. We show that RNN language models reproduce human preferences in these alternations based on NP length, animacy, and definiteness. We collect human acceptability ratings for our stimuli, in the first acceptability judgment experiment directly manipulating ...


Quantifying The Relationship Between Child And Caregiver Speech Using Generalized Estimating Equations: The Case Of 'Only', Lindsay Hracs 2019 University of Calgary

Quantifying The Relationship Between Child And Caregiver Speech Using Generalized Estimating Equations: The Case Of 'Only', Lindsay Hracs

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

One of the difficulties involved in modelling longitudinal data is that repeated measurements over time introduce a violation of independence. Standard Generalized Linear Models are not robust to this violation. However, Generalized Estimating Equations (GEEs) take correlations between data points into consideration making them useful for such tasks. This paper examines the use of GEEs to model the relationship between child-directed and child-produced speech, focusing on the role of input in the acquisition of only. The study shows that the frequency of occurrence of only in child-directed speech is a significant predictor of the frequency of occurrence of only in ...


Guess Who’S Coming (And Who’S Going): Bringing Perspective To The Rational Speech Acts Framework, Carolyn Jane Anderson, Brian W. Dillon 2019 University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Guess Who’S Coming (And Who’S Going): Bringing Perspective To The Rational Speech Acts Framework, Carolyn Jane Anderson, Brian W. Dillon

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

We present a Rational Speech Acts approach to modeling how conversation participants reason about perspectival expressions. The interpretation of perspectival expressions, such as the motion verbs 'come' and 'go', depends on the point-of-view from which they are evaluated. In order to interpret a perspectival expression, the listener must jointly reason about the speaker’s intended message and their choice of perspective. We propose a Bayesian approach to this inference problem and describe an extension of the Rational Speech Acts model that incorporates perspective. We lay out three sets of predictions that this model makes relating to the lexical semantics of ...


The Organization Of Sound Inventories: A Study On Obstruent Gaps, Sheng-Fu Wang 2019 New York University

The Organization Of Sound Inventories: A Study On Obstruent Gaps, Sheng-Fu Wang

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

This study explores the organizing principles of sound inventories by examining attested one-segment gaps in obstruent inventories. Models based on different theories of inventory organization are built and compared in a computational task where models make a binary decision to identify gaps and attested sounds. Results show that segment markedness, defined either in terms of grounded phonetic properties or typological frequencies, is a good predictor of whether a segment is likely to be gapped in an inventory. On the other hand, whether an attested segment, compared to a gapped segment, makes the feature representation more symmetric or economical, is not ...


Local Processes Of Homophone Acquisition, Deniz Beser, Spencer Caplan 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Local Processes Of Homophone Acquisition, Deniz Beser, Spencer Caplan

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

The Naive Generalization Model (NGM) (Caplan, 2018) explains word learning phenomena as grounded in the local, dynamical process of category formation. A range of experimental evidence (Xu and Tenenbaum, 2007; Spencer et al., 2011; Lewis and Frank, 2018) supports the NGM over prior models of word learning such as Bayesian inference (Xu and Tenenbaum, 2007). Despite such progress, a number of theoretical phenomena remain unaddressed by previous accounts. In this paper, we present a novel extension to NGM which offers a strong fit to and explanation of experimental data on homophone acquisition (Dautriche et al., 2016).


Re(Current) Reduplication: Interpretable Neural Network Models Of Morphological Copying, Colin Wilson 2019 Johns Hopkins University

Re(Current) Reduplication: Interpretable Neural Network Models Of Morphological Copying, Colin Wilson

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


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