Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

528,701 Full-Text Articles 303,351 Authors 145,255,664 Downloads 489 Institutions

All Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Faceted Search

528,701 full-text articles. Page 11899 of 11922.

Syllabus For Social Welfare Policy, Richard M. Skinner 2009 Rollins College

Syllabus For Social Welfare Policy, Richard M. Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

No abstract provided.


Coming Home: Scholarly Publishing Returns To The University, Linda L. Phillips 2009 University of Tennessee Knoxville

Coming Home: Scholarly Publishing Returns To The University, Linda L. Phillips

Linda L. Phillips

For more than two decades visionary university administrators and librarians have urged the scholarly community to recognize the value of its intellectual capital beyond promotion, tenure, and academic prominence. Publishing in its broadest sense encompasses the production and dissemination of information for public access; scholarly publishing includes peer-reviewed literature in books and journals, as well as conference papers, technical reports, working papers, data sets and emerging forms of scholarship presented in numerous multimedia formats. Today’s academic publishing environment is a complex amalgam of technological capability, economic realities, and emerging social networking practices pushing the boundaries of the traditional scholarly ...


Gender Differences In The Correlates Of Volunteering And Charitable Giving, Christopher J. Einolf 2009 DePaul University

Gender Differences In The Correlates Of Volunteering And Charitable Giving, Christopher J. Einolf

Christopher J Einolf

Psychological research has found that women score higher on most measures of the traits, motivations, and values that predict helping others, and women are more likely to help family and friends. However, sex differences in the institutional helping behaviors of volunteering and charitable giving are small. This paper seeks to explain this apparent contradiction with the hypotheses that men have more resources and more social capital than women, which compensates for their lower level of motivation. The paper tests these hypotheses using data from the 1995 Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) survey. The data show partial support for these ...


Age And American Politics, Richard M. Skinner 2009 Rollins College

Age And American Politics, Richard M. Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

Teaching presentation


Risk And Prices: The Role Of User Sanctions In Marijuana Markets, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Beau Kilmer, Michael Grossman, Frank Chaloupka 2009 Rand Corporation

Risk And Prices: The Role Of User Sanctions In Marijuana Markets, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Beau Kilmer, Michael Grossman, Frank Chaloupka

Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

User sanctions influence the legal risk for consumers who engage in illegal drug markets. If a reduction in user sanctions leads to an increase in consumption, drug prices will rise unless supply is perfectly elastic. In equilibrium, a change in consumption associated with decreasing user sanctions could be relatively small if supply is upward sloping. Using a novel dataset with rich transaction-level information, this paper evaluates the impact of recent changes in user sanctions for marijuana on marijuana prices. The results suggest that lower legal risks for users are associated with higher marijuana prices in the short-run, which ceteris paribus ...


Public Values, Health Inequality, And Alternative Notions Of A “Fair” Response, Elizabeth Rigby, Erika Blacksher, Claire Espey 2009 University of Houston - Main

Public Values, Health Inequality, And Alternative Notions Of A “Fair” Response, Elizabeth Rigby, Erika Blacksher, Claire Espey

Elizabeth Rigby

The fact that disadvantaged people generally die younger and suffer more disease than those with more resources is gaining ground as a major policy concern in the United States. Yet, we know little about how public values inform public opinion regarding policy interventions to address these disparities. This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of the public’s values and priorities as they relate to social inequalities in health. Forty-three subjects were presented with a scenario depicting health inequalities by social class and were given the opportunity to alter the distribution of health outcomes. Participants’ responses fell into one ...


An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin 2009 The Pennsylvania State University

An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Although ambiguity exists regarding how states must respond to the mandates of Fordice to dismantle dual systems of education in previously segregated states, several scholars note Fordice should manifest itself in the enhancement of public Black colleges. Responding to Fordice, the state of Maryland entered into an agreement with the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to make its Black colleges comparable with their White counterparts. While Maryland claims that it has satisfied its agreement with OCR, findings of this study challenge this assertion. Data from AAUP, University System of Maryland [USM], and the Morgan State Office of Institutional research show ...


History Naacp Texas.Pdf, Marcia A. Johnson Ms 2009 Texas Southern University

History Naacp Texas.Pdf, Marcia A. Johnson Ms

Marcia A Johnson

No abstract provided.


Victimization In Early Life And Mental Health In Adulthood: An Examination Of The Mediating And Moderating Influences Of Psychosocial Resources, Michael T. French, Terrence D. Hill, Lauren M. Kaplan, Robert J. Johnson 2009 University of Miami

Victimization In Early Life And Mental Health In Adulthood: An Examination Of The Mediating And Moderating Influences Of Psychosocial Resources, Michael T. French, Terrence D. Hill, Lauren M. Kaplan, Robert J. Johnson

Michael T. French

Although numerous studies have documented the long-term effects of childhood victimization on mental health in adulthood, few have directly examined potential mediators and moderators of this association. Using data from the Welfare, Children, and Families project (1999)—a probability sample of 2,402 predominantly black and Hispanic low-income women with children living in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio—we predict psychological distress in adulthood with measures of physical assault and sexual coercion before age 18. Building on previous research, we test the mediating and moderating influences of emotional support, instrumental support, and self-esteem. Although we observe no indirect effects of ...


The Business Of Punishing: Impediments To Accountability In The Private Corrections Industry, Stephen Raher 2009 Lewis & Clark Law School

The Business Of Punishing: Impediments To Accountability In The Private Corrections Industry, Stephen Raher

Stephen Raher

No abstract provided.


Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein 2009 Wesleyan University

Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A contribution to a symposium on a paper by Richard Posner.


There's A Song In The Air! - Women's Choir, Keith D. Rowley 2009 Utah Valley University

There's A Song In The Air! - Women's Choir, Keith D. Rowley

Keith D Rowley

An original Christmas carol arranged for 2 part (SA) women's choir and piano with words by Josiah Gilbert Holland.


The Limits And Opportunities Of Networks: Municipalities And Canadian Climate Change Policy, Christopher D. Gore 2009 Ryerson University

The Limits And Opportunities Of Networks: Municipalities And Canadian Climate Change Policy, Christopher D. Gore

Christopher D Gore

Research on climate change policy and politics has become increasingly focused on the actions and influence of subnational governments. In North America, this attention has been particularly focused on why subnational governments have taken action in the absence of national leadership, what effect action might have on future national climate policy, and whether the collective action of networks of municipal governments are reshaping and challenging the character of national and global climate governance. This paper examines Canadian municipal climate in light of the absence of a comprehensive and effective climate national strategy. The paper considers various reasons why local governments ...


Urban Centers In Oromia: Consequences Of Spatial Concentration Of Power In Multinational Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Urban Centers In Oromia: Consequences Of Spatial Concentration Of Power In Multinational Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

This paper examines the essence and characteristics of cities and urban centers in Oromia and the major consequences of the centralization and spatial concentration of Habasha (Amhara-Tigray) political power in a multinational Ethiopia. It speci!cally demonstrates how the integration of indigenous Oromo towns into the Ethiopian colonial structure and the formation of garrison and non-garrison cities and towns in Oromia consolidated Habasha political domination over the Oromo people. Ethiopian colonial structure limited the access of Oromo urban residents, who are a minority in their own cities and towns, to institutions and opportunities, such as employment, education, health, mass media ...


The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

No abstract provided.


The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

First, the paper explains how some political achievements without strong organizational and institutional structures have increased political crises in the Oromo national movement. Second, it identifies and explores external and internal factors that have hampered the development of the Oromo national consensus. Third, it suggests what Oromo activists and political organizations should do to overcome their ideological and political weaknesses and political ineptness to develop a national declaration that will be the central guiding principle of the Oromo national movement for human liberation and sovereignty in Oromia and beyond.


The Tigrayan-Led The Ethiopian State, Repression, Terrorism, And Gross Human Rights Violations In Oromia And Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Tigrayan-Led The Ethiopian State, Repression, Terrorism, And Gross Human Rights Violations In Oromia And Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

The Tigrayan-led Ethiopian government has engaged in state terrorism and genocide with the support of global powers, including the US, countries of emerging economy like China and India, global institutions like the World Bank and the IMF; it has massacred, assassinated, imprisoned, and tortured millions of Oromos and members other colonized peoples. Millions of Oromos have been also evicted and replaced by thugs and thieves who have no morality and conscience.


Dell H. Hymes: An Intellectual Sketch, Joel Sherzer, Barbara Johnstone, William M. Marcellino 2009 Carnegie Mellon University

Dell H. Hymes: An Intellectual Sketch, Joel Sherzer, Barbara Johnstone, William M. Marcellino

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Social Work In Vietnam: The Role Of International Collaboration, Alice M. Hines, Edward Cohen, Tuan D. Tran, Peter A. Lee, Le V. Phu 2009 San Jose State University

The Development Of Social Work In Vietnam: The Role Of International Collaboration, Alice M. Hines, Edward Cohen, Tuan D. Tran, Peter A. Lee, Le V. Phu

Edward Cohen

This paper explores the emergence of social work as a profession in Vietnam and the ways in which international collaboration can play a role in its development. The paper reviews the literature pertaining to the social issues that have accompanied recent rapid social and economic change in Vietnam. The authors then describe recent developments in social work and social work education in Vietnam in response to these emerging problems. The role of international collaboration is explored and examples of four recent collaborations are provided that illustrate exchanges of curriculum and related social work knowledge, capacity building, technical assistance, and teaching ...


Crisis Preparation, Media Use, And Information Seeking During Hurricane Ike: Lessons Learned For Emergency Communication, Jennifer A. Burke, Patric R. Spence, Kenneth Lachlan 2009 University of Kentukcy

Crisis Preparation, Media Use, And Information Seeking During Hurricane Ike: Lessons Learned For Emergency Communication, Jennifer A. Burke, Patric R. Spence, Kenneth Lachlan

Patric R. Spence

This study was a replication and extension of a previous work that examined crisis preparation, information-
seeking patterns, and media use in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. A quantitative survey study was undertaken to examine the same variables after Hurricane Ike. Surveys were collected from 691 Hurricane Ike evacuees. Respondents were more likely to have an evacuation plan or emergency kit than those displaced by Katrina, and older respondents were less likely than younger respondents to have an emergency kit in place. Women, African Americans, and older respondents indicated a greater desire for information, with African American respondents desiring information ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress