Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

507,905 Full-Text Articles 291,459 Authors 145,255,664 Downloads 478 Institutions

All Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Faceted Search

507,905 full-text articles. Page 11447 of 11486.

Prevention Of Unintentional Injuries, Karen Liller 2009 University of South Florida

Prevention Of Unintentional Injuries, Karen Liller

Karen Liller

No abstract provided.


Engaging The Public Imagination: Geographers In The Op-Ed Pages, William Moseley 2009 Macalester College

Engaging The Public Imagination: Geographers In The Op-Ed Pages, William Moseley

William G Moseley

No abstract provided.


Enacting Reliability: First Steps To Define Safety In The Vts Domain, Gesa Praetorius, Karl Bruno, Margareta Lützhöft 2009 Selected Works

Enacting Reliability: First Steps To Define Safety In The Vts Domain, Gesa Praetorius, Karl Bruno, Margareta Lützhöft

Gesa Praetorius

Although the term maritime safety is widely used in the maritime industry, there is no exact definition of what it entails. An explorative study of the VTS domain has been conducted to approach the concept of maritime safety. Four VTS centres were visited and 16 VTS operators were interviewed and observed to derive insights in how maritime safety is constructed from the perspective of an operator. Further, definitions of maritime safety by central actors in the maritime domain have been investigated through a literature study and several interviews. The results indicate that there is no common definition of the term ...


Thinking And Drinking Chocolate: The Origins, Distribution, And Significance Of Cacao In Mesoamerica, Diana Moreiras Reynaga 2009 Western University

Thinking And Drinking Chocolate: The Origins, Distribution, And Significance Of Cacao In Mesoamerica, Diana Moreiras Reynaga

Diana K Moreiras Reynaga

This paper examines cacao’s (Theobroma cacao L.) physical and chemical composition, ecology, distribution and habitat and summarizes the recent archaeological research on cacao, mapping its distribution as shown by various lines of archaeological evidence. Existing hypotheses for cacao’s spread are discussed and illustrated using a GIS mapping of detailed topographic maps of South and Central America. By focusing on the potential paths which cacao could have been transported and grown (at elevations ranging from sea-level to 1000 m) it is possible to eliminate many previously proposed routes, and pinpoint the most likely locations for the cacao’s earliest ...


Brand Exposures In Sports Photos Since 1956, James Pokrywczynski, John Carvahlo, C. Tom Preston 2009 Marquette University

Brand Exposures In Sports Photos Since 1956, James Pokrywczynski, John Carvahlo, C. Tom Preston

James Pokrywczynski

No abstract provided.


Using Irt To Explore Items On The Cesd., Carl Siebert, Darcy Siebert, Aki Kamata 2009 Boise State University

Using Irt To Explore Items On The Cesd., Carl Siebert, Darcy Siebert, Aki Kamata

Carl Siebert

No abstract provided.


The World Bank For Africa Or The World Bank For The World Bank, Paul Clements 2009 Western Michigan University

The World Bank For Africa Or The World Bank For The World Bank, Paul Clements

Paul Clements

No abstract provided.


The Greco-Roman Roots Of The Western Just War Tradition, Greg Raymond 2009 Boise State University

The Greco-Roman Roots Of The Western Just War Tradition, Greg Raymond

Greg Raymond

Through a careful examination of religious and philosophical literature, the contributors to the volume analyze, compare and assess diverse Western, Islamic, Hindu and East Asian perspectives concerning the appropriate criteria that should govern the decision to resort to the use of armed force and, once that decision is made, what constraints should govern the actual conduct of military operations. In doing so, the volume promotes a better understanding of the various ways in which diverse people and societies within the global community approach the question of what constitutes the legitimate use of military force as an instrument of policy in ...


Power In Theory, In Data And In Pragmatics Research, Kristine Munoz 2009 University of Iowa

Power In Theory, In Data And In Pragmatics Research, Kristine Munoz

Kristine Muñoz

In this review I examine the different approaches to power theorized in this collection, attending particularly to the power dynamics of language choice in multilingual, multicultural encounters. Together the essays demonstrate a considerable range of conceptual positions on the spectrum of critical discourse analytic and sociolinguistic approaches to language use. A particularly significant difference in the approaches taken by these works is the extent to which claims and observations are grounded in concrete details of transcripts, as opposed to inferences about internal states - emotion, intention, cognition, perception - drawn from recorded and transcribed interactions. Those differences, I propose, amount to grounding ...


Exclusivity, Competition And The Irrelevance Of Internal Investment, Catherine de Fontenay, Joshua Gans, Vivienne Groves 2009 Melbourne Business School

Exclusivity, Competition And The Irrelevance Of Internal Investment, Catherine De Fontenay, Joshua Gans, Vivienne Groves

Catherine de Fontenay

This paper considers the effect of exclusive contracts on investment decisions in a market with two upstream and two downstream firms. Segal and Whinston’s (2000) irrelevance result is generalized and it is shown that exclusive contracts have no effect on the equilibrium level of internal investment for the contracted parties when competition exists in both the upstream and downstream markets. Furthermore, by considering a more competitive environment we are able to demonstrate that strongly internal investment by rival upstream-downstream bargaining pairs is similarly unaffected by the presence of exclusive contracts.


Finding An Item From A Citation, Shannon Johnson 2009 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne

Finding An Item From A Citation, Shannon Johnson

Shannon F Johnson

This short Adobe Captivate tutorial is designed to help students locate an item based on a print citation.


Development And Testing Of A Syndemic Model Among Gay And Bisexual Male Adolescents And Emerging Adults (National Institute Of Mental Health), Pi., Douglas Bruce 2009 DePaul University

Development And Testing Of A Syndemic Model Among Gay And Bisexual Male Adolescents And Emerging Adults (National Institute Of Mental Health), Pi., Douglas Bruce

Douglas Bruce

No abstract provided.


The U.S. Experience With No-Fault Automobile Insurance, Paul Heaton 2009 Rand Corporation

The U.S. Experience With No-Fault Automobile Insurance, Paul Heaton

Paul Heaton

No-fault automobile-insurance regimes were the culmination of decades of dissatisfaction with the use of the traditional tort system for compensating victims of automobile accidents. They promised quicker, fairer, less-contentious, and, it was hoped, less-expensive resolution of automobile-accident injuries. This monograph considers how these plans have fared. After reviewing the intellectual and political history of no-fault auto insurance, the monograph concludes that no-fault lost political popularity because of the perception that it did not deliver the promised consumer premium cost reductions. Analysis of data from a variety of sources confirms this view, demonstrating that premiums and claim costs have become substantially ...


Residents’ Coping Strategies In An Extended Stay Hotel Home, Terri Lewinson 2009 Georgia State University

Residents’ Coping Strategies In An Extended Stay Hotel Home, Terri Lewinson

Terri Lewinson

Some families live in extended­stay hotels as a solution after housing displacement. This temporary accommodation provides a furnished home environment with resources such as a kitchenette, bed, heating/air conditioning, and room services with one payment that can be made weekly or monthly without a credit check or rent deposit. Despite these conveniences, limited space and lack of privacy can cause challenges for families. This qualitative study examined coping strategies 10 individuals used to manage environmental concerns living in an extended­stay hotel.


Demanding The Land: Urban Popular Movements In Peru And Ecuador, 1990-2005, Paul Dosh 2009 Macalester College

Demanding The Land: Urban Popular Movements In Peru And Ecuador, 1990-2005, Paul Dosh

Paul Dosh

No abstract provided.


Glam Metal And Guilty Pleasures: Sailing Away With Chuck Klosterman And David Grazian, David Grazian 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Glam Metal And Guilty Pleasures: Sailing Away With Chuck Klosterman And David Grazian, David Grazian

David Grazian

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Transnationalism, Roger Waldinger 2009 University of California, Los Angeles

Rethinking Transnationalism, Roger Waldinger

Roger D Waldinger

Focusing on the interaction between migrants and stay-at homes, this paper shows how the host country experience at once facilitates and structures immigrants’ involvements with the countries from which they come. The vehicle is a study of a migration universal: the associations that bring together migrants displaced from a common hometown. These associations provide a strategic research site, allowing us to take apart the two very different aspects – namely, state and nation – that the transnational concept conflates. In coming together with their fellow hometowners, the immigrants show their attachment to a social collectivity defined in terms of common origin in ...


Function Of Life Meaning And Marital Communication Among Iranian Spouses In Universiti Putra Malaysia, Siti Hassan 2009 Universiti Putra Malaysia

Function Of Life Meaning And Marital Communication Among Iranian Spouses In Universiti Putra Malaysia, Siti Hassan

Siti Aishah Hassan Ph.D.

Previous researches have demonstrated that meaning of life has an essential role in human’s life. It is believed that meaning of life is an important issue in matrimony. However, there is a gap in literature to explain any relationship between meaning of life and marital communication. Purpose in Life Test (PIL), logo therapy, and Marital Communication of ENRICH were administered to fifty seven married spouses. The findings indicated the reliability of the employed instruments. In addition, the results highlighted a significant relationship between marital communication and meaning of life.


The George Korda Radio Show: Haiti And Earthquake Relief, Bertin Louis 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The George Korda Radio Show: Haiti And Earthquake Relief, Bertin Louis

Bertin M. Louis Jr.

No abstract provided.


Social Media And Shared—Or Divergent—Uses? A Coorientation Analysis Of Public Relations Practitioners And Journalists, Elizabeth Avery, Ruthann Lariscy, Kaye Sweetser 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Social Media And Shared—Or Divergent—Uses? A Coorientation Analysis Of Public Relations Practitioners And Journalists, Elizabeth Avery, Ruthann Lariscy, Kaye Sweetser

Elizabeth Johnson Avery

Using a traditional coorientation model (Grunig & Hunt, 1984; Broom, 1977) comparing the uses of social media among journalists and public relations practitioners, this survey found a similar though not perfectly aligned overall picture comparing the groups' uses and perceived importance of the tools. In fact, there were only minor differences between the groups with regard to agreement, accuracy, and congruency in social media use. In terms of understanding, reporters noted they were more likely to work with practitioners who were using social media tools. Thus, although usage gaps did emerge, journalists and practitioners appear to have overall convergence and shared orientations in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress