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Building Meaning In Navajo, Elizabeth A. Bogal-Allbritten 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Building Meaning In Navajo, Elizabeth A. Bogal-Allbritten

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation contributes to the growing tradition of work in which detailed exploration of understudied languages informs formal semantic and syntactic theory and probes the tension between crosslinguistic grammatical variation and crosslinguistic commonality in communicative goals. The dissertation focuses on two topics in Navajo (Diné Bizaad): (i) attitudes of 'thinking' and 'desiring' and (ii) the expression of adjectival meaning and degree constructions. The first part of the dissertation presents the methodological and linguistic background for the rest of the dissertation. Chapter 1 discusses the project of crosslinguistic semantic research and fieldwork methodology. Chapter 2 gives a broad introduction to the ...


Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Grammar of Zị́r is a ConLang project with the aim of increasing proficiency in all aspects of Linguistics by hands-on application in the creation and thorough description of a newly created language.


1st_Plural_Hortatory_Subj_Menander_New.Xls, Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

1st_Plural_Hortatory_Subj_Menander_New.Xls, Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

This is the data for my article, "The First Person Plural Hortatory Subjunctive in New Comedy"


The Volo Command In Roman Comedy (Revised, Pre-Print Version), Peter G. Barrios-Lech 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Volo Command In Roman Comedy (Revised, Pre-Print Version), Peter G. Barrios-Lech

Peter Barrios-Lech

ABSTRACT: The article is based on a complete data set of all volo commands in Roman comedy (a large and relevant corpus); the semantic and pragmatic features of the volo command are described, and argument is made that Plautus characterizes on the linguistic level using the volo command in selected passages. Please cite only the published version.


Contingencies Between Verbs, Body Parts, And Argument Structures In Maternal And Child Speech: A Corpus Study, Josita Maouene, Mounir Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman, Sango Otieno 2015 Grand Valley State University

Contingencies Between Verbs, Body Parts, And Argument Structures In Maternal And Child Speech: A Corpus Study, Josita Maouene, Mounir Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman, Sango Otieno

Dr. Josita C Maouene

Prior work on argument structure development has shown connections between abstract verb meaning and argument structure; neuroimaging and behavioral studies have shown connections between verb meaning and body effectors. Here we examine the contingencies between verbs, their most likely body region pairing, and argument structure. We ask whether the verbs used in six common syntactic frames are specifically linked to one of three main regions of the body: head, arm, leg. The speech of 20-month-olds (N = 67), 28-month-olds (N = 27), and their mothers (N = 54) (CHILDES: MacWhinney, 2000) was examined for the use of early-learned verbs (MCDI: Fenson, Dale, Reznick ...


Cuasi Factivos, Axel Barcelo Aspeitia, Robert J. Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

Cuasi Factivos, Axel Barcelo Aspeitia, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We introduce a construction which we label 'quasi-factive'. They are heard like factives, in that we immediately take the complement to be true. Yet they aren't really factive at all. Examples include: 'It's not widely known that Marta was born in Canada' (because she was born in Uruguay); 'Don't tell anyone that Carlos will run as a candidate' (because he won't); 'Did it bother Jane that Miguel came?' (no, because Miguel didn't come). We identify sub-categories of our quasi-factives, and then tentatively explore a pragmatic explanation of how they work their magic.


Verbing And Nouning, Grace Gomashie, Robert J. Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

Verbing And Nouning, Grace Gomashie, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

This brief encyclopedia entry addresses three questions: What are verbing and nouning? Why are they important for language evolution? And are prescriptive grammarians right to be so unreceptive?


On The Polysemy Of The Lithuanian Už. A Cognitive Perspective, Inesa Šeškauskienė, Eglė Žilinskaitė-Šinkūnienė 2015 Vilnius University

On The Polysemy Of The Lithuanian Už. A Cognitive Perspective, Inesa Šeškauskienė, Eglė Žilinskaitė-Šinkūnienė

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Adhering to the principle of motivated polysemy, this paper sets out to demonstrate how the principle works in interpreting numerous senses of the Lithuanian preposition ‘behind, beyond’. The present investigation relies on the cognitive linguistic framework employed, first of all, by Lakoff (1987), Langacker (1987), Talmy (2000), Tyler and Evans (2003), and Tyler (2012), who mainly worked on English, and such linguists as Tabakowska (2003, 2010) and Shakhova and Tyler (2010), who attempted to investigate inflecting languages, such as Polish and Russian. Based on such semantic principles as types of Figure and Ground, their relationship (geometric, functional, etc.), contextual ...


Antonymy In Space And Other Strictly Ordered Domains, Jessica Rett 2015 UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles)

Antonymy In Space And Other Strictly Ordered Domains, Jessica Rett

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Natural language references different types of entities. Some of these entities (e.g. degrees, locations, times) are strictly ordered with respect to one another; others (e.g. individuals, possible worlds) are not. The empirical goal of this paper is to show that some linguistically encoded relations across these domains (e.g. under, slower than) display a polar asymmetry, while others do not. The theoretical goal of this paper is to argue that this asymmetry – and its restriction to only certain relations – is due to intrinsic properties of strictly ordered domains, coupled with a bias in how language users perceive these ...


A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova 2015 ABBYY Moscow

A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

The current paper is devoted to a formal analysis of the space category and, especially, to questions bound with the presentation of space relations in a formal NLP model. The aim is to demonstrate how linguistic and cognitive problems relating to spatial categorization, definition of spatial entities, and the expression of different locative senses in natural languages can be solved in an artificial intelligence system. We offer a description of the locative groups in the ABBYY Compreno formalism – an integral NLP framework applied for machine translation, semantic search, fact extraction, and other tasks based on the semantic analysis of texts ...


Aspects Of Space, Marcus Kracht 2015 Universität Bielefeld, Germany

Aspects Of Space, Marcus Kracht

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

It is argued that spatial expressions come together with an encoding of the space called "aspect", which changes as we climb up the syntactic tree. The changing nature of aspect is necessary in order to simplify the meanings of elements. What appears to be a rather peculiar property of an element will be perfectly natural once we acknowledge that the elements compute on the space viewed in a particular way. Coordinates are always rooted in the landmark, for example. Thus, for the purpose of the distinction between static and dynamic it is not the "absolute" motion of the figure that ...


The Geometry Of Preposition Meanings, Peter Gärdenfors 2015 Lunds University, Sweden, Sydney Technical University, Australia

The Geometry Of Preposition Meanings, Peter Gärdenfors

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

This article presents a unified approach to the semantics of prepositions based on the theory of conceptual spaces. Following the themes of my recent book The Geometry of Meaning, I focus on the convexity of their meanings and on which semantic domains are expressed by prepositions. As regards convexity, using polar coordinates turns out to provide the most natural representation. In addition to the spatial domain, I argue that for many prepositions, the force domain is central. In contrast to many other analyses, I also defend the position that prepositions have a central meaning and that other meanings can be ...


La Particule "Ma" Dans Le Parler Malgache Du Nord, Aimeline Rasoanantenaina 2015 Université d'Antsiranana

La Particule "Ma" Dans Le Parler Malgache Du Nord, Aimeline Rasoanantenaina

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Ce travail se propose d’étudier quelques unes des particularités de la particule ma du parler malgache du Nord, dialecte parlé dans le Nord de Madagascar. Il s’agit d’aborder la particule ma dans tous ses états (sans prétention d’exhaustivité aucune), pour tenter de dégager quelques pistes d’investigation concernant son fonctionnement grammatical et pragmatique en discours pour tenter de cerner un peu plus précisément ses fonctions. Nous allons plus insister sur le rôle de cette particule, en tant que marqueur interrogatif, dans les énoncés interrogatifs et son rôle, en tant que particule énonciative, dans divers types d ...


Le Sokela, Un Terme De Salutation À Fianarantsoa, Fabienne Arison Razanabololona, Marie Prosperine Soafaraniriko 2015 Université de Toliara

Le Sokela, Un Terme De Salutation À Fianarantsoa, Fabienne Arison Razanabololona, Marie Prosperine Soafaraniriko

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

L’objectif de cet article est de montrer qu’un des vernaculaires du betsileo se manifeste dans une pratique linguistique spécifique que l’on appelle sokela.


Actualisation Et Aspect, Jean Lewis Botouhely 2015 Université d'Antsiranana

Actualisation Et Aspect, Jean Lewis Botouhely

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Par rapport aux adjectifs d’état qui ont plutôt trait à un état passager et ponctuel, les adjectifs de propriété relèvent d’un tempérament ou d’un comportement habituel. Cependant, nous tenons à préciser que dans le cadre du présent article, nous optons pour les adjectifs relevant des comportements et des tempéraments à aspect plus ou moins duratif, c’est-à-dire des tempérament ou comportements soit à caractère permanent et naturel (inné, intrinsèque), soit à caractère permanent empirique, soit à fréquence répétitive. Nous avons choisi d’inscrire notre analyse dans le cadre de la théorie des classes d’objets, une approche ...


Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian 2015 M Phil Linguistics, Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan

Code-Switching In Urdu Books Of Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Fakharh Muhabat, Bahram Kazemian

Bahram Kazemian

The study highlights English code-switching in Punjab Urdu textbooks. The research aims at finding and categorizing Urdu-English code-switches. Another rationale behind the study is to present Urdu equivalents of the switches from an Urdu-English dictionary; for instance, adakar for actor and sayyah for tourist. Textbooks of 5th, 6th, 9th and 10th class are selected for data collection. A number of instances are observed at morpheme, word, phrase and clause levels. Data is analyzed qualitatively. The data analysis shows switches at all the mentioned levels. The researchers propose the revision of the existing textbooks in the light of the given equivalents ...


A Case For An Ecological Approach And Against Language Commodification In Elt, Vinicius O. Souza 2015 SIT Graduate Institute

A Case For An Ecological Approach And Against Language Commodification In Elt, Vinicius O. Souza

MA TESOL Collection

This paper aims to provide an alternative approach to the English language education practiced in many developing countries which can help reverse their current low-proficiency status, as revealed by standard international examinations such as the PISA scores and others. The author argues that this can be best accomplished by adopting an ecological approach to teaching which promotes language learning as emergent and socially situated phenomena, two concepts largely neglected by current teaching methods. In fact, many of these countries have long been dominated by an extremely commodified and cognitivist ELT market, where business interests have taken precedence over pedagogical considerations ...


Towards News Verification: Deception Detection Methods For News Discourse, Yimin Chen, Victoria L. Rubin, Niall Conroy 2015 Western University

Towards News Verification: Deception Detection Methods For News Discourse, Yimin Chen, Victoria L. Rubin, Niall Conroy

FIMS Presentations

News verification is a process of determining whether a particular news report is truthful or deceptive. Deliberately deceptive (fabricated) news creates false conclusions in the readers’ minds. Truthful (authentic) news matches the writer’s knowledge. How do you tell the difference between the two in an automated way? To investigate this question, we analyzed rhetorical structures, discourse constituent parts and their coherence relations in deceptive and truthful news sample from NPR’s “Bluff the Listener”. Subsequently, we applied a vector space model to cluster the news by discourse feature similarity, achieving 63% accuracy. Our predictive model is not significantly better ...


Towards News Verification: Deception Detection Methods For News Discourse, Victoria Rubin, Niall Conroy, Yimin Chen 2015 University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Information and Media Studies

Towards News Verification: Deception Detection Methods For News Discourse, Victoria Rubin, Niall Conroy, Yimin Chen

Victoria Rubin

News verification is a process of determining whether a particular news report is truthful or deceptive. Deliberately deceptive (fabricated) news creates false conclusions in the readers’ minds. Truthful (authentic) news matches the writer’s knowledge. How do you tell the difference between the two in an automated way? To investigate this question, we analyzed rhetorical structures, discourse constituent parts and their coherence relations in deceptive and truthful news sample from NPR’s “Bluff the Listener”. Subsequently, we applied a vector space model to cluster the news by discourse feature similarity, achieving 63% accuracy. Our predictive model is not significantly better ...


Comparative Analysis Of Email Request Strategies Used By Native And Non-Native Speakers Of English In Academic Settings, Karyna Tytar 2015 University of Montana

Comparative Analysis Of Email Request Strategies Used By Native And Non-Native Speakers Of English In Academic Settings, Karyna Tytar

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This thesis presents an analysis of pragmatic features of email request composite parts: email openings and closings, request Head Acts, and supportive moves elicited from native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (Non-NSs) of English, in two different email request situations. The two email request situations in this study have different levels of imposition, where the email request in situation 1 is considered more of an imposition than the email request in situation 2. It is thus expected that email requests in situation 1 would exhibit more politeness features than email requests in situation 2.

Analysis of the email request composite ...


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