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First and Second Language Acquisition Commons

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Heritage Signers: Language Profile Questionnaire, Su K. Isakson 2016 Western Oregon University

Heritage Signers: Language Profile Questionnaire, Su K. Isakson

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

The instruction of American Sign Language historically has employed a foreign language pedagogy; however, research has shown foreign language teaching methods do not address the distinct pedagogical needs of heritage language learners. Framing deaf-parented individuals as heritage language learners capitalizes on the wealth of research on heritage speakers, particularly of Spanish. This study seeks to address three issues. First, it seeks to ascertain whether the assessment instrument developed successfully elicits pedagogically relevant data from deaf-parented individuals that frames them as heritage language learners of ASL. Second, it seeks to draw similarities between the experiences of deaf-parented individuals in the United ...


Language Ideologies Of Tertiary Teachers In China: A Deeper Look Into English Educational Language Policy In Chinese Universities, Carrie Anne Thomas 2016 Purdue University

Language Ideologies Of Tertiary Teachers In China: A Deeper Look Into English Educational Language Policy In Chinese Universities, Carrie Anne Thomas

Purdue Languages and Cultures Conference

No abstract provided.


Passport To Privilege: English For Survival In Pakistan, Sham Haidar 2016 University of Rochester

Passport To Privilege: English For Survival In Pakistan, Sham Haidar

Purdue Languages and Cultures Conference

This qualitative study focuses on students, teachers, and administrators in different schools, from high to low SES, perceptions about the importance of English in academic, professional, and social life. Most study participants consider English competence a prerequisite for survival in Pakistan due its symbolic power and pragmatic need in life.


Effects Of Online Repetition Practice With Animated Visual Aid On The Acquisition Of Japanese Pitch Accent And Special Moras, Natsumi Suzuki, Mayu Miyamoto 2016 Purdue University

Effects Of Online Repetition Practice With Animated Visual Aid On The Acquisition Of Japanese Pitch Accent And Special Moras, Natsumi Suzuki, Mayu Miyamoto

Purdue Languages and Cultures Conference

This preliminary study examines the effectiveness of online repetition practice using an animated visual aid, "Karaoke Style", in promoting acquisition of Japanese pitch accent and special moras that could be applied to the curriiculum without using any class time.


A Reconceptualization Of Identity In Sla And Writing Research, Zhaozhe Wang 2016 Purdue University

A Reconceptualization Of Identity In Sla And Writing Research, Zhaozhe Wang

Purdue Languages and Cultures Conference

In this article, I argue for a reconceptualization of identity in SLA and writing studies that would problematize and complicate the current notion of identity as a property with or without clearly-defined boundaries and that views the construction and negotiation of identity as unidirectional.


An Extensive, Critical, And Academic Listening Module For Advanced English Language Learners, Sharon Tjaden-Glass 2016 University of Dayton

An Extensive, Critical, And Academic Listening Module For Advanced English Language Learners, Sharon Tjaden-Glass

Center for International Programs Publications and Presentations

Listening and note-taking is a challenging skill for many advanced English language learners because it involves multiple cognitive processes: listening, writing, and reading. Even with targeted instruction of listening strategies, a recurring complaint from advanced English learners is that they simply cannot handle listening to long stretches of English. In this paper, the author presents a supplemental instructional component that provides extensive, critical, and academic listening practice for students who need to strengthen their listening skills.


The Role Of The Press In Framing The Bilingual Education Debate: Ten Years After Sheltered Immersion In Massachusetts, Fern L. Johnson, Marlene G. Fine 2016 Clark University

The Role Of The Press In Framing The Bilingual Education Debate: Ten Years After Sheltered Immersion In Massachusetts, Fern L. Johnson, Marlene G. Fine

New England Journal of Public Policy

In 2002 Massachusetts voters passed a voter initiative that changed the way children who are not fluent in English are taught. The initiative overturned the state’s requirement for “transitional bilingual education,” through which children are gradually transitioned, usually over a three-year period, from instruction in their native language to instruction entirely in English. Transitional bilingual education was replaced with “sheltered English immersion,” which places children with little or no English-language fluency in classes where almost all instruction is in English, with the expectation that they will move to regular English-only classrooms after one year.

We used frame analysis to ...


Re-Examining The Bilingual Advantage On Interference-Control And Task-Switching Tasks: A Meta-Analysis, Seamus Donnelly 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Re-Examining The Bilingual Advantage On Interference-Control And Task-Switching Tasks: A Meta-Analysis, Seamus Donnelly

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A much-debated topic in psycholinguistics is whether lifelong bilingualism enhances executive functions (EF), the set of higher-order cognitive processes involved in the control of thought and action. Several researchers have predicted bilingual advantages on various EF tasks, especially interference-control and task-switching tasks. Many studies have tested these predictions, but results have proven unreliable. As a complementary approach to recent quantitative syntheses on this topic, the present dissertation tests whether the bilingual advantage is moderated by a number of theoretically significant variables: dependent variable (DV), task, age, age of L2 acquisition and lab.

Two meta-analyses were conducted. Study 1 considered interference-control ...


Neurophysiological Correlates Of English Vowels /I/ And /E/ In Monolingual And Bilingual 4 And 5-Year-Old Children, Nancy Vidal 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Neurophysiological Correlates Of English Vowels /I/ And /E/ In Monolingual And Bilingual 4 And 5-Year-Old Children, Nancy Vidal

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Second language (L2) input in the infant and toddler years clearly affects speech processing, particularly for L2 vowels (Cheour, Shestakovab, Ceponieneb, Näätänen 2002), Moreno, Rodriguez-Fornells, Matti, 2008); Rinker, Paavo, Brosch, Kiefer 2010). However, few studies have closely examined how amount of L1 versus L2 input impacts automaticity of speech processing in young children. Greater language use of one than the other language promotes improved speech perception and production in the language of greater use (Flege & Munro 1994; Flege & MacKay 2004). Investigations have used a variety of custom-designed questionnaires to quantify amount of language use, but most have not critically examined the pattern of use is published reports. The current dissertation provides a more fine-grained assessment of language input in relation to L2 speech processing using Event-Related Potentials (ERPs). In particular, the Mismatch Negativity Response (MMN), which is a change-detection measure shows sensitivity to language experience and age of acquisition of L2 (e.g., Moreno et al.; 2008, Hisagi, et al., 2014). In this dissertation, neural mismatch responses (MMRs) to L2 vowel discrimination in relation to language experience are examined. The ...


Experiences Learning English: A Case Study Of Adult Immigrants In Portland, Maine, Usa, Pamela L. Kasabian 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Experiences Learning English: A Case Study Of Adult Immigrants In Portland, Maine, Usa, Pamela L. Kasabian

MA TESOL Collection

The paper examines the process of English language acquisition for adult immigrants living in Portland, Maine, USA. The focus is on the process of language acquisition and integration into a new linguistic culture through analysis of personally narrated experiences of adult immigrants living in Portland, Maine. It seeks to expose similarities within highly individualistic linguistic journeys that contribute to investment and engagement in learning. In reviewing the data generated by the interviews, I hope to find situations to more deeply explore that could influence a more reciprocal learning culture for the mutual benefit of the language learner and the community ...


First And Second Language Acquisition Of Recursive Operations: Two Studies, Jon S. Nelson 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

First And Second Language Acquisition Of Recursive Operations: Two Studies, Jon S. Nelson

Doctoral Dissertations

Linguistic theory has increasingly revolved around the notion of recursion. Most recently, many have advocated a view wherein it forms the essence of the Language Acquisition Device (LAD) purportedly contained in the human mind, while others have argued that it remains a separate and not necessarily related component of language processing. L1 Acquisition theory has suggested that appropriate recursive input is required to activate the LAD’s recursive faculties; nonetheless, L1 recursive structures may resist instruction and cause initial confusion among children. The effect that any of this may have on L2 has only begun to be studied.

This dissertation ...


Beyond Embracing A Multicompetent Self: An Autoethnography Of A Nnest, Seullee Talia Lee 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Beyond Embracing A Multicompetent Self: An Autoethnography Of A Nnest, Seullee Talia Lee

MA TESOL Collection

This article represents the identity transformation process of a non-native English- speaking teacher (hereafter NNEST) in the format of an autoethnography. Through the vignettes of the author, the evidence that English language plays a vital role as cultural capital (Bourdieu, 1991) in expanding circle countries (hereafter ECCs) (Kachru, 1985, 1986) such as South Korea (hereafter Korea) becomes apparent. Also, her narrative adds more credence to how the newly imagined identity options such as multicompetent self and English language teaching (hereafter ELT) professional have a tremendous constructive impact on the personal and professional development of NNESTs. Lastly, this study proposes the ...


Motivation And Technology Use During Second-Language Study Abroad In The Digital Age, Aroline Seibert Hanson, Melisa Dracos 2016 Arcadia University

Motivation And Technology Use During Second-Language Study Abroad In The Digital Age, Aroline Seibert Hanson, Melisa Dracos

Modern Languages and Cultures Faculty Work

Study abroad culture is constantly changing (Kinginger, 2013), involving new challenges such as easier access to the first language culture via technology. There has been little research done on technology use abroad and its relationship with both linguistic gains (Coleman & Chafer, 2010; Kelly, 2010) and motivation (Allen, 2013; Irie & Ryan, 2015). To explore the role of motivation in developing a successful study abroad culture in the digital age, we documented technology use in the first language and second language of 15 college students during their summer sojourn in Argentina. We quantitatively evaluated participants’ motivation (Gardner, 1985; Ushida, 2003) and proficiency (Seibert Hanson & Carlson, 2014), and qualitatively analyzed their responses to open-ended questions about goals and culture shock. We found that higher motivation levels were correlated with greater linguistic gains and less technology use in the first language (specifically internet-related). Lower motivation levels matched increased technology use in the first ...


Building Communicative Competence: An Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of An Intensive Japanese-Language Program, Yukiko Konishi 2016 University of San Francisco

Building Communicative Competence: An Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of An Intensive Japanese-Language Program, Yukiko Konishi

Doctoral Dissertations

Even though language-program evaluations provide educators with various types of information on teaching practices and the programs in which they work, insufficient literature discusses issues related to language-program evaluation. This mixed-methods study examined the effectiveness of a Japanese-language program offered at a government-sponsored Institute located in northern California on language-program evaluation and developing communicative competence at postsecondary schools.

Data comprised two sets of surveys, six individual interviews, and one group interview. Survey respondents were 35 former students of the institute and 12 Japanese instructors who are currently teaching Japanese or have taught Japanese at the Institute. Of the 35 students ...


Joint Attention In Toddler Vocabulary Acquisition, Jessica Williams 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Joint Attention In Toddler Vocabulary Acquisition, Jessica Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The present study examined the child-caregiver dyad play environment and its relationship to child language development. The primary aim was to determine if joint attention was related to vocabulary acquisition. Dyads consisting of 19 toddlers and a caregiver were observed in a laboratory during free play. The child-caregiver dyad interactions were coded for object being held, gaze, pointing, noun usage, eye contact, engagement, and joint attention. Child language progression was assessed throughout the 6-month long study using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory. Findings suggest a relationship between joint attention and rate of MCDI percentile increase, and a connection between caregiver ...


Investigating The Effects Of A Parent-Mediated Intervention On Latino Parent-Child Verbal Interaction And Children's Receptive Vocabulary, Patricia G. Onorato 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Investigating The Effects Of A Parent-Mediated Intervention On Latino Parent-Child Verbal Interaction And Children's Receptive Vocabulary, Patricia G. Onorato

Theses and Dissertations

This study aimed to investigate parent-child verbal interactions in Spanish in a group of Latino preschoolers growing up in the United States through a parent-mediated program at home, and the effects of the program on their receptive vocabulary in Spanish. A single subject multiple baseline across participants design was used in the study. The participants were 3 Latino mothers and their sons, with low family income, living in the United States. The intervention taught the mothers strategies to enhance their children’s language through a sharing-book activity. The study lasted for 6 weeks during which baseline and intervention conditions data ...


College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin 2015 Department of Modern Languages

College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin

Li Jin

No abstract provided.


Practice And Research On Chinese Language Learning In Study Abroad Context, Li Jin 2015 Department of Modern Languages

Practice And Research On Chinese Language Learning In Study Abroad Context, Li Jin

Li Jin

This chapter provides an overview of the field of Chinese language learning in study abroad contexts. It consists of three sections. The first section presents the major models and features of American university-run study abroad (SA) programs in mainland China. The major models hinge on the program’s length and content. The features are reflected in curriculum requirements, location, extracurricular activities, and program accommodations. Section two shares a review of theories and empirical studies that investigate the learning process and outcomes in Chinese SA contexts. Gaps between existing research studies and future research are identified. Section three discusses salient issues ...


Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila 2015 Iowa State University

Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila

Honors Projects and Posters

"This exploratory project is undertaken in relation to President Leath’s ISU 4U Promise, a new university-school partnership intended to promote college access for youth historically excluded from higher education. It uses the idea of scholarly engagement, which emphasizes moving theory to practice in collaboration with the communities who have potential to benefit. My work in this project allowed me time in classrooms of the ISU 4U Promise partnering elementary schools, King and Moulton. Drawing on research about engagement and academic success among English Language Learners (ELLs) and working with teachers, I experimented with identified strategies. Over a semester, I ...


Teaching English As A Second Language, Kristen Ahlers 2015 Iowa State University

Teaching English As A Second Language, Kristen Ahlers

Honors Projects and Posters

For my honors project, I prepared and taught lessons for adult language learners for the Level 1–2 English Class at Memorial Lutheran Church in Ames, IA. I initially intended to develop materials, such as flashcards and games, to be used along with my lessons to teach English to adult language learners; after teaching a few class sessions, though, I shifted my focus. I realized that developing effective teaching strategies was more important for the students I had than creating materials. As I continued to teach, a strategy I found effective was to prepare lessons with activities that could be ...


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