Troping The Enemy: Metaphor, Culture, And The Big Data Black Boxes Of National Security, 2018 American University
Troping The Enemy: Metaphor, Culture, And The Big Data Black Boxes Of National Security, Robert Albro
Secrecy and Society
This article considers how cultural understanding is being brought into the work of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), through an analysis of its Metaphor program. It examines the type of social science underwriting this program, unpacks implications of the agency’s conception of metaphor for understanding so-called cultures of interest, and compares IARPA’s to competing accounts of how metaphor works to create cultural meaning. The article highlights some risks posed by key deficits in the Intelligence Community's (IC) approach to culture, which relies on the cognitive linguistic theories of George Lakoff and colleagues. It also explores ...
De-Centering The Monolingual: A Psychophysiological Study Of Heritage Speaker Language Processing, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
De-Centering The Monolingual: A Psychophysiological Study Of Heritage Speaker Language Processing, Christen N. Madsen Ii
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Models of grammar, processing and acquisition are primarily built on evidence from monolinguals and adult learners of a second language. Heritage speakers, who are bilinguals of a societal minority language, acquire and use their heritage language in informal settings; but who live, work, and are educated in the societal majority language. The differences between heritage speakers and both monolinguals and adult second language learners are extensive: heritage speakers are not educated in the heritage language, their input is typically not from a prestige variety of the heritage language, and they are dominant in the majority language, using it more frequently ...
Denis Provencher. Queer Maghrebi French: Language, Temporalities, Transfiliations. Liverpool: Liverpool Up, 2017., 2018 University of California, Santa Barbara
Denis Provencher. Queer Maghrebi French: Language, Temporalities, Transfiliations. Liverpool: Liverpool Up, 2017., Alvaro Luna
Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature
Review of Denis Provencher. Queer Maghrebi French: Language, Temporalities, Transfiliations. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2017. 314 pp.
Forgive, Forget Or Feign: Everyday Diplomacy In Local Communities Of Polish Subcarpathia, 2018 College of the Holy Cross
Forgive, Forget Or Feign: Everyday Diplomacy In Local Communities Of Polish Subcarpathia, Iuliia Buyskykh
Journal of Global Catholicism
The paper is based on my ethnographic fieldwork in Przemyśl, Poland and several surrounding villages in 2015-2017. While conducting my research on a set of religious practices and pilgrimages in confessionally and ethnically mixed localities, I faced many challenges that changed the main course of my initial research plan. During my interaction with people here themes came to light that seemed little related to religiousness. My status as a researcher from Ukraine and even more so, my being a young single woman from Ukraine, gave rise to a number of other topics that my interlocutors, both of Polish and Ukrainian ...
Perspectives From The Streets And The Classrooms In The Same 'Hood: Linguistic Landscapes Of Sunset Park, Brooklyn, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Perspectives From The Streets And The Classrooms In The Same 'Hood: Linguistic Landscapes Of Sunset Park, Brooklyn, Luis Guzman Valerio
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation studies the linguistic landscape of the neighborhood of Sunset Park, in Brooklyn, New York by taking into account both a main commercial avenue and a public school with a dual language bilingual program in English and Spanish. Sunset Park is a multi-ethnic and immigrant neighborhood (Hum, 2014). While research has been done into the linguistic landscape of streets, cities, and communities, on the one hand, and about the linguistic landscape in education, on the other, the co-existence of these two in the same context has barely been studied (cf. Maldonado, 2015). This dissertation makes a contribution to the ...
The Social Perception Of Three Features Of New York City English, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The Social Perception Of Three Features Of New York City English, Giacomo Castronovo Jr.
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Since the late 19th Century, the accent particular to New Yorker City natives of European descent has been negatively perceived by both the American general public and the speakers themselves. The stereotypification of New York City English speakers has largely been the cause of this negative evaluation, in that the features of the accent, as well as the unique New York discourse style, have long been utilized by actors and comedians to create characters of uneducated, uncultured provenance, as well as, all too often, unscrupulous behavior. Thus, the features of European-American New York City English appear to be inextricably ...
Speaking Sober: Program Language As A Mechanism For Community Creation In Alcoholics Anonymous, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Speaking Sober: Program Language As A Mechanism For Community Creation In Alcoholics Anonymous, Talya Wolf
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) is a fellowship of more than two million members in 180 countries worldwide who are joined by their common desire to achieve and maintain sobriety. A.A. is comprised of small, self-sustaining groups of individuals who meet, typically weekly or biweekly, to share their successes and struggles and to provide support to their fellow alcoholics. There are no dues or requirements for membership other than the wish to stop drinking. The organization is not evangelical; it does not recruit, but rather welcomes those who wish to participate. The open nature of this program attracts individuals of ...
El Andaluz Y El Español Estadounidense: Exploring Traces Of Andalusian Sibilants In U.S. Spanish, 2018 Macalester College
El Andaluz Y El Español Estadounidense: Exploring Traces Of Andalusian Sibilants In U.S. Spanish, Carolyn M. Siegman
Hispanic Studies Honors Projects
The Andalucista Theory claims that Andalusian Spanish was particularly influential during the development of Spanish in Latin America during the time of Spanish colonization. The present study seeks to examine traces of Andalusian Spanish in Spanish in the United States, considering the added level of complexity brought by contact with English and heightened contact with other dialects of Spanish. By examining 10 interviews from Andalusian Spanish speakers and 12 interviews from Spanish speakers in the U.S., we provide a comparison of the modern-day phonetic realizations of , , and in these two distant linguistic regions.
Exploring Spanish Heritage Language Learning And Task Design For Virtual Worlds, 2018 University of South Florida
Exploring Spanish Heritage Language Learning And Task Design For Virtual Worlds, Brandon J. King
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
In this exploratory case study, I take a constant comparative methods type approach to exploring a shift in second language acquisition (SLA) away from approaches built on the assumption that language participants in the U.S. are monolingual English speakers (Block, 2003; Ortega, 2009, 2013; Thompson, 2013; Valdés, 2005), with little initial investment in the language or its culture (Rivera-Mills, 2012; Valdés, Fishman, Chavéz, & Pérez, 2006). This bias has entrenched a monolingual speaker baseline for statistical analysis within many experimental designs (Block, 2003; Ortega, 2009, 2013; Thompson, 2013; Valdés, 2005). Further, I redress this methodological bias by applying sociocultural theoretical (SCT) (Vygotsky, 1986) approaches to investigating Spanish heritage language learners (SHLLs). Heritage Language Acquisition (HLA) has an established tradition ...
The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, 2018 Cedarville University
The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
Second language development is an important topic of discussion in an increasingly multilingual world. This study aims to examine and detail research on the effects of code-mixing (CM) on second language development, answering how CM facilitates or constrains second language acquisition. Peer-reviewed articles on the topic published between 2013 and 2018 were examined and synthesized. Language learners/multilinguals answered questionnaires about their views on CM and second language acquisition, and a language teacher was interviewed regarding use of L1 in the language classroom and CM as a pedagogical tool. This study found that CM can be a beneficial tool for ...
The Social Factors Of Fossilization, 2018 SIT Graduate Institute
The Social Factors Of Fossilization, Ashley Brigham
MA TESOL Collection
The notion of fossilization has been one of the most controversial, yet enduring topics in second language acquisition (SLA) theory since its first appearance in Selinker’s 1972 seminal article “Interlanguage.” In the past, work regarding fossilization sought to either support or challenge its existence, to determine the putative causes and to predict what linguistic items were prone to becoming fossilized. Initially, the possible causes which enjoyed the most attention were first language interference and the learner’s age and length of residency in the target language community. Now, however, with the current climate of SLA acknowledging that both learning ...
Abroad Perspective: Conceptualizing The Relationship Between Language And Identity, 2018 University of San Francisco
Abroad Perspective: Conceptualizing The Relationship Between Language And Identity, Rita Louise Ewing
Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD
In the field of migration studies, research on transnationalism has been well established. By applying an intersectional framework of post-colonial narrative and sociolinguistics to research on transnational migration, this research allows us to better understand how the transnational immigrant deploys language. Through a nostalgia studies approach, this study is able to analyze how transnational immigrants place value on their heritage and second languages, and reflexively deploy their language sets to reflect their unique positionality. This paper is a case study examination of five adult members of the 1.5-Generation of Filipino American immigrants, who immigrated to the U.S. before ...
Fresa Style In Mexico: Sociolinguistic Stereotypes And The Variability Of Social Meanings, 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus
Fresa Style In Mexico: Sociolinguistic Stereotypes And The Variability Of Social Meanings, Rebeca Martinez Gomez
This dissertation examines the flexibility in the social meanings of sociolinguistic stereotypes and how linguistic and non-linguistic information affect these meanings. The investigation consists of four empirical studies surrounding the case of fresas in Mexico –members of the upper class that are perceived as using a unique linguistic style.
Study 1 investigates the linguistic and non-linguistic characteristics associated with the fresa stereotype. Through a qualitative analysis of 64 webpages and 3 performances of the style, it is shown that fresasare perceived as the counterpart of another construct, nacos,and that their linguistic style is linked to English due to ...
Ethnolinguistic Convergence And Divergence Within Dyadic Communication, 2018 Harding University
Ethnolinguistic Convergence And Divergence Within Dyadic Communication, Anna E. Pitman
Honors College Research
This study investigated just one dependent variable within communication: ethnicity. Ethnicity often influences language. The study examined interethnic communication behaviors through the lens of the Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT), as influenced by one of its offshoots, Ethnolinguistic Identity Theory (ELIT). Communication within CAT is given one of three labels—convergence, divergence, and maintenance. The study included four students at Harding University: two African American females, one Hispanic American female, and one Caucasian American female. The primary participant, an African American woman, had a recorded 20 minute conversation with each of the other three participants. Discussion questions provided were formulated to ...
A Glimpse Into Amazighophone Technology Usage An Example Of The Results Of Short-Term Ethnography, Garrison Smith
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
This paper explores the situation of the Amazigh language and its revitalization in Morocco, specifically aiming to shed light on the intersections of language use, technology, and youth, in order to obtain insight into processes that Amazighophone youth both undergo and enact in their lives. Through literature review and an interview, this research provides a glimpse into the use and reality of Amazigh and variants in technological media and an example of the shortcomings of a short-termed fieldwork research project. In all, despite only having one interview with one young woman who attends university and speaks Amazigh, the results provide ...
Review Of Landmarks, By Robert Macfarlane. Published By Hamish Hamilton, London, 2015. Cover Price £20.00., 2018 Edith Cowan University and University of Western Australia
Review Of Landmarks, By Robert Macfarlane. Published By Hamish Hamilton, London, 2015. Cover Price £20.00., Patrick Armstrong
Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language
A review of Robert Macfarlane's book, Landmarks.
Los Pronombres De Segunda Persona Del Singular Y La Cortesía Verbal En Español Peninsular Y En Euskera, 2018 Illinois State University
Los Pronombres De Segunda Persona Del Singular Y La Cortesía Verbal En Español Peninsular Y En Euskera, Gorka Basterretxea Santiso
Theses and Dissertations
A través de los pronombres de segunda persona del singular se pueden establecer una serie de relaciones personales entre los hablantes en cada idioma. Abundantes trabajos han sido ya publicados en relación a esta cuestión lingüística tanto en español como en euskera, sobre todo para delimitar sus ámbitos de uso, pero en ningún caso se han realizado estudios comparativos dentro de la pragmática intercultural sobre estos dos idiomas vecinos a este respecto. Tomando como punto de partida los pronombres de segunda persona del singular del español peninsular –tú y usted– y los del euskera –hi y zu–, el presente trabajo ...
The Language Agenda In Post-Colonial African Music, 2018 University of Georgia
The Language Agenda In Post-Colonial African Music, Quintina Carter-Enyi
Africana Digital Ethnography Project
For post-colonial African musicians, decolonization became an imperative. For musicians, singing in one’s native language was no longer merely creative expression, it took on a more significant role in decolonizing the African continent. This was also the case for composers, particularly those who traveled abroad to study in conservatories and universities in the United Kingdom or the United States of America.
In Decolonising the Mind, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o makes a case for African literature to be written in African languages. He also points out that singers and musicians have resisted mental colonization by retaining indigenous musical practices and ...
Use Of Multimedia Games For Biology Vocabulary Instruction, 2018 University of San Francisco
Use Of Multimedia Games For Biology Vocabulary Instruction, Marlene Ingrid Mahony
This qualitative dissertation investigated possible causes and cures for unclear scholarly writing. For this study, a stipulative definition of unclear scholarly writing, or “academese,” is that the language tends to be vague and verbose. The problem, according to the included literature, is that people who use or accept vague language have less academic, social, professional, and civic power. Academese, some say, can detach readers and that can accordingly diminish collective exchange. Because higher education is meant to share knowledge, promote agency, and prepare students to communicate powerfully within and beyond the university, this study researched the causes and cures of ...
#Hashtags: A Look At The Evaluative Roles Of Hashtags On Twitter, 2018 University of Kentucky
#Hashtags: A Look At The Evaluative Roles Of Hashtags On Twitter, Leah Rose Schaede
Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics
Social media has become a large part of today’s pop culture and keeping up with what is going on not only in our social circles, but around the world. It has given many a platform to unite their causes, build fandoms, and share their commentary with the world. A tool in helping group posts together or give commentary on a thought is the hashtag. In this paper I explore the evaluative roles of hashtags in social media discourse, specifically on Twitter. I use a sample of randomly selected tweets from the Twitter API stream I collected and compiled myself ...