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A Study On Social Media's Influence Upon The Evolution Of Slang, 2019 Kennesaw State University

A Study On Social Media's Influence Upon The Evolution Of Slang

Symposium of Student Scholars

As social media platforms become increasingly prevalent in our society, they have begun to heavily influence the ways in which we communicate with each other. Particularly fascinating is the effect of social media sites and texting upon slang, which has evolved significantly over the past few decades. Therefore, I am researching why slang is so prevalent in our society, as well as how and why it has changed as a result of social media. My project also explores the phenomena of how online platforms have influenced the connotations of certain words so that they later become slang terms. Because both ...


Sociolinguistic Analysis Of Asian American English, 2019 Kennesaw State University

Sociolinguistic Analysis Of Asian American English

Symposium of Student Scholars

According to the United Stated Census Bureau, the population of Asians in the United States has increased from 12 million in 2005 to 17 million in 2016. As populations of minority races in the U.S. grow, so does the representation of them in popular culture and mass media. From ABC’s TV show Fresh Off the Boat to the rising generation of Asian American Youtubers, a wave of Asian American linguistic and languaging presence in today’s entertainment is higher than ever before. In my presentation, I will discuss a close analysis of sociolinguistics connected to these representations spoken ...


Conjunction Function: How Grammatical Categories Are Organized In Language, Ariana Bancu 2019 Northeastern Illinois University

Conjunction Function: How Grammatical Categories Are Organized In Language, Ariana Bancu

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

The purpose of my talk is to discuss how conjunctions function in different languages and to show how they contribute to a better understanding of the implicit knowledge we have as speakers of a language. In English, coordinating conjunctions such as ‘and’ can link a diverse range of grammatical categories: noun phrases (NP), verb phrases (VP), adjective and adverb phrases (AP), clauses, etc. Cross-linguistically, however, there are many languages that have category specific coordinating conjunctions, and such languages show that the function of coordinating conjunctions extends beyond organizing discourse. Matras (1996:178), for example, points out that “(…) coordinating conjunctions assume ...


Evidentiality In The Colombian “Diálogos De Paz”: An Analysis Of Quotations And Presuppositions In Colombia’S Peace Talks, Maria Alejandra Prieto Mendoza 2019 Northeastern Illinois University

Evidentiality In The Colombian “Diálogos De Paz”: An Analysis Of Quotations And Presuppositions In Colombia’S Peace Talks, Maria Alejandra Prieto Mendoza

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

Buscar la paz con justicia social por medio del diálogo” (‘to find peace with social justice through dialogue’): was the goal that Colombia purported to achieve during its peace talks 1 . Nevertheless, this type of political discourses usually carries within it more information than the main goal their words suggest, as they can transmit a particular ideology and a hidden agenda that wants to be accepted by the audience. The problem is that, in moments of conflict, a peace dialogue can be the beacon of hope, and as a consequence, every speech that came from the “mesa de diálogo” (dialogue ...


Silently Struggling In A New World: Exploring English Language Learners With Language Disabilities, 2019 Kennesaw State University

Silently Struggling In A New World: Exploring English Language Learners With Language Disabilities

Symposium of Student Scholars

With the awareness that Spanish speaking households compose a significant number of students in English language learning (ELL) programs, this researcher will be illuminating areas of academic ambiguity where language learning overshadows learning disabilities in the United States— a country with no official language. This phenomenon will be thoroughly examined using textual methodologies such as secondary analysis, theoretical study, and an extended literature review to describe how these correlations negatively impact students with English as a secondary way of expression. By emphasizing this gap within academia, it is the hope of the author that additional teacher-created resources will be readily ...


#50 - Practicing With A Pint: Alcohol's Effect On Second Language Learning, Elizabeth Purnell 2019 Emory University

#50 - Practicing With A Pint: Alcohol's Effect On Second Language Learning, Elizabeth Purnell

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

It is commonly believed that consuming alcohol influences your ability to speak fluently in your second language (L2) (MacDonald, 2014; Holmes, 2017). Though widely disseminated across language-learning blogs and news sources, there is little scientific evidence supporting this belief. Some related research found that alcohol led to more authentic pronunciation of words in a foreign language (Guiora et al., 1972) and that observer ratings of fluency were higher when participants had consumed moderate amounts of alcohol (Renner et al., 2018). While these findings provide some evidence that alcohol improves perceived fluency in L2 research has yet to show whether these ...


Communicative Methods And The Impact Of Learning English In Refugee Communities, Leah Dudley 2019 University of Georgia

Communicative Methods And The Impact Of Learning English In Refugee Communities, Leah Dudley

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Since the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, the United States has been at the forefront of aid for global refugee crises (BRYCS). While the number of refugees entering the country has dropped to its lowest numbers since 9/11 due to a lowered admissions ceiling and a reluctant government, there are still thousands of refugees inhabiting the United States . These refugees are expected to acclimate to life in a new country rapidly after being resettled. Part of this acclimation process insinuates, if not outright requires, that refugees learn English in order to truly adjust to America. To learn more about ...


Building The Nest: How Native English Speaking Teachers (Nests) In The Tefl Field Develop Intercultural Competence, Emily S. Kraus 2019 DePaul University

Building The Nest: How Native English Speaking Teachers (Nests) In The Tefl Field Develop Intercultural Competence, Emily S. Kraus

College of Education Theses and Dissertations

The role of an English foreign language teacher requires expertise in the English language and pedagogical skills to make the learning process approachable for a variety of students. There are certain characteristics that make a person ostensibly suitable for the role such as patience, intelligence, trustworthiness and creativity. However, the development of teachers is often shaped by their certification preparation, experiences in the field of education and the lessons they learn from their students. The purpose of this qualitative case study is to examine how native English speaking teachers (NESTs) in Costa Rica teaching English as a foreign language develop ...


Spanish Nominalizations And Case Assignment, Dr. Jeff Renaud, Tania Leal 2019 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Spanish Nominalizations And Case Assignment, Dr. Jeff Renaud, Tania Leal

Celebration of Learning

Nominalizations are syntactic structures wherein verbal roots co-occur with verbal and nominal properties, classifying them as verbal (VN) (El andar el niño tan tarde) or nominal (NN) (El andar errabundo del niño). While NNs mark agents genitive (del niño), VNs require nominative agents (el niño). NNs co-occur with adjectives (errabundo), whereas VNs co-occur with adverbs (tan tarde). Alexiadou et al. (2011) posit separate syntactic structures for the two. In this study, we investigate via self-paced reading task the types of case available in each structure, providing evidence of the processing of Spanish nominalizations and testing Alexiadou et al.'s (2011 ...


Learning Reduplication With A Neural Network Without Explicit Variables, Brandon Prickett, Aaron Traylor, Joe Pater 2019 Brown University

Learning Reduplication With A Neural Network Without Explicit Variables, Brandon Prickett, Aaron Traylor, Joe Pater

Joe Pater

Reduplicative linguistic patterns have been used as evidence for explicit algebraic variables in models of cognition. Here we show that a variable-free neural network can model these patterns in a way that predicts observed human behavior. Specifically, we successfully simulate the three experiments presented by Marcus et al. (1999), as well as Endress et al.’s (2007) partial replication of one of those experiments. We then explore the model’s ability to generalize reduplicative mappings to different kinds of novel inputs. Using Berent’s (2013) scopes of generalization as a metric, we find that the model matches the scope of ...


The Changing Sociolinguistic Identities Of The Beachy Amish-Mennonites, Joshua Brown 2019 The University of Akron

The Changing Sociolinguistic Identities Of The Beachy Amish-Mennonites, Joshua Brown

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

The study of Beachy Amish-Mennonite identities is a complex endeavor. As a loosely-organized fellowship, the Beachys have no overarching governing body that dictates symbols of their Anabaptist commitment to nonconformity. Often Beachys are described as existing on a religious continuum between the Old Order Amish and Mennonites, yet defining Beachys as what they are not does not adequately establish the religious identities that Beachys negotiate for themselves. This article addresses the negotiation of sociolinguistic identities—where language and religious identities intersect—alongside cultural change for two Beachy congregations in Central Pennsylvania. The analysis, based on a theoretical framework of the ...


Dutchified English In An Ohio Beachy Amish-Mennonite Community, Lara Downing 2019 The University of Akron

Dutchified English In An Ohio Beachy Amish-Mennonite Community, Lara Downing

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article compares the English spoken by Beachy Amish-Mennonites just outside the Holmes County, OH, plain community with the English of non-plain neighbors. Although there is no previous linguistic research about the Beachys in this region, previous research on the dialects of English spoken by Amish communities suggests that differences from regional standards are influenced by deliberate border maintenance, primacy of language in expressing ethnic identity, and interference from Pennsylvania German, known to speakers as “Dutchified English.” However, little research has examined the English of the Beachys, who, compared to the Amish, occupy a less conservative position between separation from ...


Phonologically Informed Edit Distance Algorithms For Word Alignment With Low-Resource Languages, Richard T. McCoy, Robert Frank 2019 Johns Hopkins University

Phonologically Informed Edit Distance Algorithms For Word Alignment With Low-Resource Languages, Richard T. Mccoy, Robert Frank

Robert Frank

We present three methods for weighting edit distance algorithms based on linguistic information. These methods base their penalties on (i) phonological features, (ii) distributional character embeddings, or (iii) differences between cognate words. We also introduce a novel method for evaluating edit distance through the task of low-resource word alignment by using edit-distance neighbors in a high-resource pivot language to inform alignments from the low-resource language. At this task, the cognate-based scheme outperforms our other methods and the Levenshtein edit distance baseline, showing that NLP applications can benefit from information about cross-linguistic phonological patterns.


Jabberwocky Parsing: Dependency Parsing With Lexical Noise, Jungo Kasai, Robert Frank 2019 University of Washington

Jabberwocky Parsing: Dependency Parsing With Lexical Noise, Jungo Kasai, Robert Frank

Robert Frank

Parsing models have long benefited from the use of lexical information, and indeed current state-of-the art neural network models for dependency parsing achieve substantial improvements by benefiting from distributed representations of lexical information. At the same time, humans can easily parse sentences with unknown or even novel words, as in Lewis Carroll’s poem Jabberwocky. In this paper, we carry out jabberwocky parsing experiments, exploring how robust a state-of-the-art neural network parser is to the absence of lexical information. We find that current parsing models, at least under usual training regimens, are in fact overly dependent on lexical information, and ...


Curriculum-Making And Development In A Pakistani University, Said Imran, Mark Wyatt 2019 Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Curriculum-Making And Development In A Pakistani University, Said Imran, Mark Wyatt

The Qualitative Report

Despite frequent calls for increased teacher engagement in curriculum-making and development, there are still many English language teachers worldwide who are required to work with materials that are either culturally inappropriate or inadequate. A related concern is that such materials may deprive teachers of their creative and professional capabilities to address students’ needs and interests, so that, weighed down by contextual challenges, the teachers then simply deliver the materials, adhering to the textbook closely. Contextual challenges faced by teachers may be more acute in the developing world. However, it is unclear to what extent teachers in under-resourced contexts cope. In ...


Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher 2019 Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher

Articles

Word embeddings trained on natural corpora (e.g., newspaper collections, Wikipedia or the Web) excel in capturing thematic similarity (“topical relatedness”) on word pairs such as ‘coffee’ and ‘cup’ or ’bus’ and ‘road’. However, they are less successful on pairs showing taxonomic similarity, like ‘cup’ and ‘mug’ (near synonyms) or ‘bus’ and ‘train’ (types of public transport). Moreover, purely taxonomy-based embeddings (e.g. those trained on a random-walk of WordNet’s structure) outperform natural-corpus embeddings in taxonomic similarity but underperform them in thematic similarity. Previous work suggests that performance gains in both types of similarity can be achieved by enriching ...


Does Standard Chinese Mean Anything For Cantonese Vowel Variation?, Holman Tse 2019 St. Catherine University

Does Standard Chinese Mean Anything For Cantonese Vowel Variation?, Holman Tse

Holman Tse, PhD

Unlike many communities studied by variationists in which SLI means convergence of spoken and written language, for Cantonese speakers, language ideology historically meant the opposite. In this presentation, I show how traces of this ideological distinction between written and spoken codes (cf. Snow 2004) remain present in both Hong Kong and in Toronto. I focus on two sets of sound correspondences found with (Standard) Mandarin cognates: Cantonese /i/ to Mandarin /ə/ and Cantonese /y/ to Mandarin /u/). Only Cantonese /y/ shows convergence, but only for second-generation Toronto speakers who are least likely to speak Mandarin. Toronto English influence, thus, better ...


Reality And Artistry In The Stories, Abduhamid HOLMURODOV 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Reality And Artistry In The Stories, Abduhamid Holmurodov

Philology Matters

Each social period finds its overall presentation in fiction. This task is performed by a new generation of creators who enter the world of literature. The reflection of a period in fiction is never as obvious as a mirror. Literature has its own language and its own unique capabilities, based on the potential of this language and the artistic reflection of the epoch being created. Creativity of the talented writers is of importance, in this regard. It should be noted that the works of our writers, continuing this, have their own specific tendency style. Although a number of works appeared ...


Pedagogical Discourse Styles Of Native And Non-Native Language Teachers, Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Pedagogical Discourse Styles Of Native And Non-Native Language Teachers, Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case

Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case

This study seeks to uncover the characteristics of foreign language instructors’ discourse styles implemented in the classroom when teaching students the target language. Foreign language classrooms are unique to academia because the teachers of the language, depending on whether they are native or non-native speakers of the target language, learned it in different environments and for distinct purposes. Many of the previous studies examining the effect a teacher’s ability in the target language will have on his/her instruction have focused on native and non-native speakers’ teaching styles and/or methodologies. Rather than the effect on the teacher’s ...


Myth In Sam Shepard’S “The God Of Hell” And Its Political Implication, Diana BAISHEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Myth In Sam Shepard’S “The God Of Hell” And Its Political Implication, Diana Baisheva

Philology Matters

The article introduces the creative work of the famous American playwright Sam Shepard, whose works are almost unknown to our Uzbek reader. His plays are well­known throughout the world; they influenced the formation of the worldview of readers of different nations and show the peculiarities of American culture. Despite the worldwide fame of Sam Shepard’s works, they are not studied well by literary critics. In America and Europe his works have been studied in details for a long period, and even several monographs in English have been written. However, neither in the Russian­speaking, nor in the domestic ...


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