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Traumatic Stress, World Assumptions, And Law Enforcement Officers, Douglas William Green 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Traumatic Stress, World Assumptions, And Law Enforcement Officers, Douglas William Green

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study examined the presence of traumatic stress reaction symptoms among active law enforcement officers, and the relationship between potentially traumatic work related experiences, officers’ cognitive views of the world, and the expression of those symptoms. The range of police roles and responsibilities arguably subjects officers to a greater variety of potentially traumatizing experiences than any other population, and the literature reflects that police officers express traumatic stress related symptoms at a greater rate than the general population. This study differs from previous work in that it utilizes snowball sampling to anonymously identify officers willing to participate without involving ...


Calling Campus Police: A Test Of Procedural Justice And Unresponsive Bystander Models, Michael Francis Aiello 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Calling Campus Police: A Test Of Procedural Justice And Unresponsive Bystander Models, Michael Francis Aiello

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation focuses on the phenomenon of campus crime reporting, specifically students’ self-reported likelihood of reporting a petty theft, aggravated assault, indecent exposure, or gun possession incident to the college public safety department, municipal police, and a member of the library staff. This project tests two different social psychology models that predict indirect bystander intervention, or a third party relying on another third party to assist someone in need. The survey vignette design involves experimental manipulation of several situational variables in line with the ‘unresponsive bystander’ model (Latané & Darley, 1970) and subsequent scholarship. The procedural justice model (Tyler & Blader, 2003 ...


Psychopathy In The Criminal Justice System, Jillian K. Peterson, Jerrod Brown 2016 Hamline University

Psychopathy In The Criminal Justice System, Jillian K. Peterson, Jerrod Brown

Jillian Peterson

No abstract provided.


Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book A, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas 2016 American Philosohical Society Library

Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book A, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Record of admission of prisoners number 20 through 1124, including name, crime, sentence, place of origin, race/ethnicity, time in and time out, and comments on moral and educational condition. Some also include notes on previous convictions or progress made while incarcerated. A typical entry: "No. 58, Dec. 14, 1830. Saml Davis, Mulatto, Rape 12 yrs. Exceedingly excited, Enraged at the Judge & threatened revenge, Swore if knife or Pistol could be had, would revenge his wrongs upon his prosecutor also had sold himself to the Devil & meant to rush on to hell for revenge -- did not wish to hear of ...


Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book B, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas 2016 American Philosohical Society Library

Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book B, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Record of admission of prisoners number 1125-1677, including name, crime, sentence, place of origin, race/ethnicity, time in and time out, and comments on moral and educational condition. Some also include notes on previous convictions or progress made while incarcerated.


Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This invited commentary for Journal of Law & the Biosciences considers four empirical studies previously published in the journal of the reception of neuroscientific evidence in criminal cases in the United States, Canada, England and Wales, and the Netherlands. There are conceded methodological problems with all, but the data are nonetheless instructive and suggestive. The thesis of the comment is that the courts are committing the same errors that have bedeviled the reception of psychiatric and psychological evidence. There is insufficient caution about the state of the science, and more importantly, there is insufficient understanding of the relevance of the neuroscientific ...


Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson

Philip M Stinson

This episode of the Police Integrity Lost podcast features an interview of Phil Stinson that was originally recorded for the Vocal Minority Report on May 24 2016.


Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Theoretical approaches aimed at the understanding of population level criminal offending and victimization generally revolve around two major criminological theories: Social disorganization and routine activities/lifestyle theories. These theoretical frameworks were developed and have been examined extensively in a Western context (primarily in the U.S.) and provide evidence of both individual and aggregate indicators for the explanation of variations in crime. More recently, these approaches have been extended to the Eastern context as increasing numbers of studies have been conducted outside of the U.S. This application is relatively recent and the literature has yet to find conclusive supporting ...


Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

It would be advantageous for law enforcement agencies if it could be determined which applicants for employment were most likely to provide superior performance over the course of their careers. In order to do this, it is necessary to determine a) what constitutes superior performance by police officers, b) what measurements can be used to record such performance, and c) if there are characteristics known about newly-hired police recruits that can serve as predictors of superior performance over an extended career. This study looked at the career histories of the 1,707 members of the New York City Police Department ...


The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett IV 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett Iv

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

China has been home to some of the most prominent hackers and hacker groups of the global community throughout the last decade. In the last ten years, countless attacks globally have been linked to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) or those operating within the PRC. This exploration attempts to investigate the story, ideology, institutions, actions, and motivations of the Chinese hackers collectively, as sub-groups, and as individuals. I will do this using sources ranging from basic news coverage, interviews with experts and industry veterans, secondary reportage, leaked documents from government and private sources, government white papers, legal codes ...


How To Make The Jailhouse Rock: An Evaluation Of Effective Music Therapy Methods Among Juvenile Offenders, Katelyn Rose Tomasello 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

How To Make The Jailhouse Rock: An Evaluation Of Effective Music Therapy Methods Among Juvenile Offenders, Katelyn Rose Tomasello

Music

No abstract provided.


Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

Gender inequalities in legal protection, education, health, employment, and political empowerment have been of special interest to researchers for many years. Hausmann, Tyson, and Zahidi (2010, p. 3) noted, “Although gender-based inequalities exist in the majority of the world's cultures, religions, nations, and income groups, there are differences in the way these disparities manifest themselves and how they evolve over time.” The degree of governmental stability is a salient aspect of the process through which gender-based disparities manifest. Although all citizens are doubtlessly affected when states fail, women are especially marginalized and experience governmental failure in a fundamentally different ...


The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould 2016 University of Albany

The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

The minority threat hypothesis contends that growth in the size of a given minority population along with the ensuing competition for social and political resources will threaten existing social power arrangements. Regarding punishment specifically, the hypothesis states that dominant groups will support coercive measures to keep minority populations sufficiently oppressed. Using the minority threat hypothesis as our theoretical foundation, we posit that the more heterogeneous a population, the more social control will be necessary to maintain societal equilibrium for those in power. In effect a more personal, physical, and visceral response to criminal behavior will be deemed necessary in countries ...


On The General Relationship Between Victimization And Offending: Examining Cultural Contingencies, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

On The General Relationship Between Victimization And Offending: Examining Cultural Contingencies, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

Culture has been implicated in a wide range of individual behaviors. However, empirical investigation of how culture impacts violent behavior is limited. In particular, the well-established finding that there is an overlap between offenders and victims has not been examined in a culturally comparative context - limiting the ability to generalize current findings across cultures.

Purpose

This study uses data from the second International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-II), a large school-based sample of adolescents in grades 7-9, and three measures from the Hofstede Dimensions of National Culture dataset to investigate how culture might moderate the relationship between victimization and offending.

Methods ...


Cheating Around The World: A Cross-National Analysis Of Principal Reported Cheating, Bryan Lee Miller, Laura E. Agnich, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Cheating Around The World: A Cross-National Analysis Of Principal Reported Cheating, Bryan Lee Miller, Laura E. Agnich, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

An increasing problem of great concern for academic institutions around the world is the pervasiveness of academic cheating among students. However, there is a dearth of prior research on cheating in cross-national contexts. The present study examines the relationships between structural measures of strain and principals’ reports of problematic cheating in schools across 35 nations, derived from the 2007 Trends in International Math and Science Studies survey. The study employs multilevel logistic regression analysis to evaluate whether indicators of economic disadvantage, educational achievement, and educational inequalities influence the level of problematic cheating reported by school principals cross-nationally. Additionally, we identify ...


Risk And Revocation In Community Corrections: The Influence Of Gender, Laurie A. Gould, Matthew Pate, Mary Sarver 2016 Georgia Southern University

Risk And Revocation In Community Corrections: The Influence Of Gender, Laurie A. Gould, Matthew Pate, Mary Sarver

Laurie A. Gould

Actuarial risk assessment instruments have become integral to the functioning of the correctional systems in North America, the United Kingdom, and many other parts of the world. While research on the classification of female offenders has been ongoing since the 1980s, there is still more work to be done. Adding to the growing body of literature, the present study analyses agency records from a Community Supervision Department located in a Southwestern state in the United States. Findings reveal the Wisconsin Risk/Needs Assessment instrument has predictive validity for both male and female probationers. Further, successful completion rates for males and ...


Psychological Victimization Among College Students, Shanna Felix, Christina Policastro, Laura E. Agnich, Laurie Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Psychological Victimization Among College Students, Shanna Felix, Christina Policastro, Laura E. Agnich, Laurie Gould

Laurie A. Gould

According to the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, approximately 1 in 5 women and 1 in 7 men will experience stalking, physical violence, and/or rape by an intimate partner in their lifetimes, and almost half of U.S. men and women have been the victim of psychological abuse by an intimate during their lives (Black et al. 2011). These behaviors can be considered as indicative of ‘‘coercive control,’’ a pattern of abusive behavior that can lead a victimized person to feel trapped in an intimate relationship characterized by a loss of power and control (see Stark ...


Restorative Resources: A New Theory In Juvenile Offender Control ~ Examining The Successes Of Restorative Resources In Sonoma County And The Impact It Had On One Police Sergeant’S Journey, Stephen Wayne Cramer 2016 St. Mary's College of California, and University of San Francisco

Restorative Resources: A New Theory In Juvenile Offender Control ~ Examining The Successes Of Restorative Resources In Sonoma County And The Impact It Had On One Police Sergeant’S Journey, Stephen Wayne Cramer

The International Undergraduate Journal For Service-Learning, Leadership, and Social Change

No abstract provided.


Parental Substance Use And The Need For Family Dependency Treatment Court In Taylor County, Rebekah Rich 2016 Abilene Christian University

Parental Substance Use And The Need For Family Dependency Treatment Court In Taylor County, Rebekah Rich

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The impact of parental substance use and the need for Family Dependency Treatment Court in Taylor County are qualitatively explored and described, analyzing interviews of identified key informants. The areas explored are the current practices and process in Taylor County when a substance use issue is identified in a parent during a child welfare case, the impact of parental substance use on the child welfare system, knowledge and opinions regarding treatment options, and knowledge and opinions of Family Dependency Treatment Court. The sample size was 8 professionals who worked as attorney ad litems, Department of Family and Protective Services workers ...


The Verdict On The Csi Effect: A Study Of The Effect In Monroe County Courtrooms, Paige Monachino 2016 The College at Brockport

The Verdict On The Csi Effect: A Study Of The Effect In Monroe County Courtrooms, Paige Monachino

Senior Honors Theses

This senior honors thesis looks at a phenomenon known as the “CSI Effect”. The CSI Effect is a greatly debated topic with many different opinions as to its existence. The immediate objective of this study is to determine whether the CSI Effect is present in Monroe County, New York courtrooms. A survey distributed to judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and private defense attorneys, practicing in Monroe Country, New York, gives information regarding their experience with the CSI Effect, helping to come to a conclusion about the Effect’s existence. The results of this study show that the CSI Effect does exist ...


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