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Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Identifying victims of sex trafficking can be challenging for law enforcement. To determine how victims were identified in cases of sex trafficking that resulted in criminal charges, this study analyzed the records from prosecuted cases of sex trafficking to determine how the victims were identified. The analysis used primary documents, including police narratives, witness statements, indictments, plea bargains, and sentencing memoranda retrieved from the Superior Court and the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22 cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers. In these cases, at least 30 victims were identified. The public ...


Traumatic Stress, World Assumptions, And Law Enforcement Officers, Douglas William Green 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Traumatic Stress, World Assumptions, And Law Enforcement Officers, Douglas William Green

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study examined the presence of traumatic stress reaction symptoms among active law enforcement officers, and the relationship between potentially traumatic work related experiences, officers’ cognitive views of the world, and the expression of those symptoms. The range of police roles and responsibilities arguably subjects officers to a greater variety of potentially traumatizing experiences than any other population, and the literature reflects that police officers express traumatic stress related symptoms at a greater rate than the general population. This study differs from previous work in that it utilizes snowball sampling to anonymously identify officers willing to participate without involving ...


Calling Campus Police: A Test Of Procedural Justice And Unresponsive Bystander Models, Michael Francis Aiello 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Calling Campus Police: A Test Of Procedural Justice And Unresponsive Bystander Models, Michael Francis Aiello

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation focuses on the phenomenon of campus crime reporting, specifically students’ self-reported likelihood of reporting a petty theft, aggravated assault, indecent exposure, or gun possession incident to the college public safety department, municipal police, and a member of the library staff. This project tests two different social psychology models that predict indirect bystander intervention, or a third party relying on another third party to assist someone in need. The survey vignette design involves experimental manipulation of several situational variables in line with the ‘unresponsive bystander’ model (Latané & Darley, 1970) and subsequent scholarship. The procedural justice model (Tyler & Blader, 2003 ...


The Link Between Recurrent Childhood Animal Cruelty And Recurrent Interpersonal Violence, Caleb E. Trentham 2016 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

The Link Between Recurrent Childhood Animal Cruelty And Recurrent Interpersonal Violence, Caleb E. Trentham

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of childhood animal abuse and the recurrency of later violent acts committed in adulthood. The current study, using data from 257 inmates at a medium-security prison in a Southern state, is a replication of research conducted by Tallichet and Hensley (2004) and Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz (2009), which examined this recurrency issue. The only statistically significant predictor ...


Using Discrete System Simulation To Model The Lane County Criminal Justice System, Olgay Cangur, Bob Denouden, Bud Reiff, Wayne Wakeland 2016 Portland State University

Using Discrete System Simulation To Model The Lane County Criminal Justice System, Olgay Cangur, Bob Denouden, Bud Reiff, Wayne Wakeland

Wayne W. Wakeland

The goal of the study is to provide a comprehensive simulation of the Lane County criminal justice system from arrest to release from parole. The study's focus is to determine the bottlenecks of the system and how they effect the key outcomes.


Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 31: The Police Subculture And Police Shootings, Philip M. Stinson 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 31: The Police Subculture And Police Shootings, Philip M. Stinson

Philip M Stinson

This episode of the Police Integrity Lost podcast features an interview of Bowling Green State University professor Phil Stinson that originally aired live on BBC World News on July 8, 2016.


Controlling Behaviors Via Social Networking: Associations With Hiv Risk Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls, Meredith C. Joppa, Christie J. Rizzo 2016 Rowan University

Controlling Behaviors Via Social Networking: Associations With Hiv Risk Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls, Meredith C. Joppa, Christie J. Rizzo

Meredith Joppa

No abstract provided.


Police Integrity Lost Webinar: Findings From A Multiyear Study On Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Webinar: Findings From A Multiyear Study On Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach

Philip M Stinson

Video recording of a webinar analyzing data on 6,724 arrests over a seven-year period (2005-2011). These arrests involved more than 5,500 individual sworn law enforcement officers who were employed by over 2,500 non-federal state and local law enforcement agencies located in 1,205 counties and independent cities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.


Psychopathy In The Criminal Justice System, Jillian K. Peterson, Jerrod Brown 2016 Hamline University

Psychopathy In The Criminal Justice System, Jillian K. Peterson, Jerrod Brown

Jillian Peterson

No abstract provided.


Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book A, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas 2016 American Philosohical Society Library

Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book A, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Record of admission of prisoners number 20 through 1124, including name, crime, sentence, place of origin, race/ethnicity, time in and time out, and comments on moral and educational condition. Some also include notes on previous convictions or progress made while incarcerated. A typical entry: "No. 58, Dec. 14, 1830. Saml Davis, Mulatto, Rape 12 yrs. Exceedingly excited, Enraged at the Judge & threatened revenge, Swore if knife or Pistol could be had, would revenge his wrongs upon his prosecutor also had sold himself to the Devil & meant to rush on to hell for revenge -- did not wish to hear of ...


Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book B, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas 2016 American Philosohical Society Library

Eastern State Penitentiary Admission Book B, Scott Ziegler, Michelle Ziogas

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Record of admission of prisoners number 1125-1677, including name, crime, sentence, place of origin, race/ethnicity, time in and time out, and comments on moral and educational condition. Some also include notes on previous convictions or progress made while incarcerated.


Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This invited commentary for Journal of Law & the Biosciences considers four empirical studies previously published in the journal of the reception of neuroscientific evidence in criminal cases in the United States, Canada, England and Wales, and the Netherlands. There are conceded methodological problems with all, but the data are nonetheless instructive and suggestive. The thesis of the comment is that the courts are committing the same errors that have bedeviled the reception of psychiatric and psychological evidence. There is insufficient caution about the state of the science, and more importantly, there is insufficient understanding of the relevance of the neuroscientific ...


Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson

Philip M Stinson

This episode of the Police Integrity Lost podcast features an interview of Phil Stinson that was originally recorded for the Vocal Minority Report on May 24 2016.


Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Characteristics Of Newly-Hired Members Of The New York City Police Department As Predictors Of Subsequent Job Performance, Francis E. Spangenberg

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

It would be advantageous for law enforcement agencies if it could be determined which applicants for employment were most likely to provide superior performance over the course of their careers. In order to do this, it is necessary to determine a) what constitutes superior performance by police officers, b) what measurements can be used to record such performance, and c) if there are characteristics known about newly-hired police recruits that can serve as predictors of superior performance over an extended career. This study looked at the career histories of the 1,707 members of the New York City Police Department ...


Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Examining Victimization In South Korea 1993-2010: A Comparative Application Of Ecological Theories Of Crime, Jisun Choi

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Theoretical approaches aimed at the understanding of population level criminal offending and victimization generally revolve around two major criminological theories: Social disorganization and routine activities/lifestyle theories. These theoretical frameworks were developed and have been examined extensively in a Western context (primarily in the U.S.) and provide evidence of both individual and aggregate indicators for the explanation of variations in crime. More recently, these approaches have been extended to the Eastern context as increasing numbers of studies have been conducted outside of the U.S. This application is relatively recent and the literature has yet to find conclusive supporting ...


The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett IV 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The Rise Of China's Hacking Culture: Defining Chinese Hackers, William Howlett Iv

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

China has been home to some of the most prominent hackers and hacker groups of the global community throughout the last decade. In the last ten years, countless attacks globally have been linked to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) or those operating within the PRC. This exploration attempts to investigate the story, ideology, institutions, actions, and motivations of the Chinese hackers collectively, as sub-groups, and as individuals. I will do this using sources ranging from basic news coverage, interviews with experts and industry veterans, secondary reportage, leaked documents from government and private sources, government white papers, legal codes ...


How To Make The Jailhouse Rock: An Evaluation Of Effective Music Therapy Methods Among Juvenile Offenders, Katelyn Rose Tomasello 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

How To Make The Jailhouse Rock: An Evaluation Of Effective Music Therapy Methods Among Juvenile Offenders, Katelyn Rose Tomasello

Music

No abstract provided.


Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

Gender inequalities in legal protection, education, health, employment, and political empowerment have been of special interest to researchers for many years. Hausmann, Tyson, and Zahidi (2010, p. 3) noted, “Although gender-based inequalities exist in the majority of the world's cultures, religions, nations, and income groups, there are differences in the way these disparities manifest themselves and how they evolve over time.” The degree of governmental stability is a salient aspect of the process through which gender-based disparities manifest. Although all citizens are doubtlessly affected when states fail, women are especially marginalized and experience governmental failure in a fundamentally different ...


The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould 2016 University of Albany

The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

The minority threat hypothesis contends that growth in the size of a given minority population along with the ensuing competition for social and political resources will threaten existing social power arrangements. Regarding punishment specifically, the hypothesis states that dominant groups will support coercive measures to keep minority populations sufficiently oppressed. Using the minority threat hypothesis as our theoretical foundation, we posit that the more heterogeneous a population, the more social control will be necessary to maintain societal equilibrium for those in power. In effect a more personal, physical, and visceral response to criminal behavior will be deemed necessary in countries ...


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