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The Domestic Conditions And Influence Of U.S. Foreign Policy On Guatemalan Emigration., Monica Spohn 2017 Dominican University of California

The Domestic Conditions And Influence Of U.S. Foreign Policy On Guatemalan Emigration., Monica Spohn

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Guatemalan emigration to the U.S. is largely motivated by domestic conditions including corruption, impunity, land rights, drug gangs and the 2008 economic recession. Guatemala’s living conditions and development trajectory interact with past and current American policy to the detriment of the population in poverty. Some Washington policies favor development in Guatemala (e.g., USAID funded projects) but others such as the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), anti-drug, and immigration policies may unintentionally hinder development and encourage emigration. Scholars identify economics, ethnic inequality and weak government as motivating people to leave Guatemala, but it is unclear how Washington ...


Smoking Trends Among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact Of Immigrant Arrival Cohort, Georgiana Bostean, Annie Ro, Nancy L. Fleischer 2017 Chapman University

Smoking Trends Among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact Of Immigrant Arrival Cohort, Georgiana Bostean, Annie Ro, Nancy L. Fleischer

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Few studies examine nativity disparities in smoking in the U.S., thus a major gap remains in understanding whether immigrant Latinos’ smoking prevalence is stable, converging, or diverging, compared with U.S.-born Latinos. This study aimed to disentangle the roles of period changes, duration of U.S. residence, and immigrant arrival cohort in explaining the gap in smoking prevalence between foreign-born and U.S.-born Latinos. Using repeated cross-sectional data spanning 1998–2013 (U.S. National Health Interview Survey), regressions predicted current smoking among foreign-born and U.S.-born Latino men and women (n = 12,492). We contrasted findings ...


Indigenism, Miscegenation, And Acculturation In Ecuador, Christina M. Hennessy 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Indigenism, Miscegenation, And Acculturation In Ecuador, Christina M. Hennessy

Headwaters

No abstract provided.


Call For Panels And Papers- Eleventh Conference On Cuban And Cuban-American Studies, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University 2017 Florida International University

Call For Panels And Papers- Eleventh Conference On Cuban And Cuban-American Studies, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University

Cuban Research Institute Events

The Cuban Research Institute announces it 11th Conference, taking place from February 23 to 25th, 2017. The main theme "Beyond Perpetual Antagonism: Reimagining U.S. - Cuba Relations", invites interdisciplinary approaches to the links between Cuba and the United States, both historically and in current times. The deadline to submit proposals for panels and papers was October 31, 2016.


Evaluation Of The Brazilian Agrarian Reform Objective: Agricultural Production Yield Change, Tiffany Kwader Harbour 2017 Walden University

Evaluation Of The Brazilian Agrarian Reform Objective: Agricultural Production Yield Change, Tiffany Kwader Harbour

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Brazil has an active agrarian reform policy program, publicly organized by the federal government and publicly administered at the state level by the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform. The objective of the agrarian reform policy program is to retitle unproductive and underproductive rural lands to increase agricultural production and land use. Previous agrarian reform researchers have examined quantities of land redistributed, rural technology developments, and the impact of social movements on land redistribution, but a knowledge gap remains regarding the correlation of agricultural production yields in rural municipalities before and after policy program participation. The State of Cearà ...


Social Sustainability: The Role Of Ecotourism In Regenerating Cultural And Environmental Histories In Rio De Janeiro, Nia McAllister 2017 Pomona College

Social Sustainability: The Role Of Ecotourism In Regenerating Cultural And Environmental Histories In Rio De Janeiro, Nia Mcallister

Pomona Senior Theses

Ecotourism is a rapidly growing global export industry that aims to uphold the ethics of responsible tourism by engaging with local communities and encouraging environmentally conscious travel. With existing critiques of the greenwashing of ecotourism and the tendency for tourism agencies to exploit host communities, I advocate for participatory community-based models of ecotourism. This thesis explores both the material and conceptual benefits of community-based ecotourism through the critical examination of community-based ecotourism projects in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. Focusing on the implementation of ecotourism in of some of Rio de Janeiro’s peripheral communities, areas that are impacted by social ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro 2016 University of San Francisco

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro

Master's Theses

Despite immense efforts of poverty alleviation in the Western highlands of Guatemala, poverty is intense and widespread. Amidst an abundant array of poverty interventions, existing evidence on those interventions are not sufficient. Highlighting basic knowledge regarding impact evaluations, this paper aims to determine the most effective poverty intervention for the Western highland areas of Guatemala. Focusing on impact evaluations, this paper reviews 17 Latin American interventions, paying close attention to what may be applicable to this region. Using only the highest quality data from Latin America, it is clear that cash transfers and graduation programs are the most impactful interventions ...


Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez 2016 The University of San Francisco

Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez

Master's Theses

According to US Customs and Border Protection, over 59 thousand unaccompanied minors from the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) have been detained at the US border, of those 59 thousand, 17 thousand are from El Salvador. El Salvador is home to some of the most dangerous and ruthless gangs of the twenty-first century. Their ruthlessness comes from 1980s guerrilla warfare experience. In addition, El Salvador serves as a transshipment point for illicit substances from South America into Mexico. These dynamics fuel the homicide rate of the region as local gang members must protect their territory by any means ...


Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva 2016 University of Richmond

Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva

Journal of Latin American Geography

La titulación de territorios fue el objetivo más importante del movimiento indígena de la Amazonía peruana en las últimas décadas. Aunque más de ochenta comunidades permanecen sin título en la región de Ucayali, el movimiento indígena regional busca cada vez más fortalecer la gobernanza sobre territorios titulados. Exploramos el creciente énfasis en la comercialización forestal en el discurso de derechos indígenas en Ucayali. Redes de líderes indígenas producen discursos para forjar nuevas relaciones entre sus comunidades y la economía regional. Nuestro análisis de ochenta entrevistas y testimonios de líderes y miembros de comunidades indígenas muestra la utilidad de considerar la ...


"Pro-Poor" Tourism In Nicaragua: A Case Study Of The Telica Rota Natural Reserve, Megan M. Bridges 2016 University of Pennsylvania

"Pro-Poor" Tourism In Nicaragua: A Case Study Of The Telica Rota Natural Reserve, Megan M. Bridges

Anthropology Senior Theses

The following paper is an ethnographic study that was conducted over the course of eleven months while working in León, Nicaragua, for an international NGO. It adds to existing literature that illustrate the shortfalls of community-based tourism projects, particularly when multiple stakeholders are involved. It focuses its attention on the cultural misunderstandings between the NGO, municipal government, and a rural tourism cooperative regarding tourism development and land management. Furthermore, it highlights the cooperative’s efforts in maintaining its agency when it felt as though its interests were being ignored by organizations with greater social, political, and economic capital than they ...


Disaster Capitalism: Empirical Evidence From Latin America And The Caribbean, Ransford F. Edwards Jr. 2016 Florida International University

Disaster Capitalism: Empirical Evidence From Latin America And The Caribbean, Ransford F. Edwards Jr.

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Natural disasters are uniquely transformative events. They can drastically transform physical terrain and the lives of those unfortunate enough to be caught in their wrath. However, natural disasters also provide an opportunity to reflect on past failures and, at times, a clean slate to correct those shortcomings. This project takes a political economic approach and recognizes natural disasters as occasions for agenda-setting on behalf of transnational commercial enterprises and market-oriented policy elites. These reformers often use the post-disaster policy space to articulate long-term development strategies based on market fundamentalism, and, more importantly, advance a set of policies consistent with their ...


Access To Health Services And Health Seeking Behavior Among Former Child Soldiers In Manizales, Colombia, Adriana Marcella Dail 2016 University of South Florida

Access To Health Services And Health Seeking Behavior Among Former Child Soldiers In Manizales, Colombia, Adriana Marcella Dail

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Through the Colombian Institute for Family Welfare (ICBF), the Colombian government aims to provide comprehensive reintegration for children demobilized from the country’s various armed groups. The reestablishment of rights, including the right to health (guaranteed by the Colombian constitution), is a key factor in successful reintegration. This thesis explores the topic of access to health care and health seeking behavior among former child soldiers in Manizales, Colombia who are over the age of 18 and were previously in the Hogar Tutor program (foster care-based youth reintegration) in Manizales. This thesis utilizes semi-structured interviews (n=9) and body mapping (n ...


Informe De Conferencia Maya- Pdf En Español, Alan LeBaron 2016 Kennesaw State University

Informe De Conferencia Maya- Pdf En Español, Alan Lebaron

Maya Heritage Community Project Texts

Memoria de la Conferencia; Noviembre 2016 en el local de Mesa, AZ


Maya Conference Report - Pdf In English, Alan LeBaron 2016 Kennesaw State University

Maya Conference Report - Pdf In English, Alan Lebaron

Maya Heritage Community Project Texts

Remembering the conference; on November 2016 in Mesa, AZ


Political Polarization And Nisman’S Death: Competing Conspiracy Theories In Argentina, Leopoldo Rodriguez, Shawn Smallman 2016 Portland State University

Political Polarization And Nisman’S Death: Competing Conspiracy Theories In Argentina, Leopoldo Rodriguez, Shawn Smallman

International & Global Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

The death of Alberto Nisman, the chief investigator of the 1994 AMIA bombing in Argentina, unleashed conspiracy theories and significant political turmoil upon President Cristina Fernández. We study the case and trace two of these theories, asking what they tell us about the Argentine political system and what can be inferred with respect to other countries in Latin America. We confirm that nations with high levels of political polarization are fertile ground for the emergence of conspiracy theories and that domestic and international media play an important role in both giving credence to and spreading such theories.


Elena: A Story Of Poverty, Uncertainty, And Hope- Film Screening With Director Marcelo Martin, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University 2016 Florida International University

Elena: A Story Of Poverty, Uncertainty, And Hope- Film Screening With Director Marcelo Martin, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University

Cuban Research Institute Events

This promotes a film screening of "Elena: A Story of Poverty, Uncertainty, and Hope", a documentary by Marcelo Martin on the Cuban government's 1988 demolition of the bathrooms and kitchens of an apartment building named "Elena", located in Central Havana. Marcelo Martin is a Cuban filmmaker and screenwriter who now lives in Miami.


Ensayos De Politica Economica: Cuba, America Latina Y Estados Unidos- Presentacion De Libro Por Jorge Salazar- Carrillo, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University 2016 Florida International University

Ensayos De Politica Economica: Cuba, America Latina Y Estados Unidos- Presentacion De Libro Por Jorge Salazar- Carrillo, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University

Cuban Research Institute Events

Jorge Salazar-Carrillo presents his book "Ensayos de Politica Economica- Cuba, America Latina y Estados Unidos", which analyzes political economy in Cuba, Latin America and the United States to help develop better ideas and conclusions to combat the current economic ills in the Americas. Dr. Salazar- Carrillo is currently Professor and Director of the Economic Research Center at FIU. (Spanish version of poster)


Essays On Political Economy: Cuba, Latin America, And The United States- Book Presentation By Jorge Salazar- Carrillo, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University 2016 Florida International University

Essays On Political Economy: Cuba, Latin America, And The United States- Book Presentation By Jorge Salazar- Carrillo, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University

Cuban Research Institute Events

Jorge Salazar-Carrillo presents his book "Ensayos de Politica Economica- Cuba, America Latina y Estados Unidos", which analyzes political economy in Cuba, Latin America and the United States to help develop better ideas and conclusions to combat the current economic ills in the Americas. Dr. Salazar- Carrillo is currently Professor and Director of the Economic Research Center at FIU.


La Culpa La Tiene Derrida: La Praxis Deconstrucionista De Buitrago Y Sus Implicaciones En Mi Quehacer Archivístico, Marisol Ramos 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

La Culpa La Tiene Derrida: La Praxis Deconstrucionista De Buitrago Y Sus Implicaciones En Mi Quehacer Archivístico, Marisol Ramos

UConn Library Presentations

En esta presentación discutiré como el antropólogo Carlos Buitrago, durante su periodo decontrucionista, influyó mi carrera académica en el campo de la archivística. En mi trabajo trazare el camino recorrido junto con Buitrago, primero como su ayudante de investigación en 1992 en un proyecto analizando los repartos vecinales del pueblo de Adjuntas (1824-1832), luego en 1993, trabajando juntos en el Archivo General de Puerto Rico donde me introdujo a los archivos de aguas de Guayama y el tema de los sistemas de riego en este pueblo durante el siglo XIX, y más tarde en 1999 cuando compartió conmigo sus transcripciones ...


Campesinos, Jóvenes E Inmigrantes: La Ecuación Liberal Y Revolucionaria Chilena Frente Al Estado De Sitio En La Carta A Francisco Bilbao (1852) De Santiago Arcos, Alvaro Kaempfer 2016 Gettysburg College

Campesinos, Jóvenes E Inmigrantes: La Ecuación Liberal Y Revolucionaria Chilena Frente Al Estado De Sitio En La Carta A Francisco Bilbao (1852) De Santiago Arcos, Alvaro Kaempfer

Spanish Faculty Publications

This article analyzes Francisco Bilbao’s Letter to Francisco Bilbao (1852) by focusing on the constitutional aspect of his political platform, a liberal revolution conceived to dismantle social, economic and juridical inequalities in order to advance a democratization agenda, and the social construction of its historical protagonist, particularly in terms of the necessary alliance between peasants, youth and immigrants in mid-Nineteenth century Chile.


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