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Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] People migrate and areas gain or lose population for a variety of reasons: differences in potential earnings, in job availability, in schooling opportunities, in quality of life, proximity to friends and relatives, and so on. The economic model of migration holds that the central factor determining individual migration decisions is the perceived opportunity to attain higher economic status. Area populations are expected to change differentially according to the economic opportunities offered. In empirical research in developed countries, economic factors have been shown to underlie most migration decisions. In developing countries, where the economic situation of the populace is far ...


Tsirik - Fold The Leaves So That Others May Be Guided: A Study Of How The Bribri Women Are Preserving Their Culture To Ensure A Sustainable Future For Their Community, Emily R. Blau 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Tsirik - Fold The Leaves So That Others May Be Guided: A Study Of How The Bribri Women Are Preserving Their Culture To Ensure A Sustainable Future For Their Community, Emily R. Blau

Capstone Collection

Bananas are one of Costa Rica’s largest exports, along with coffee, palm oil, and cocoa. The banana plantations are large-scale, are most often run by multinational companies, and are considered to be run as enclave economies (Equal Exchange, 2016). This monoculture crop production has been globally accused of human rights abuses said to include, but not be limited to, violating the rights of indigenous people and loss in culture and tradition. For this paper, I studied the effects that large-scale agricultural corporations have on the BriBri, a matriarchal and indigenous group who live on the Caribbean coast of Costa ...


The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone 2017 College of the Holy Cross

The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone

Honors Theses

Costa Rica is one of the few developed countries in the world to be completely demilitarized. In the first chapter, this thesis explores why the country decided to demilitarize and how effective their demilitarization has been. Further statistical analysis is applied in Chapter 2 to determine the effect military spending has on growth in Latin America. With Costa Rica experiencing great stability and growth following their demilitarization and the statistical analysis showing military spending to have a negative impact on growth in Latin America, the third and final chapter explores other Latin American countries that could benefit from demilitarization.


The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy 2017 Cleveland State University

The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

The United States has a long tradition of assimilating diverse peoples into a shared culture and thus developing a transformative, holistic national identity. Despite this historical affinity for immigration, there have also been points during which rose issues with migrants entering the country illegally. Once this happens, politicians must decide how to deal with an influx of undocumented aliens. This paper focuses on amnesty acts, particularly ones past through the American Congress in the past century. The relationship between amnesty legislation and immigration flow will be investigated. Also, an exploration of European policies towards immigration will all be conducted in ...


Reforma Oregon Chapter, 2017 Pacific University

Reforma Oregon Chapter

OLA Quarterly

During the 2014 OLA Annual Conference in Salem, a group of librarians met informally for lunch to discuss the idea of creating a chapter of REFORMA (The National Association to Promote Library and Information to Latinos and Spanish Speaking) in Oregon.

In our second meeting at the end of 2014 in the Gresham branch of the Multnomah County Library (MCL), we formalized the creation of the REFORMA Oregon Chapter. By mid-2015, we became a Round Table in OLA. During this short period of time, we have increased in numbers, organized well-attended presentations during OLA conferences, held Mock Pura Belpré Awards ...


Libros For Oregon: Collections Connect Communities A New Lsta Grant To Help More Oregon Libraries Take Advantage Of The Guadalajara Book Fair, Deborah Gitlitz 2017 Wilsonville Public Library

Libros For Oregon: Collections Connect Communities A New Lsta Grant To Help More Oregon Libraries Take Advantage Of The Guadalajara Book Fair, Deborah Gitlitz

OLA Quarterly

Acquiring good books in Spanish for our libraries is a perennial challenge. In the fall of 2015, a discussion arose on some Oregon library listservs about the challenge of connecting our patrons with culturally-appropriate, high-quality Spanish books. Author Gitlitz gathered a team to put together an LSTA grant proposal for a project called “Libros for Oregon,” with a goal of increasing access to high-quality Spanish language books for the users of Oregon libraries, particularly smaller, rural libraries.

The project has three parts: (1) form an Oregon library book-buying cooperative (with new participants each year) to purchase materials for members at ...


Impacting Rural Hispanic Communities By Reaching Out, Connecting And Providing Services At Different Levels, Patty Lara 2017 Hood River County Library District

Impacting Rural Hispanic Communities By Reaching Out, Connecting And Providing Services At Different Levels, Patty Lara

OLA Quarterly

In my role as an outreach specialist, I have created community events, partnered with various organizations, and participated in nontraditional programs in order to attract the vast Hispanic populations in the area to the various Hood River County libraries.

Hood River County is a rural community, and an estimated 31 percent of the population is Hispanic. The great thing about this community is that it has invested its efforts in honoring and accepting the Hispanic culture and bringing the community together as a whole. There is a little town named Odell, about eight miles south of Hood River, where I ...


Collection Diversity Has No Borders: A Librarian’S Experience At Fil, Cilelij And Filij, Patricia Morán 2017 Multnomah County Library

Collection Diversity Has No Borders: A Librarian’S Experience At Fil, Cilelij And Filij, Patricia Morán

OLA Quarterly

Many public libraries in communities where Spanish is a language preferred by a significant percentage of the population have dedicated Spanish language collections and bilingual/ bicultural staff that provides library services and programs. In Oregon, the Latino population is growing faster than the national average, and nearly half of Oregon Latinos are bilingual (Oregon Community Foundation, 2016). In alignment with best practices, and upholding the core values of our profession, libraries dedicate funds and shelving space to Spanish language materials to serve the informational, educational, and recreational needs of Spanish-speaking communities. Libraries that are dedicated to developing and maintaining rich ...


Volume 22 Issue 4 Introduction, Martin Blasco 2017 Washington County Cooperative Library Services

Volume 22 Issue 4 Introduction, Martin Blasco

OLA Quarterly

During the 2014 OLA Annual Conference in Salem, a group of librarians met informally for lunch to discuss the idea of creating a chapter of REFORMA (The National Association to Promote Library and Information to Latinos and Spanish Speaking) in Oregon.

In our second meeting at the end of 2014 in the Gresham branch of the Multnomah County Library (MCL), we formalized the creation of the REFORMA Oregon Chapter. By mid-2015, we became a Round Table in OLA. During this short period of time, we have increased in numbers, organized well-attended presentations during OLA conferences, held Mock Pura Belpré Awards ...


Change Is The Only Constant: Serving The Latinx Community With Help From Reforma Oregon, Gabriela Martínez Mercier, 2017 Columbia Gorge Community College

Change Is The Only Constant: Serving The Latinx Community With Help From Reforma Oregon, Gabriela Martínez Mercier,

OLA Quarterly

Part of the reason “change is the only constant” is cliché is because it holds true in many different contexts. Libraries are not what they were one hundred years ago. One could argue they are not even what they were fifty years ago. Societies evolve, populations fluctuate, and norms shift. As librarians, we are called to meet the needs of our patrons, though who or what falls under the umbrella term of “patrons” often depends on the library’s mission statement.

For the last few decades, the Latinx community has been seen as flourishing. Even with the recent decline in ...


Las Historias De Latinos En Oregón: Canby, Oregón An Oral History Project Collaboration Between A Librarian And An Archivist, Natalia M. Fernandez 2017 Oregon State University

Las Historias De Latinos En Oregón: Canby, Oregón An Oral History Project Collaboration Between A Librarian And An Archivist, Natalia M. Fernandez

OLA Quarterly

In the spring of 2015, I began the oral history project Latinos en Oregón to document the stories of Oregon’s Latino/a communities. As the curator and archivist of the Oregon Multicultural Archives (OMA) at the Oregon State University (OSU) Special Collections and Archives Research Center, my job is to assist in preserving the histories and sharing the stories that document Oregon’s African American, Asian American, Latino/a, and Native American communities (Oregon Multicultural Archives, 2005). There are gaps in the historical record as it pertains to people of color in Oregon, and the OMA seeks to address ...


Formal Displacement, Savannah Grace Dixon 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Formal Displacement, Savannah Grace Dixon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Violence Against Central American Unaccompanied Minors: From Home To United States Border, Katherine A. Owens 2017 University of Rhode Island

Violence Against Central American Unaccompanied Minors: From Home To United States Border, Katherine A. Owens

Senior Honors Projects

In the past four years, there has been a significant increase in apprehensions of unaccompanied minors from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras at the Southwest Border of the United States: an estimated 207,000 since 2013. This paper researches the sexual and physical abuse the minors (aged 5 to 17) are subjected to while in their home country, on their journey north and upon arrival at the United States border. Data was collected through a literature review of federal investigations of human trafficking in Central America, Mexico, and Texas, along with federal publications on border apprehensions and unaccompanied minors. United ...


The Dialectics Of The Community: Mexican Production Of Death, Blanca Judith Martinez 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Dialectics Of The Community: Mexican Production Of Death, Blanca Judith Martinez

Theses and Dissertations

This work attempts to provide a discussion of the current waves of violence present in the northern border of Mexico. The country became a neoliberal state during the late 1980s and the early 1990s. The external debt and the historical corruption of the Mexican government placed Mexico in a vulnerable stage leaving its sovereignty with a fissure before the eyes of international circles of power. The adoption of a neoliberal economic system has impacted all the social tissue. The euphoric discourse of advancement and opportunity was spread by ideological apparatus, and people in constant need accepted positively the system. The ...


The Net Of Nostalgia: Class, Culture, And Political Alienation And Nostalgia In Contemporary Latino And South Asian American Literature, Farzana Akhter 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Net Of Nostalgia: Class, Culture, And Political Alienation And Nostalgia In Contemporary Latino And South Asian American Literature, Farzana Akhter

Theses and Dissertations

Generally thought of as a yearning for recent past, or homesickness, nostalgia is seen as a sentiment that impairs living in the present. And in case of immigrants, nostalgia is thought of as a debilitating form of escapism and an inability to adapt to change and mobility. In this dissertation, contesting against the prevalent concept, I argue that immigrant nostalgia is neither a colored memory (Dyson 117) nor a romance with one’s own fantasy (Boym xiii); rather, immigrant nostalgia has a socio-economic and political underpinning. By exploring the various nuances of immigrant experience delineated in the literary works of ...


Examining The Intersection Of Refugee Policies And Contemporary Protracted Displacement, Christopher M. Owens 2017 Clark University

Examining The Intersection Of Refugee Policies And Contemporary Protracted Displacement, Christopher M. Owens

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Article 33 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees states that host nations shall not expel or return a refugee to their home nation ‘where his life or freedom would be threatened.’ However, as demonstrated in three contemporary case studies in protracted displacement the interests of the sovereign state drive nations to craft strategies to limit cross-border refugee mobility. The refoulement of refugees escaping drug cartel violence throughout the Americas, internally displaced Haitians, and Syrian refugees in Jordan are all ‘managed’ by one of two methods. First, some destination nations either strategically blur refugees into other mobility ...


Migration And Injustice In The Neoliberal Era: A Comparative Analysis Of Migratory Laws And Sweatshop Labor Conditions In Argentina And The United States, Kelly L. Johnson 2017 Ursinus College

Migration And Injustice In The Neoliberal Era: A Comparative Analysis Of Migratory Laws And Sweatshop Labor Conditions In Argentina And The United States, Kelly L. Johnson

Spanish Honors Papers

In the contemporary neoliberal era, the global phenomenon of migration dominates the international political discourse and generates empirical and normative questions regarding the admission, rights, and realities of migrants who leave their home countries to live elsewhere. Argentina and the United States are countries in which migration was, and continues to be, a main factor in shaping the nation’s identity. Despite the similar migratory phenomenon in both of these countries, their migratory policies vastly differ—Argentina considers migration to be a right, but the United States constantly strengthens its efforts to deter migrants from entering the country. Even though ...


Mexicans In The U.S And Hiv: Reviewing Social And Cultural Factors, Eduardo Alvarez 2017 Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Science

Mexicans In The U.S And Hiv: Reviewing Social And Cultural Factors, Eduardo Alvarez

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Mexican immigrants in the United States continue to struggle with disproportionate incidences of HIV infection. Behaviors that contributed to the development of AIDS among Mexican immigrants were the lack of condom use, engaging in risky sexual behavior, and not having HIV testing (Martínez Donate, et al., 2015). While these risk factors are preventable, religious and social stigmatization present within the Mexican community generate shame and embarrassment. This discourages Mexican immigrants from seeking health services, such as HIV testing. An estimated 20% of HIV positive Mexican immigrants are unaware of their condition, and contribute to the spread of the virus (Hall ...


The Domestic Conditions And Influence Of U.S. Foreign Policy On Guatemalan Emigration., Monica Spohn 2017 Dominican University of California

The Domestic Conditions And Influence Of U.S. Foreign Policy On Guatemalan Emigration., Monica Spohn

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Guatemalan emigration to the U.S. is largely motivated by domestic conditions including corruption, impunity, land rights, drug gangs and the 2008 economic recession. Guatemala’s living conditions and development trajectory interact with past and current American policy to the detriment of the population in poverty. Some Washington policies favor development in Guatemala (e.g., USAID funded projects) but others such as the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), anti-drug, and immigration policies may unintentionally hinder development and encourage emigration. Scholars identify economics, ethnic inequality and weak government as motivating people to leave Guatemala, but it is unclear how Washington ...


“Violencia Infantil: La Experiencia De Niños Y Jóvenes Indocumentados Cruzando La Frontera Entre México Y Los Estados Unidos”, Minying Cao 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

“Violencia Infantil: La Experiencia De Niños Y Jóvenes Indocumentados Cruzando La Frontera Entre México Y Los Estados Unidos”, Minying Cao

Senior Theses and Projects

Existing academic analyses violence that Central American and particular Mexican immigrant families and/or adults face as they try to take the dangerous journey of crossing the border between Mexico and the United States in search for a better life. However, academic analysis of violence on children crossing the border is often overlooked. As a result, this research examines 1) why children and families with children from Mexico and Central America; in particular from El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala decide to take the dangerous journey to the United States and 2) how child violence appears in the border of Mexico and ...


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