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Family Change And Variation Through The Lens Of Family Configurations In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler, Frank F. Furstenberg 2021 Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research

Family Change And Variation Through The Lens Of Family Configurations In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler, Frank F. Furstenberg

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Using 254 Demographic and Health Surveys from 75 low- and middle-income countries, this study shows how the joint examination of family characteristics across rural and urban areas provides new insights for understanding global family change. We operationalize this approach by building family configurations: a set of interrelated features that describe different patterns of family formation and structure. These features include partnership (marriage/unions) regimes and their stability, gender relations, household composition, and reproduction. Factorial and clustering techniques allow us to summarize these family features into three factorial axes and six discrete family configurations. We provide an in-depth description of these ...


Monetary And Fiscal Policies During The Covid-19 Crisis: The Case Of Singapore, Hwee Kwan CHOW, Kong Weng HO 2021 Singapore Management University

Monetary And Fiscal Policies During The Covid-19 Crisis: The Case Of Singapore, Hwee Kwan Chow, Kong Weng Ho

Research Collection School of Economics

The infrastructure and capabilities for outbreak management, strengthened after the 2003 SARS outbreak, have contributed to the competent handling of the Covid-19 pandemic in Singapore except the blind spot at the migrant workers’ dormitories, which was swiftly corrected, preventing a spread to the community at large. Overall, the concerted whole of government approach along with clear communication and the cohesive response of the public to intervention measures were key factors in the effective management of the crisis, in addition to timely monetary and fiscal responses.

Responding to a fall in real GDP of 6.5%, and a reduction of 171 ...


When Running For Office Runs In The Family: Horizontal Dynasties, Policy And Development In The Philippines, Dean C. DULAY 2021 Singapore Management University

When Running For Office Runs In The Family: Horizontal Dynasties, Policy And Development In The Philippines, Dean C. Dulay

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Political dynasties exist in practically every variant of democracy, but take different forms in different places. Yet the types of dynastic structures have remained unexplored. We argue that horizontal dynasties—multiple members from the same political family holding different political offices concurrently— affect policymaking by replacing potential political rivals, who may oppose an incumbent’s policy choices, with a member of the family. But in developing countries, the policy change that accrues from dynastic status may not lead to higher levels of economic development. We test this argument’s implications in the Philippines. Employing a close elections regression discontinuity design ...


Sexual Violence And The Role Of Public Conversations In Japan: A Closer Look At The “Bakky Case”, Robert O'Mochain 2021 Ritsumeikan University, Japan

Sexual Violence And The Role Of Public Conversations In Japan: A Closer Look At The “Bakky Case”, Robert O'Mochain

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

While the #MeToo movement has led to successful campaigns against sexual harassment in many parts of the world, results have been mixed in Japan. In spite of the fact that #MeToo has inspired a number of offshoot campaigns, many victims of sexual abuse remain silent. Greater attention needs to be directed at the reasons for this reluctance to pursue justice. One factor that requires greater scrutiny is the role of public conversations; that is, widely reported comments from prominent members of society which generate some level of discussion and which exercise some influence over people’s way of thinking on ...


Across The Great Wall: E-Commerce Joint Statement Initiative Negotiation And China, Henry GAO 2021 Singapore Management University

Across The Great Wall: E-Commerce Joint Statement Initiative Negotiation And China, Henry Gao

Research Collection School Of Law

On 13 December 2017, 71 Members of the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) led by the US, EU and Japan issued a “Joint Statement on Electronic Commerce” at the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In the Joint Statement, the Members announced that they would “initiate exploratory work together toward future WTO negotiations on trade related aspects of electronic commerce”. At the World Economic Forum on 25 January 2019, 76 WTO Members issued another Joint Statement, which announced their intention to “commence WTO negotiations on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce”. The most notable new participant in the second Joint ...


Sex Trafficking And Slavery In Southeast Asia: To Free Captives, James D. Langteau, Timothy D. Dunham 2021 Payap University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Sex Trafficking And Slavery In Southeast Asia: To Free Captives, James D. Langteau, Timothy D. Dunham

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

Millions of people derive income from the sex industry in Thailand. Some claims estimate that the sex industry accounts for 10% of all tourist money spent in Thailand. All sex trafficked people are at high risk of both mistreatment and disease. While not all sex workers are victims of human trafficking, the sex industry is deeply involved in the practice. Sex trafficking is defined as deceiving, coercing or forcing someone to take part in sexual activity. Sex trafficking can take various forms, sometimes by the use of force but often by deception. As those commanded to "go and make disciples ...


Cultural Differences In Critical Thinking Style: A Comparison Of U. S. And Chinese Undergraduate Agricultural Students, Peng Lu, Scott Burris, Matt Baker, Courtney Meyers, Glenn Cummins 2021 Texas A&M University

Cultural Differences In Critical Thinking Style: A Comparison Of U. S. And Chinese Undergraduate Agricultural Students, Peng Lu, Scott Burris, Matt Baker, Courtney Meyers, Glenn Cummins

Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education

This study aimed to compare critical thinking styles between students studying agriculture in the U.S. and China. A survey of critical thinking styles was administered to two groups of students in U.S. (n = 104) and China (n = 103). Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was applied to determine if there were significant differences in critical thinking styles between the two groups. Results indicate that U.S. students tended to prefer an engaging critical thinking style, whereas Chinese students tended to prefer an information seeking critical thinking style. These differences between critical thinking style preferences may be explained by students ...


How U.S. Gender Policy For Post-Taliban Afghanistan Was Shaped, Fawzia Ahsan 2021 UNF

How U.S. Gender Policy For Post-Taliban Afghanistan Was Shaped, Fawzia Ahsan

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

U.S. invaded Afghanistan shortly after the 9/11 terroristic attack of U.S. by Al-Qaeda. Although the U.S. invaded Afghanistan to pursue Osama Bin-Laden, the leader of Al-Qaeda, women’s rights and freedom in Afghanistan were at the heart of the Bush administration agenda of “war on terror”. Through analysis of existing literature and data, this study seeks to discover how U.S. gender policy for post-Taliban Afghanistan was shaped, and what are its pros and cons? My study indicates that political discourses on women’s rights and freedom shaped the U.S. gender policy for post-Taliban Afghanistan ...


Cold War Reckonings: Authoritarianism And The Genres Of Decolonization, Jini Kim Watson 2021 Fordham University

Cold War Reckonings: Authoritarianism And The Genres Of Decolonization, Jini Kim Watson

Literature

How did the Cold War shape culture and political power in decolonizing countries and give rise to authoritarian regimes in the so-called free world? Cold War Reckonings tells a new story about the Cold War and the global shift from colonialism to independent nation-states. Assembling a body of transpacific cultural works that speak to this historical conjuncture, Jini Kim Watson reveals autocracy to be not a deficient form of liberal democracy, but rather the result of Cold War entanglements with decolonization.

Focusing on East and Southeast Asia, the book scrutinizes cultural texts ranging from dissident poetry, fiction, and writers’ conference ...


Celebrating A Milestone: 20th Anniversary Achievement Highlights [School Of Accountancy], Singapore Management University 2021 Singapore Management University

Celebrating A Milestone: 20th Anniversary Achievement Highlights [School Of Accountancy], Singapore Management University

SMU Corporate Reports

The book “Celebrating a Milestone 20th Anniversary Achievement Highlights” was published in August 2021 to commemorate SoA’s 20th Anniversary as well as the 15th Anniversary of the Master of Professional Accounting Programme. The book documents the achievements and key milestones in SoA’s history.


First Among Equals: The First Place Effect And Political Promotion In Multi-Member Plurality Elections, Dean C. DULAY, Laurence GO 2021 Singapore Management University

First Among Equals: The First Place Effect And Political Promotion In Multi-Member Plurality Elections, Dean C. Dulay, Laurence Go

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

We study the impact of rank-based decision-making in a multi-member plurality electoral system by examining the decisions of Philippine legislative councilors to run for and win higher office. By focusing on multi-member plurality elections, we identify the effect of rank amongst politicians that hold the same office and received a similar number of votes. To identify the causal effect of rank, we conduct a close-elections RD at the village, municipality, and province levels. Our main result is the first place effect: incumbent first placers are 5–9% (1–4%) more likely to run (win) in future elections than incumbent second ...


Up Close And Personal With Mr Sundar Selvam: Hitting Zero Targets, Sundar Selvam 2021 Singapore Management University

Up Close And Personal With Mr Sundar Selvam: Hitting Zero Targets, Sundar Selvam

Oral History Collection

He might not be one you would have come across on campus. And not one you might read much about in SMU news or in the limelight for its achievements, preferring to remain in the background. But look around the SMU campus and you will see the fruits of his work and that of his team. Meet Sundar, SMU’s Vice-President for Campus Infrastructure and Services. Since January 2015, he has been at the forefront of driving SMU’s own sustainability journey which has resulted in several “firsts”. This interview was published in the August edition of SMU CIRCLE.


Public Cleanliness Satisfaction Survey 2021, Paulin STRAUGHAN, Mathews MATHEW 2021 Singapore Management University

Public Cleanliness Satisfaction Survey 2021, Paulin Straughan, Mathews Mathew

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The Singapore Management University undertook the fourth wave of the Public Cleanliness Satisfaction Survey (PCSS) with 2,007 Singapore resident respondents providing responses to the survey from February 2021 to May 2021, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.

The 2021 wave of the PCSS continued to reflect the overall satisfaction with public cleanliness in Singapore, similar to the last PCSS in 2019. Majority of survey respondents (92%) were satisfied with the cleanliness of public spaces that they had recently visited, a 1% decrease from the findings in 2019.

There was a substantial drop in satisfaction with the cleanliness of food outlets, with ...


Media In A Time Of Crisis: Newspaper Coverage Of Covid-19 In East Asia;, Colm A. FOX 2021 Singapore Management University

Media In A Time Of Crisis: Newspaper Coverage Of Covid-19 In East Asia;, Colm A. Fox

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

How have newspapers covered Covid-19 in Asia? To answer this question, I studied East Asian English-language newspapers published between January and July 2020. First, I measured the level of news media attention on Covid-19 among all reports. Second, I analyzed the tone and content of 330 editorials. I divided the analysis into two time periods: the initial crisis breakout period, when the number of infections was rising or high, and the crisis abatement period, when new infections declined to manageable levels. Findings show that although newspapers were slow to begin addressing the pandemic, their early editorials carried an alarming tone ...


Introduction: Dignity's Special Issue On The Chab Dai Coalition's Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project, Leslie M. Tutty 2021 University of Calgary

Introduction: Dignity's Special Issue On The Chab Dai Coalition's Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project, Leslie M. Tutty

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


“You Have To Be Strong And Struggle”: Stigmas As A Determinants Of Inequality For Female Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, Todd W. Morrison, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, James Havey, Glenn M. Miles 2021 Unto Life Organization

“You Have To Be Strong And Struggle”: Stigmas As A Determinants Of Inequality For Female Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, Todd W. Morrison, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, James Havey, Glenn M. Miles

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Across the globe, human trafficking survivors have reported facing stigma and discrimination after reintegrating into communities. What makes stigma particularly dangerous is that it threatens what is “most at stake” in our lives, our close personal relationships and our personal life values. This paper explores longitudinal data from the Chab Dai Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project to document and describe forms of stigma and discrimination faced by survivors of sexual exploitation and trafficking living in Cambodian communities. Our research suggests stigmas associated with sex trafficking are a “fundamental determinant” of social inequality for many female survivors following reintegration. In this study ...


"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa 2021 Chab Dai International, University of Kent, UK

"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Social determinants of health (SDH) are defined as the non-medical yet health-affecting conditions of a person’s life. They include such considerations as working conditions, discrimination, and access to health services. The aim of this study was to explore the SDH impacting those who have survived sex trafficking in Cambodia. This study employed a mixed methods, secondary analysis, focusing on 52 survivors of sex trafficking in the Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project from 2010 through 2019. Participants described myriad social determinants of health, including: gender, age, relationship status (marriage), ethnicity, national identification documentation (statelessness), social class, formal education, vocational training, occupation ...


Special Report On Covid-19 Vaccination Trends Among Older Adults In Singapore, Micah TAN, Paulin T. STRAUGHAN, Wensi LIM, Grace CHEONG 2021 Singapore Management University

Special Report On Covid-19 Vaccination Trends Among Older Adults In Singapore, Micah Tan, Paulin T. Straughan, Wensi Lim, Grace Cheong

ROSA Research Briefs

This report examines trends in vaccination among older adults in Singapore to better understand why segments of older adults continue to resist vaccination against COVID-19. We find that individuals who were most likely to still be waiting to vaccinate or to not want to be vaccinated as of June 2021; are relatively older (aged 71-75), are of lower socioeconomic status (lower education levels and living in 1-3 room HDB flats), were the least likely to rely on Newspapers and Government Sources as sources of information for COVID-19 related news in November 2020, were least trusting of all sources of information ...


Berita Summer 2021, Dominik M. Müller 2021 Ohio University

Berita Summer 2021, Dominik M. Müller

Berita

Letter from the Chair ... 2

John A. Lent Prize and Provencher Travel Prize ... 4

Announcement: MSB panel "Haze, Sand, Fire, Water" Environmental Crises in Southeast Asia" at AAS 2022 Hawaii ... 6

Article: Educating the Sultanate: The Melding of Higher Education and Islam in Brunei Darussalam, by Moez Hayat ... 10

Book Review: Local Democracy Denied: A Personal Journey into Local Government in Malaysia (Lim Mah Hui) by Koay Su Lyn ... 14

Book Review: The Roots of Resilience: Party Machines and Grassroots Politics in Singapore and Malaysia (Meredith L. Weiss) by Mohamed Salihin Subhan ... 17

Review Essay: Multispecies and post-humanist work in ...


Chinese-Invested Smart City Development In Southeast Asia - How Resilient Are Urban Megaprojects In The Age Of Covid-19?, Yujia He, Angela Tritto 2021 University of Kentucky

Chinese-Invested Smart City Development In Southeast Asia - How Resilient Are Urban Megaprojects In The Age Of Covid-19?, Yujia He, Angela Tritto

Diplomacy and International Commerce Reports

Smart cities are emerging as major engines for deploying intelligent systems to enhance urban development and contribute to the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDG). In developing economies facing rapid urbanization and technological change, new cities are being built with smart technologies and ideals, complete with business districts and residential, retail, entertainment, medical, education facilities to entice businesses and talents to relocate. Governments tout the potential of such “greenfield” smart cities for innovation and sustainability. Yet such urban megaprojects are often extremely expensive, prompting governments to partner with private players such as property developers, investors, and tech firms to ...


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