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No. 11: The State Of Household Food Security In Nairobi, Kenya, Samuel Owuor 2018 University of Nairobi

No. 11: The State Of Household Food Security In Nairobi, Kenya, Samuel Owuor

Hungry Cities Partnership

This report presents the results of a city-wide household food security survey of 1,434 Nairobi households, conducted by the Hungry Cities Partnership and the University of Nairobi. Among the key findings was that 70% of households in Kenya’s capital experience food insecurity, with one-quarter severely food insecure. As the first city-wide survey of household food security in Nairobi, this report provides researchers and policy-makers with detailed data and information about the overall food security picture, as well as important insights into the operation of the city’s food system. In particular, the report demonstrates the vital importance of ...


No. 10: The State Of Household Food Security In Maputo, Mozambique, Inês Raimundo, Cameron McCordic, Abel Chikanda 2018 Eduardo Mondlane University Maputo

No. 10: The State Of Household Food Security In Maputo, Mozambique, Inês Raimundo, Cameron Mccordic, Abel Chikanda

Hungry Cities Partnership

The Hungry Cities Partnership aims to promote inclusive growth in urban food systems in Maputo and other cities of the Global South. The production of new empirical knowledge about the levels of household food security and the various facets of the urban food system is a core component of this effort. This report presents and analyses findings from a city-wide survey of 2,071 households that found that most Maputo households are food insecure and that more than a third can be categorized as severely food insecure. Dietary diversity in the city is extremely low and almost half of households ...


No. 15: The Food Security Implications Of Gendered Access To Education And Employment In Maputo, Cameron McCordic, Liam Riley, Inês Raimundo 2018 Balsillie School of International Affairs/WLU

No. 15: The Food Security Implications Of Gendered Access To Education And Employment In Maputo, Cameron Mccordic, Liam Riley, Inês Raimundo

Hungry Cities Partnership

The multiple linkages between gender and household food security in cities have been observed in diverse settings, at multiple scales, and through a variety of disciplinary lenses. The Hungry Cities Partnership is rooted in the importance of inclusive growth of cities, which includes a fundamental concern with genderbased injustices that reduce inclusivity, sustainability and food security by underpinning structural poverty. This discussion paper is motivated by the gap in policy-ready quantitative data needed to identify the ways in which gender inequality, food insecurity, and public policy are interconnected. Analysis of the 2014 survey of household food security in Maputo identified ...


No. 08: The Urban Food System Of Windhoek, Namibia, Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence Kazembe, Jonathan Crush, Jeremy Wagner 2018 Southern African Migration Programme

No. 08: The Urban Food System Of Windhoek, Namibia, Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence Kazembe, Jonathan Crush, Jeremy Wagner

Hungry Cities Partnership

The surprisingly high rate of supermarket patronage in low-income areas of Windhoek, Namibia’s capital and largest city, is at odds with conventional wisdom that supermarkets in African cities are primarily patronized by middle and high-income residents and therefore target their neighbourhoods. What is happening in Namibia and other Southern African countries that make supermarkets so much more accessible to the urban poor? What are they buying at supermarkets and how frequently do they shop there? Further, what is the impact of supermarket expansion on informal food vendors? This report, which presents the findings of the South African Supermarkets in ...


No. 09: The State Of Household Food Security In Nanjing, China, Zhenzhong Si, Taiyang Zhong 2018 Balsillie School of International Affairs/WLU

No. 09: The State Of Household Food Security In Nanjing, China, Zhenzhong Si, Taiyang Zhong

Hungry Cities Partnership

This report on the state of food security in Nanjing, China, is based on a 2015 city-wide survey conducted by Nanjing University and the Hungry Cities Partnership. The research found that most of the city’s residents are food secure, with access to desirable foods and high dietary diversity throughout the year. Nanjing has a high level of economic development, low unemployment, and spatially dense food supply networks. However, a high average level of food security obscures the finding that about one household in five is food insecure according to the Household Food Insecurity Access Prevalence indicator. Female-centred households, households ...


From The Headwaters To The Bay: Stories Of The Saw Kill, Tierney Jo Belle Weymueller 2018 Bard College

From The Headwaters To The Bay: Stories Of The Saw Kill, Tierney Jo Belle Weymueller

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Are Perceived Neighborhoods Palimpsests? Analyzing Self-Defined Neighborhoods In The Context Of Historical Redlining, Kai Kresek 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Are Perceived Neighborhoods Palimpsests? Analyzing Self-Defined Neighborhoods In The Context Of Historical Redlining, Kai Kresek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Neighborhood analysis is the inquiry into how neighborhoods are constructed and implemented for applications in human-centered studies. This is a relevant field of research given the impact that these units have on the analysis of spatial data. As neighborhood-based research continues to develop, it is necessary to examine how perceived neighborhoods, which are neighborhoods defined by individuals, are being constructed over time and what factors are contributing to their delineation.

There is a lack of inquiry into why perceived neighborhoods take on specific dimensions. This study proposes that the dimensions assumed by these neighborhoods are influenced by the demographic characteristics ...


Unity In Difference: An Exploration Of Spatial Justice And Environmental Justice In Los Angeles, Minah Choi 2018 Claremont Colleges

Unity In Difference: An Exploration Of Spatial Justice And Environmental Justice In Los Angeles, Minah Choi

Pomona Senior Theses

The environmental justice movement emerged after the civil rights movement and began as an attack on environmental racism, when communities of color and low-income experience disproportionately high levels of exposure to air pollution, water pollution, and toxic facilities. The environmental justice movement is not unitary in practice, nor should it be—environmental racism and injustice are manifested in different ways and scales. However, those exposed to environmental racism are unified under an identity in solidarity, known as the people of color identity in environmental justice.

As the environmental justice movement has grown and taken shape to better address injustices of ...


Water Pressures And Social Oppression: Social And Political Impacts Of Smart Water Meter Technology In Cape Town, South Africa, Melissa Guckenberger 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Water Pressures And Social Oppression: Social And Political Impacts Of Smart Water Meter Technology In Cape Town, South Africa, Melissa Guckenberger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper analyzes the social and political consequences of the implementation of “smart” water meters in Cape Town, South Africa. As policymakers around the world implement new solutions to ever-growing concerns about depleting water resources, technologies and ideas are exported to other parts of the world before experts understand how these concepts will function in different environments. It is imperative to assess the implications of technological solutions to ensure they are implemented sustainably. This paper employs a qualitative approach synthesizing findings from government documents, personal conversations, and traditional and social media to evaluate the societal impacts of smart water meters ...


Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis aims to understand patterns of whiteness, racism, masculinity, and misogyny in outdoor culture through the specific example of Philmont Scout Ranch. These patterns are linked to nationalism in the roots of environmentalism, as well as the Boy Scouts of America. To investigate these themes in both environmentalism as a whole and Philmont specifically, I researched existing literature on environmental exclusion, modern racism, nationalism, and environmental literature. I also interviewed twelve staff members at Philmont to gain a more direct understanding of these patterns and their implications. Specific themes of Boy Scout ideals, environmental ethics, rugged individualism, sexism, and ...


Modeling The In-State Geographic Market Changes Of South Dakota Public University Enrollments, 2006 To 2015, John Green 2018 South Dakota State University

Modeling The In-State Geographic Market Changes Of South Dakota Public University Enrollments, 2006 To 2015, John Green

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The spatial nature of how high school students choose a college has become an integral part of the recruitment process at universities across the country. In South Dakota, the impact of distance on enrollment at state operated institutions influences the geographic footprint of each university. Between 2006 and 2015, the nature of those enrollment numbers and geographic footprints changed within the state, creating enrollment stagnation or decline at state run institutions. This research paper addresses the geographic nature of those enrollment declines, models the college enrollment decision of students in the state, and applies those findings towards potential enrollment projections ...


Residential Solar In Washington State, Sam Pfeifer 2018 Central Washington University

Residential Solar In Washington State, Sam Pfeifer

All Master's Theses

Electricity generated through residential solar provides a low carbon source of electricity. However, diffusion of residential solar remains low across the United States. Growing this diffusion takes an understanding of localized uptake trends, which can focus policy and business efforts to help increase residential solar market penetration. This is the first research to investigate residential solar uptake in Washington State and to examine environmental education as a potential driver of residential solar uptake. Through a snapshot analysis which considers environmental, economic, education, and cultural variables the present research fills this gap. Triangulated results include mapping of variables, ordinary-least squares multiple ...


An Investigation Of The Performance Of Urban Rail Transit Systems On The Corridor Level: A Comparative Analysis In The American West, Daniel Zimny-Schmitt 2018 University of Denver

An Investigation Of The Performance Of Urban Rail Transit Systems On The Corridor Level: A Comparative Analysis In The American West, Daniel Zimny-Schmitt

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Since the 1980s, significant investments have been made in urban rail transit across the United States, particularly using light rail technology. Most of these light rail systems have been built in Sunbelt cities which no longer had legacy rail systems. As a result, they were constructed using a building blocks approach, being funded corridor by corridor. Most research, however, on urban rail performance has taken place at the system-wide level, leaving a significant gap at the level of the transit corridor. This research examined nineteen urban rail corridors in Denver, Salt Lake City, and Portland. A performance score was constructed ...


40 Years On The International Flathead: An Assessment Of Transboundary River Governance, Jedd Sankar-Gorton 2018 University of Montana, Missoula

40 Years On The International Flathead: An Assessment Of Transboundary River Governance, Jedd Sankar-Gorton

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Global population growth, climate change, and industrialization, are putting extreme pressures on worldwide freshwater supplies (Cosens 2010). Of the global freshwater supplies, transboundary water sources play a crucial role in sustaining populations. Over 40% of humans on Earth rely on a transboundary river or lake for access to water, and 90% of the world’s population lives in countries that share bodies of water with at least one other country (UN 2008). Taken together, the motivations for improving governance of transboundary water systems have never been stronger. To meet the challenges associated with transboundary water governance, researchers working at multiple ...


Segmenting Human Trajectory Data By Movement States While Addressing Signal Loss And Signal Noise, Sungsoon Hwang, Cynthia VanDeMark, Navdeep Dhatt, Sai Yalla, Ryan Crews 2017 DePaul University

Segmenting Human Trajectory Data By Movement States While Addressing Signal Loss And Signal Noise, Sungsoon Hwang, Cynthia Vandemark, Navdeep Dhatt, Sai Yalla, Ryan Crews

Sungsoon Hwang

This paper considers the problem of partitioning an individual GPS
trajectory data into homogeneous, meaningful segments such as
stops and trips. Signal loss and signal noise are highly prevalent in
human trajectory data, and it is challenging to deal with uncertainties
in segmentation algorithms. We propose a new trajectory
segmentation algorithm that detects stop segments in a noiserobust
manner from GPS data with time gaps. The algorithm consists
of three steps that impute time gaps, split data into base
segments and estimate states over a base segment. The statedependent
path interpolation was proposed as a framework for
gap imputation to ...


Census2020now.Org, Jason R. Jurjevich 2017 Portland State University

Census2020now.Org, Jason R. Jurjevich

Jason R. Jurjevich

No abstract provided.


Implementing Indigenous And Western Knowledge Systems In Water Research And Management (Part 1): A Systematic Realist Review To Inform Water Policy And Governance In Canada, Heather E. Castleden, Catherine Hart, Sherilee Harper, Debbie Martin, Ashlee Cunsolo, Robert Stefanelli, Lindsay Day, Kaitlin Lauridsen 2017 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Implementing Indigenous And Western Knowledge Systems In Water Research And Management (Part 1): A Systematic Realist Review To Inform Water Policy And Governance In Canada, Heather E. Castleden, Catherine Hart, Sherilee Harper, Debbie Martin, Ashlee Cunsolo, Robert Stefanelli, Lindsay Day, Kaitlin Lauridsen

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Indigenous (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis/Metis) peoples in Canada experience persistent and disproportionate water-related challenges compared to non-Indigenous Canadians. These circumstances are largely attributable to enduring colonial policies and practices. Attempts for redress have been unsuccessful, and Western science and technology have been largely unsuccessful in remedying Canada’s water-related challenges. A systematic review of the academic and grey literature on integrative Indigenous and Western approaches to water research and management identified 279 items of which 63 were relevant inclusions; these were then analyzed using a realist review tool. We found an emerging trend of literature in this area ...


Devolution Of Power And Woreda Or District Development In Benshangul Gumuz Regional State: The Case Of Metkel Zone (North West Ethiopia), Aldo Morka Atnafu 2017 Assosa University, Ethiopia

Devolution Of Power And Woreda Or District Development In Benshangul Gumuz Regional State: The Case Of Metkel Zone (North West Ethiopia), Aldo Morka Atnafu

International Journal of African Development

Decentralized governance offers opportunities for achieving development through good governance and community participation at the grass root level (Ayenew, 2007). Ethiopia has adopted two phases of decentralization, namely decentralizing of power from the federal government to the regional level and from the regional to the woreda level (Gebre-Egziabher & Berhanu, 2007). Thus, this study has aimed at assessing the effect of the woreda level decentralization on the development of the Metekel zone. In particular, it examines the nature of political, administrative and fiscal decentralization in woredas. The study was conducted in two selected woreda, Bulen and Mandura. Data were collected from ...


Validating Geospatial Analysis With Community Risk Perception Survey In Big Island, Hawaii, Darcy Ann Ayers 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Validating Geospatial Analysis With Community Risk Perception Survey In Big Island, Hawaii, Darcy Ann Ayers

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Military vehicle-generated particulate matter released into the atmosphere are possible concerns for human health. The author’s prior geospatial research has been to identify, using GIS analysis, the local populations surrounding a military installation in Hawaii that are most at-risk from the vehicle-generated particulate matter. A continuation of the past research, this project aims to assess the perceived impact of the identified dust pollution among local residents by conducting a survey through both qualitative and quantitative methods. The survey of health and public perception is then used to validate the model developed in the previous GIS analysis. This research is ...


No. 12: Compounding Vulnerability: A Model Of Urban Household Food Security, Cameron McCordic 2017 Balsillie School of International Affairs/WLU

No. 12: Compounding Vulnerability: A Model Of Urban Household Food Security, Cameron Mccordic

Hungry Cities Partnership

The efficiency of the infrastructure systems in cities will define the extent to which dystopic visions of urban futures become a reality. At the level of the individual household, vulnerability to hazards in cities is defined, in part, by the ability to access essential resources and services. This discussion paper proposes a model to help explain the relationship between access to urban infrastructure systems and household vulnerability to food insecurity. Food access in cities is primarily achieved through food purchases, where households convert assets into food at retail locations. When a household falls into food insecurity through trading household assets ...


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