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Impacts Of The Changes Made To Solar Net Metering By Northern California Community Choice Aggregators, Steven Benton Shoemaker 2018 Humboldt State University

Impacts Of The Changes Made To Solar Net Metering By Northern California Community Choice Aggregators, Steven Benton Shoemaker

Theses and projects

When Northern California Community Choice Aggregation Programs (CCAs) took over the role of sourcing electricity from the incumbent utility (Pacific Gas and Electric, or PG&E), they also made changes to how solar customers were treated. In the Humboldt, Sonoma, Marin, and San Mateo County regions, solar customers that were net exporters of electricity received an additional $0.01/kWh credit on the generation portion of their bill. This policy is inherited from one CCA to another, and, given the CCAs are projected to serve 18 million Californians by 2020 (Cal CCA, 2018), understanding its impact - on a solar customer's bottom line and on the local solar market - is critical for the future of the vibrant California solar industry. When a hypothetical Northern California residential customer with typical electricity consumption installs a system that offsets 100% of their annual load, the Humboldt County approach provides an estimated $13/year in additional value (in the form of end-of-year bill credits) relative to a bundled PG&E customer. When that annual load offset is raised to 110%, the Humboldt County approach provides an additional estimated $32/year. An analysis of the number residential solar installations before and after a CCA's implementation could not isolate them as a factor that grew the local solar market; average monthly installs rose, but that increase was strongly correlated with broader trends, including falling costs. Interviews with solar contractors revealed that, while viewed as a positive gesture, this policy has not been proven to move the financial needle for potential customers.


The Road Ahead For Chinese Soes, Jingyu Mao 2018 Bard College

The Road Ahead For Chinese Soes, Jingyu Mao

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Many Chinese State Owned Enterprises are facing problems of over-capacity and inefficient productivity. These problems have contributed to the slowdown of Chinese economic growth. Some people believe that this is the time for SOEs to improve their productivity and financial system in order to be more efficient to support future Chinese economic growth. However, the central government has decided to not reform the current SOE system and continue funding SOEs in order to let them play an important role in the "Belt and Road Initiative." Many people think that this is a way to vindicate SOEs, or to excuse the ...


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin 2018 University of Pennsylvania

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


How Well Is Maine Doing? Comparing Well-Being Across Maine Counties, Angela Daley, Andrew Crawley, Muntasir Rahman, Jake Demosthenes, Erin Lyons 2018 University of Maine

How Well Is Maine Doing? Comparing Well-Being Across Maine Counties, Angela Daley, Andrew Crawley, Muntasir Rahman, Jake Demosthenes, Erin Lyons

Maine Policy Review

Maine has experienced major challenges over the last decade including recession, stagnant recovery, and industrial and population decline. But by some measures, Maine is still seen as one of the best in the United States for well-being. In this paper, we critique the notion of what well-being is and how it is measured. Based on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Better Life Initiative, we then propose and construct an index to compare well-being across Maine counties. Our work gives new insights on the types of challenges counties are facing and provides policymakers a new way of empirically ...


Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

This report presents results from a simulation model that examines the effects of economic development incentives (e.g., tax incentives such as property tax abatements or job creation tax credits) provided to businesses by state and local governments in the United States. The model simulates effects of incentive policies on the incomes of local residents, both for different income types (e.g., labor income versus property income) and for different income quintiles, under different assumptions about the economy’s workings and public policy. Net benefits of incentives for local incomes are greater if the incentives have greater job-creation effects conditional ...


Natural Amenities And Rural Development: A Multilevel Analysis Of Regional Trends And Local Patterns, Dawson Reisig 2018 University of Montana

Natural Amenities And Rural Development: A Multilevel Analysis Of Regional Trends And Local Patterns, Dawson Reisig

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

As rural communities began seeing increased rates of growth following the rural rebound of the 1970’s, many studies have examined the causes and consequences of this shift through the lens of regional amenities and migration trends. Additionally, as development patterns have moved outwards from concentrated growth in urban areas to sprawling development at the rural-urban fringe, many studies have examined the locations of rural development in relation to open space and the amenities it provides. However, examinations of the relationship between these two processes have been severely lacking in the field of land use studies, despite widespread acknowledgement that ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the third quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA and lower jobless claims in Southwest Minnesota contributed favorably to the LEI in the third quarter. A decrease in new business filings of incorporation and LLC and a weaker rural Minnesota economic outlook weighed on the leading index in the current quarter. After falling by a revised 4 ...


Human Development And Subnationalism: A Disaggregated Analysis Of Indian States: Kerala And Uttar Pradesh, Manika Garg 2018 Claremont Colleges

Human Development And Subnationalism: A Disaggregated Analysis Of Indian States: Kerala And Uttar Pradesh, Manika Garg

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis investigates achievements in human development outcomes on health, education, and poverty indicators across Indian states, in order to discern what factors might influence a state’s better orientation toward social policies. After conducting data analysis, the study explains differences in outcomes, as achieved by Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, by building an argument of subnational solidarity and its impact on determining the state’s policy agendas.


Analysis Of The Economic Impact Of Constructing A Nba Arena On The Host City, Grant Gilchrist 2018 Claremont Colleges

Analysis Of The Economic Impact Of Constructing A Nba Arena On The Host City, Grant Gilchrist

CMC Senior Theses

Using economic data collected from 24 different Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the US, this thesis investigates the impact of constructing a new National Basketball Association (NBA) arena on the host city’s economy. When a simplistic model is implemented, which does not control for other economic factors or individual subject heterogeneity, significantly positive economic impacts of arena construction are observed. However, when a more appropriate model specification is implemented that controls for economic activity and individual heterogeneity, these effects are no longer statistically significant. This comparative analysis ultimately highlights the importance of appropriate model specification and supports the conclusion that ...


Evaluating Crime As A Negative Externality Of Hosting Mega-Events: Econometric Analysis Of The 2012 London Summer Olympics, Nicholas Le 2018 Colgate University

Evaluating Crime As A Negative Externality Of Hosting Mega-Events: Econometric Analysis Of The 2012 London Summer Olympics, Nicholas Le

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

Analysis of the benefits and the drawbacks of hosting large-scale sporting events like the Olympics or World Cup frequently ignore the effects of crime due to its relatively small economic impact in comparison to employment and consumption effects. Literature has frequently tied sporting events and tourism to crime, in addition to observing proximity effects on crime during sporting events. This research seeks to confirm both by implementing a difference-in-difference regression that can show whether crime increased during the Olympics, in particular in London boroughs which hosted venues for the Games. Ultimately, the research concludes that crime in London as a ...


The Spatial Distribution Of Urban Consumer Service Firms: Evidence From Yelp Reviews, Brad Humphreys, Josh Matti 2018 West Virginia University

The Spatial Distribution Of Urban Consumer Service Firms: Evidence From Yelp Reviews, Brad Humphreys, Josh Matti

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

A growing literature employs distance-based measures of localization to assess the spatial distribution of firms with a focus on manufacturing across a country. We analyze the spatial concentration of a variety of consumer services firms in the Phoenix, AZ area using geo-referenced Yelp data from over 29,000 establishments. Results from a K-density approach indicate substantial localization and service differentiation among localized firms. Firm concentration varies across service cost and quality; higher quality/cost establishments tend to cluster. Our results further understanding of the modern urban landscape as cities are increasingly centers of consumption.


Convergence Towards An Optimal Currency Area In The European Union, Santiago Botto Tornielli 2018 Yale University

Convergence Towards An Optimal Currency Area In The European Union, Santiago Botto Tornielli

Harvey M. Applebaum ’59 Award

This essay uses the European Union as a case study to analyze the conditions for an optimal currency area, the regional differences that give rise to divergences from optimal conditions, and how to measure divergence. The essay reviews the extensive body of theoretical literature on optimal currency areas (OCA), analyzes the historical evidence and documents that outline the economic institutions of the EU, and performs an empirical factor analysis on different possible indicators of convergence to identify to the most important variables. In the absence of adjustment mechanisms, economic geography plays an essential role in forming an OCA because members ...


Incentives And Local Job Creation, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Incentives And Local Job Creation, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Race To The Bottom? Local Tax Break Competition And Business Location, Evan Mast 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Race To The Bottom? Local Tax Break Competition And Business Location, Evan Mast

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Promise Scholarship Programs And Local Prosperity, Michelle Miller-Adams, Edward Smith 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Promise Scholarship Programs And Local Prosperity, Michelle Miller-Adams, Edward Smith

Upjohn Institute Policy Papers

We argue that place-based college scholarships, if designed intentionally and leveraged effectively, can foster local economic development. Since the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise in 2005, a growing number of communities have applied the place-based approach to investments in human capital through the creation of college scholarship programs. Reviewing the existing literature on educational and economic outcomes associated with Promise programs reveals that they can expand students’ postsecondary aspirations, improve a school district’s college-going culture, and increase college enrollment and degree attainment while promoting in-migration of residents and positive growth in housing prices. Therefore, these programs can serve a ...


Evaluation Of The Potential Impact Of Cptpp And Evfta On Vietnam's Apparel Exports: Are We Over-Optimistic About Vietnam's Export Potential?, Sheng Lu 2018 University of Delaware

Evaluation Of The Potential Impact Of Cptpp And Evfta On Vietnam's Apparel Exports: Are We Over-Optimistic About Vietnam's Export Potential?, Sheng Lu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This study conducted a quantitative evaluation of the potential impact of the implementation of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) on Vietnam’s apparel exports.


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Material From The 13th Border Economic Forum, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Patrick Schaefer 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Material From The 13th Border Economic Forum, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Patrick Schaefer

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Noxious And Carcinogenic Pollutants In Adams County Colorado, Ahnika Leroy 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Impact Of Noxious And Carcinogenic Pollutants In Adams County Colorado, Ahnika Leroy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper will explore how carcinogenic and noxious pollutants emitted from Toxic Release Sites (TRI) effect housing prices in an urban area of Colorado. This is possible in an empirical model that considers the influence of commercial and industrial properties. My approach addresses an important source of omitted variable bias like issues of sorting and agglomeration by disaggregating pollutant types and sites. I will also compare estimates using a hedonic and repeat sales model. Since I am using the repeat sales model, this can control for bias due to sorting. Results indicate that pollutant coefficients in the repeat sales model ...


Drivers Of Agricultural Productivity In Agriculture-Based Economy, Olatokunbo H. Osinowo, Rahman A. Sanusi 2018 Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Drivers Of Agricultural Productivity In Agriculture-Based Economy, Olatokunbo H. Osinowo, Rahman A. Sanusi

Journal for the Advancement of Developing Economies

Stagnation in agricultural productivity, especially in an economy with fast and persistently growing population, would compromise food security. This study examined the factors influencing agricultural productivity in an agriculture-based economy. The study used a 35-year period (1980 – 2014) panel data focusing on Agricultural Productivity (AP), Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Government Agricultural Expenditure (EXP), Agricultural Trade Barrier (ATB), Consumer Price Index (CPI), Farm Machinery (MACH), Fertilizer Consumption (FERT), Human Capital (HCAP) and Irrigation (IRRG). Data were analyzed using Impulse Response Function (IRF) and Panel Least Squares (PLS) regression technique. The IRF revealed that there was a positive and stable response ...


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