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Demonstration And Evaluation Of The Short-Time Compensation Program In Iowa And Oregon: Final Report, Susan Houseman, Christopher J. O'Leary, Katharine G. Abraham, Frank Bennici, Susan Labin, Richard Sigman 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Demonstration And Evaluation Of The Short-Time Compensation Program In Iowa And Oregon: Final Report, Susan Houseman, Christopher J. O'Leary, Katharine G. Abraham, Frank Bennici, Susan Labin, Richard Sigman

Christopher J. O'Leary

Short-time compensation (STC) is an optional program within some state unemployment insurance (UI) systems that allows employers experiencing a temporary reduction in business to lower the average hours of employees in lieu of laying them off. Employer use of the STC option has been low in states with STC programs. We conducted demonstrations in Iowa and Oregon to evaluate the effectiveness of several interventions designed to increase employer awareness and use of STC, including disseminating information about STC to specific employers (members of the “treatment” group) over a 12-month period. The main findings support the hypothesis that lack of awareness ...


Unequal Exchange In Global Trade: Theoretical And Empirical Issues, Andrea Ricci 2017 Università degli Studi di Urbino

Unequal Exchange In Global Trade: Theoretical And Empirical Issues, Andrea Ricci

Andrea Ricci

Presentation at the Eighth IIPPE Annual Conference in Political Economy.
Berlin School of Economics and Law.
Berlin. September 13, 2017


Trade Union Trade-Offs: Unions, Voters, And The Rise Of Right-Wing Populism, Kim Gabbitas 2017 The University Of Utah

Trade Union Trade-Offs: Unions, Voters, And The Rise Of Right-Wing Populism, Kim Gabbitas

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Trade union membership in European Union member states has been in decline for decades, which has many concerned about the future of workers’ rights. While existing work examines the reasons for this decline, my research shifts the focus from union density to the functions unions serve and how these functions affect and are affected by changing electoral behavior. I examine the rise of right-wing populist movements in Europe and how these movements and the challenges today’s labor unions face can be traced to the same underlying forces. I argue that, as the relevance of trade unions declines for blue-collar ...


The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster and Medicine and Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster and Medicine and Management) 2017 Pace University

The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster And Medicine And Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster And Medicine And Management)

Nexus Maximus

We are the Children’s Community Center, a NGO thats wants to provide an emergency response to the new surge of Rohingya refugee children. We want to relieve the daily mental traumas of the refugee camps through the collaborative interaction of the different children within the camps. This center will also give parents the space to focus on their own healing without the preoccupation of childcare.

Nexus Maximus IV

The Challenge: Innovation for Refugees and Displaced Populations

One of the great challenges of our time is how to help refugees and displaced populations, and how to prevent the causes in ...


St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report, Vol. 19, No. 3, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2017 St. Cloud State University

St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report, Vol. 19, No. 3, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report

Despite experiencing the worst worker shortages since the late 1990s, St. Cloud-area businesses continue to experience strong growth. Payroll data indicate overall St. cloud metropolitan area employment grew at a 1.8 percent annual rate over theyear ending July 2017, above the average annual job growth rate of 1 percent observed since 2002.

Once again the construction sector led the way with double-digit job growth, followed by strong gains in the wholesale trade as well as the educational and health sector. Similar to last quarter, the financial activities, manufacturing, information, and transportation/warehousing/utilities sectors all experienced year-over-year job losses ...


No Mere Tautology: The Division Of Labor Is Limited By The Division Of Labor, Andrew Smyth, Bart J. Wilson 2017 Marquette University

No Mere Tautology: The Division Of Labor Is Limited By The Division Of Labor, Andrew Smyth, Bart J. Wilson

ESI Working Papers

We explore the intersection of growth theory and the theory of the firm with an experiment. Economic growth is possible in our experiment when agents specialize to exploit increasing returns. We find that low opportunity costs are sufficient for Marshallian internal economies, but that Marshallian external economies are slow to emerge in four probing treatment conditions. Transaction costs do not hamper external economies as we anticipated prior to collecting data. When external economies falter, it is because new ideas about the cost and value of more extensive specialization fail to emerge. Ideas are what make further divisions of the division ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


Where Prices Come From, Lester G. Telser 2017 University of Chicago

Where Prices Come From, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

The software industry is the leading example in the economy where revenue depends on the cost of developing a product capable of satisfying many requirements desired by potential customers but does not incur a cost that rises with the number of buyers. Marginal cost is zero. Revenue can increase without increasing the inputs responsible for variable cost, including employment. This explains why inputs in the software industry do not match its growing size.


Georgia Rho Chapter: Third Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference, 2017 University of North Georgia

Georgia Rho Chapter: Third Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Pi Gamma Mu To Launch New Leadership Development Program, 2017 University of North Georgia

Pi Gamma Mu To Launch New Leadership Development Program

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


2017 Triennial International Convention In Kansas City, Mo, 2017 University of North Georgia

2017 Triennial International Convention In Kansas City, Mo

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Induction Ceremony Keynote Speech: Starring Roles: High-Achieving Students’ Experiences In Collaborative Groups, Renee Monson 2017 Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Induction Ceremony Keynote Speech: Starring Roles: High-Achieving Students’ Experiences In Collaborative Groups, Renee Monson

International Social Science Review

Dr. Monson, Associate Professor of Sociology at Hobart and William Smith Colleges, was the keynote speaker at the joint induction ceremony for Pi Gamma Mu, Alpha Kappa Delta (sociology), Alpha Phi Sigma (criminology), Kappa Delta Pi (education), Phi Alpha Theta (history), Sigma Theta Tau (nursing) and Tau Sigma (transfer students) at Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York on April 17, 2017. This paper is a written version of that presentation, which discusses her research on high-achieving students’ experiences with collaborative learning pedagogy.


Gaining Ground On Equal Pay: Empowering Boston's Women Through Salary Negotiation Workshops, A Report On Year One Of Aauw Work Smart In Boston, Jecynta Azong, Ann Bookman, Christa Kelleher 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Gaining Ground On Equal Pay: Empowering Boston's Women Through Salary Negotiation Workshops, A Report On Year One Of Aauw Work Smart In Boston, Jecynta Azong, Ann Bookman, Christa Kelleher

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

This report is a case study, not an evaluation. Its focus is on a particular program, AAUW Work Smart in Boston, over a defined period of time (September 2015 – October 2016) in order to understand the program’s impact on the women who participated in it. This report explores several key questions: In what ways do AAUW Work Smart in Boston workshops have an impact on the women who complete them? What are the main barriers that prevent women from addressing their compensation level and/or achieving pay equity? What are primary factors that facilitate women’s capacity to achieve ...


Privately Issued Money In The Us, Matthew Jaremski 2017 Colgate University

Privately Issued Money In The Us, Matthew Jaremski

Economics Faculty Working Papers

In recent years, there has been a revival of privately issued money. Due to the general lack of successful or even widely circulating private currency, it can be challenging to get a clear view of its efficiency using modern data. The U.S. historical period, however, offers a unique environment to examine the topic as private bank money made up a sizable portion of the money supply. Moreover, the period presents a wide range of regulation, including spans with and without the presence of a central bank or monetary authority. This chapter begins by highlighting the general history of privately ...


Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, Esteban Puentes 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, Esteban Puentes

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We study wealth disparities in the formation of anthropometrics, cognitive skills and socio-emotional skills. We use a sample of preschool and early school children in Chile. We extend the previous literature by using longitudinal data, which allow us to study the dynamics of child growth and skills formation. Also, we include information on mother's and father's schooling attainment and mother's cognitive ability. We find that there are no significant anthropometric differences favoring the better-off at birth (and indeed length differences at birth to the disadvantage of the better-off), but during the first 30 months of life wealth ...


School Resources And Student Outcomes: Evidence From The State Of Illinois, Alyssa Cooper 2017 Illinois State University

School Resources And Student Outcomes: Evidence From The State Of Illinois, Alyssa Cooper

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development

Literature on the subject of school resources and student outcomes tends to find that there is a positive relationship between both variables. Most literature uses per-pupil spending (PPS) or teacher salaries as a measure of school resources. While I have modeled both in my paper, my focus in this paper is on per-pupil spending. Using data from the Illinois State Board of Education from 2006-2016 and measuring student outcomes through average ACT scores, operational PPS is found to be insignificant, whereas instructional PPS is found to be positive and significant at the 5% level. Estimates suggest that a 1 standard ...


Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

A wave of corporate inversions by U.S. firms over the past two decades has generated substantial debate in academic, business, and policy circles.

The core of the debate hinges on a couple of key economic questions: Do U.S. tax laws disadvantage U.S.-domiciled companies relative to their foreign competitors? And, if so, do inversions improve the competitiveness of U.S. multinational firms both abroad and at home?

There is unfortunately little, if any, empirical work directly determining whether U.S.-based MNCs are currently tax-disadvantaged compared to their foreign rivals, or measuring the amount by which (if ...


Bubble Testing Under Deterministic Trends, Xiaohu WANG, Jun YU 2017 Chinese University of Hong Kong

Bubble Testing Under Deterministic Trends, Xiaohu Wang, Jun Yu

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper develops the asymptotic theory of the ordinary least squares estimator of the autoregressive (AR) coefficient in various AR models, when data is generated from trend-stationary models in different forms. It is shown that, depending on how the autoregression is specified, the commonly used right-tailed unit root tests may tend to reject the null hypothesis of unit root in favor of the explosive alternative. A new procedure to implement the right-tailed unit root tests is proposed. It is shown that when the data generating process is trend-stationary, the test statistics based on the proposed procedure cannot find evidence of ...


China’S Growth Story: Plenty To Come, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

China’S Growth Story: Plenty To Come, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The Middle Kingdom has lots of room to grow if it could sort out economic distortions and optimise capital allocation. The tweaking of the one-child policy might also help


The Business Of Business…Is Creating Shared Value, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

The Business Of Business…Is Creating Shared Value, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Corporations, governments and NGOs need to work together for mankind to exist sustainably, says the former Prime Minister of the Netherlands


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