Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

41,182 Full-Text Articles 25,197 Authors 11,234,562 Downloads 315 Institutions

All Articles in Economics

Faceted Search

41,182 full-text articles. Page 4 of 1040.

An Agent-Based Approach To Simulating The Minimum Wage Market, Luke Snyder 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Agent-Based Approach To Simulating The Minimum Wage Market, Luke Snyder

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to identify and describe the economic impacts of adjusting the minimum wage on employment. The approach taken is constructing an agent-based simulation using the well-known software suite NetLogo. The simulation models business and consumer behavior through a set of governing economic principles, yet also provides randomization to more accurately account for occasional outliers and human irrationality. The results of the simulation indicate relatively small changes in employment among minimum wages between $7.25 and $10.00, with a gradual decrease thereafter.


The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara 2018 College of William and Mary

The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examines whether universities in mid-sized “Rust Belt” cities can help drive local economic growth by directly supporting growth in local high-technology industry. This study is inspired by the hypothesis of van Agtmael and Bakker (2016) that high-technology industry can generate significant levels of economic growth that revitalized Rust Belt communities. This study shows that some university outputs, like undergraduate students in STEM fields and R&D expenditures in STEM fields benefit a Rust Belt city’s high-technology industry sector and overall economy. However, these results are stronger in the mid-sized Rust Belt cities of the Midwest rather than ...


A Commentary On Litigation Involving Uber Technologies, Inc., Catherine Hagemeier 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Commentary On Litigation Involving Uber Technologies, Inc., Catherine Hagemeier

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

Uber Technologies, Inc. is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, food delivery, and transportation network managed in San Francisco, California. Travis Kalanick and Garrett Camp developed the idea for the ridesharing app in 2008, after experiencing difficulty hailing a cab. They originally designed the app to be used in major metropolitan areas, but the business inevitably took off; it now operates in 633 cities worldwide. In 2017, Uber claimed that the company earned roughly $7.5 billion in revenue, employed more than 12,000 “independent drivers,” and connected over one billion people (“Finding the Way”). Though widely successful and heralded as a major ...


Out Of The Shadows: Women Of The Fmln Guerrilla Army In El Salvador’S Civil War, 1979–1992, Erica Gonzalez 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Out Of The Shadows: Women Of The Fmln Guerrilla Army In El Salvador’S Civil War, 1979–1992, Erica Gonzalez

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Over the course of a century, revolutionary movements have emerged every few years across the region of Central America, movements that fought for overturning dictatorships and confronting socio-economic inequalities. Women experience higher levels of poverty, human rights violations and discrimination due to gender inequalities. Representing 30% of the FMLN guerrilla army, women in El Salvador took a quantum leap into one of the most horrific and violent armed conflicts in the history of the country (Montgomery 123). Theorists have sought to explain why women became involved in the war. Experts of insurgent collective action agree that women's participation played ...


Impact Of Online Shopping On Shopping Malls, Xaioxing Yan 2018 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Impact Of Online Shopping On Shopping Malls, Xaioxing Yan

Applied Economics Theses

The growth of e-retail has been a major discussion in the shopping characteristics of contemporary society. This has been a major concern as people strive to relate the exponential growth of online shopping to the recent decline in the growth of shopping malls. Various studies have significantly investigated the growth of online shopping and have always mentioned the impact of online shopping on shopping malls to be a negative one. This study focuses on testing that hypothesis. By exploring the possible relationship between certain factors such as the number of shopping malls and the percentage increase in online shopping retail ...


Does Debt Matter?, Luhan Li 2018 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Does Debt Matter?, Luhan Li

Applied Economics Theses

National debt is a popular topic, since people have a lot of different views on national debt. For example, many people think that there is a positive relationship between national debt and GDP per capita. In other words, the national debt has also increased with the growth of GDP per capita. However, some people feel that there is an inverse relationship between them, so much so that the topic has been discussed. Based on my interest in this topic, I decided to discuss this question. This paper will discuss their influence and importance by analyzing national debt, GDP per capita ...


California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem 2018 San Jose State University

California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem

Master's Projects

This research aims at revealing the challenges and opportunities in implementing Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities (CRIAs) in California.

This study will focus on the implementation of CRIAs, but it is worth examining alternative economic development tools to draw comprehensive comparisons and understand their advantages and disadvantages.

Understanding economic development tools may be valuable for the commercial and industrial growth and prosperity of cities and local governments. It may also be important to increase the number of affordable housing units in an area. Businesses and low-income families alike share the benefits of successful redevelopment. It may be possible to reveal ...


Hospital Cost Accounting: Saving Lives And Saving On Costs, Amanda Whitehouse 2018 Bryant University

Hospital Cost Accounting: Saving Lives And Saving On Costs, Amanda Whitehouse

Honors Projects in Accounting

Within an industry constantly pursuing accuracy, a cost accounting system that addresses the ongoing concerns of saving money and increasing efficiency is a must. Now more than ever, hospitals require reliable information to combat the conflicting relationship between an increase in spending on new instruments and specialized staff, but a decrease in funding. This project explores potential avenues to find a successful cost accounting method using past research, analysis of hospitals’ current environments, and expert opinions from hospital and healthcare personnel. Each hospital is different based on their environment, surrounding population, type of services provided, and personal demands. This study ...


Sequestration And The Engagement Of Developing Economies In A Global Carbon Market, Reza Oladi, Arthur Caplan, John Gilbert 2018 Utah State University

Sequestration And The Engagement Of Developing Economies In A Global Carbon Market, Reza Oladi, Arthur Caplan, John Gilbert

Arthur J. Caplan

We develop a differential game within a general equilibrium framework of carbon sequestration with and without international trade. We characterize the game’s equilibrium and demonstrate how a global carbon permit market can be structured to induce the participation of developing countries through the harnessing of their potential to sequester carbon.We show that a permit market with carbon sequestration is mutually welfare improving for developed and developing nations, and that international trade in finished goods and carbon permits lowers the stock of global pollution.


Speech Excerpts: Controlling Government Spending, 2018 University of North Florida

Speech Excerpts: Controlling Government Spending

Saffy Collection Textual

Excerpt from speeches by Governor Bill Clinton regarding his position on government spending and the need for reducing defense spending, consumption spending and control health care costs. The Clinton Administration would invest more federal funds in education, child care, health care, environment technology, infrastructure and basic research. Printed on Bill Clinton for President Committee letterhead. No date given. Box: 16 Folder: 3


Who Pays For College Athletic Spending? An Examination Of The Evidence, Jody W. Lipford, Jerry K. Slice 2018 Presbyterian College

Who Pays For College Athletic Spending? An Examination Of The Evidence, Jody W. Lipford, Jerry K. Slice

The Journal of SPORT

College athletics is a major business in the United States. Collegiate sports teams generate billions of dollars in revenues, but they also incur billions of dollars in costs, and for the vast majority of athletic teams, revenues do not cover costs. When athletic programs do not cover their costs, the institutional budget must fund these expenses. In this paper, we demonstrate that an institution’s athletic subsidy per student is dependent on the institution’s number of students. Further, we find that institutions where the athletic subsidy per student is high enroll a disproportionate share of students who are economically ...


Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett 2018 University of Wyoming

Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Donations are important for the long-term survival of many institutions. However, it is still uncertain exactly why it is that people choose to donate. Behavioral economics combines economics with psychology to better understand how humans make choices in markets. This research project focuses on the psychology of charitable giving, nudges, and the impact of natural resource rents on charitable giving. Without understanding individuals, it is impossible to understand why they donate. Nudges seek to take what has been learned about individuals to manipulate them into behaving the way policy makers desire. Natural resource rents are another facet to consider in ...


The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman 2018 Purdue University

The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials

Provides an overview on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program involving the U.S. and many allied countries. Describes the costs of this program, the technical problems it has experienced, its economic impact on the U.S. and allied countries, the JSF's operational capabilities, potential combat scenarios in which it could be used, and the campaign finance impact aerospace companies and unions have in the electoral process.


Public Principles And Economic Legacy, Stanley Schwartz 2018 Cedarville University

Public Principles And Economic Legacy, Stanley Schwartz

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

2018 will mark the 60th anniversary of the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt. The Nobel-prize winning economist’s first book conflicted with the Keynesian orthodoxy of the day, and added fresh ideas to an ongoing debate over the fundamentals of public debt theory. This paper seeks to outline the dialogue among leading economists surrounding public debt since the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt, examining the major schools of thought and their development. The ideas of John Maynard Keynes, James Buchanan, and Richard Barro will receive attention, without neglecting other significant contributions. The paper will conclude ...


Segregation Of Student Financial Aid In Higher Education: The Effects On Low-Income Students When Ebt Is Not Accepted At University Campuses In San Diego, Ca., Tanisha-Jean Martin 2018 University of San Diego

Segregation Of Student Financial Aid In Higher Education: The Effects On Low-Income Students When Ebt Is Not Accepted At University Campuses In San Diego, Ca., Tanisha-Jean Martin

M.A. in Leadership Studies: Capstone Project Papers

The student bodies of universities are made up of a diverse financial class of students which utilize various methods to cover financial obligations on campus, even with the use of welfare governmental assistance. Low-income students that are involved in government welfare programs are given an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card to support them while they are pursuing an education; however, every university in San Diego, CA (and nearly the entire United States), segregate EBT into an unacceptable category and refuse to accept the card at any venues on campus. The EBT card is a plastic card that can be used ...


Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, Celia R. Woldt 2018 Lake Forest College

Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, Celia R. Woldt

Senior Theses

Gothic cathedrals were financed in many ways and their building could take centuries to complete. The process was long and arduous costing enormous sums of money over a sustained period of time. Their construction depleted both capital and skilled labor from the surrounding areas spurring both the donors and workers to be represented in the cathedral. The materials used to build these massive structures drew greatly on the region and dictated their architectural form. When the donors, religious figures, aristocracy, and workers are represented it validates the sacrifices they made towards building the cathedral as well as showing their social ...


The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, Laura Remien Woldt 2018 Lake Forest College

The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, Laura Remien Woldt

Senior Theses

Today the Knights Templar are known through a swirl of history and conspiracy. The Order of the Temple grew far beyond its original purpose, to reclaim the Holy Land and to protect pilgrims, becoming a banking, financial, and trade giant. The Knights Templars built innovative financial systems, along with a network of monasteries and churches, not only to support the crusades in the Holy Land, but to build, expand, and maintain their empire through the re-working of traditional European art forms to create a particular image of power and piety for both their patrons and enemies.


Furs: Functionality, Fashion, And Franchise, Jenna Q. Detweiler 2018 Ursinus College

Furs: Functionality, Fashion, And Franchise, Jenna Q. Detweiler

Environmental Studies Honors Papers

Animal furs have been used in various manners through human history. Early humans cut crude shawls for warmth, and with the development of tools such as needles, closer-fitting clothing such as fur pants became possible. As time went on, products such as wool and cotton were used for clothing and, with fur alternatives, furs were reserved for the ultra-wealthy in some cultures. The image of fur as a luxury item has remained ever since, but simultaneously fur has become more accessible to the general public. Meanwhile, animal rights movements have successfully dampened interest in fur in some countries and communities ...


Aiding To Repair: An Analysis On The Impact Of Foreign Aid In Rwanda After The 1994 Genocide, Mary Atta-Dakwa 2018 Ursinus College

Aiding To Repair: An Analysis On The Impact Of Foreign Aid In Rwanda After The 1994 Genocide, Mary Atta-Dakwa

International Relations Honors Papers

Between April 1994 to July 1994, about 1 million Hutus and Tutsis were murdered in the Rwandan genocide. The genocide not only severely declined the population of Rwandans, but largely impacted its infrastructure, government, and economy. After the genocide, about $15 billion US dollars was sent to provide humanitarian aid. Post-genocide Rwanda has seen a significant growth in its economy; however, speculators may question if the economic growth is attributed to the foreign aid it received after the 1994 genocide. This paper seeks to examine the impact of foreign aid on post-war reconstruction on Rwanda as a case study.


Was The Amt Effectively Repealed?, Reed Shuldiner 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Was The Amt Effectively Repealed?, Reed Shuldiner

Faculty Scholarship

The individual alternative minimum tax (AMT) was a much disliked feature of the tax law prior to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Yet, despite repeated promises to repeal the AMT as part of tax reform, the TCJA dropped AMT repeal in favor of increasing the AMT exemption and its phaseout threshold. The question raised by this development is whether the AMT changes should be viewed as yet another stop-gap tweak of the AMT or whether the changes should be viewed as returning the AMT to its roots as a tax on high-income taxpayers using excessive loopholes. In this ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress