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Overqualification Among Aboriginal Workers In Canada, Jungwee Park 2018 Statistics Canada

Overqualification Among Aboriginal Workers In Canada, Jungwee Park

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This study examines education, employment, and the extent to which adult Aboriginal workers (aged 25-64) were overqualified for their jobs compared to non-Aboriginal workers. Data are from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) including 415,115 Aboriginal workers and 13,301,610 non-Aboriginal workers. Aboriginal workers with higher levels of education (bachelor degree or higher) were less likely to be overqualified than their non-Aboriginal counterparts; but Aboriginal workers with lower levels of education (less than university level) were more likely to be overqualified than non-Aboriginal workers. This study also highlights differences in overqualification by field of study: Among Aboriginal workers ...


Optimal Incentives In A Principal–Agent Model With Endogenous Technology, Marco A. Marini, Paolo Polidori, Désirée Teobaldelli, Davide Ticchi 2018 Sapienza University of Rome

Optimal Incentives In A Principal–Agent Model With Endogenous Technology, Marco A. Marini, Paolo Polidori, Désirée Teobaldelli, Davide Ticchi

Davide Ticchi

One of the standard predictions of the agency theory is that more incentives can be given to agents with lower risk aversion. In this paper, we show that this relationship may be absent or reversed when the technology is endogenous and projects with a higher efficiency are also riskier. Using a modified version of the Holmstrom and Milgrom’s framework, we obtain that lower agent’s risk aversion unambiguously leads to higher incentives when the technology function linking efficiency and riskiness is elastic, while the risk aversion–incentive relationship can be positive when this function is rigid.


Space Of Hmiltonian Circuits, Lester G. Telser 2018 University of Chicago

Space Of Hmiltonian Circuits, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

Coalitions in this essay on core theory are Hamiltonian circuits formed by the vertexes and selected arrows in an odd m-polygon. The utility of circuits can be shown in a proof by contradiction. A hierarchy has no circuits. Without circuits there is no feedback. With circuits there is feedback. It follows that circuits are important. This essay describes how to make circuits for the pentagon, septagon and nonagon. It includes tables of these circuits arranged by their size useful for study of rivalry among circuits as coalitions. It also shows their main partitions and how to handle complications arising from ...


Supplemental Readings And Practice Problems For "What Counts And What Gets Counted", Jeremiah Bentley 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Supplemental Readings And Practice Problems For "What Counts And What Gets Counted", Jeremiah Bentley

Accounting Educational Materials

“What Counts and What Gets Counted” (Bloomfield 2016)[1] is an innovative way of teaching managerial accounting. The 1st edition of the book won the 2014 Jim Bulloch Award for Innovations in Management Accounting Education, and has only gotten better since then. However, the book suffers from two significant limitations. First, the book was intended primarily for MBA students, not for accounting undergrads. As a result, the book doesn’t go into sufficient depth on some of the technical topics that accounting majors need to understand. Second, the book lacks a bank of practice problems and solutions for students ...


Essays On Environmental Conditions In Cuba, Gonzalo Cordova 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Environmental Conditions In Cuba, Gonzalo Cordova

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Cuban environmental conditions have not attracted the attention received by otherareas of Cuba's economic performance. Chapter 1 examines selected ambient air pollutants and the use of fossil fuels in Cuba, indicators for which there are relatively better available data, as of the “Special Period” extending into recent years. In contrast with prior anecdotally-driven approaches, the empirical examination aims to specifically identify Cuba's performance and international standing on these indicators through the use of a heterogeneous individual country adaptation of the income-pollution relationship known as the Environmental Kuznets Curve. In response to critiques in the literature, extensive testing of ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Orozco 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Orozco

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Collective Memory And Forgetting: A Theoretical Discussion, Cindy Minarova-Banjac 2018 Bond University

Collective Memory And Forgetting: A Theoretical Discussion, Cindy Minarova-Banjac

CEWCES Research Papers

This research paper focuses on a neglected aspect of memory studies - that of collective forgetting. Collective forgetting refers to how states and citizens selectively remember, misremember, and disremember to silence and exclude alternative views and perspectives that counter the official discourse. The act of ‘forgetting’ involves deconstructing and reconstructing meanings, values, and institutions, where the dominant group produces a quasi-natural state of reality that delegitimises alternative histories and memories. As well as being an effective tool for maintaining power, it is argued that forgetting plays an important role in foreign and domestic policy as states use narratives of the past ...


Bayesian State Space Representation Model: Applications To Macroeconomics And International Finance, Hiroshi Morita 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bayesian State Space Representation Model: Applications To Macroeconomics And International Finance, Hiroshi Morita

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation develops three new econometric models using Bayesian state space representation model in order to apply to macroeconomics and international finance. It consists of 3 chapters. Chapter 1 develops a Markov mixture model of macroeconomic fundamentals to analyze the short-run dynamics of foreign exchange rates. In our model, foreign exchange rates are simultaneously determined by three parities: the interest rate parity, the inflation rate parity, and the equity return rate parity. Using four exchange rates: the U.S. dollar price of the British pound, the German mark, the Japanese yen, and the Canadian dollar, the findings are: (1) Our ...


2018 Updated Tables And Figures For Ec 846 Nebraska Cash Corn Prices And Basis Patterns, Jessica J. Groskopf, Cory Walters 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

2018 Updated Tables And Figures For Ec 846 Nebraska Cash Corn Prices And Basis Patterns, Jessica J. Groskopf, Cory Walters

Extension Farm and Ranch Management

No abstract provided.


Industrial Output Fluctuations In Developing Countries: General Equilibrium Consequences Of Agricultural Productivity Shocks, Iona Hyojung LEE 2018 Singapore Management University

Industrial Output Fluctuations In Developing Countries: General Equilibrium Consequences Of Agricultural Productivity Shocks, Iona Hyojung Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper shows that a negative shock to agricultural productivity may increase food prices, and labor and capital can move away from manufacturing into agriculture to meet the subsistence requirement for food. This effect depends on income levels and openness to trade. Using annual manufacturing data and rainfall shocks as the instrument for crop yields (proxy for agricultural productivity), I find that an exogenous decline in yield decreases manufacturing output as well as employment and capital investment in manufacturing. Overall, crop yield variation can explain up to 44% of industrial output fluctuations in developing countries (rainfall shocks cause 31% of ...


On Random Social Choice Functions With The Tops-Only Property, Shurojit CHATTERJI, Huaxia ZENG 2018 Singapore Management University

On Random Social Choice Functions With The Tops-Only Property, Shurojit Chatterji, Huaxia Zeng

Research Collection School Of Economics

We study the standard voting model with randomization. A Random Social Choice Function (or RSCF) satisfies the tops-only property if the social lottery under each preference profile depends only on the peaks of voters' preferences. We identify a general condition on domains of preferences (the Interior Property and the Exterior Property) which ensures that every strategy-proof RSCF satisfying unanimity has the tops-only property. We show that our condition applies to important classes of voting domains which include restricted connected domains (Sato, 2013) and the multi-dimensional single-peaked domain (Barberà et al., 1993). As an application of our result, we show that ...


Trail Usage And Value - A Helena, Mt Case Study, Jeremy L. Sage, Norma P. Nickerson 2018 University of Montana - Missoula

Trail Usage And Value - A Helena, Mt Case Study, Jeremy L. Sage, Norma P. Nickerson

Institute for Tourism and Recreation Research Publications

The Mt. Ascension and Mt. Helena trail network provide a valuable outdoor recreation amenity to residents of, and visitors to, Helena. This report identifies the use and value of the trail system. Though 78 percent of trail use is by local residents, visitors to the region who used the trail system for hiking or biking spent over $4 million in the local area in the summer of 2017 (May-September).


A Note On Mitigating The Adverse Scale Effects Of Associated With Daily Driving Restrictions, Arthur Caplan, Man-Keun Kim 2018 Utah State University

A Note On Mitigating The Adverse Scale Effects Of Associated With Daily Driving Restrictions, Arthur Caplan, Man-Keun Kim

Arthur J. Caplan

This paper investigates the role of additional regulation in mitigating the ‘adverse scale effect’
associated with daily driving restrictions, which has become a popular regulatory tool used
to control episodic air pollution internationally, especially in developing countries. We find
that although an annual vehicle registration tax reduces the incentive to purchase additional
vehicles among households whose sole purpose for doing so is to ‘cheat’ the restriction (i.e.,
the ‘adverse scale effect’), it does so with an external cost. The cost occurs because households
whose purpose for purchasing an additional vehicle is not to cheat the restriction are given
the ...


Unidad 2, Vicente German-Soto 2018 Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila

Unidad 2, Vicente German-Soto

Vicente German-Soto

Guía de aprendizaje de la Unidad 2 de Algebra Lineal.


The Long-Term Effects Of The Historical Roman Road Network: Trade Costs Of Italian Provinces, Luca De Benedictis, Anna Maria Pinna, Vania Licio 2018 University of Verona

The Long-Term Effects Of The Historical Roman Road Network: Trade Costs Of Italian Provinces, Luca De Benedictis, Anna Maria Pinna, Vania Licio

Luca De Benedictis

The paper gives evidence of the causal effect of infrastructure on trade costs, for the 107 Italian provinces (NUTS3), testing whether differences in trade costs between provinces today can be traced back to the structure of the historical Roman road network. By constructing a specific measure of Roman road intensity for each Italian province and relying on an instrumental variables approach, the empirical analysis shows that having an integrated system of roads, as the one built during the Roman empire, plays an important role on current international trade. As a whole, the study confirms not only the importance of history ...


Interest Premium And Economic Growth: The Case Of Cee, Istvan Konya 2018 Institute of Economics (CERS-HAS)

Interest Premium And Economic Growth: The Case Of Cee, Istvan Konya

Istvan Konya

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AbstractThis paper views the growth and convergence process of the four Visegrad economies - the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia - through the lens of the open economy, stochastic neoclassical growth model. We estimate for these countries a version of the model augmented by simple financial frictions . Our main question is whether shocks to the growth rate of productivity (“trend”), or ...


[First Draft] The Devil's In The Caveats: A Critical Analysis Of Basic Income Experiments For Researchers, Policymakers, And Citizens, Karl Widerquist 2018 Georgetown University-Qatar

[First Draft] The Devil's In The Caveats: A Critical Analysis Of Basic Income Experiments For Researchers, Policymakers, And Citizens, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

The devil’s in the details is a common saying about policy proposals. Perhaps we need a similar saying for policy research, something like the devil’s in the caveats. I say this both because nonspecialists (the citizens and policymakers who are ultimately responsible for evaluating policy in any democracy) have great difficulty understanding what research implies about policy and because specialists often have difficulty understanding what citizens and policymakers most hope to learn from policy research.
 
This problem creates great difficulty for Universal Basic Income (UBI) experiments which are now getting underway in several countries. These experiments can add ...


Global And Local Centrality Of Emerging Countries In The World Trade Network, Luca De Benedictis, Lucia Tajoli 2018 DED - University of Macerata - Italy

Global And Local Centrality Of Emerging Countries In The World Trade Network, Luca De Benedictis, Lucia Tajoli

Luca De Benedictis

Among the many changes that characterized the world trading system in the past decades, a very relevant and much discussed one concerns the role of the so-called \emerging countries." In this Chapter, we study the position of a number of "emerging countries" in the World Trade Network (WTN) in order to assess whether they are standing out from the rest of developing countries as far as the central position they occupy, making a comparison between local centrality measures and global centrality measures.
The case of China and Mexico are compared. The analysis shows that the core-periphery strutture of the WTN ...


Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, we respond to Professor Zelinsky’s criticism of our arguments regarding the constitutionality of New York’s tax residence rule. We argue that the Supreme Court’s decision in Wynne requires reconsideration of the New York Court of Appeal’s decision in Tamagni.


Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, Robert D. Reason, Larry A. Braskamp 2018 Iowa State University

Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, Robert D. Reason, Larry A. Braskamp

Robert D Reason

Throughout its history, American higher education has prepared students for principled citizenship in a democratic society. Yet in recent years, public critique has focused ever more sharply on higher education's role in fueling economic growth (National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement 2012). In the face of these pressures, several educational leaders and organizations, including the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), have called on colleges and universities to recommit to preparing students to become active workers and citizens. Fortunately, these are complementary goals. By helping students develop civic capacities like a sense of personal ...


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