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Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, H.R. 1, would eliminate the federal income tax deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes while maintaining the deduction for business state and local taxes. That disparate treatment has generated a storm of negative commentary. In this short essay, I consider whether the federal tax law should allow a deduction for business state and local taxes assuming that there is no deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes. I argue that investors and businesses, including pass-through businesses, should be allowed to deduct state and local property and sales taxes, but not general income ...


Benefits And Obstacles To Purchasing Food From Local Growers And Producers, Mary B. Gregoire, Catherine H. Strohbehn 2017 Iowa State University

Benefits And Obstacles To Purchasing Food From Local Growers And Producers, Mary B. Gregoire, Catherine H. Strohbehn

Catherine Strohbehn

Oftentimes, those who are responsible for purchasing food for school foodservice programs have a variety of vendors from whom they choose to purchase. One buying option that is receiving increased support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is the purchase of foods from local growers (those who grow food items on their farm and sell directly to consumers) and producers (those who produce a food item, such as pasta or ground beef, from locally grown or raised foods). Data for this study were collected from individuals responsible for managing school foodservice operations in four Midwestern states to determine ...


Innovations In School Food Purchasing, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mary B. Gregorie 2017 Iowa State University

Innovations In School Food Purchasing, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mary B. Gregorie

Catherine Strohbehn

There is much local interest in and government support for efforts to develop stronger links between schools and local growers and producers. Several successful programs have been developed that provide models for school foodservice direclors who are interested in this effort. Benefits and challenges do exist in Ihe developmenl of these new markets, both from the perspective of the school foodservice projessional and the producm. Discussions of the benefits, obstacles, and pilot, projects are included in this report.


Economic Rights In Catholic Social Teaching, Andrew Beauchamp, Jason Heron 2017 Wright State University

Economic Rights In Catholic Social Teaching, Andrew Beauchamp, Jason Heron

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Catholic social teaching has a vision of the economy that is very closely aligned with the tradition of civil humanism, dating at least from the Italian Renaissance. In the course of contemporary discussion of economic concerns, Catholic social teaching often asserts human rights in and related to the economic sphere. However, it regards these economic imperatives not in terms of an autonomous, rights-bearing individualism, but rather within the thick web of relationships characterized by civil virtues, including reciprocity and gratuitousness.

Thus the Church conceptualizes the economy as part of a larger social ambit that includes fundamental social virtues. This vision ...


The Economic Concept Of Exploitation And Economic Justice, Hee-Young Shin 2017 Wright State University

The Economic Concept Of Exploitation And Economic Justice, Hee-Young Shin

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper explores the concept of exploitation — how it has been interpreted and used in different schools of thought in economics and what it means to abolish exploitation in our contemporary capitalist market economies.


Teaching About Modern Slavery: Highlighting Human Rights Principles In Evaluating Economic Systems, Barbara E. Hopkins 2017 Wright State University

Teaching About Modern Slavery: Highlighting Human Rights Principles In Evaluating Economic Systems, Barbara E. Hopkins

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Evaluating economic systems relies on several different criteria, but the current public discourse places a great deal of emphasis on efficiency, which students generally understand as producing at lower cost.

By using the extreme example of modern-day slavery, I am able to introduce students to the human rights framework for thinking about freedom and encourage students to question whether producing at the lowest possible cost is good for human beings and the environment.


Economic Viability Of Selling Locally Grown Produce To Local Restaurants, Amit Sharma, Catherine Strohbehn, Rama B. Radhakrishna, Allan Ortiz 2017 The Pennsylvania State University

Economic Viability Of Selling Locally Grown Produce To Local Restaurants, Amit Sharma, Catherine Strohbehn, Rama B. Radhakrishna, Allan Ortiz

Catherine Strohbehn

The purpose of this study was to conduct a qualitative comparative analysis of growers' costs for inputs related to production, processing, packaging, and distribution of local foods to independent restaurants. Growers have been motivated to sell locally due to the asymmetry in farm-retail price spreads. Yet selling locally direct to restaurants may imply new types of processes, costs, and investments. While local farm-to-retail markets may provide opportunities to reduce these price spreads and maximize benefits for growers, it is unclear whether such efforts are economically viable for growers when all input costs are considered. Interviews with local food producers found ...


The Political Economy Of Preparedness: Geographic Variation In Financing, Capabilities And Costs, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

The Political Economy Of Preparedness: Geographic Variation In Financing, Capabilities And Costs, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

OBJECTIVES: Preparedness for health emergencies, outbreaks and disasters varies widely across the U.S., but the causes and consequences of these inequities are poorly understood.  This study uses the National Health Security Preparedness Index to examine how financing mechanisms and health insurance coverage influence preparedness across U.S. states.  METHODS: The Preparedness Index aggregates data from national household surveys, medical records, safety inspection results, and health agency surveys to produce composite measures of preparedness for each U.S. state and the nation overall.  We linked annual Index composite measures for each state and year 2013-16 with contemporaneous measures of federal ...


Negative Impacts Of Illegal, Unreported And Unregulated Fishing Perpetrated By Mozambican Fishers, Catarina Maria Arminda Elias Vasco 2017 World Maritime University

Negative Impacts Of Illegal, Unreported And Unregulated Fishing Perpetrated By Mozambican Fishers, Catarina Maria Arminda Elias Vasco

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Potential Of Vizhinjam Port As A Regional Hub: A Network Analysis : A Feasibility Analysis From A Network Perspective, Pratichi Rajan Mallick 2017 World Maritime University

The Potential Of Vizhinjam Port As A Regional Hub: A Network Analysis : A Feasibility Analysis From A Network Perspective, Pratichi Rajan Mallick

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Circular Economy Modelling To Accelerate The Transition Of Ports Into Self-Sustainable Ports: A Case Study In Copenhagen-Malmö Port (Cmp), Reza Karimpour 2017 World Maritime University

Circular Economy Modelling To Accelerate The Transition Of Ports Into Self-Sustainable Ports: A Case Study In Copenhagen-Malmö Port (Cmp), Reza Karimpour

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Insecure Property Rights And The Missing Middle, Aram Grigoryan, Mattias K. Polborn 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Insecure Property Rights And The Missing Middle, Aram Grigoryan, Mattias K. Polborn

Mattias K Polborn

We analyze a theoretical model in which entrepreneurs' property rights  to their firms are threatened by ``raiders'' who can challenge them to a contest for control of their firms.
Entrepreneurs are heterogeneous with respect to their productivity, and decide how much capital to invest before raiders decide whom to attack.
In equilibrium, low productivity entrepreneurs are unaffected by the existence of raiders, while mid- and high-productivity entrepreneurs suffer. However, while raiders essentially act like a tax for the highest productivity entrepreneurs, the investment behavior of mid-productivity entrepreneurs who try to avoid an attack  is more drastically affected.
Our model provides ...


An Examination Of Consumer Willingness To Pay For Local Products, Aaron Adalja, James Hanson, Charles Towe, Elina Tselepidakis 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

An Examination Of Consumer Willingness To Pay For Local Products, Aaron Adalja, James Hanson, Charles Towe, Elina Tselepidakis

Aaron Adalja

We use data from hypothetical and nonhypothetical choice-based conjoint analysis to estimate willingness to pay for local food products. The survey was administered to three groups: consumers from a buying club with experience with local and grass-fed production markets, a random sample of Maryland residents, and shoppers at a nonspecialty Maryland supermarket. We find that random-sample and supermarket shoppers are willing to pay a premium for local products but view local and grass-fed production as substitutes. Conversely, buying-club members are less willing to pay for local production than the other groups but do not confllate local and grass-fed production.


Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, Zheng CHANG, Sock Yong PHANG 2017 Singapore Management University

Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, Zheng Chang, Sock Yong Phang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Private sector participation in urban rail transit has proliferated in the past two decades. The large metropolises of East Asia have had decades of experience with private sector participation in the provision of heavy metro services. The design of these public–private partnerships (PPP) are varied. The diverse experiences of Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing contain valuable lessons for other cities. Using a case study approach, this paper discusses three features of urban rail transitdevelopments in the context of East Asian cities, viz., farebox recovery, land value capture mechanisms, and vertical structure of the industry. Super vertical integration between ...


2017 Conference Program, Youssef Farhat, Kathleen Kargl 2017 University of Dayton

2017 Conference Program, Youssef Farhat, Kathleen Kargl

Human Rights Center Publications

We come together at a challenging time. Sixty-five million forcibly displaced persons. More than forty million slaves. Democracy under attack. Nuclear weapons, ethnic cleansing, ecological disasters and racial injustice headlining the news. The resurgence of a hardline, nativist intolerance around the world. While there are many threats to the realization of universal human rights, there are many powerful tools we can use to confront these dangers. Chief among these is our growing ability to come together, to communicate, to collaborate.

The University of Dayton — a Catholic, Marianist research university — long has been a center of programming, dialogue and education on ...


The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?

When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 11, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda P. Muñiz 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 11, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda P. Muñiz

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Activating Actavis, Aaron Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro 2017 University of California - Berkeley

Activating Actavis, Aaron Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro

Aaron Edlin

In Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc., the Supreme Court provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. The Court came down strongly in favor of an antitrust solution to the problem, concluding that “an antitrust action is likely to prove more feasible administratively than the Eleventh Circuit believed.” At the same time, Justice Breyer’s majority opinion acknowledged that the Court did not answer every relevant question. The opinion closed by “leav[ing] to the lower courts the structuring of the present rule-of-reason antitrust litigation.”

This article is an effort to help ...


Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro 2017 University of California - Berkeley

Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro

Aaron Edlin

The Supreme Court’s opinion in Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. In our previous article, Activating Actavis, we identified and operationalized the essential features of the Court’s analysis. Our analysis has been challenged by four economists, who argue that our approach might condemn procompetitive settlements.As we explain in this reply, such settlements are feasible, however, only under special circumstances. Moreover, even where feasible, the parties would not actually choose such a settlement in equilibrium. These considerations, and others discussed in the reply ...


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