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Has Capitalism Lost Its Puritan Spirit? What Do Recent Wvs Data Say About Religiosity And Work Values?, Veysel Bozkurt, Birol A. Yeşilada 2017 Istanbul University

Has Capitalism Lost Its Puritan Spirit? What Do Recent Wvs Data Say About Religiosity And Work Values?, Veysel Bozkurt, Birol A. Yeşilada

Birol A. Yeşilada

This paper tests the arguments of social theorists about the changing spirit of capitalism in countries with different levels of economic development using the recent World Values Survey (WVS). Max Weber claimed that the Protestant Ethic was the spirit of capitalism for salvation and improved economic development in Europe. During the last 40 years, sociologists, such as Bell and Bauman, have claimed that capitalism has started to lose its puritan spirit and a new secular/hedonist personality type has emerged as the new characteristic of post-industrial/ consumer capitalism. The data show that religiosity and work values decline but leisure and ...


Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem 2017 Iowa State University

Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

We compare the entry decisions and relative success of rural and urban retail start-ups in Iowa from 1992 through 2011. We use an expanded variant of the pull factor idea to predict the level of local retail sales. We then examine how the factors that increase sales affect the incentive to enter or exit an urban or rural market. We show that the same factors that affect retail sales also affect new retail firm entry and retail firm exit. Our findings are consistent with a model where the very best generally skilled entrepreneurs sort into thicker, urban locations where they ...


Demonstration And Evaluation Of The Short-Time Compensation Program In Iowa And Oregon: Final Report, Susan Houseman, Christopher J. O'Leary, Katharine G. Abraham, Frank Bennici, Susan Labin, Richard Sigman 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Demonstration And Evaluation Of The Short-Time Compensation Program In Iowa And Oregon: Final Report, Susan Houseman, Christopher J. O'Leary, Katharine G. Abraham, Frank Bennici, Susan Labin, Richard Sigman

Christopher J. O'Leary

Short-time compensation (STC) is an optional program within some state unemployment insurance (UI) systems that allows employers experiencing a temporary reduction in business to lower the average hours of employees in lieu of laying them off. Employer use of the STC option has been low in states with STC programs. We conducted demonstrations in Iowa and Oregon to evaluate the effectiveness of several interventions designed to increase employer awareness and use of STC, including disseminating information about STC to specific employers (members of the “treatment” group) over a 12-month period. The main findings support the hypothesis that lack of awareness ...


Trade Union Trade-Offs: Unions, Voters, And The Rise Of Right-Wing Populism, Kim Gabbitas 2017 The University Of Utah

Trade Union Trade-Offs: Unions, Voters, And The Rise Of Right-Wing Populism, Kim Gabbitas

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Trade union membership in European Union member states has been in decline for decades, which has many concerned about the future of workers’ rights. While existing work examines the reasons for this decline, my research shifts the focus from union density to the functions unions serve and how these functions affect and are affected by changing electoral behavior. I examine the rise of right-wing populist movements in Europe and how these movements and the challenges today’s labor unions face can be traced to the same underlying forces. I argue that, as the relevance of trade unions declines for blue-collar ...


The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster and Medicine and Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster and Medicine and Management) 2017 Pace University

The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster And Medicine And Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster And Medicine And Management)

Nexus Maximus

We are the Children’s Community Center, a NGO thats wants to provide an emergency response to the new surge of Rohingya refugee children. We want to relieve the daily mental traumas of the refugee camps through the collaborative interaction of the different children within the camps. This center will also give parents the space to focus on their own healing without the preoccupation of childcare.

Nexus Maximus IV

The Challenge: Innovation for Refugees and Displaced Populations

One of the great challenges of our time is how to help refugees and displaced populations, and how to prevent the causes in ...


St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report, Vol. 19, No. 3, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2017 St. Cloud State University

St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report, Vol. 19, No. 3, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

St. Cloud Area Quarterly Business Report

Despite experiencing the worst worker shortages since the late 1990s, St. Cloud-area businesses continue to experience strong growth. Payroll data indicate overall St. cloud metropolitan area employment grew at a 1.8 percent annual rate over theyear ending July 2017, above the average annual job growth rate of 1 percent observed since 2002.

Once again the construction sector led the way with double-digit job growth, followed by strong gains in the wholesale trade as well as the educational and health sector. Similar to last quarter, the financial activities, manufacturing, information, and transportation/warehousing/utilities sectors all experienced year-over-year job losses ...


Moral Hazard, Optimal Healthcare-Seeking Behavior, And Competitive Equilibrium., Sergey V. Malakhov 2017 Pierre Mendes France University

Moral Hazard, Optimal Healthcare-Seeking Behavior, And Competitive Equilibrium., Sergey V. Malakhov

Sergey Malakhov


The theory of the optimal-consumption leisure choice under price dispersion describes the phenomenon of moral hazard as the customer’s reaction on unfair insurance policy. The unfair insurance offer does not equalize marginal costs of propensity to seek healthcare with marginal benefits on purchase. Under unfair insurance policy consumers increase ex post healthcare seeking activities and they optimize their consumption of medical services. The analysis of moral hazard results in the assumption that for an unfair offer there is an increase in the time horizon of the insurance policy that makes it fair and moral hazard becomes inefficient. The time ...


No Mere Tautology: The Division Of Labor Is Limited By The Division Of Labor, Andrew Smyth, Bart J. Wilson 2017 Marquette University

No Mere Tautology: The Division Of Labor Is Limited By The Division Of Labor, Andrew Smyth, Bart J. Wilson

ESI Working Papers

We explore the intersection of growth theory and the theory of the firm with an experiment. Economic growth is possible in our experiment when agents specialize to exploit increasing returns. We find that low opportunity costs are sufficient for Marshallian internal economies, but that Marshallian external economies are slow to emerge in four probing treatment conditions. Transaction costs do not hamper external economies as we anticipated prior to collecting data. When external economies falter, it is because new ideas about the cost and value of more extensive specialization fail to emerge. Ideas are what make further divisions of the division ...


Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Swing Contracts With Dynamic Reserves For Flexible Service Management, Shanshan Ma, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing penetration of variable energy resources in modern electric power systems requires additional flexibility in ancillary service provision to maintain reliable and efficient grid operations. However, full recognition and appropriate compensation of this flexibility is difficult to ensure within current power market designs due to rigidities in service definitions and requirements. For example, reserve requirements (RRs) are typically set in advance at administratively determined levels. If RRs are too large, wasteful expenditures result; and, if RRs are too small, high real-time costs are incurred for peak generation and/or load curtailment. To address these problems, this paper proposes a ...


Where Prices Come From, Lester G. Telser 2017 University of Chicago

Where Prices Come From, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

The software industry is the leading example in the economy where revenue depends on the cost of developing a product capable of satisfying many requirements desired by potential customers but does not incur a cost that rises with the number of buyers. Marginal cost is zero. Revenue can increase without increasing the inputs responsible for variable cost, including employment. This explains why inputs in the software industry do not match its growing size.


The Relationship Between Economic Growth And Financial Sector Development In Indonesia, Vijay Ghosh, Shabanna Verma, Nancy Mitra, Avrind Ariadno, Sahina Agarwal, Sam Padala, Manojith Singh 2017 Selected Works

The Relationship Between Economic Growth And Financial Sector Development In Indonesia, Vijay Ghosh, Shabanna Verma, Nancy Mitra, Avrind Ariadno, Sahina Agarwal, Sam Padala, Manojith Singh

Vijay Ghosh

What is the relationship between the finance sector development and economic growth? This paper is intended to analyze a fewer number of important financial factors using econometric analysis on some selected indicators of Indonesian financial sector during the period 1988 - 2013. This paper then tries to check whether the identified financial factors development cause economic growth or economic growth causes financial factors development. The Granger – Causality test shows that no financial factor significantly causes economic growth; rather economic growth causes the financial sector development during the period. In general, the financial sector of Indonesia is being unstably deepened with response ...


Georgia Rho Chapter: Third Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference, 2017 University of North Georgia

Georgia Rho Chapter: Third Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Pi Gamma Mu To Launch New Leadership Development Program, 2017 University of North Georgia

Pi Gamma Mu To Launch New Leadership Development Program

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


2017 Triennial International Convention In Kansas City, Mo, 2017 University of North Georgia

2017 Triennial International Convention In Kansas City, Mo

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Induction Ceremony Keynote Speech: Starring Roles: High-Achieving Students’ Experiences In Collaborative Groups, Renee Monson 2017 Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Induction Ceremony Keynote Speech: Starring Roles: High-Achieving Students’ Experiences In Collaborative Groups, Renee Monson

International Social Science Review

Dr. Monson, Associate Professor of Sociology at Hobart and William Smith Colleges, was the keynote speaker at the joint induction ceremony for Pi Gamma Mu, Alpha Kappa Delta (sociology), Alpha Phi Sigma (criminology), Kappa Delta Pi (education), Phi Alpha Theta (history), Sigma Theta Tau (nursing) and Tau Sigma (transfer students) at Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York on April 17, 2017. This paper is a written version of that presentation, which discusses her research on high-achieving students’ experiences with collaborative learning pedagogy.


Cooperation And Reciprocity In Anonymous Interactions: Other-Regarding Preferences And Quasi-Magical Thinking, Gregory Klevans 2017 CUNY Hunter College

Cooperation And Reciprocity In Anonymous Interactions: Other-Regarding Preferences And Quasi-Magical Thinking, Gregory Klevans

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

In economic experiments, players often demonstrate concerns for the relative payoffs between themselves and other subjects, in addition to their own payoffs. In addition, they appear to do their parts to achieve efficient outcomes, particularly when they are ignorant of the opponent's decision. I present a parsimonious model of other-regarding preferences and quasi-magical thinking that explains such behavior, and I apply it to four games: the prisoner's dilemma, the traveler's dilemma, the ultimatum game, and the trust game.


Gaining Ground On Equal Pay: Empowering Boston's Women Through Salary Negotiation Workshops, A Report On Year One Of Aauw Work Smart In Boston, Jecynta Azong, Ann Bookman, Christa Kelleher 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Gaining Ground On Equal Pay: Empowering Boston's Women Through Salary Negotiation Workshops, A Report On Year One Of Aauw Work Smart In Boston, Jecynta Azong, Ann Bookman, Christa Kelleher

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

This report is a case study, not an evaluation. Its focus is on a particular program, AAUW Work Smart in Boston, over a defined period of time (September 2015 – October 2016) in order to understand the program’s impact on the women who participated in it. This report explores several key questions: In what ways do AAUW Work Smart in Boston workshops have an impact on the women who complete them? What are the main barriers that prevent women from addressing their compensation level and/or achieving pay equity? What are primary factors that facilitate women’s capacity to achieve ...


Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry 2017 Tuskegee University

Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The use of chemicals in livestock production has been an issue for consumers for several decades. This study, therefore, assessed the impact of socioeconomic factors on Florida consumers’ perceptions on the use of chemicals in locally or regionally produced livestock products. Data were collected from a sample of 404 participants from several Florida counties and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic analysis. Most of the respondents were of the opinion that using chemicals in locally or regionally produced and sold beef or goat meat was a serious or somewhat serious hazard. The ordinal logistic regression results showed ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 9, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Patricia Arellano 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 9, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Patricia Arellano

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


School Resources And Student Outcomes: Evidence From The State Of Illinois, Alyssa Cooper 2017 Illinois State University

School Resources And Student Outcomes: Evidence From The State Of Illinois, Alyssa Cooper

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development

Literature on the subject of school resources and student outcomes tends to find that there is a positive relationship between both variables. Most literature uses per-pupil spending (PPS) or teacher salaries as a measure of school resources. While I have modeled both in my paper, my focus in this paper is on per-pupil spending. Using data from the Illinois State Board of Education from 2006-2016 and measuring student outcomes through average ACT scores, operational PPS is found to be insignificant, whereas instructional PPS is found to be positive and significant at the 5% level. Estimates suggest that a 1 standard ...


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