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43001 full-text articles. Page 1050 of 1069.

Licensing In A Vertical Structure, Arijit Mukherjee 2009 University of Nottingham

Licensing In A Vertical Structure, Arijit Mukherjee

Professor Arijit Mukherjee

No abstract provided.


Georgia Manufacturing Survey, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira 2009 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus

Georgia Manufacturing Survey, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira

Jan Youtie

The Georgia Manufacturing Survey (GMS) is a statewide study conducted every two to three years by Georgia Tech’s Enterprise Innovation Institute and the Georgia Tech School of Public Policy to assess the business and technological conditions of Georgia’s manufacturers. The surveys have focused on technology adoption, innovation, sustainability, and economic recovery.


Innovation And Transformation In The Buckeye State: Ohio Offers A National Model For Technology Based Economic Development, Jan Youtie 2009 Ohio Department of Development

Innovation And Transformation In The Buckeye State: Ohio Offers A National Model For Technology Based Economic Development, Jan Youtie

Jan Youtie

The Ohio Third Frontier is a visionary initiative created in 2002 to firmly establish the state as an innovation leader.


Immigrants In The Informal Sector: Evidence From Africa (Short Note), Mohammad Amin 2009 Enterprise Analysis Unit, FPDEA, World Bank

Immigrants In The Informal Sector: Evidence From Africa (Short Note), Mohammad Amin

Mohammad Amin

A survey of informal businesses in Burkina Faso, Cameroons and Cape Verde shows that roughly half of the businesses are owned by immigrants. Systematic differences between immigrant-owned and native-owned businesses might be expected given that immigrants are usually a vulnerable group and take time to assimilate with the native community. While the survey shows some important differences between native and immigrant owners of businesses, there is no clear evidence that relative to natives, immigrants are either discriminated against, are less efficient or come from a relatively less privileged background. However, immigrants are more likely to be males, unmarried and migrate ...


Health Survey Instrument Development Through A Community-Based Participatory Research Approach:Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (Hplp-Ii) And Brazilian Immigrants In Greater Boston, Mansoureh Tajik, Heloisa Galvão, Carlos Siqueira 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

Health Survey Instrument Development Through A Community-Based Participatory Research Approach:Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (Hplp-Ii) And Brazilian Immigrants In Greater Boston, Mansoureh Tajik, Heloisa Galvão, Carlos Siqueira

C. Eduardo Siqueira

Brazilians are among the fastest growing segment of immigrant populations in several states of the United States. Culturally appropriate and validated health survey instruments do not exist to adequately assess the health needs of this population. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, a cross-cultural pilot project was conducted to develop and test a culturally-adapted Brazilian Portuguese-version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile II (HPLP-II) instrument with a convenience sample of 60 bilingual and bicultural Brazilian immigrants using a combined quasi experimental and focus group design. The project evaluated HPLP-II instrument's psychometric properties of equivalency, reliability, and score distribution in ...


Identifying Structural Breaks In Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models, Håvard Hungnes 2009 Statistics Norway

Identifying Structural Breaks In Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models, Håvard Hungnes

Håvard Hungnes

This article suggests an alternative formulation of the cointegratedVector autoregressive (VAR) model such that the coefficients for the deterministic terms have straightforward interpretations. These coefficients can be interpreted as growth rates and cointegration mean level coefficients and express long-run properties of the model. For example, the growth rate coefficients tell us how much to expect (unconditionally) the variables in the system to grow from one period to the next, representing the underlying (steady state) growth in the variables. The estimation of the proposed formulation is made operationally in GRaM, which is a program for Ox Professional. GRaM can be used ...


Do Customs Trade Facilitation Programmes Help Reduce Customs-Related Corruption?, Bryane Michael, Frank Ferguson, Alisher Karimov 2009 Columbia University

Do Customs Trade Facilitation Programmes Help Reduce Customs-Related Corruption?, Bryane Michael, Frank Ferguson, Alisher Karimov

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Customs-related corruption costs World Customs Organisation (WCO) members at least $2 billion in customs revenue each year. Using recent data only about bribe payers’ actual experiences in paying bribes, we show that trade facilitation would only help reduce corruption and improve efficiency – in a large number of customs agencies -- if the customs agency’s director undertakes a big-bang approach to reform. We also find support for the corruption clubs theory – that customs agencies in the process of reform are either moving toward OECD levels of integrity and efficiency; or they are sliding toward a “red zone” group of countries. Such ...


Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald Kochan 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Black Tuesday in October 1929 marked a major crisis in American history. As we face current economic woes, it is appropriate to recall not only the event but also reflect on how it altered the legal landscape and the change it precipitated in the acceptance of governmental intervention into the marketplace. Perceived or real crises can cause us to dance between free markets and regulatory power. Much like the events of 1929, current financial concerns have led to new, unprecedented governmental intervention into the private sector. This Article seeks caution, on the basis of history, arguing that fear and crisis ...


L'Entreprise Comme Institution Fondamentale De L'Échange Marchand, Jean-Philippe Robé 2009 Ecole de droit de Sciences Po, Paris, France

L'Entreprise Comme Institution Fondamentale De L'Échange Marchand, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


Sistema Electoral D’Hondt (Cifra Repartidora), Umbral Y Derecho De Participación En Colombia: Propuesta De Análisis De Proporcionalidad, Carlos Andrés Naranjo Martínez 2009 Universidad Externado de Colombia

Sistema Electoral D’Hondt (Cifra Repartidora), Umbral Y Derecho De Participación En Colombia: Propuesta De Análisis De Proporcionalidad, Carlos Andrés Naranjo Martínez

Carlos Andrés Naranjo Martínez

Teniendo cada ciudadano la posibilidad de elegir y ser elegido, es natural preguntarse cuál método utilizar para votar y elegir, y cómo hacer para que con ese método se pueda determinar quién o quiénes son los elegidos. De éstas preguntas se han ocupado la ciencia política y las matemáticas, al punto que hoy en día existen varios sistemas electorales propuestos y aplicados.


Quantifying The Economic Effects Of Hypoxia On A Fishery For Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus Aztecus, Ling Huang, Martin Smith 2009 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Quantifying The Economic Effects Of Hypoxia On A Fishery For Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus Aztecus, Ling Huang, Martin Smith

Ling Huang

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The study presented reviews activities of NGOs in Sudan. That was a disputable issue that resulted in a mass expulsion of many in 2009. However¸ there were precedents of such expulsions in previous and following years. The paper discusses humanitarian work in Sudan, positive and negative sides. Reasons are that part of the hypothetical framework here is that their activities in the country are indispensible. The country still faces many humanitarian suffering in most of its regions and international aid is direly required. Thus, it is essential to rectify their modus operandi to be consistent with the culture of the ...


Solid-State Lighting: An Energy-Economics Perspective, Harry Saunders, Jeff Tsao, J Creighton, Michael Coltrin, Jerry Simmons 2009 Sandia National Laboratories

Solid-State Lighting: An Energy-Economics Perspective, Harry Saunders, Jeff Tsao, J Creighton, Michael Coltrin, Jerry Simmons

Harry D. Saunders

This article shows that major energy efficiency gains in the provision of lighting have been almost precisely offset by increases in energy use owing to the rise of new applications for lighting—over 300 years, six technologies, and six continents.


Monitoring Managers Through Corporate Compliance Programs, Charles Angelucci, Martijn Han 2009 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mikroökonomische Theorie

Monitoring Managers Through Corporate Compliance Programs, Charles Angelucci, Martijn Han

Martijn A. Han

Compliance programs entail monitoring of employees' behavior with the claimed objective of fighting corporate crime. (Competition) Authorities promote such intra-firm monitoring. In a three-tier hierarchy model, authority-shareholder-manager, we study the impact of monitoring through a compliance program on contracting within the firm and the authority's optimal sanctions and leniency policy. We find that compliance programs are beneficial in the fight against corporate crime if and only if the managerial sanction is low. Moreover, when the shareholder blows the whistle, the authority optimally grants partial corporate leniency, while not granting individual leniency to the involved employees. Conversely, when the employee ...


Coordination And Equilibrium Selection In Games With Positive Network Effects, Alexander Jakobsen, B. Curtis Eaton, David Krause 2009 Princeton University

Coordination And Equilibrium Selection In Games With Positive Network Effects, Alexander Jakobsen, B. Curtis Eaton, David Krause

David Krause

When agents make their choices simultaneously, network effects often give rise to a selection problem involving perfectly coordinated, Pareto-optimal equilibria. We characterize this selection problem, and introduce a generalized sequential choice model to address it. In this model, we show how expectation formation under imperfect information combines with network effects to form coordination cascades: ordered partitions of the agent space wherein coordination on one alternative is eventually optimal for all agents. Several theorems are proven regarding both the likelihood and extent of coordination under various parameter changes; in particular, we show that the degree to which agents can observe the ...


Chances Are? Course Selection At Hbs And At Kellogg, Hanna Halaburda, Aldo Sesia 2009 Bank of Canada

Chances Are? Course Selection At Hbs And At Kellogg, Hanna Halaburda, Aldo Sesia

Hanna Halaburda

The case describes two alternative elective course assignment procedures: Harvard Business School's lottery-based system and Kellogg Graduate School of Management's bidding-based system. The case has been designed to discuss the benefits and drawbacks of each system and their desirability (or lack thereof) depending on the context (the broader business system) within which they are implemented. The case also describes the draft used by the NBA to assign new players to teams. This allows for a discussion of whether a similar system may be preferable to lottery-based or bidding-based procedures to assign students to courses in business schools.


Totals Markets As Evidence Against Widespread Point Shaving, Rodney Paul, Richard Borghesi, Andrew Weinbach 2009 Syracuse University

Totals Markets As Evidence Against Widespread Point Shaving, Rodney Paul, Richard Borghesi, Andrew Weinbach

Rodney J. Paul

Wolfers (2006) suggests that NCAA basketball is marred by widespread gambling corruption. We examine totals wagers in a variety of sports betting markets to determine whether observed outcomes are symmetric around closing lines, an important assumption Wolfers makes in his analysis. Our results show that totals wagers result in just under outcomes more frequently than they result in just over outcomes. This occurs because gamblers strongly prefer to take the over in totals betting, and profit-seeking bookmakers capitalize by shading totals lines upwards. Likewise, prior work shows that gamblers in point spread markets strongly prefer to bet on favorites, so ...


On The Faustian Dynamics Of Policy And Political Power, Roger Lagunoff, Jinhui Bai 2009 Georgetown University

On The Faustian Dynamics Of Policy And Political Power, Roger Lagunoff, Jinhui Bai

Roger Lagunoff

This paper examines the Faustian dynamics of policy and power. We posit a general class of dynamic games in which current policies affect the future distribution of political power, resulting in the following ``Faustian trade off": if the current ruler chooses his preferred policy, he then sacrifices future political power; yet if he wants to preserve his future power, he must sacrifice his present policy objectives. The trade-off comes from the fact that the current political ruler/pivotal voter cannot un-couple the direct effect of his policy from its indirect effect on future power.

A Policy-endogenous (PE) equilibrium describes this ...


Efficiency Inducing Taxation In Mixed Oligopolies With Stock Pollutants: An Irrelevance Result, Denis Claude, Mabel Tidball 2009 HEC Montreal/Gerad

Efficiency Inducing Taxation In Mixed Oligopolies With Stock Pollutants: An Irrelevance Result, Denis Claude, Mabel Tidball

Denis Claude

This paper examines the optimal environmental policy in a mixed oligopoly when pollution accumulates over time. Specifically, we assume quantity compétition between several private firms and one partially privatized firm. The optimal emission tax is shown to be independent of the weight the privatized firm puts on social welfare. The optimal tax rule, the accumulated stock of pollution, firms’ production paths and profit streams are identical irrespective of the public firm’s ownership status.


Green Stimulus, Green Recovery And Global Imbalances, Edward Barbier 2009 University of Wyoming

Green Stimulus, Green Recovery And Global Imbalances, Edward Barbier

Edward B Barbier

No abstract provided.


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