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Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent years, there has been a growing realisation that beyond the realm of legitimate entrepreneurship is a large hidden enterprise culture composed of entrepreneurs conducting some or all of their trade off-the-books. Until now, however, few have evaluated how many entrepreneurs start-up their ventures trading off-the-books and why they do so. Reporting face-to-face interviews conducted in Ukraine during 2005-06 with 331 entrepreneurs, the finding is not only that the vast majority (90%) operate partially or wholly off-the-books but also that they are not all driven by necessity and as a last resort and survival strategy into entrepreneurship. Revealing how ...


Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Report to the European Commission on the feasibility of creating a platform for cooperation between labour inspectorates and other relevant monitoring and enforcement bodies, to prevent and fight undeclared work


Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent decades, the field of entrepreneurship studies has become increasingly interested in the relationship between entrepreneurship and the informal economy. This paper reviews this burgeoning sub-field of entrepreneurship studies that recognizes how entrepreneurs do not always conduct their business affairs wholly by the rulebook. Evaluating this rapidly growing body of literature, it reviews the findings regarding the preponderance of entrepreneurs to engage in the informal economy, the nature of such informal entrepreneurship, the characteristics of informal entrepreneurs and the motives underpinning participation in such endeavor, along with the competing theories that have sought to explain engagement in this type ...


The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin 2009 Cornell University

The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin

Nishith Prakash

We examine the impact of political reservation for disadvantaged minority groups on poverty. To address the concern that political reservation is endogenous, we take advantage of the state-time variation in reservation in state legislative assemblies in India generated by national policies that cause reservations to be revised and the time lags with which revised reservations are implemented. Using data on sixteen major Indian states for the period 1960-2000, we find that increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes significantly reduces poverty while increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes has no impact on poverty. Political reservation ...


Market And Welfare Impacts Of Cool On The U.S.-Mexican Tomato Trade, Julie Caswell 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Market And Welfare Impacts Of Cool On The U.S.-Mexican Tomato Trade, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

A two-country, comparative static partial equilibrium model is used to simulate the ex ante market and welfare outcomes of U.S. country-of-origin labeling for the U.S.-Mexico fresh tomato trade. In all scenarios where consumers show a relative preference for U.S. tomatoes, Mexican tomato exports decline and U.S. production increases. Mexican trade losses using low- to mid-range consumer preference assumptions are 14% to 32% of the value of Mexican tomato exports to the United States and 1% to 3% of the total value of agricultural produce exports, partially negating the market access gains of NAFTA. Consumer effects ...


The Forward Premium Puzzle Across Maturities, Liang Ding, Linh To 2009 Macalester College

The Forward Premium Puzzle Across Maturities, Liang Ding, Linh To

Liang Ding

No abstract provided.


Aftershocks: The Impact Of Clinic Violence On Abortion Services, Mireille Jacobson, Heather Royer 2009 Rand Corporation

Aftershocks: The Impact Of Clinic Violence On Abortion Services, Mireille Jacobson, Heather Royer

Mireille Jacobson

No abstract provided.


The Making Of A Radical Economist, HOWARD J. SHERMAN 2009 University of California, Los Angeles

The Making Of A Radical Economist, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This article answers two questions. First, how do radical economists develop? Second, how do radical departments develop? In order to answer these two questions, I use my own experience in becoming a radical economist and my own experience in developing a radical department.


How Longer Work Lives Ease The Crunch Of Population Aging, Nicole Maestas, Julie M. Zissimopoulos 2009 Rand Corporation

How Longer Work Lives Ease The Crunch Of Population Aging, Nicole Maestas, Julie M. Zissimopoulos

Nicole Maestas

[Formerly Work at Older Ages: The Shape of Change]

Population aging is not a looming crisis of the future -- it is already here. Economic challenges arise when the increase in people surviving to old age and the decline in the number of young people alive to support them cause the growth in society's consumption needs to outpace growth in its productive capacity. The ultimate impact of population aging on our standard of living in the future depends a great deal on how long people choose to work before they retire from the labor force. Here, there is reason for ...


Building Sustainable Societies: A Swedish Case Study On The Limits Of Reflexive Modernization., Cindy Isenhour 2009 University of Maine, Department of Anthropology

Building Sustainable Societies: A Swedish Case Study On The Limits Of Reflexive Modernization., Cindy Isenhour

Cindy Isenhour

No abstract provided.


The Economic Impact Of Shale Gas Extraction: A Review Of Existing Studies, Thomas C. Kinnaman 2009 Bucknell University

The Economic Impact Of Shale Gas Extraction: A Review Of Existing Studies, Thomas C. Kinnaman

Thomas C. Kinnaman

No abstract provided.


Making Legal Aid More Affordable And Accessible, Gillian K. Hadfield 2009 University of Southern California Law

Making Legal Aid More Affordable And Accessible, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

No abstract provided.


"Cities And Gender. By Helen Jarvis With Paula Kantor And Jonathan Clarke.", Winifred S. Curran 2009 DePaul University

"Cities And Gender. By Helen Jarvis With Paula Kantor And Jonathan Clarke.", Winifred S. Curran

Winifred S Curran

No abstract provided.


Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley 2009 DePaul University

Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley

Scott Kelley

Global poverty has received significant attention in the past decade, particularly after the adoption of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals in 2002. Commentators and ethicists like Peter Singer have long held that the wealthy of the world have an obligation to help the poor. While the sentiments may be positive, there are real harms that have come from this kind of top down thinking. Subsidiarity, to the contrary, is a much more realistic and morally tenable approach to global poverty.


Licensing And Patent Protection, Aniruddha Bagchi, Arijit Mukherjee 2009 Kennesaw State University

Licensing And Patent Protection, Aniruddha Bagchi, Arijit Mukherjee

Aniruddha Bagchi

We show the impact of technology licensing on optimal patent policy. Strong patent protection that eliminates imitation may not be the equilibrium outcome in the presence of licensing. Depending on the cost of innovation, licensing may either increase or reduce the strength of the patent protection.


Global Reuse And Optimal Waste Policy, Thomas C. Kinnaman 2009 Bucknell University

Global Reuse And Optimal Waste Policy, Thomas C. Kinnaman

Thomas C. Kinnaman

No abstract provided.


Understanding The M-Form Hypothesis, Matthew J. Holian 2009 San Jose State University

Understanding The M-Form Hypothesis, Matthew J. Holian

Matthew J. Holian

The theory of the firm deserves to play a prominent role in both the undergraduate and graduate industrial organization curriculum, both because of the vast amount of attention that has been paid to this area over the last four decades, as well as its practical relevance for strategy and antitrust. This lecture briefly presents some background on the theory of the firm in general, and the M-form Hypothesis in particular. The M-form Hypothesis is an important theory of firm structure, developed by Chandler (1962) and Williamson (1975). A mathematical model, discussion section and accompanying lecture slides illustrate the concepts necessary ...


Trusts Versus Corporations: An Empirical Analysis Of Competing Organizational Forms, A. Joseph Warburton 2009 Syracuse University

Trusts Versus Corporations: An Empirical Analysis Of Competing Organizational Forms, A. Joseph Warburton

A. Joseph Warburton

This paper studies the effects of organizational form on managerial behavior and firm performance, from an empirical perspective. Managers of trusts are subject to stricter fiduciary responsibilities than managers of corporations. This paper examines the ramifications empirically, by exploiting data generated by a change in British regulations in the 1990s that allowed mutual funds to organize as either a trust or a corporation. I find evidence that trust law is effective in curtailing opportunistic behavior, as trust managers charge significantly lower fees than their observationally equivalent corporate counterparts. Trust managers also incur lower risk. However, evidence suggests that trust managers ...


Does Size Matter In Australia?, Michael A. Kortt, Andrew Leigh 2009 Southern Cross University

Does Size Matter In Australia?, Michael A. Kortt, Andrew Leigh

Michael A Kortt

We estimate the relationship between hourly wages and two aspects of body size: height and body mass index (BMI). We observe a height premium, with an additional 10 cm of height being associated with a 3 per cent increase in hourly wages for men. However, workers with higher BMI scores do not seem to earn lower wages. These results are largely unaffected by controlling for physical health, or (in the case of BMI) instrumenting with the BMI of biological family members. A survey of previous instrumental variables studies shows little indication of systematic biases, suggesting that OLS may provide a ...


Economic Effects Of Pharmacists On Health Outcomes In The United States: A Systematic Review, Marie Chisholm-Burns, Joshua Graff Zivin, Jeannie Kim Lee, Christina Spivey, Marion Slack, Richard Herrier, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Ivo Abraham, John Palmer 2009 University of Arizona

Economic Effects Of Pharmacists On Health Outcomes In The United States: A Systematic Review, Marie Chisholm-Burns, Joshua Graff Zivin, Jeannie Kim Lee, Christina Spivey, Marion Slack, Richard Herrier, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Ivo Abraham, John Palmer

Joshua Graff Zivin

No abstract provided.


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