Bayesian State Space Representation Model: Applications To Macroeconomics And International Finance, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Bayesian State Space Representation Model: Applications To Macroeconomics And International Finance, Hiroshi Morita
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation develops three new econometric models using Bayesian state space representation model in order to apply to macroeconomics and international finance. It consists of 3 chapters. Chapter 1 develops a Markov mixture model of macroeconomic fundamentals to analyze the short-run dynamics of foreign exchange rates. In our model, foreign exchange rates are simultaneously determined by three parities: the interest rate parity, the inflation rate parity, and the equity return rate parity. Using four exchange rates: the U.S. dollar price of the British pound, the German mark, the Japanese yen, and the Canadian dollar, the findings are: (1) Our ...
Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, 2018 Iowa State University
Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, Robert D. Reason, Larry A. Braskamp
Robert D Reason
Throughout its history, American higher education has prepared students for principled citizenship in a democratic society. Yet in recent years, public critique has focused ever more sharply on higher education's role in fueling economic growth (National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement 2012). In the face of these pressures, several educational leaders and organizations, including the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), have called on colleges and universities to recommit to preparing students to become active workers and citizens. Fortunately, these are complementary goals. By helping students develop civic capacities like a sense of personal ...
“Firm Behavior In The Mid-Twentieth Century American Steel Industry”, 2018 Ashland University
“Firm Behavior In The Mid-Twentieth Century American Steel Industry”, Robert Rogers
The Journal of Economics and Politics
In the period from 1920 to 1972, the American steel industry consisted of eight large companies and a fringe composed of small domestic producers and foreign firms exporting to the United States. The market structure made it unlikely that the industry behaved in a perfectly competitive fashion. Thus, oligopoly hypotheses on firm behavior such as Nash-Bertrand and Stackelberg leadership seem plausible. This paper estimates a BLP demand model for the industry, and it, then, uses the demand parameters to estimate price equations under the different behavioral assumptions. From the information in this model, tests are made to see which hypothesis ...
Is Microfinance Raising Village Income? The Issue Of Excess Entry, 2018 Dept. of Economics and Melbourne Busines
Is Microfinance Raising Village Income? The Issue Of Excess Entry, Catherine C. De Fontenay
Catherine de Fontenay
L’Indochine Française Du Xixe-Xxe Siècle – Politique Et Religions, 2018 Vuong & Associates
L’Indochine Française Du Xixe-Xxe Siècle – Politique Et Religions, Thu-Trang Vuong, Quan-Hoang Vuong
The Effect Of Expansions In Medicaid Eligibility On Hospital Financial Performance: Evidence From Medicare Cost Reports, Kevin Wu
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
Expansions in Medicaid eligibility and effects on profitability for different hospitals are examined using data from Medicare Cost Reports and difference-in-differences analysis. Critical access and disproportionate share hospitals are associated with the largest profitability gains from these expansions. Results imply that vulnerable hospitals are affected most by changes to Medicaid.
Lessons On Economics And Political Economy From The Soviet Tragedy, 2018 George Mason University
Lessons On Economics And Political Economy From The Soviet Tragedy, Peter J. Boettke, Rosolino A. Candela
Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective
This paper explores the economics and politics of the tragic Soviet experiment with socialism. Beginning with the period of “War Communism” between 1917 and 1921, the Soviet government’s attempt to implement socialism failed to achieve its stated objectives, namely to create social harmony, eliminate class struggle, and to unleash advanced material production. It attempted to achieve these ends by abolishing private property and market prices in the means of production, eliminating the incentives and information necessary to guide production in an efficient manner. The unintended political and economic results were disastrous, leading to tyranny, famine, and oppression. Failing to ...
Using The Quantitative Literacy And Reasoning Assessment (Qlra) For Early Detection Of Students In Need Of Academic Support In Introductory Courses In A Quantitative Discipline: A Case Study, 2018 Carleton College
Using The Quantitative Literacy And Reasoning Assessment (Qlra) For Early Detection Of Students In Need Of Academic Support In Introductory Courses In A Quantitative Discipline: A Case Study, Nathan D. Grawe, Kristin O'Connell
As the number of young people attending college has increased, the diversity of college students’ educational backgrounds has also risen. Some students enter introductory courses with math anxiety or gaps in their quantitative training that impede their ability to master or even grasp relevant disciplinary content. Too often professors learn of these anxieties and gaps only during the post mortem of the first midterm. By that time, a good portion of a student’s grade is determined and successful recovery may be impossible. During the 2016-17 academic year, the Department of Economics at Carleton College ran a pilot project using ...
'They Come Here To Work': An Evaluation Of The Economic Argument In Favor Of Immigrant Rights, 2018 Cornell University
'They Come Here To Work': An Evaluation Of The Economic Argument In Favor Of Immigrant Rights, Shannon Gleeson
Advocates commonly highlight the exploitation that hard-working undocumented immigrants commonly suffer at the hands of employers, the important contribution they make to the US economy, and the fiscal folly of border militarization and enhanced immigration enforcement policies. In this paper, I unpack these economic rationales for expanding immigrant rights, and examine the nuanced ways in which advocates deploy this frame. To do so, I rely on statements issued by publicly present immigrant rights groups in six places: California, Florida, Illinois, New York, Texas, and Washington, DC. I also draw on interviews with immigrant advocates in San Jose, CA and Houston ...
International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, 2018 University of California - Berkeley
International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson
This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...
Spring 2018 Economics Newsletter, 2018 St. Cloud State University
Spring 2018 Economics Newsletter, Economics Department
No abstract provided.
Prophylactic Merger Policy, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Prophylactic Merger Policy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
An important purpose of the antitrust merger law is to arrest certain anticompetitive practices or outcomes in their “incipiency.” Many Clayton Act decisions involving both mergers and other practices had recognized the idea as early as the 1920s. In Brown Shoe the Supreme Court doubled down on the idea, attributing to Congress a concern about a “rising tide of economic concentration” that must be halted “at its outset and before it gathered momentum.” The Supreme Court did not explain why an incipiency test was needed to address this particular problem. Once structural thresholds for identifying problematic mergers are identified there ...
The Effect Of Network Ethnic Segregation On Wage Formation: The Case Of Sri-Lankan Immigrants In The City Of Milan, Italy, Luca De Benedictis, Valerio Leone Sciabolazza, Raffaele Vacca
Luca De Benedictis
Stock Market Reactions To Presidential Statements: Evidence From Company-Specific Tweets, 2018 Skidmore College
Stock Market Reactions To Presidential Statements: Evidence From Company-Specific Tweets, Qi Ge, Alexander Kurov, Marketa Halova Wolfe
Economics Faculty Scholarship
When the President of the United States tweets, do investors respond? We analyze the impact of tweets from President Trump's official Twitter accounts from November 9, 2016 to July 31, 2017 that include the name of a publicly traded company. We find that these tweets move company stock prices and increase trading volume, volatility and institutional investor attention, with a stronger impact before the presidential inauguration. The initial impact of the presidential tweets on stock prices appears to dissipate over the next few trading days. Overall, the results show that investors pay attention to presidential company-specific statements even when ...
Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, 2018 Winthrop University
Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin
(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)
This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.
Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...
Who Controls Haiti's Destiny? A Examination Of Haiti's Underdevelopment, Endless Poverty, And The Role Played By Ngos, Patrick Scheld
Graduate College Dissertations and Theses
The presence of NGOs and development agencies is often considered an apolitical phenomenon, and that the very presence of NGOs within a country is a symbol of a global humanity in action; in short, NGOs equal charity which equals good work. Unfortunately, the reality is often much more complicated as NGOs can also be found to be self-serving, anti-democratic and strictly in pursuit of their next funding source. In this thesis I advance the central hypothesis that the international community’s continued pursuit of an NGO-led neoliberal economic development model has systematically failed to contribute to the sustainable development of ...
Outlaw Heaven: Why States Become Tax Havens, 2018 University of Kentucky
Outlaw Heaven: Why States Become Tax Havens, Charles A. Dainoff
Theses and Dissertations--Political Science
It is the argument of this dissertation that states become tax havens as a conscious economic development strategy. These states – more properly referred to as "jurisdictions" because some lack the sovereignty of the traditional Westphalian state – do not have the natural resources or the population to pursue more traditional economic development strategies, but they do have the ability to write or implement laws that create a virtual resource: banking secrecy. These jurisdictions are able to carry out this strategy because they tend to be well-governed, stable, and relatively wealthy, making them attractive partners for the international banking, legal, and accounting ...
Evaluating The Effects Of Nutritional Intake During Adolescence On Educational Attainment And Labor Market Earnings As An Adult, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
Evaluating The Effects Of Nutritional Intake During Adolescence On Educational Attainment And Labor Market Earnings As An Adult, Mikaela Connell
CMC Senior Theses
In this thesis, I analyze whether nutritional intake at the time of adolescence can impact academic attainment and earnings later on in life. Millions of children in the United States are living in food insecure households and do not have access to an adequate nutritious diet. Since adolescence is a time period of intense growth and development, it is essential to meet nutritional needs at this time. Using data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I measure the nutrition of a nationally representative sample of youth in the United States through their daily food intake ...
The Cultural Legacy Of Communism In Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Perceptions And Activity In Central And Eastern Europe, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
The Cultural Legacy Of Communism In Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial Perceptions And Activity In Central And Eastern Europe, Amy Wu
CMC Senior Theses
Using data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, this paper examines differences in entrepreneurial perceptions (fear of failure, opportunity perception, self-efficacy, public opinion) between CEE and non-CEE countries, before and after the 2008 recession, as well as the effects of these perceptions on entrepreneurial motivation and overall levels of activity. The results suggest that CEE countries have systematically more pessimistic outlooks in terms of fear of failure and opportunity perception, but no difference from non-CEE countries in self-efficacy and public opinion. Additionally, most of the difference in fear of failure and opportunity perception, along with an increase in necessity-motivated entrepreneurship, comes ...
The Effects Of Recreational Marijuana Legislation On The Opioid Epidemic In Washington State, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
The Effects Of Recreational Marijuana Legislation On The Opioid Epidemic In Washington State, Steven Dickerson
CMC Senior Theses
This paper analyzes the impact of the 2012 legalization of recreational marijuana in Washington State on opioid abuse. Using synthetic control methodology, this paper finds that the legislation prevented 638 overdose deaths and lead to over 3,600 individuals seeking treatment for opioid abuse disorders. Due to the large health, social, and economic impacts of the opioid epidemic, further research should be conducted into ways to reduce the number of opioid prescriptions, the number of opioid overdoses, and opioid abuse generally.