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[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] I first encountered David Turnham’s work after majoring in labor economics in undergraduate and graduate school and spending a year in Nairobi studying and modeling the labor market there. The atmosphere in Kenya was crackling with intellectual excitement: John Harris and Michael Todaro had just showed how the solution to urban unemployment might be rural development, George Johnson had demonstrated that earnings function analysis ‘worked’ despite doubts about the quality of developing country data and the applicability of developed country concepts, Dharam Ghai was developing the basic human needs approach to development, and Joe Stiglitz was formulating efficiency ...


Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] People migrate and areas gain or lose population for a variety of reasons: differences in potential earnings, in job availability, in schooling opportunities, in quality of life, proximity to friends and relatives, and so on. The economic model of migration holds that the central factor determining individual migration decisions is the perceived opportunity to attain higher economic status. Area populations are expected to change differentially according to the economic opportunities offered. In empirical research in developed countries, economic factors have been shown to underlie most migration decisions. In developing countries, where the economic situation of the populace is far ...


Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E. Hilsenrath 2017 University of the Pacific

Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E. Hilsenrath

Peter E. Hilsenrath

Investment, especially through merger and acquisition (M&A), is a leading topic of concern among health care managers. In addition, the implications of this activity for organization and market concentration are of great interest to policy makers. Using a sample of 2256 firm-year observations in the health care industry during the period from 1985 to 2011, this article provides novel evidence that managers learn from financial markets in making capital expenditure (CAPEX) and M&A investment decisions. Within the industry, managers in the Drugs subsector are most likely to do so, whereas managers in the Medical Equipment and Supplies are ...


Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, Georgy Orlov 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, Georgy Orlov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis consists of three policy-motivated chapters in the area of applied microeconomics. In chapter 1, I estimate the impact of English-language courses on the wages of new immigrants. I develop a model of immigrants' investment in language skills which may affect wages directly, as well as change the proportion of pre-immigration skills transferred into the host-country economy. Using unique panel data, LSIC, I find that attending language courses for six months leads to a 0.3 standard deviations gain in language skills, corresponding to an average wage increase of 11.7 percent. The increase in the total return to ...


Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, Douglas L. Karlen, Rattan Lal, Ronald F. Follett, John M. Kimble, Jerry L. Hatfield, John A. Miranowski, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Andrew Manale, Robert P. Anex, Charles W. Rice 2017 United States Department of Agriculture

Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, Douglas L. Karlen, Rattan Lal, Ronald F. Follett, John M. Kimble, Jerry L. Hatfield, John A. Miranowski, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Andrew Manale, Robert P. Anex, Charles W. Rice

Douglas L Karlen

Synopsis In the February 15, 2009 issue of ES&T Strand and Benford argued that oceanic deposition of agricultural crop residues was a viable option for net carbon sequestration (43 [4], 1000−1007). In reviewing the calculations and bringing their experience to bear, Karlen et al. argue in this Viewpoint that crop residue oceanic permanent sequestration (CROPS) as envisioned by Strand and Benford will not work. They further propose alternative possibilities in agricultural methods to achieve a net decrease of CO2 emissions.


More Balanced Economic Growth, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

More Balanced Economic Growth, Eric Thompson

Business in Nebraska

There has been a re-balancing of both global and domestic economic growth during 2017. Globally, growth is improving in Europe and China, yielding more balanced international growth. Within the United States, growth also has become more balanced across industries. As in past years, the service sector, supported by growth in employment and real wages, has grown steadily with increases in retail trade, business services, personal services and construction activity. However, in recent months, there also has been improved growth in the industrial sector, with a rebound in the energy sector, and more business investment in capital equipment. The result is ...


Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson

David Swenson

The deployment of additional wind energy capacity in Iowa will yield discernible short-term and longer-term economic impacts for Iowa. The short-term and temporary economic gains are from the annual purchases and deliveries of Iowa-supplied wind energy generating equipment like blades, towers, nacelles and other critical components, and all construction-related activity associated with erecting and making operational wind energy arrays The long-term and permanent gains to the Iowa economy are driven by the on-going increments to statewide productivity associated with the operation and maintenance of the built wind energy systems, and the incremental increase in lease payments made to landowners for ...


Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson

David Swenson

The fabricated metals industry in Iowa is a major durable goods industry which produced $1.68 billion in GDP in 2013 and accounted for 5 percent of manufacturing GDP. The sector employed 20,611 persons, or around 9.5 percent of the state's manufacturing workforce. This technical study profiles the industry's structural and economic characteristics. This study was done for the Center for Industrial Research and Service (CIRAS) at Iowa State University.


The Economic Impact Of Iowa’S Major Industries In 2014, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

The Economic Impact Of Iowa’S Major Industries In 2014, David Swenson

David Swenson

This report compares and contrasts two methods of discerning industrial importance: (1) evaluating industrial information as conventionally reported by government agencies, and (2) using input-output techniques to allocate all indirect economic activity into industries producing for final demand. The advantage of the final demand apportioning procedure is that it allows for a determination of total job linkages to Iowa's key industries like agriculture, ag-related manufacturing, all other manufacturing, and to banking and finance.


Investigating Iowa’S Industrial Vulnerability To Reductions In Water Resources, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington 2017 Iowa State University

Investigating Iowa’S Industrial Vulnerability To Reductions In Water Resources, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

David Swenson

This report investigates degrees of water dependence across various sectors of Iowa’s economy and the possible direct and indirect consequences of drought events on Iowa’s industries. The report is organized into five sections. Part 1 describes patterns of water use by broad economic sector, as measured in gallons of water withdrawn from surface and groundwater sources. Part 2 addresses the importance of water as a means of transportation, examining the types of commodities shipped to and from Iowa by river. Part 3 discusses the consequences of drought on grain and livestock production. Part 4 explores how reductions in ...


Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson

David Swenson

The fabricated metals industry in Iowa is a major durable goods industry which produced $1.68 billion in GDP in 2013 and accounted for 5 percent of manufacturing GDP. The sector employed 20,611 persons, or around 9.5 percent of the state's manufacturing workforce. This technical study profiles the industry's structural and economic characteristics. This study was done for the Center for Industrial Research and Service (CIRAS) at Iowa State University.


Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson

David Swenson

The deployment of additional wind energy capacity in Iowa will yield discernible short-term and longer-term economic impacts for Iowa. The short-term and temporary economic gains are from

  • the annual purchases and deliveries of Iowa-supplied wind energy generating equipment like blades, towers, nacelles and other critical components, and
  • all construction-related activity associated with erecting and making operational wind energy arrays

The long-term and permanent gains to the Iowa economy are driven by

  • the on-going increments to statewide productivity associated with the operation and maintenance of the built wind energy systems, and
  • the incremental increase in lease payments made to landowners for ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: June 2, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: June 2, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer confidence fell in Nebraska during May 2017 while business confidence remained very strong. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) fell to roughly neutral during May. The CCI-N stood at 102.5 in April but fell to 100.4 during May, which is only slightly above the neutral value of 100.0. The outlook of Nebraska businesses remained very strong. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) rose to 110.2 in May, above its April value of 109.1 and well above the neutral value. Business confidence has been very strong in Nebraska during the first five months of 2017 ...


Are Child Care Worker Wages Impacted By The Forces Of Supply And Demand? An Examination Of State-Level Data, Carolyn Arcand 2017 University of New Hampshire

Are Child Care Worker Wages Impacted By The Forces Of Supply And Demand? An Examination Of State-Level Data, Carolyn Arcand

Political Science Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Do Elderly Workers Crowd Out Younger Workers In The United States?, Jing Jin 2017 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Do Elderly Workers Crowd Out Younger Workers In The United States?, Jing Jin

Honors Theses and Student Projects

This paper investigates the often repeated 'lump of labor' theory that the increasing labor force participation of older workers negatively impacts the labor market activity of younger workers. Using the panel data spanning from 1998 to 2015 from the Merged Outgoing Rotation Groups of the Current Population Survey, this paper employs time-series state-level regressions to determine the extent to which such 'crowding out' exists in the United States. Existing studies show little evidence of substitution between young and old workers. In contrast to previous studies, this paper controls for differences in individual educational levels by disaggregating the labor force sample ...


Fair Labor Practices: Are Workers Truly Protected?, Xiaofei Xie 2017 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Fair Labor Practices: Are Workers Truly Protected?, Xiaofei Xie

Honors Theses and Student Projects

Private businesses often claim that they employ fair labor practices and care about employees' well being. However, firms may face contradictory situations since fair labor practices can result in cost increases and lower profit. In this thesis, I examine historic and contemporary workers’ conditions and fair labor practices. Workers’ conditions during the Industrial Revolution and the basis of relevant Marxist theories are examined. Contemporary labor practices are also examined and a secondary analysis of data on worker attitudes in two major companies is conducted. Results and discussion suggest that although progresses in worker conditions have been made, there still needs ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: May 24, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: May 24, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 fell by 0.88% during April of 2017. The decline followed three months of rapid increase in January through March, implying a moderation in the outlook for the Nebraska economy in late 2017. Among the components of the indicator, business expectations were strong during April while the value of the U.S. dollar fell, which is a positive sign for Nebraska’s export-oriented businesses. However, manufacturing hours, building permits and airline passenger counts all declined during April, while initial claims for unemployment insurance rose.


Essays In Entrepreneurship, Innovation And Labor, Andres Gonzalo Hincapie Norena 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

Essays In Entrepreneurship, Innovation And Labor, Andres Gonzalo Hincapie Norena

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

I explore the role of experimentation on the career choices of individuals deciding whether to be paid employees or entrepreneurs, and on the decisions of consumers deciding what medical treatment to buy. In the labor market, experimentation entails the accumulation of information that allows individuals to improve their occupational choices. In the product market, experimentation entails discovering the quality of new products and it may have an effect on the evolution of technology: less experimentation by individuals may slow down the process of innovation. I start in Chapter 2 with the observation that most individuals do not start a business ...


Archivo De Excel Con Los Datos Para Replicar Las Gráficas Del Artículo "México Frente Al Nuevo Entorno Internacional", Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu 2017 International Monetary Fund

Archivo De Excel Con Los Datos Para Replicar Las Gráficas Del Artículo "México Frente Al Nuevo Entorno Internacional", Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

El archivo de Excel adjunto contiene los datos necesarios para replicar las gráficas del artículo "México frente al nuevo entorno internacional". Se incluyen tanto los datos originales de empleo del Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), de comercio exterior de la base de datos Estadísticas Históricas de México (EHM) del Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) y de aranceles de la base de datos World Intergated Trade Solution (WITS) del Banco Mundial, así como las series procesadas a partir de los datos originales.


Disrespecting The Minimum Wage: How States Limit The Opportunity For Restaurant Workers To Support Themselves, Samantha Pereira 2017 San Jose State University

Disrespecting The Minimum Wage: How States Limit The Opportunity For Restaurant Workers To Support Themselves, Samantha Pereira

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

This paper examines the inequality in the restaurant industry in America. It focuses specifically on the tipped minimum wages in different states compared to the real minimum wage and looks into the gender and racial inequality present in restaurants. The first section analyzes the history of tipping and what it has become in the United States. The paper then moves to describe different struggles that tipped workers in the restaurant industry have to face. The paper also discusses different arguments to raising the tipped minimum wage and compares states with a tipped minimum wage and states without a tipped minimum ...


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