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Do Recessions Accelerate Routine-Biased Technological Change? Evidence From Vacancy Postings, Brad Hershbein, Lisa B. Kahn 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Do Recessions Accelerate Routine-Biased Technological Change? Evidence From Vacancy Postings, Brad Hershbein, Lisa B. Kahn

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Deep Dive Into Technological Unemployment: A State-Level Analysis On The Employment Effect Of Technological Innovations, Yuqing "Jenny" Cang 2017 Claremont McKenna College

A Deep Dive Into Technological Unemployment: A State-Level Analysis On The Employment Effect Of Technological Innovations, Yuqing "Jenny" Cang

CMC Senior Theses

Ever since the first Industrial Revolution, during which many textile artisans lost their jobs to weaving machines, the relationship between technological progress and unemployment has been explored and examined by researchers and policy makers. Existing empirical research, mostly at the microeconomic level, has presented ambiguous results. Procuring data on 51 U.S. states for a period of 19 years and a large number of controls, this paper studies the employment effect of technological innovations with a novel state-level macroeconomic analysis. Using commercially-supplied Research and Development expenditure as a proxy, this paper finds that although technological innovations have a non-significant effect ...


Testing For Nationality Discrimination In Major League Soccer, Matthew Swift 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Testing For Nationality Discrimination In Major League Soccer, Matthew Swift

CMC Senior Theses

Using data from the 2014-2016 Major League Soccer (MLS) seasons, this paper finds evidence for nationality discrimination in the MLS. In particular, foreign players receive a wage premium of 15.97 percent, ceteris paribus. Foreign players also receive an additional bump in their salary based on performance. Finally, using an Oaxaca (1973) decomposition, I find that 22-26% of the differences in wages between foreign and domestic players is largely due to discrimination.


The Political Impact Of Rising Trade Exposure: Evidence From 2000 - 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections, Xiaoyang Qian 2017 Claremont McKenna College

The Political Impact Of Rising Trade Exposure: Evidence From 2000 - 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections, Xiaoyang Qian

CMC Senior Theses

In this paper we analyze the impact of global imports on regional labor markets, and how such impact translates to changes in voting patterns in the U.S. Presidential elections from 2000 to 2016. We find that imports from different U.S. trading partners influence voting patterns in different ways. In particular, we observe an anti-incumbent effect caused by import competition from OECD countries. Such an effect cannot be observed for imports from low-income countries. There is also evidence that suggests high exposure to import competition tends to drive voters toward the Democratic candidate, who typically proposes better social welfare ...


The Relative Impact Of The Ged On Labor Market Outcomes For The Formerly Incarcerated, Sally Vandenberg 2017 Claremont McKenna College

The Relative Impact Of The Ged On Labor Market Outcomes For The Formerly Incarcerated, Sally Vandenberg

CMC Senior Theses

This paper shows that while incarceration is associated with economic losses, the economic benefits associated with a GED may be nearly twice as large for high school dropouts that have been incarcerated than for dropouts who have not been incarcerated. My results, though imprecisely estimated, suggest that this relationship may be one of correlation, rather than causality. I find that among the formerly incarcerated the GED is associated with other positive outcomes, particularly lower rates of drug use.


Wage Shocks And The Technological Substitution Of Low-Wage Jobs, Daniel Aaronson, Brian Phelan 2017 Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Wage Shocks And The Technological Substitution Of Low-Wage Jobs, Daniel Aaronson, Brian Phelan

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

We extend the task-based empirical framework used in the job polarization literature to analyze the susceptibility of low-wage employment to technological substitution. We find that increases in the cost of low-wage labor, via minimum wage hikes, lead to relative employment declines at cognitively routine occupations but not manually-routine or non-routine low-wage occupations. This suggests that low-wage routine cognitive tasks are susceptible to technological substitution. While the short-run employment consequence of this reshuffling on individual workers is economically small, due to concurrent employment growth in other low-wage jobs, workers previously employed in cognitively routine jobs experience relative wage losses.


Master's Tools And The Master's House: A Historical Analysis Exploring The Myth Of Educating For Democracy In The United States, Timothy Scott 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Master's Tools And The Master's House: A Historical Analysis Exploring The Myth Of Educating For Democracy In The United States, Timothy Scott

Doctoral Dissertations

Over the past forty-years, neoliberal education reform policies in the U.S. have spurred significant resistance, often galvanized by claims that such policies undermine public education as a vital institution of U.S. democracy. Within this narrative, many activists call to “save our schools” and return them to a time when public schools served the common good. With these narratives in mind, I explore the foundational and persistent power structures that characterize the U.S. as a means to reveal the fundamental purpose of its public education system. The questions that guide my research include: (1) With an understanding that ...


Better Incentives Data Can Inform Both Research And Policy, Timothy J. Bartik 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Better Incentives Data Can Inform Both Research And Policy, Timothy J. Bartik

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Working Longer, Retiring Later: Are Employers Ready For The New Employment Trend?, Robert L. Clark, Melinda Sandler Morrill 2017 North Carolina State University

Working Longer, Retiring Later: Are Employers Ready For The New Employment Trend?, Robert L. Clark, Melinda Sandler Morrill

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, Marcus Dillender, H. Allan Hunt 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, Marcus Dillender, H. Allan Hunt

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The 2008 Economic Stimulus Payments Increased Emotional Well-Being, Marta Lachowska 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

The 2008 Economic Stimulus Payments Increased Emotional Well-Being, Marta Lachowska

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Three Essays On The Labor Market Outcomes Of The Doctoral Recipients From The U.S. Universities, Pooja Khosla 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Three Essays On The Labor Market Outcomes Of The Doctoral Recipients From The U.S. Universities, Pooja Khosla

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The thesis addresses two important labor economic issues among the doctoral recipients. The first issue focuses on the impact of visa restrictions on the continual stay and career outcomes of the immigrant doctoral recipients graduating from the U.S. universities. The second issue examines the pay penalty that women with children get compared to women without children among women with Ph.D.

The first issue is analyzed using data from Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), Survey of Doctoral Recipients (SDR), and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The empirical analysis uses Fixed-Effects regression specification to examine the impact of ...


Marginal Revenue Products Of Collegiate Basketball Players: What's March Madness Worth To Your Team?, Nicholas K.S Johnson 2017 Vassar College

Marginal Revenue Products Of Collegiate Basketball Players: What's March Madness Worth To Your Team?, Nicholas K.S Johnson

Senior Capstone Projects

Basketball is considered a revenue sport within the context of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The annual March Madness tournament brings in over a billion dollars in advertising revenue alone. This is just one illustration of the influx of money lining the coffers of the NCAA and Division 1 teams each year, leading many to question why the student-athletes don't receive a bigger piece of the pie. Some pundits argue that the athletic scholarship caps and restriction of player movement enforced by the NCAA lead to players contributing more in revenue to their schools than they receive in ...


Europa Regina: The Effect Of World War Ii On European Female Labor, Helen Harris 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Europa Regina: The Effect Of World War Ii On European Female Labor, Helen Harris

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research suggests that WWII induced a lasting increase in American female labor force participation. This paper explores if WWII influenced European female labor force participation in a similar way from 1940 to 1960. The analysis regresses changes in female labor force participation after the war, on changes in military mobilization rates for 17 European countries. The results show that the European female labor force participation growth rate decreased during the decade 1940-1950 and increased from 1940-1960. While these results are statistically significant and female specific, they are relatively small in magnitude. Within these changes were sectoral changes, primarily a ...


Going Solo: A Qualitative Comparison Of Single Women In Japan And Colombia, Maya Heins 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Going Solo: A Qualitative Comparison Of Single Women In Japan And Colombia, Maya Heins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the economic, social, and cultural conditions of single women in Japan and Colombia as a medium for understanding how globalization impacts gender inequality around the world. The rise of single women around the world elicits questions about the changing nature of gender roles and how global economic policies impact the lives of women. The research finds that while large differences exist between the situation of single women in the Global North and South, by remaining single, women are afforded more bargaining power to renegotiate their place within oppressive systems. The rise in single women around the globe ...


Pay For Play: Shirking In The Nfl, Gregory Marks 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Pay For Play: Shirking In The Nfl, Gregory Marks

Undergraduate Honors Theses

While there is extensive literature on shirking in sports, this is the first study to comprehensively examine shirking in the National Football League (NFL). Using a linear regression, player performance is regressed on numerous contract variables, including a contract dummy variable, total contract amount, contract length, and percent of salary that is guaranteed, along with several control variables. Although the results are not statistically significant, the direction of the relevant coefficients indicates that shirking may be occurring in the NFL. The complex nature of NFL contracts makes it difficult to discern the mechanism through which shirking may be occurring.


From The Fair Labor Standards Act To Individual State Minimum Wages: Measuring State Minimum Wages And Economic Performance, Adam Charles Carafotes 2017 Bard College

From The Fair Labor Standards Act To Individual State Minimum Wages: Measuring State Minimum Wages And Economic Performance, Adam Charles Carafotes

Senior Projects Spring 2017

This project will analyze the historical foundation of the minimum wage in the United States prior to the first federal wage enactment in 1938 to the current federal wage as well as individual state wages. This paper will offer a historical overview along with economic ideology in determining appropriate minimum wage floors on state and federal levels of the economy. The question of raising either state or federal minimum wages has drawn great importance in the eyes of our country and in the eyes of economic thinkers, policymakers, and individuals. The minimum wage has been the backbone for working individuals ...


Making The Male Manager: Can Non-Cognitive Skills Explain The Glass Ceiling?, Nora Paget Harrington 2017 Bard College

Making The Male Manager: Can Non-Cognitive Skills Explain The Glass Ceiling?, Nora Paget Harrington

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Abstract: This project examines whether men and women’s non-cognitive skills —or personality characteristics— influence their respective occupational attainment. I take an interdisciplinary approach to inform my hypothesis by incorporating psychological and sociological theories on the production and reproduction of gender roles in order to understand why men and women may systematically differ along some personality dimensions. I use linear probability and probit models to measure the effect of the non-cognitive traits, locus of control, self-esteem, and risk tolerance on the probability of being a manager. In both models I find that an internal locus of control, high self-esteem, and ...


There And Now, Tinghua Huang 2017 Bard College

There And Now, Tinghua Huang

Senior Projects Spring 2017

THERE AND NOW

by Tinghua Huang

History/Observation of Life/Rebellion/Challenge/ Time/(without)Intention

In my exhibition, I have photos, bags, garments, the FIT IN room, and a clock with a second display. I will explain my points for choosing to put them in my show, and it is up to you, the viewers, to take it, expand it, or not. I believe there is never a final answer to art, as long as humans have their own ability to think.

I made the choice of putting the photos in my show to convey a straightforward sense of my ...


The Employment Service-Unemployment Insurance Partnership: Origin, Evolution, And Revitalization, David E. Balducchi, Christopher J. O'Leary 2017 Consultant

The Employment Service-Unemployment Insurance Partnership: Origin, Evolution, And Revitalization, David E. Balducchi, Christopher J. O'Leary

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

This study traces the origin and evolution of the partnership between the employment service and unemployment insurance programs in the United States. We examine objectives of the framers of the Wagner-Peyser and Social Security Acts that established these programs. Using primary sources, we then analyze early actions of the architects of social insurance to facilitate cooperation between the two programs to meet economic exigencies, grapple with political cronyism, and surmount legal barriers. We also discuss factors that caused changes in the employment service–unemployment insurance partnership over time. We identify reasons for the erosion in cooperation starting in the 1980s ...


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