Veterans In Workforce Development: Participation And Labor Market Outcomes, 2017 University of Oregon
Veterans In Workforce Development: Participation And Labor Market Outcomes, Colleen Chrisinger
Upjohn Institute Working Papers
This paper compares the employment status and earnings of veterans and nonveterans following their receipt of public workforce development services in Washington State during the years 2002–2012. It also describes workforce program participation patterns for veterans and nonveterans to determine if veterans have equal or prioritized access to key programs, where prioritization is required by law. Based on tabulations and propensity score weighted regressions using administrative data, the results indicate slightly lower levels of participation by veterans than nonveterans in two major workforce programs (Wagner-Peyser and the Workforce Investment Act Adult program), and high participation in veteran-specific programs (Disabled ...
New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute
New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, Timothy J. Bartik
Upjohn Institute Working Papers
When state and local governments engage in balanced budget changes in taxes and spending, what fiscal multiplier effects do such policies have on creating local jobs? Traditionally, the view has been that possible job-creation effects of such state and local “demand-side” policies are smaller, second-order effects. Such effects might be worthwhile to take into consideration when a state or local government balances its budget during a recession, but the effects were believed to be of modest magnitude, and not of major importance for more general state and local public policies. However, recent estimates of fiscal multiplier effects of state and ...
Evaluating Public Employment Programs With Field Experiments: A Survey Of American Evidence, 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute
Evaluating Public Employment Programs With Field Experiments: A Survey Of American Evidence, Christopher J. O'Leary
Upjohn Institute Working Papers
Research in the 1970s based on observational data provided evidence consistent with predictions from economic theory that paying unemployment insurance (UI) benefits to involuntarily jobless workers prolongs unemployment. However, some scholars also reported estimates that the additional time spent in subsidized job search was productive. That is, UI receipt tended to raise reemployment wages after work search among the unemployed. A series of field experiments in the 1980s investigated positive incentives to overcome the work disincentive effects of UI. These were followed by experiments in the 1990s that evaluated the effects of restrictions on UI eligibility through stronger work search ...
Structural Change And Productivity Growth In Developing Countries, 2017 Eastern Illinois University
Structural Change And Productivity Growth In Developing Countries, Ahmed Salim Nuhu
The dual-economy model predicts that holding productivity constant, labor reallocation from less to more productive sectors, also known as 'structural change' results in improvement in economy-wide productivity. The objective of this thesis is to test the empirical predictions of this model using sectoral-level data from twenty-eight developing countries. Using the shift-share growth decomposition approach, we find regional growth-enhancing effects of structural change in Asia, Latin America and North Africa from, 1980 to 2000 and growth-reducing effects in Sub-Saharan Africa over the same period. However, as intersectoral productivity gaps disappeared after 2000, technological progress led the growth process in much of ...
Marginal Revenue Products Of Collegiate Basketball Players: What's March Madness Worth To Your Team?, Nicholas K.S Johnson
Senior Capstone Projects
Basketball is considered a revenue sport within the context of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The annual March Madness tournament brings in over a billion dollars in advertising revenue alone. This is just one illustration of the influx of money lining the coffers of the NCAA and Division 1 teams each year, leading many to question why the student-athletes don't receive a bigger piece of the pie. Some pundits argue that the athletic scholarship caps and restriction of player movement enforced by the NCAA lead to players contributing more in revenue to their schools than they receive in ...
Economic Shocks And Crime: Evidence From The Brazilian Trade Liberalization, 2017 Duke University
Economic Shocks And Crime: Evidence From The Brazilian Trade Liberalization, Rafael Dix-Carneiro, Rodrigo R. Soares, Gabriel Ulyssea
Upjohn Institute Working Papers
This paper studies the effect of changes in economic conditions on crime. We exploit the 1990s trade liberalization in Brazil as a natural experiment generating exogenous shocks to local economies. We document that regions exposed to larger tariff reductions experienced a temporary increase in crime following liberalization. Next, we investigate through what channels the trade-induced economic shocks may have affected crime. We show that the shocks had significant effects on potential determinants of crime, such as labor market conditions, public goods provision, and income inequality. We propose a novel framework exploiting the distinct dynamic responses of these variables to obtain ...
Dynamic Responses To Labor Demand Shocks: Evidence From The Financial Industry In Delaware, 2017 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Dynamic Responses To Labor Demand Shocks: Evidence From The Financial Industry In Delaware, Russell Weinstein
Upjohn Institute Working Papers
This paper analyzes an important shock to local labor demand in the financial services sector: firm relocation to Delaware following a Supreme Court ruling and state legislation in the 1980s. Using synthetic controls and bordering states, I find significant effects on employment growth, the unemployment rate, and participation in the first decade. Employment spillovers to the nontradable sector and migration appear larger than estimates from shocks to the tradable sector. Effects persist for 10 to 20 years after Delaware loses its original policy-induced advantage. The shift towards a low unemployment sector explains this persistence, rather than direct productivity effects or ...
Wage Inequality In The Manufacturing Sector Of The Mexico And Its Regions, According To The Trade Opening, 2005-2015, 2016 Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila
Wage Inequality In The Manufacturing Sector Of The Mexico And Its Regions, According To The Trade Opening, 2005-2015, Reyna E. Rodríguez Pérez, Vicente German-Soto, Crhistian Joel González Cuatianquis
Ignoring Experts' Honest Advice: Private Vs. Public Communication, 2016 Diego Portales University
Ignoring Experts' Honest Advice: Private Vs. Public Communication, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof.
Single-Mother Families And The Gender Gap In Children's Time Investment And Non-Cognitive Skill, Agnese Romiti, Letizia Mencarini, Silvia Pasqua
No abstract provided.
Optimal Task Assignments With Loss-Averse Agents, 2016 Diego Portales University
Optimal Task Assignments With Loss-Averse Agents, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof.
Synthetic Control Estimation Beyond Case Studies: Does The Minimum Wage Reduce Employment?, 2016 Rand Corporation
Synthetic Control Estimation Beyond Case Studies: Does The Minimum Wage Reduce Employment?, David Powell
The Effect Of Health Insurance On Young Adults' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence From The Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Expansion, Quazi Hassan
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
The Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage mandate extended young adults’ parental coverage to age 26. I study the expansion’s impact on young adults’ labor market outcomes using a control function method. Following the expansion, I find dependent coverage lowered labor force participation, lowered incomes, and mixed evidence regarding labor supply.
Labor Markets, Human Capital, And The Human Agent's Share Of Production, 2016 Iowa State University
Labor Markets, Human Capital, And The Human Agent's Share Of Production, Wallace E. Huffman
Labor, or the time of the human agent, is one of the most important inputs in production. Labor services in agriculture are provided: by farm operators/ managers who perform very important allocative, production/marketing decision making and supervisory functions (Schultz 1972; Huf&nan 1985; Huffman 199lb) and frequently engage directly in production; by members of the operator's family or relatives who largely work without direct compensation; and by hired workers. The incomes of farm families and of hired farm workers are determined not only by the amount of labor that they sell but also by the amount of other resources to ...
Immigration And Agriculture In The 1990s, 2016 Iowa State University
Immigration And Agriculture In The 1990s, Wallace E. Huffman
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (!RCA) contained provisions having the intent of changing the supply and demand for labor in the United States and alleviating many social problems associated with earlier illegal immigration. Many of the proponents of IRCA were optimistic in the mid-1980s about how IRCA would slow illegal immigration. Issues of fairness to workers had been addressed by legalizing individuals who had a history of working as undocumented workers in U.S. agriculture and the rest of the economy; needs for a short-term guaranteed supply of seasonal agricultural service workers to agriculture had been taken ...
Comparable Worth And The Structure Of Earnings: The Iowa Case, 2016 Iowa State University
Comparable Worth And The Structure Of Earnings: The Iowa Case, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila
Peter F. Orazem
Comparable worth pay plans have been implemented in several states since the early 1980s. To our knowledge, however, no study exists of the actual impact of such plans on the pay structure of state government. We examine the case of comparable worth in Iowa, both as proposed in 1984 and as actually implemented (in compromise form) in 1985. In particular, we identify the relative winners and losers from comparable worth by analyzing the impact on earnings for men, women, minorities, unionized employees, and particular occupational groups, such as supervisors and professionals. In addition, we are able to determine whether the ...
Off-Farm Work Decisions Of Husbands And Wives: Joint Decision Making, 2016 Iowa State University
Off-Farm Work Decisions Of Husbands And Wives: Joint Decision Making, Wallace E. Huffman, Mark D. Lange
Theoretical and econometric models are developed to examine joint wage-labor participation and hours decisions of a husband and wife in farm households. The econometric model is multiple equation and recursive. The specification of the off-farm labor supply equation of the husband (wife) depends on whether his (her) wife (husband) does or does not work off-farm, and this structure is endogenous. The model is fitted to data for Iowa farm households. The main conclusion is that the off-farm labor supply equation of a married individ- ual differs significantly depending on whether his or her spouse also works for a wage.
Links Among Farm Productivity, Off-Farm Work, And Farm Size In The Southeast, 2016 United States Department of Agriculture
Links Among Farm Productivity, Off-Farm Work, And Farm Size In The Southeast, Jet Yee, Mary Clare Ahearn, Wallace Huffman
This paper examines the linkages among agricultural total factor productivity, farm size, and farm household participation in the off-farm labor market for the Southeastern states for the period 1960-1996. We find evidence of a simultaneous relationship between productivity and measures of farm structure. The results support the expected relationships between the endogenous variables, namely that productivity and farm size are positively related, farm size and off-farm work participation are negatively related, and off-farm work and productivity are negatively related. We find positive and significant impacts of government policies (investments in public research, extension, and highways) on productivity growth.
An Empirical Study Of Earnings Of Immigrants And Native-Born Americans In The U.S. Labor Market Given Different Levels Of Educational Attainment, Yuli P. Gomez Bravo
Applied Economics Theses
This paper will compare the Lifetime wage earnings of immigrants and native-born citizens in the U.S. for the years 2000-2010 according to educational attainment using cross-sectional data. The data obtained through IPUMS-CPS Integrated Public Use of Microdata Series, University of Minnesota. The findings of investment in Human Capital of Mincer (1958), the Immigrants earnings distribution of Chiswick and Miller (2006), the Pareto’s law of income distribution, and the immigrants investment in human capital model by Duleep and Regets (1999) are the theoretical basis in which this study will be ruled. The empirical evidence suggests that immigrants who invest ...
Endogenous Quality Choice, Signaling, And Welfare, 2016 Singapore Management University
Endogenous Quality Choice, Signaling, And Welfare, Gea M. Lee, Seung Han Yoo
Research Collection School Of Economics
We consider a model in which each worker endogenously selects his own type through aprivate investment decision and selects a public signal in the labor market. Signaling thencontributes to social welfare through its influence on the quality choice. We offer a rationalefor the argument that there are too many high-type workers from a welfare perspective,identifying circumstances under which separating equilibrium generates too many high-typeworkers while having to use the incentive-compatible signal and treat high-type workersdifferently in the market. The inefficiency can then be reduced in pooling equilibrium.