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Workforce Investment Act In Western Kentucky: An Evaluation Of Program Service Outcomes, Matt S. Luckett 2017 Western Kentucky University

Workforce Investment Act In Western Kentucky: An Evaluation Of Program Service Outcomes, Matt S. Luckett

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Workforce development programs designed to provide individuals with the skills necessary to gain employment have been in existance for over 80 years. The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) was a federal workforce development program that ran from 2000 to 2014. The WIA provided three main programs: youth, adult, and dislocated worker. The focus of this research was to evaluate the individual services in the adult and dislocated worker programs in the Western Kentucky Workforce Investment Area and identify the most effective service in each program.

The adult and dislocated worker programs each offered three tiered services: core, intensive, and training. Individuals ...


New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, Timothy J. Bartik 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

When state and local governments engage in balanced budget changes in taxes and spending, what fiscal multiplier effects do such policies have on creating local jobs? Traditionally, the view has been that possible job-creation effects of such state and local “demand-side” policies are smaller, second-order effects. Such effects might be worthwhile to take into consideration when a state or local government balances its budget during a recession, but the effects were believed to be of modest magnitude, and not of major importance for more general state and local public policies. However, recent estimates of fiscal multiplier effects of state and ...


Data Improvement And Labor Economics, Kevin F. Hallock 2017 Cornell University

Data Improvement And Labor Economics, Kevin F. Hallock

Kevin F Hallock

The expansion of available data for research has transformed empirical labor economics over the past generation. This paper briefly highlights some of the changes and describes a few examples of papers that illustrate the advances. It also documents the changing ways data have been used in the Journal of Labor Economics over the past 30 years, including a trend toward a higher fraction of papers using any data and, among those papers using any data, a higher fraction using nonpublic data, a higher fraction using international data, and more frequent use of multiple data sources. Finally, this paper describes work ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: June 21, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: June 21, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 fell by 0.51% during May of 2017. This is the second consecutive monthly decline in the LEI-N. The declines followed three months of rapid increase from January through March of 2017. Taken together, the LEI-N values imply a moderation in economic growth in Nebraska in late 2017 after strong growth midyear. Among the components of the indicator, business expectations were strong during May while the value of the U.S. dollar fell, which is a positive sign for Nebraska’s export-oriented businesses. However, manufacturing hours, building permits and airline passen


Computer Adoption And Returns In Transition, Yemisi Kuku, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh 2017 Iowa State University

Computer Adoption And Returns In Transition, Yemisi Kuku, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh

Rajesh Singh

Across nine transition economies, it is the young, educated, English-speaking workers with the best access to local telecommunications infrastructures that work with computers. These workers earn about 25% more than do workers of comparable observable skills who do not use computers. Controlling for likely simultaneity between computer use at work and labor market earnings makes the apparent returns to computer use disappear. These results are corroborated using Russian longitudinal data on earnings and computer use on the job. High costs of computer use in transition economies suppress wages that firms can pay their workers who use computers.


A Discussion Of Social Protection And Private Insurance, Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

A Discussion Of Social Protection And Private Insurance, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] This is a thoughtful and thought-provoking paper, informative and interesting. I learned a lot from reading this and have already passed it on to others. In my comments, I would like to do four things: highlight the major points and the rationale for them, raise a few quibbles, put forth some additional issues, and propose a possible resolution of a dilemma raised in the paper. But let us first try to be clear about what we are talking about. Professor Pestieau characterizes social insurance as being mandatory, universal, and redistributive. I would define it slightly differently: “Social insurance is ...


[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] I first encountered David Turnham’s work after majoring in labor economics in undergraduate and graduate school and spending a year in Nairobi studying and modeling the labor market there. The atmosphere in Kenya was crackling with intellectual excitement: John Harris and Michael Todaro had just showed how the solution to urban unemployment might be rural development, George Johnson had demonstrated that earnings function analysis ‘worked’ despite doubts about the quality of developing country data and the applicability of developed country concepts, Dharam Ghai was developing the basic human needs approach to development, and Joe Stiglitz was formulating efficiency ...


Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields 2017 Cornell University

Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] People migrate and areas gain or lose population for a variety of reasons: differences in potential earnings, in job availability, in schooling opportunities, in quality of life, proximity to friends and relatives, and so on. The economic model of migration holds that the central factor determining individual migration decisions is the perceived opportunity to attain higher economic status. Area populations are expected to change differentially according to the economic opportunities offered. In empirical research in developed countries, economic factors have been shown to underlie most migration decisions. In developing countries, where the economic situation of the populace is far ...


Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E. Hilsenrath 2017 University of the Pacific

Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E. Hilsenrath

Peter E. Hilsenrath

Investment, especially through merger and acquisition (M&A), is a leading topic of concern among health care managers. In addition, the implications of this activity for organization and market concentration are of great interest to policy makers. Using a sample of 2256 firm-year observations in the health care industry during the period from 1985 to 2011, this article provides novel evidence that managers learn from financial markets in making capital expenditure (CAPEX) and M&A investment decisions. Within the industry, managers in the Drugs subsector are most likely to do so, whereas managers in the Medical Equipment and Supplies are ...


Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, Georgy Orlov 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, Georgy Orlov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis consists of three policy-motivated chapters in the area of applied microeconomics. In chapter 1, I estimate the impact of English-language courses on the wages of new immigrants. I develop a model of immigrants' investment in language skills which may affect wages directly, as well as change the proportion of pre-immigration skills transferred into the host-country economy. Using unique panel data, LSIC, I find that attending language courses for six months leads to a 0.3 standard deviations gain in language skills, corresponding to an average wage increase of 11.7 percent. The increase in the total return to ...


Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, Douglas L. Karlen, Rattan Lal, Ronald F. Follett, John M. Kimble, Jerry L. Hatfield, John A. Miranowski, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Andrew Manale, Robert P. Anex, Charles W. Rice 2017 United States Department of Agriculture

Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, Douglas L. Karlen, Rattan Lal, Ronald F. Follett, John M. Kimble, Jerry L. Hatfield, John A. Miranowski, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Andrew Manale, Robert P. Anex, Charles W. Rice

Douglas L Karlen

Synopsis In the February 15, 2009 issue of ES&T Strand and Benford argued that oceanic deposition of agricultural crop residues was a viable option for net carbon sequestration (43 [4], 1000−1007). In reviewing the calculations and bringing their experience to bear, Karlen et al. argue in this Viewpoint that crop residue oceanic permanent sequestration (CROPS) as envisioned by Strand and Benford will not work. They further propose alternative possibilities in agricultural methods to achieve a net decrease of CO2 emissions.


More Balanced Economic Growth, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

More Balanced Economic Growth, Eric Thompson

Business in Nebraska

There has been a re-balancing of both global and domestic economic growth during 2017. Globally, growth is improving in Europe and China, yielding more balanced international growth. Within the United States, growth also has become more balanced across industries. As in past years, the service sector, supported by growth in employment and real wages, has grown steadily with increases in retail trade, business services, personal services and construction activity. However, in recent months, there also has been improved growth in the industrial sector, with a rebound in the energy sector, and more business investment in capital equipment. The result is ...


Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson

David Swenson

The deployment of additional wind energy capacity in Iowa will yield discernible short-term and longer-term economic impacts for Iowa. The short-term and temporary economic gains are from the annual purchases and deliveries of Iowa-supplied wind energy generating equipment like blades, towers, nacelles and other critical components, and all construction-related activity associated with erecting and making operational wind energy arrays The long-term and permanent gains to the Iowa economy are driven by the on-going increments to statewide productivity associated with the operation and maintenance of the built wind energy systems, and the incremental increase in lease payments made to landowners for ...


Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson

David Swenson

The fabricated metals industry in Iowa is a major durable goods industry which produced $1.68 billion in GDP in 2013 and accounted for 5 percent of manufacturing GDP. The sector employed 20,611 persons, or around 9.5 percent of the state's manufacturing workforce. This technical study profiles the industry's structural and economic characteristics. This study was done for the Center for Industrial Research and Service (CIRAS) at Iowa State University.


The Economic Impact Of Iowa’S Major Industries In 2014, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

The Economic Impact Of Iowa’S Major Industries In 2014, David Swenson

David Swenson

This report compares and contrasts two methods of discerning industrial importance: (1) evaluating industrial information as conventionally reported by government agencies, and (2) using input-output techniques to allocate all indirect economic activity into industries producing for final demand. The advantage of the final demand apportioning procedure is that it allows for a determination of total job linkages to Iowa's key industries like agriculture, ag-related manufacturing, all other manufacturing, and to banking and finance.


Investigating Iowa’S Industrial Vulnerability To Reductions In Water Resources, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington 2017 Iowa State University

Investigating Iowa’S Industrial Vulnerability To Reductions In Water Resources, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

David Swenson

This report investigates degrees of water dependence across various sectors of Iowa’s economy and the possible direct and indirect consequences of drought events on Iowa’s industries. The report is organized into five sections. Part 1 describes patterns of water use by broad economic sector, as measured in gallons of water withdrawn from surface and groundwater sources. Part 2 addresses the importance of water as a means of transportation, examining the types of commodities shipped to and from Iowa by river. Part 3 discusses the consequences of drought on grain and livestock production. Part 4 explores how reductions in ...


Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Profile Of Fabricated Metals Manufacturing In Iowa, Liesl Eathington, David Swenson

David Swenson

The fabricated metals industry in Iowa is a major durable goods industry which produced $1.68 billion in GDP in 2013 and accounted for 5 percent of manufacturing GDP. The sector employed 20,611 persons, or around 9.5 percent of the state's manufacturing workforce. This technical study profiles the industry's structural and economic characteristics. This study was done for the Center for Industrial Research and Service (CIRAS) at Iowa State University.


Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson

David Swenson

The deployment of additional wind energy capacity in Iowa will yield discernible short-term and longer-term economic impacts for Iowa. The short-term and temporary economic gains are from

  • the annual purchases and deliveries of Iowa-supplied wind energy generating equipment like blades, towers, nacelles and other critical components, and
  • all construction-related activity associated with erecting and making operational wind energy arrays

The long-term and permanent gains to the Iowa economy are driven by

  • the on-going increments to statewide productivity associated with the operation and maintenance of the built wind energy systems, and
  • the incremental increase in lease payments made to landowners for ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: June 2, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: June 2, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer confidence fell in Nebraska during May 2017 while business confidence remained very strong. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) fell to roughly neutral during May. The CCI-N stood at 102.5 in April but fell to 100.4 during May, which is only slightly above the neutral value of 100.0. The outlook of Nebraska businesses remained very strong. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) rose to 110.2 in May, above its April value of 109.1 and well above the neutral value. Business confidence has been very strong in Nebraska during the first five months of 2017 ...


Are Child Care Worker Wages Impacted By The Forces Of Supply And Demand? An Examination Of State-Level Data, Carolyn Arcand 2017 University of New Hampshire

Are Child Care Worker Wages Impacted By The Forces Of Supply And Demand? An Examination Of State-Level Data, Carolyn Arcand

Political Science Scholarship

No abstract provided.


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