Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Labor Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3635 Full-Text Articles 2279 Authors 1201169 Downloads 125 Institutions

All Articles in Labor Economics

Faceted Search

3635 full-text articles. Page 4 of 108.

How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, Jean Abraham PhD, Anne Beeson Royalty PhD 2017 University of Pennsylvania

How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, Jean Abraham Phd, Anne Beeson Royalty Phd

Issue Briefs

In a review of the evidence, the authors find that the ACA had minimal effect on employment, hours of work, and compensation. This brief provides critical perspective on the effects of reforms on labor markets for federal and state policymakers as they consider changing or repealing the law.


Off-Farm Work Of Farm Families: Some Empirical Results And Policy Implications, Wallace E. Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

Off-Farm Work Of Farm Families: Some Empirical Results And Policy Implications, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The welfare of farm families, even those with large farms, is not determined solely by their incomes from the farms they operate (USDA 1976, p. 62). The share of personal income of the farm population from nonfarm sources has steadily increased from 27 percent in 1950 and 35 percent in 1960 to so+ percent in the 1970's, except for 1973-74 when net farm income rose so dramatically.I Moreover, approximately 70 percent of the income 2 from nonfarm sources is wage and salary income. Thus a large and growing share of the income of farm families is not from ...


An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman 2017 Iowa State University

An Assessment Of The Process Underlying Raw Calculations, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Public Law 99-603 (commonly referred to as IRCA), contained provisions having the intent of changing the supply and demand for hired labor on U.S. farms. The legislation defined a new class of farm work called seasonal agricultural services (SAS) which covers most of the farm work in producing and harvesting perishable crops, and a new class of alien workers called SAWs. Because newly legalized special agricultural workers (SAWs) might leave seasonal agricultural services for other U.S. jobs, IRCA contained a provision for replenishing SA Ws. Replenishment with alien workers was ...


The Economic Impacts Of California’S Major Climate Programs On The San Joaquin Valley, Betony Jones, Ethan Elkind, Kevin Duncan, Marilee Hanson 2017 Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy

The Economic Impacts Of California’S Major Climate Programs On The San Joaquin Valley, Betony Jones, Ethan Elkind, Kevin Duncan, Marilee Hanson

Center for Law, Energy & the Environment Publications

The San Joaquin Valley plays a critical role in shaping California’s climate policy and is worthy of study due to its function as a bellwether of the state’s transition to a low-carbon economy. Reducing emissions is vitally important for the San Joaquin Valley. The Valley’s topography traps pollution, and air quality and the resulting health conditions are far worse in the Valley than in other region of the state. The region also faces more socioeconomic challenges than the state as a whole. Thus the Valley is vulnerable to both climate change and to climate policy. If policymakers ...


Memorandum: Data Needs For Research On Domestic Outsourcing In The United States, Susan Houseman, Annette Bernhardt 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Memorandum: Data Needs For Research On Domestic Outsourcing In The United States, Susan Houseman, Annette Bernhardt

Staff Papers and Presentations

Available evidence points to substantial growth in U.S. firms’ outsourcing of various functions to domestic as well as foreign suppliers, a phenomenon sometimes called the vertical disintegration of the firm. Although receiving less attention than its offshore counterpart, domestic outsourcing is changing how work in the U.S. is organized across firms and industries. Good data allowing documentation of such supply networks is critical to the accuracy of many analyses, including employment impact analyses of a wide range of federal, state, and local economic policies; occupational workforce projections; and sector and industry productivity statistics. Moreover, although there are many ...


A New Panel Database On Business Incentives For Economic Development Offered By State And Local Governments In The United States, Timothy J. Bartik 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

A New Panel Database On Business Incentives For Economic Development Offered By State And Local Governments In The United States, Timothy J. Bartik

Reports

No abstract provided.


Workers' Compensation: Analysis For Its Second Century, H. Allan Hunt, Marcus Dillender 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Workers' Compensation: Analysis For Its Second Century, H. Allan Hunt, Marcus Dillender

Upjohn Press

Hunt and Dillender review the status of workers' compensation programs on three critical performance areas: 1) the adequacy of compensation for those disabled in the workplace, 2) return-to-work performance for injured workers, and 3) prevention of disabling injury and disease.


The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 10, Spring 2017, 2017 Gettysburg College

The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 10, Spring 2017

Gettysburg Economic Review

No abstract provided.


The Rise Of Technology And Its Influence On Labor Market Outcomes, Maja K. Thomas 2017 Gettysburg College

The Rise Of Technology And Its Influence On Labor Market Outcomes, Maja K. Thomas

Gettysburg Economic Review

Technological progress has significantly changed the inputs and production processes utilized by firms. Such shifts have led to warnings throughout the past few decades that substantial numbers of jobs, particularly things belonging to the middle class, would be eliminated and replaced by technology. This paper examines the validity of this argument by estimating the impact of technology investment on local labor markets during that period. I find evidence for a positive, rather than negative, relationship between technology and employment. Furthermore, my estimates suggest there exists a complementary relationship between technology investment and growth in labor opportunities, rather than a substitution ...


Wage Shocks And The Technological Substitution Of Low-Wage Jobs, Daniel Aaronson, Brian Phelan 2017 Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Wage Shocks And The Technological Substitution Of Low-Wage Jobs, Daniel Aaronson, Brian Phelan

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

We extend the task-based empirical framework used in the job polarization literature to analyze the susceptibility of low-wage employment to technological substitution. We find that increases in the cost of low-wage labor, via minimum wage hikes, lead to relative employment declines at cognitively routine occupations but not manually-routine or non-routine low-wage occupations. This suggests that low-wage routine cognitive tasks are susceptible to technological substitution. While the short-run employment consequence of this reshuffling on individual workers is economically small, due to concurrent employment growth in other low-wage jobs, workers previously employed in cognitively routine jobs experience relative wage losses.


Better Incentives Data Can Inform Both Research And Policy, Timothy J. Bartik 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Better Incentives Data Can Inform Both Research And Policy, Timothy J. Bartik

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Net Impact And Benefit-Cost Estimates Of The Workforce Development System In Washington State, Kevin Hollenbeck, Wei-Jang Huang 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Net Impact And Benefit-Cost Estimates Of The Workforce Development System In Washington State, Kevin Hollenbeck, Wei-Jang Huang

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Working Longer, Retiring Later: Are Employers Ready For The New Employment Trend?, Robert L. Clark, Melinda Sandler Morrill 2017 North Carolina State University

Working Longer, Retiring Later: Are Employers Ready For The New Employment Trend?, Robert L. Clark, Melinda Sandler Morrill

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Regulating Access To Work In The Gig Labor Market: The Case Of Uber, Morris M. Kleiner 2017 University of Minnesota

Regulating Access To Work In The Gig Labor Market: The Case Of Uber, Morris M. Kleiner

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, Marcus Dillender, H. Allan Hunt 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, Marcus Dillender, H. Allan Hunt

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Deep Dive Into Technological Unemployment: A State-Level Analysis On The Employment Effect Of Technological Innovations, Yuqing "Jenny" Cang 2017 Claremont McKenna College

A Deep Dive Into Technological Unemployment: A State-Level Analysis On The Employment Effect Of Technological Innovations, Yuqing "Jenny" Cang

CMC Senior Theses

Ever since the first Industrial Revolution, during which many textile artisans lost their jobs to weaving machines, the relationship between technological progress and unemployment has been explored and examined by researchers and policy makers. Existing empirical research, mostly at the microeconomic level, has presented ambiguous results. Procuring data on 51 U.S. states for a period of 19 years and a large number of controls, this paper studies the employment effect of technological innovations with a novel state-level macroeconomic analysis. Using commercially-supplied Research and Development expenditure as a proxy, this paper finds that although technological innovations have a non-significant effect ...


Master's Tools And The Master's House: A Historical Analysis Exploring The Myth Of Educating For Democracy In The United States, Timothy Scott 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Master's Tools And The Master's House: A Historical Analysis Exploring The Myth Of Educating For Democracy In The United States, Timothy Scott

Doctoral Dissertations

Over the past forty-years, neoliberal education reform policies in the U.S. have spurred significant resistance, often galvanized by claims that such policies undermine public education as a vital institution of U.S. democracy. Within this narrative, many activists call to “save our schools” and return them to a time when public schools served the common good. With these narratives in mind, I explore the foundational and persistent power structures that characterize the U.S. as a means to reveal the fundamental purpose of its public education system. The questions that guide my research include: (1) With an understanding that ...


Relationships Between Job Satisfaction, Supervisor Support, And Profitability Among Quick Service Industry Employees, Joseph Carl Vann 2017 Walden University

Relationships Between Job Satisfaction, Supervisor Support, And Profitability Among Quick Service Industry Employees, Joseph Carl Vann

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Low profit margins threaten the sustainability of quick service restaurants (QSRs). In the United States, low levels of employee job satisfaction and low employee perceptions of supervisor support decrease organizational profitability by as much as $151 million annually, depending on the size and type of organization. Guided by the 2-factor theory of motivation, the purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship between employee job satisfaction, employee perceptions of supervisor support, and organizational profitability. A convenience sample of employees from 86 QSR franchise locations in Houston, Texas completed the Job Satisfaction and Perceived Supervisor Support surveys. Multiple linear ...


Worker Selection, Hiring, And Vacancies, Ismail BAYDUR 2017 Singapore Management University

Worker Selection, Hiring, And Vacancies, Ismail Baydur

Research Collection School Of Economics

The ratio of hirings to vacancies in the U.S. has the following establishment level properties: (i) it steeply rises with employment growth rate; (ii) falls with establishment size; and (iii) rises with worker turnover rate. The standard Diamond-Mortensen Pissarides (DMP) matching model is not compatible with these observations. This paper augments selection of workers prior to hiring into a random matching model with multi-worker firms. In the calibrated model, worker selection accounts for about 30% of the variation in the hiring-vacancy ratio observed in the data. Compared to the standard model, the worker selection model has both qualitative and ...


Family Economics Writ Large, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Guillaume Vandenbroucke 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Family Economics Writ Large, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Guillaume Vandenbroucke

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Powerful currents have reshaped the structure of families over the last century. There has been (i) a dramatic drop in fertility and greater parental investment in children; (ii) a rise in married female labor-force participation; (iii) a decline in marriage and a rise in divorce; (iv) a higher degree of positive assortative mating; (v) more children living with a single mother; (vi) shifts in social norms governing premarital sex and married women's roles in the labor market. Macroeconomic models explaining these aggregate trends are surveyed. The relentless flow of technological progress and its role in shaping family life are ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress