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Equity In Learning Opportunities For Middle School Students: Connecting Communities And Transportation Through Gis, Tom O’Brien, Ben Olson 2023 California State University, Long Beach

Equity In Learning Opportunities For Middle School Students: Connecting Communities And Transportation Through Gis, Tom O’Brien, Ben Olson

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Geographic information systems (GIS) is part of an in-demand career skillset that can lead to safer streets in California communities. This project included a three-session bootcamp that introduced middle school students to transportation via GIS and gathered assessments on their awareness of transportation as a career pathway. The project built upon CSUTC TRANSPORTS’ Year 4 project, “K–12 Special Investigation Project: Mapping E-Commerce Locally and Beyond.” The bootcamp for this project was coordinated in partnership with Rio Hondo College, which provided the instructor and connection to the students at the Mountain View Unified School District in El Monte, CA. The bootcamp …


From Stimulus To Sustainability: Reckoning With Community Prosperity Post-Arpa, Kathleen Bolter, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams, Bridget F. Timmeney, Kyle Huisman, Alfonso Hernandez 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

From Stimulus To Sustainability: Reckoning With Community Prosperity Post-Arpa, Kathleen Bolter, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams, Bridget F. Timmeney, Kyle Huisman, Alfonso Hernandez

Reports

No abstract provided.


Why The Public Discourse On Education Is Wrong, Jesus Felipe 2023 De La Salle University

Why The Public Discourse On Education Is Wrong, Jesus Felipe

Angelo King Institute for Economic and Business Studies (AKI)

ONCE upon a time, the Philippines was praised for its relatively well-educated labor force. Not anymore. The situation seems to have reversed: policymakers and commentators single out education as one of the primary causes for the country’s poor performance (lack of competitiveness) and the unemployability of many of its workers.

To put the discussion in the correct context, I will start by arguing that the relevant measure of progress for a developing nation like the Philippines is productivity. Without productivity increases, there cannot be increases in income. Productivity in the Philippines is low in general. Is education the key to …


Gender Gaps In Employment And Earnings After Job Loss, Ria Ivandić, Anne Sophie Lassen 2023 University of Oxford and London School of Economics

Gender Gaps In Employment And Earnings After Job Loss, Ria Ivandić, Anne Sophie Lassen

Upjohn Institute Policy and Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Gender Gaps From Labor Market Shocks, Ria Ivandić, Anne Sophie Lassen 2023 University of Oxford and London School of Economics

Gender Gaps From Labor Market Shocks, Ria Ivandić, Anne Sophie Lassen

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

Job loss leads to persistent adverse labor market outcomes, but assessments of gender differences in labor market recovery are lacking. We utilize plant closures in Denmark to estimate gender gaps in labor market outcomes and document that women face an increased risk of unemployment and lose a larger share of their earnings in the two years following job displacement. When accounting for observable differences in human Capital across men and women, half of the gender gap in unemployment remains. In a standard decomposition framework, we document that child care imposes an important barrier to women’s labor market recovery regardless of …


Effects Of The Minimum Wage On U.S. Labor Markets, Dawn M. Otterby 2023 University of Maine

Effects Of The Minimum Wage On U.S. Labor Markets, Dawn M. Otterby

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The first section of this research investigates the impacts of the minimum wage on regional labor markets in the United States. Using ten years of county-level data, we examine the relationship between the minimum wage and several key components of the labor market. Following past research, employment variables are used to measure labor supply, but—as an extension to the literature—job postings data are included to measure labor demand. Consistent with previous studies, we find a positive relationship between labor force participation and a county’s minimum wage. We do not find a statistically significant relationship between job postings and the minimum …


Reemployment Services And Eligibility Assessments (Resea) In Maryland—Program Year 2020 Evaluation, Gabrielle Pepin, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline, Ting Zhang 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Reemployment Services And Eligibility Assessments (Resea) In Maryland—Program Year 2020 Evaluation, Gabrielle Pepin, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline, Ting Zhang

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Transforming Unemployment Insurance For The Twenty-First Century: A Comprehensive Guide To Reform, Stephen A. Wandner 2023 National Academy of Social Insurance

Transforming Unemployment Insurance For The Twenty-First Century: A Comprehensive Guide To Reform, Stephen A. Wandner

Upjohn Press

This book proposes options and recommendations for comprehensive reform of the unemployment insurance program that was initiated as a social insurance program by the Social Security Act of 1935. It documents the development of the program and its decline since the 1970s. Reform proposals and recommendations are synthesized from reforms suggested by policy analysts and researchers over many decades.


How The Manufacturing Extension Partnership Can Anchor U.S. Workforce Development, Matthew D. Wilson, Nichola Lowe, Greg Schrock, Rumana Rabbani, Allison Forbes 2023 Great Cities Institute, University of Illinois Chicago

How The Manufacturing Extension Partnership Can Anchor U.S. Workforce Development, Matthew D. Wilson, Nichola Lowe, Greg Schrock, Rumana Rabbani, Allison Forbes

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Why Are Unemployment Insurance Claims So Low?, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline, Thomas A. Stengle, Stephen A. Wandner 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Why Are Unemployment Insurance Claims So Low?, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline, Thomas A. Stengle, Stephen A. Wandner

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Parental And Individual Correlates Of Work Ethic In Young People In Albania, Eljona Elmazi 2023 Clemson University

Parental And Individual Correlates Of Work Ethic In Young People In Albania, Eljona Elmazi

All Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the work ethic strength, dimensions, and correlates in young people in Albania. The review of the available research concluded that, regardless of the attention that youth-related topics have received in the last decade, there was a considerable gap in the understanding of the state and correlates of the work ethic in this group. Using the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile – Short Form, the work ethic strength and dimensions were explored in an Albanian sample of (N = 501) 18 to 24 years old, otherwise known as Generation Z. Data were collected via …


Can A Payroll Tax Cut For Women Narrow The Gender Gap?, Enrico Rubolino 2023 University of Lausanne, Dept. of Business and Economics

Can A Payroll Tax Cut For Women Narrow The Gender Gap?, Enrico Rubolino

Upjohn Institute Policy and Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Taxing The Gender Gap: Labor Market Effects Of A Payroll Tax Cut For Women In Italy, Enrico Rubolino 2023 University of Lausanne, Dept. of Business and Economics

Taxing The Gender Gap: Labor Market Effects Of A Payroll Tax Cut For Women In Italy, Enrico Rubolino

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

This paper studies the labor market effects of a large payroll tax cut for female hires in Italy. Starting in January 2013, the payroll tax rate paid by the employer for female hires was reduced by 50 percent for a period of 12 months for temporary jobs and 18 months for permanent jobs. Eligibility for the tax cut depends on the time elapsed in nonemployment status and varies discontinuously by the worker’s municipality of residence, age, and occupation. Combining social security data on the universe of Italian private-sector workers with several empirical approaches, I find that the tax cut increases …


Neighborhoods Of Kalamazoo: Summary Of Land Parcels, Val Klomparens 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Neighborhoods Of Kalamazoo: Summary Of Land Parcels, Val Klomparens

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Discussant Comments On Hyman Et Al. Paper On California Competes Tax Credit (Cctc), Timothy J. Bartik 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Discussant Comments On Hyman Et Al. Paper On California Competes Tax Credit (Cctc), Timothy J. Bartik

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Testimony To U.S. House Education & Workforce Committee’S Workforce Protections Subcommittee, Aaron Sojourner 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Testimony To U.S. House Education & Workforce Committee’S Workforce Protections Subcommittee, Aaron Sojourner

Testimonies

No abstract provided.


How The Manufacturing Extension Partnership Can Anchor U.S. Workforce Development, Matthew D. Wilson, Nichola Lowe, Greg Schrock, Rumana Rabbani, Allison Forbes 2023 Great Cities Institute, University of Illinois Chicago

How The Manufacturing Extension Partnership Can Anchor U.S. Workforce Development, Matthew D. Wilson, Nichola Lowe, Greg Schrock, Rumana Rabbani, Allison Forbes

Upjohn Institute Policy and Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Young Women In Cities, Yumi KOH, Li JING, Yifan WU, Junjian YI, Hanzhe ZHANG 2023 Singapore Management University

Young Women In Cities, Yumi Koh, Li Jing, Yifan Wu, Junjian Yi, Hanzhe Zhang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Young women outnumber young men in cities in many countries during periods of economic growth and urbanization. This gender imbalance among young urbanites is more pronounced in larger cities. We use the gradual rollout of special economic zones across China as a quasi-experiment to establish the causes of this gender imbalance. Our analysis suggests that a key contributor is gender-differential incentives to migrate due to rural women’s higher likelihood of marrying and marrying up in cities when urbanization creates more economic opportunities and an abundance of high-income marriage-age men.


Getting The Workforce Into Good Jobs Requires Place-Based Policies, Timothy J. Bartik 2023 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Getting The Workforce Into Good Jobs Requires Place-Based Policies, Timothy J. Bartik

Presentations

No abstract provided.


The Economic Analysis Of Conflicts And Peace In Autocratic And Democratic Regimes In Africa, OLUWOLE OWOYE 2023 Western Connecticut State University

The Economic Analysis Of Conflicts And Peace In Autocratic And Democratic Regimes In Africa, Oluwole Owoye

Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies

This paper uses conceptual economics to explain how conflicts and peacebuilding are linked to economic growth/development in Africa. Both conflicts and peace have contagion effects in many countries worldwide, and in some cases, conflicts have morphed into regional and international problems. Conceptually, the monotonicity of conflicts and peace functions are invariant with respect to autocratic and democratic forms of governance in Africa. One of the main assertions of this study is that whether or not we have stable autocratic and/or democratic forms of governance, protracted conflicts have negative impact on sustainable economic growth in Africa. In addition, we found that …


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