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4,309 full-text articles. Page 153 of 155.

Saving Less When There Is More? Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Joanna Tyrowicz, Luke Okafor Emeka 2010 University of Warsaw

Saving Less When There Is More? Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Joanna Tyrowicz, Luke Okafor Emeka

Joanna Tyrowicz

Although literature has given considerable attention to the effects of foreign debt on the growth, we still know little about its effects on the internal potential for capital formation. Literature suggests a number of channels through which availability of foreign financing could affect domestic savings. We test empirically this relationship using data for Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean over 1975-2004. Controlling for endogeneity, we find that foreign debt adversely influences domestic savings especially in the long run. The results are not susceptible to the choice of countries, although few outliers should be noted.


Riding On The Wave? Middle Class In Transition, Joanna Tyrowicz, Joanna Nestorowicz 2010 University of Warsaw

Riding On The Wave? Middle Class In Transition, Joanna Tyrowicz, Joanna Nestorowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

In this paper we inquire into how structural social changes associated with economic transition affected the relative position of the so called ‘traditional’ and ‘new’ middle classes. We use Polish quarterly labor force surveys over the period 1995-2007 and analyze the distribution of self-reported wages and educational attainment across social groups. In the analysis we account for differences observed in the metropolies (usually benefiting immensely from the economic changes) and non-metropolitan areas (where most of the negative consequences are felt).

We find that although transition has contributed to greater inequalities both in terms of earned income and education, traditional middle …


Participation And Engagement In Sport: A Double Hurdle Approach For The United Kingdom, Babatunde Buraimo, Brad Humphreys, Rob Simmons 2010 University of Central Lancashire

Participation And Engagement In Sport: A Double Hurdle Approach For The United Kingdom, Babatunde Buraimo, Brad Humphreys, Rob Simmons

Dr Babatunde Buraimo

This paper uses pooled cross-section data from four waves of the United Kingdom’s Taking Part Survey, 2005 to 2009, in order to investigate determinants of probability of participation and levels of engagement in sports. The two rival modelling approaches considered here are the double-hurdle approach and the Heckman sample selection model. The Heckman model proves to be deficient in several key respects. The double-hurdle approach offers more reliable estimates than the Heckman sample selection model, at least for this particular survey. The distinction is more than just statistical nuance as there are substantive differences in qualitative results from the two …


Estudio Sobre La Oferta Y La Demanda Del Trabajo De Alta Cualificación En Castilla Y León, En El Marco Del Espacio Europeo De Educación Superior, Enrique Fernández-Macías, José-Ignacio Antón 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

Estudio Sobre La Oferta Y La Demanda Del Trabajo De Alta Cualificación En Castilla Y León, En El Marco Del Espacio Europeo De Educación Superior, Enrique Fernández-Macías, José-Ignacio Antón

José-Ignacio Antón

No abstract provided.


De Coöperatie, Organisatievorm Uit Het Verleden Voor Onze Samenleving Van Morgen?, Wim Van Opstal 2010 CESOC, Leuven University College

De Coöperatie, Organisatievorm Uit Het Verleden Voor Onze Samenleving Van Morgen?, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

De financieel-economische crisis heeft het debat over de wijze waarop we onze economie moeten organiseren opnieuw aangewakkerd. Brede lagen van de bevolking, het maatschappelijk middenveld en zelfs de politieke klasse gingen op zoek naar alternatieven voor ons economisch bestel. Eén van deze alternatieven is de coöperatie. Het loont daarom eens de moeite om te kijken in welke domeinen men deze organisatievorm (her)ontdekt heeft en of de coöperatie daadwerkelijk een alternatief kan vormen voor bepaalde sociale en economische problemen.


Naar Een Monitor Voor De Sociale Economie In Vlaanderen, Wim Van Opstal, Eva Deraedt 2010 CESOC, Leuven University College

Naar Een Monitor Voor De Sociale Economie In Vlaanderen, Wim Van Opstal, Eva Deraedt

Wim Van Opstal

In de loop van 2009 werd aan het HIVA – Onderzoeksinstituut voor Arbeid en Samenleving (KULeuven) in de schoot van het Steunpunt Werk en Sociale Economie een monitor voor de sociale inschakelingseconomie opgesteld (Deraedt & Van Opstal, 2009a, b). Het ontwerp van deze monitor volgt daarbij de conceptualisering van de sociale economie, zoals eerder uitgewerkt in een technisch voorrapport door Gijselinckx & Van den Broeck (2008). Bij de uitdraai van de monitor werden verschillende administratieve databanken aan elkaar gekoppeld, wat ons toelaat een profielschets van de sector op te stellen op ondernemingsniveau en op het niveau van haar doelgroepmedewerkers. Daarnaast …


Armoede Te Huur. Ervaringsdeskundigheid Op Een Schoteltje., Birgit Goris, Wim Van Opstal 2010 CESOC, Leuven University College

Armoede Te Huur. Ervaringsdeskundigheid Op Een Schoteltje., Birgit Goris, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Het Europese jaar van de bestrijding van armoede en sociale uitsluiting, loopt op haar laatste benen. Het Belgische motto luidde: ‘De strijd tegen armoede is een zaak van iedereen’. Een uitspraak die wijst op de noodzaak van een brede maatschappelijke inzet en betrokkenheid van het beleid, de hulp- en dienstverlening, armen en niet-armen. Cijfers en onderzoek tonen aan dat één persoon op zeven in België onder de armoedegrens leeft, ondanks het vangnet van onze sociale bijstand en sociale zekerheid. Al verbergt het zich nog zo goed, armoede is ook in ons land een reëel probleem. De aanpak van dit probleem …


Werken Met En Voor Mensen In Kansarmoede. Een Evaluatie Van Het Project Tao Limburg, Birgit Goris, Ann Moreels, Wim Van Opstal 2010 CESOC, Leuven University College

Werken Met En Voor Mensen In Kansarmoede. Een Evaluatie Van Het Project Tao Limburg, Birgit Goris, Ann Moreels, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Dit onderzoeksrapport is het resultaat van een evaluatie van het project ‘TAO – Team voor Advies en Ondersteuning’ in Limburg, dat in een eerste projectjaar liep van september 2009 tot mei 2010. De evaluatie vond plaats in de periode december 2009 tot juni 2010. Het doel van de evaluatie is het grondig onderzoeken van de specificiteit van het huidige project (een pool van opgeleide ervaringsdeskundigen); de meerwaarde voor het werkveld (i.c. toegankelijkheid en kwaliteit van voornamelijk de sociale hulp- en dienstverlening) en de doelgroep van mensen in kansarmoede; de efficiëntie en de effectiviteit van de organisatie (op vlak van personeelsbezetting, …


On The Demand Of Irrational Economics: Naomi Klein Vs. Milton Friedman, Valerio Filoso 2010 University of Naples Federico II

On The Demand Of Irrational Economics: Naomi Klein Vs. Milton Friedman, Valerio Filoso

Valerio Filoso

The persistence of demand for economic irrationality, as expressed by the big success gained by the literature on no-globalism, is an empirical puzzle and the recent book by Naomi Klein "The Shock Doctrine" (2007) is a rampant example. An explanation for this anomaly is provided by the theory of rational irrationality advanced by Bryan Caplan (Caplan, 2007). While in the field of natural sciences confutation of wrong theories sets them apart forever, in the field of economics rebutted theories can still have an appeal on nonprofessional readers, even though the underlying theory has already been proved wrong. This is due …


The Corporate Income Tax: An Entrepreneurial Perspective, Valerio Filoso 2010 University of Naples Federico II

The Corporate Income Tax: An Entrepreneurial Perspective, Valerio Filoso

Valerio Filoso

While corporate income taxation is a major issue in the debate over international finance, economic theory has no clear stance on who bears its burden. On balance, economists seem still more prone to accept that taxing profits does not affect corporations’ outcomes. This paper makes three cases for non-neutrality. First, since corporate income taxation is asymmetric between profit and loss, the tax rate may change the ranking of alternative investments. Secondly, the imperfect observ- ability of the use of internal resources makes pure economic profits very difficult to detect. Thirdly, when the pervasive role of entrepreneurship is fully taken into …


Implications Of The Economic Interactions Between Northern And Southern Tribes Of Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Implications Of The Economic Interactions Between Northern And Southern Tribes Of Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The present paper discusses issues of the tribal interactions living on the borders between North and South Sudan. Fore-sights are looked for, especially after secession. There are multiple ethnic relations and mutual resources collectively utilized. Different tribes live on those resources, in specifics those who depend on a livelihood of herding cattle, camels, sheep and goats. The conceptions of no-borders, free water resources and open range were entrenched for hundreds of years. The sudden realization of necessities of new borders generates revulsion, sense of deprivation and end of traditional life practice. Additionally, development issues are weak with lack of infrastructure, …


Effects Of Investment On Macroeconomic Variables In The Sudanese Economy, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Effects Of Investment On Macroeconomic Variables In The Sudanese Economy, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Most developing and underdeveloped countries beside Sudan suffer from the low levels of income in addition to the low savings that are result from the lack of sophisticated savings channels. Hence, the investment depends on the individual's abilities on self savings, where the investment is considered as major motivating vehicle for economic activity due to its direct correlation with the capital accumulation process that increases the productivity capacity for the national economy and creating job opportunities and achieving economic development. Subsequently, the importance of the investment comes from effective role that can be practiced on the national product. The present …


Empirical Analysis Of Field Data On Hiv/Aids Epidemic In Khartoum State, Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Empirical Analysis Of Field Data On Hiv/Aids Epidemic In Khartoum State, Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The study focuses on the HIV/AIDS in Khartoum state during the period (2003-2007). The main objectives are to study the situation of HIV/AIDS in Khartoum state through a sample of 1439 of volunteers for the three selected blood testing and counseling centers in Khartoum, Omdurman, and Khartoum North teaching hospitals. The data of the study were collected from secondary source namely the registered information about volunteers after testing blood for HIV. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, chi-square test for dependency between demographic variables and HIV/AIDS incidence, and logistic regression model to discover the effect of predictors variables …


Introduction To The Macroeconomic Structure Of Yemen, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Introduction To The Macroeconomic Structure Of Yemen, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

In countries where tools of economic control are immature and disabled due to totalitarian systems, macroeconomic analyses for aggregate quantities and relationships, such as total consumption, investment, and government expenditures represents a difficult task. The practice of aggregation distinguishes this field of microeconomics and has advantages but also creates problems, a brief survey of these problems is required now, although a deeper appreciation of these must await the critical attitudes that can only develop with more exposure to entire subject. One difficulty is the complex area known as the aggregation problem, the classifying of widely varying goods or activities into …


Property Rights, Land Disputes And Social Discontent In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Property Rights, Land Disputes And Social Discontent In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Under the present civil Sudanese conditions, the country endures many hardships which are manifested in economic retraction, inflation, recession and stagflation. However, those are not the sole reasons for the sporadic conflicts that infest the people. Illegitimate property and economic hoardings seem to be inflaming the Sudanese societies. Social conflicts are manifested in simple man's daily complaints to open rebellions. Most academicians agree on one point, that the society endures abnormal conditions. The current paper delves into land disputes in the South Kordofan region and displays there anomalies affecting the Sudanese state of affairs. The economic and social structures are …


Using Forward Markets To Improve Electricity Market Design, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel 2010 University of Maryland

Using Forward Markets To Improve Electricity Market Design, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel

Peter Cramton

Forward markets, both medium term and long term, complement the spot market for wholesale electricity. The forward markets reduce risk, mitigate market power, and coordinate new investment. In the medium term, a forward energy market lets suppliers and demanders lock in energy prices and quantities for one to three years. In the long term, a forward reliability market assures adequate resources are available when they are needed most. The forward markets reduce risk for both sides of the market, since they reduce the quantity of energy that trades at the more volatile spot price. Spot market power is mitigated by …


Virtual Power Plant Auctions, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel 2010 University of Maryland

Virtual Power Plant Auctions, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel

Peter Cramton

Since their advent in 2001, virtual power plant (VPP) auctions have been implemented widely. In this paper, we describe the simultaneous ascending-clock auction format that has been used for virtually all VPP auctions to date, elaborating on other design choices that most VPP auctions have had in common as well as discussing a few aspects that have varied significantly among VPP auctions. We then evaluate the various objectives of regulators in requiring VPP auctions, concluding that the auctions have been effective devices for facilitating new entry into electricity markets and for developing wholesale power markets.


The Hedonic Method: Value Of Statistical Life, Wage Compensation Property Value Compensation, PHILIP E. GRAVES 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Hedonic Method: Value Of Statistical Life, Wage Compensation Property Value Compensation, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

There is no abstract for this book chapter.


Who Benefits From Job Creation At County Level? An Analysis Of Leakage And Spillover Of New Employment Opportunities In Virginia, Xiaobing Shuai 2010 University of Richmond

Who Benefits From Job Creation At County Level? An Analysis Of Leakage And Spillover Of New Employment Opportunities In Virginia, Xiaobing Shuai

School of Professional and Continuing Studies Faculty Publications

Using an econometric model system built on county level labor market data, this study allocates new employments in Virginia from 1990 to 2000 into various demographic segments: commuters, residents, and new immigrants. The study finds significant leakage of new employment opportunities in Virginia. 52% of new jobs created in the 1990s in a locality were taken by outside commuters. However, Virginia’s localities also benefit from spillover benefits from job creation elsewhere. Economists need to account for employment leakage and spillover to accurately evaluate the fiscal impacts of potential economic development projects.


Von Der Avantgarde Zu Den Verlierern Des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften Im Prozess Der Restrukturierung Der Stahlindustrie In Mittel- Und Osteuropa, Aleksandra Sznajder Lee, Vera Trappmann 2010 University of Richmond

Von Der Avantgarde Zu Den Verlierern Des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften Im Prozess Der Restrukturierung Der Stahlindustrie In Mittel- Und Osteuropa, Aleksandra Sznajder Lee, Vera Trappmann

Political Science Faculty Publications

Der Beitrag analysiert die Gründe für die Schwächung der Gewerkschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa auf betrieblicher Ebene. Am Beispiel der Stahlindustrie in Polen, Rumänien und der Slowakei zeigt er, dass die Gewerkschaften Legitimität und Unterstützung bei den Belegschaften aufgrund ihrer Verwicklung in die Restrukturierung der Unternehmen verloren haben, und zwar aus je unterschiedlichen Gründen. In der Slowakei und Rumänien haben sich die betrieblichen Gewerkschaftsvertreter zusammen mit Regierungsangehörigen an den Betrieben privatwirtschaftlich bereichert und die Unternehmen so in den Bankrott geführt, während in Polen die Gewerkschaften versucht haben, die Profitabilität der Unternehmen zu erhalten, auf Kosten der Arbeitsplätze. Der neoliberale Kurs …


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