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3682 full-text articles. Page 108 of 110.

Organisatie En Financieel Beheer Van Ondernemingen In De Sociale Inschakelingseconomie, Wim Van Opstal 2009 CESOC, Leuven University College

Organisatie En Financieel Beheer Van Ondernemingen In De Sociale Inschakelingseconomie, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

In de loop van 2009 werd aan het HIVA – Onderzoeksinstituut voor Arbeid en Samenleving (KULeuven) en het Steunpunt Werk en Sociale Economie een monitor voor de sociale inschakelingseconomie opgesteld. Met de sociale inschakelingseconomie bedoelen we initiatieven uit de sociale economie die de tewerkstelling van kansengroepen tot doel hebben, zoals beschutte en sociale werkplaatsen, de lokale diensteneconomie en invoegbedrijven. Het ontwerp van deze monitor en de uitdraai ervan koppelt verschillende administratieve databanken aan elkaar en geeft zo een profielschets van de sector op ondernemingsniveau en op het niveau van haar doelgroepmedewerkers. De profielschets van doelgroepmedewerkers binnen de verschillende programma’s van ...


On The Intergenerational Persistence Of Work Hours, Manuel Toledo 2009 Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

On The Intergenerational Persistence Of Work Hours, Manuel Toledo

Manuel E Toledo

This paper studies the intergenerational persistence of work hours. In particular, I look at the correlation of hours between fathers and sons in the U.S. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, I find a strong persistence in the permanent component of hours worked. I investigate the extent this correlation is explained by (i) persistence in wages, (ii) correlation in leisure preferences, and (iii) intergenerational wealth transfers. I also examine the role of work effort on the transmission of earnings across generations. To this end I provide a quantitative model of intergenerational transmission of human capital and ...


Intellectual Property Rights In Tanzania, 2010, Johansein Rutaihwa 2009 East Africa Secretariet

Intellectual Property Rights In Tanzania, 2010, Johansein Rutaihwa

Johansein Rutaihwa

No abstract provided.


Disentangling The Sources Of Pro-Socially Motivated Effort: A Field Experiment, Mirco Tonin, Michael Vlassopoulos 2009 University of Southampton

Disentangling The Sources Of Pro-Socially Motivated Effort: A Field Experiment, Mirco Tonin, Michael Vlassopoulos

Mirco Tonin

This paper presents evidence from a field experiment, which aims to identify the two sources of workers' pro-social motivation that have been considered in the literature: warm glow altruism and pure altruism. We employ an experimental design that first measures the level of effort exerted by student workers on a data entry task in an environment that elicits purely selfish behavior and we compare it to effort exerted in an environment that also induces warm glow altruism. We then compare the latter to effort exerted in an environment where both types of altruistic preferences are elicited. We find evidence that ...


From Guests To Hosts: Immigrant-Native Wage Differentials In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo, Miguel Carrera 2009 Universidad de Salamanca

From Guests To Hosts: Immigrant-Native Wage Differentials In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz De Bustillo, Miguel Carrera

José-Ignacio Antón

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse immigrant-native wage differentials in Spain.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper exploits the Earnings Structure Survey 2006, which is the first nationally representative sample of both foreign and Spanish employees. Using the Machado-Mata econometric procedure, wage differentials between locals and foreigners are decomposed into the gap related to characteristics and the one due to different returns on endowments (i.e. discrimination).

Findings – The paper finds that, in absolute terms, the latter component grows across the wage distribution, reflecting the existence of a kind of glass ceiling, consistent with the evidence of over-education ...


Property Rights, Land Disputes And Social Discontent In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Property Rights, Land Disputes And Social Discontent In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Under the present civil Sudanese conditions, the country endures many hardships which are manifested in economic retraction, inflation, recession and stagflation. However, those are not the sole reasons for the sporadic conflicts that infest the people. Illegitimate property and economic hoardings seem to be inflaming the Sudanese societies. Social conflicts are manifested in simple man's daily complaints to open rebellions. Most academicians agree on one point, that the society endures abnormal conditions. The current paper delves into land disputes in the South Kordofan region and displays there anomalies affecting the Sudanese state of affairs. The economic and social structures ...


The Impact Of Televised Football On Stadium Attendances In English And Spanish League Football, Babatunde Buraimo, Juan Luis Paramio, Carlos Campos 2009 University of Central Lancashire

The Impact Of Televised Football On Stadium Attendances In English And Spanish League Football, Babatunde Buraimo, Juan Luis Paramio, Carlos Campos

Dr Babatunde Buraimo

No abstract provided.


A Distributional Analysis Of Public Private Wage Differential In India, Mehtabul Azam, Nishith Prakash 2009 World Bank

A Distributional Analysis Of Public Private Wage Differential In India, Mehtabul Azam, Nishith Prakash

Nishith Prakash

We investigate the public-private wage differential in India using nationally representative micro data. While the existing literature focuses on average wage differential, we study the differences in the wage distributions. The raw wage differential between public and private sector is positive across the entire distribution for both genders irrespective of area of residence. A quantile regression based decomposition analysis reveals that the differences in observed characteristics (covariate effect) account for only a small part of the wage differential at lower quantiles, but a larger part at higher quantiles. At the very top of the distribution, covariate effects account for a ...


The Returns To English-Language Skills In India, Mehtabul Azam, Aimee Chin, Nishith Prakash 2009 World Bank

The Returns To English-Language Skills In India, Mehtabul Azam, Aimee Chin, Nishith Prakash

Nishith Prakash

No abstract provided.


On The Demand Of Irrational Economics: Naomi Klein Vs. Milton Friedman, Valerio Filoso 2009 University of Naples Federico II

On The Demand Of Irrational Economics: Naomi Klein Vs. Milton Friedman, Valerio Filoso

Valerio Filoso

The persistence of demand for economic irrationality, as expressed by the big success gained by the literature on no-globalism, is an empirical puzzle and the recent book by Naomi Klein "The Shock Doctrine" (2007) is a rampant example. An explanation for this anomaly is provided by the theory of rational irrationality advanced by Bryan Caplan (Caplan, 2007). While in the field of natural sciences confutation of wrong theories sets them apart forever, in the field of economics rebutted theories can still have an appeal on nonprofessional readers, even though the underlying theory has already been proved wrong. This is due ...


Employment Protection Legislation And Job Stability: An European Cross-Country Analysis, Mirco Tonin, Sandrine Cazes 2009 Selected Works

Employment Protection Legislation And Job Stability: An European Cross-Country Analysis, Mirco Tonin, Sandrine Cazes

Mirco Tonin

Based on Eurostat data on wage employment for the period 1999–2006, this article investigates the dynamics of job tenure across the European Union. The authors’ analysis shows no generalized decline in job tenure, but a trend towards shorter tenure among young workers (aged 15–24 years) in many European countries. Their regression results indicate that this trend is associated with the weakening of employment protection provided by law and by trade unions. Given young workers’ weak individual bargaining power, the trend towards individualization of the employment relationship may thus affect them disproportionately.


Investment-Specific Shocks And Cyclical Fluctuations In A Frictional Labor Market, Manuel Toledo, José Silva 2009 Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Investment-Specific Shocks And Cyclical Fluctuations In A Frictional Labor Market, Manuel Toledo, José Silva

Manuel E Toledo

This paper studies the role of investment-specific shocks as an amplification mechanism of labor market fluctuations. We first show evidence suggesting that after a fall in the relative price of new equipment, not only do investment and output increase but firms also post more vacancies, hours worked increase and unemployment falls. Moreover, we study the quantitative impact of investment-specific shocks on the labor market by incorporating them in a Real Business Cycle model with search and matching frictions. We find that these shocks have a significant amplification effect on labor market fluctuations, increasing the volatility of unemployment, vacancies and total ...


Educational Benefits And Military Service: An Analysis Of Enlistment, Reenlistment, And Veterans’ Benefit Usage 1991-2005, Sebastian Negrusa, Curtis Simon, John Warner 2009 Clemson University

Educational Benefits And Military Service: An Analysis Of Enlistment, Reenlistment, And Veterans’ Benefit Usage 1991-2005, Sebastian Negrusa, Curtis Simon, John Warner

Sebastian Negrusa

No abstract provided.


The Hedonic Method: Value Of Statistical Life, Wage Compensation Property Value Compensation, PHILIP GRAVES 2009 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Hedonic Method: Value Of Statistical Life, Wage Compensation Property Value Compensation, Philip Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

There is no abstract for this book chapter.


Introduction To The Macroeconomic Structure Of Yemen, Professor Issam Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Introduction To The Macroeconomic Structure Of Yemen, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

In countries where tools of economic control are immature and disabled due to totalitarian systems, macroeconomic analyses for aggregate quantities and relationships, such as total consumption, investment, and government expenditures represents a difficult task. The practice of aggregation distinguishes this field of microeconomics and has advantages but also creates problems, a brief survey of these problems is required now, although a deeper appreciation of these must await the critical attitudes that can only develop with more exposure to entire subject. One difficulty is the complex area known as the aggregation problem, the classifying of widely varying goods or activities into ...


Coöperatief Verantwoord Ondernemen, Caroline Gijselinckx, Wim Van Opstal 2009 CESOC, Leuven University College

Coöperatief Verantwoord Ondernemen, Caroline Gijselinckx, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Met de term ‘coöperatief verantwoord ondernemen’ kan de eigen wijze waarop coöperaties op een maatschappelijk verantwoorde wijze ondernemen gevat worden. De term ‘coöperatief verantwoord ondernemen’ werd gelanceerd door Develtere et al. (2005). In Canada werd hij quasi gelijktijdig gehanteerd door Harris (2005). Recent werd hij ook in binnen- en buitenland opgepikt in coöperatieve en sociale bewegingen. In deze e-note lichten Caroline Gijselinckx en Wim Van Opstal van het Cera Steunpunt Coöperatief Ondernemen dit concept toe en geven aan hoe het coöperaties in staat stelt de typisch coöperatieve wijze van maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen te duiden en te communiceren.


From Sending To Host Societies: Immigration In Greece, Ireland And Spain In The 21st Century, José-Ignacio Antón 2009 Universidad de Salamanca

From Sending To Host Societies: Immigration In Greece, Ireland And Spain In The 21st Century, José-Ignacio Antón

José-Ignacio Antón

In a relatively short period of time, new immigration patterns have changed the geography of immigration of the EU15, bringing three old emigration countries, Ireland, Spain and Greece, to the forefront of the new immigration wave. This article studies the analogies and differences of the recent immigration experience of this group of countries, focusing on the demographic characteristics of the immigrants (origin, sex, gender and education), labour market insertion (wages, labour market segregation and quality of matching) and overall economic performance in terms of poverty rates.


Virtual Power Plant Auctions, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel 2009 University of Maryland

Virtual Power Plant Auctions, Peter Cramton, Lawrence Ausubel

Peter Cramton

Since their advent in 2001, virtual power plant (VPP) auctions have been implemented widely. In this paper, we describe the simultaneous ascending-clock auction format that has been used for virtually all VPP auctions to date, elaborating on other design choices that most VPP auctions have had in common as well as discussing a few aspects that have varied significantly among VPP auctions. We then evaluate the various objectives of regulators in requiring VPP auctions, concluding that the auctions have been effective devices for facilitating new entry into electricity markets and for developing wholesale power markets.


Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The study presented reviews activities of NGOs in Sudan. That was a disputable issue that resulted in a mass expulsion of many in 2009. However¸ there were precedents of such expulsions in previous and following years. The paper discusses humanitarian work in Sudan, positive and negative sides. Reasons are that part of the hypothetical framework here is that their activities in the country are indispensible. The country still faces many humanitarian suffering in most of its regions and international aid is direly required. Thus, it is essential to rectify their modus operandi to be consistent with the culture of the ...


Health Care Utilisation And Immigration In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo 2009 Universidad de Salamanca

Health Care Utilisation And Immigration In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz De Bustillo

José-Ignacio Antón

The aim of this work was to analyse the use of health care services by immigrants in Spain. Using a nationally representative health survey from 2006–2007 and negative binomial and hurdle models, it was found that there is no statistically significant difference in the patterns of visits to general practitioners and hospital stays between migrants and natives in Spain. However, immigrants have a lower access to specialists and visit emergency rooms with a higher frequency than nationals.


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