Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Labor Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3877 Full-Text Articles 2341 Authors 1280395 Downloads 127 Institutions

All Articles in Labor Economics

Faceted Search

3877 full-text articles. Page 108 of 120.

Réconciliation Entre Libéralisation, Crises Et Croissance Economique : Le Rôle Des Préconditions, Ousama Ben Salha 2010 Faculty of Economics and Management of Tunis and International Finance Group-Tunisia, University of Tunis El Manar, TUNISIA

Réconciliation Entre Libéralisation, Crises Et Croissance Economique : Le Rôle Des Préconditions, Ousama Ben Salha

Ousama Ben Salha

La libéralisation financière a été longtemps considérée comme le moyen permettant de soutenir la croissance économique dans le monde entier, et ceci à travers le découplage réalisé entre l’épargne nationale et l’investissement national au sein de chaque pays. Toutefois, l’implication de la libéralisation dans l’apparition des problèmes financiers dans les économies libéralisées a mis en doute son utilité. Aujourd’hui, l’objectif des économistes et chercheurs traitant de ce sujet n’est plus de chercher si la libéralisation financière stimule la croissance économique ou pas, mais plutôt de déterminer les conditions nécessaires à sa réussite. Certes ...


Inequality Of Opportunity In Indian Children: The Case Of Immunization And Nutrition, Ashish Singh 2010 Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

Inequality Of Opportunity In Indian Children: The Case Of Immunization And Nutrition, Ashish Singh

Ashish Singh

Basic services which are essential for the overall development of a child should not depend on circumstances such as caste, religion, gender, place of birth, or other parental characteristics, which are beyond his/her control. This paper uses two rounds of Indian National Family Health Surveys and concepts of Inequality of Opportunity and Human Opportunity Indices to measure inequality arising out of unequal coverage of full immunization and minimum nutrition for Indian children. The results suggest overall high level of inequality of opportunity with substantial geographical variations. Changes in inequality of opportunity in the two services during 1992–1993 to ...


Determination Of Import Demand In Pakistan: The Role Of Expenditure Components, Muhammad Chani, Zahid Pervaiz, Amatul Chaudhary 2010 National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore

Determination Of Import Demand In Pakistan: The Role Of Expenditure Components, Muhammad Chani, Zahid Pervaiz, Amatul Chaudhary

Muhammad Irfan Chani

The paper uses imperfect substitution approach to derive the aggregate import demand function on the basis of disaggregated expenditure components. This derived import demand function is then empirically tested for Pakistan by using co-integration and error correction mechanism. The empirical results show that elasticity of import demand with respect to different macro components of final expenditure is different. The import demand in Pakistan is affected positively and significantly by all expenditure components. The relative prices have negative but insignificant relationship with import demand in Pakistan. The findings indicate that use of aggregate expenditure variable in the aggregate import demand function ...


From Rags To Riches? Immigration And Poverty In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

From Rags To Riches? Immigration And Poverty In Spain, José-Ignacio Antón

José-Ignacio Antón

This article for first time explores the relationship between immigration and poverty in Spain. Using recent Spanish household surveys, it is found, first, that both moderate and severe poverty are more acute among immigrants than among nationals and social transfers play no substantial role in reducing monetary deprivation in the case of foreign-born population; in the second place, we perform an econometric analysis that shows that the different poverty risk faced by local and immigrant households is not driven by differences in basic household and demographic characteristics.


Illiquid Saving And Wealth Accumulation Under Uncertainty, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle 2010 Micro Data Center, Department of Economics, Universidad de Chile

Illiquid Saving And Wealth Accumulation Under Uncertainty, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

When saving cannot be used to buffer contemporary uncertain shocks it becomes illiquid saving. This paper shows that illiquid saving can explain why rich people save more even when the only purpose of wealth accumu- lation is to finance future consumption. From our simulations we conclude that this saving behaviour determines that the level of uncertainty relative to the level of wealth determines if the individual is able to accumulate wealth or if he will reduce his wealth permanently. We find that for a given level of uncertainty, there is a wealth threshold below which the individual gets trapped because ...


Economics And Hegemony; Globalization And International Trade Agreements, Professor Issam Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Economics And Hegemony; Globalization And International Trade Agreements, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

This paper examines the concept of hegemony and its historical impacts on the Arabic and Islamic countries. It is foreseen that has long path applied by the Western countries as disclosed by trade applications and history of economic thought. Impacts on Arabic and Islamic countries were visible in terms of trade, balances and persistent debts. A strong tool is evident with the called for integration, interdependence and the generated dependency syndrome. The establishment of that mechanism depends on a theory which we present as the Hegemonic Stability. The Arabic and Islamic countries did not succeed to form their effective economic ...


Pobreza, Discapacidad Y Dependencia En España, Francisco-Javier Braña, José-Ignacio Antón 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

Pobreza, Discapacidad Y Dependencia En España, Francisco-Javier Braña, José-Ignacio Antón

José-Ignacio Antón

En este trabajo se analiza la relación entre pobreza, discapacidad y dependencia. En particular, se estiman los costes de la discapacidad para los hogares españoles a partir de la explotación de la Encuesta de condiciones de vida 2007 y de la aplicación del método de los estándares de vida. Se encuentra que los costes de la discapacidad moderada y severa ascienden, respectivamente, a aproximadamente el 40 y el 72 por 100 de la renta de los hogares con personas con estas limitaciones. La consideración de estos costes tiene implicaciones importantes a la hora de llevar a cabo el estudio de ...


Gender Inequality And Economic Growth: A Time Series Analysis For Pakistan, Zahid Pervaiz, Muhammad Chani, Sajjad Jan, Amatul Chaudhary 2010 National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore

Gender Inequality And Economic Growth: A Time Series Analysis For Pakistan, Zahid Pervaiz, Muhammad Chani, Sajjad Jan, Amatul Chaudhary

Muhammad Irfan Chani

This paper attempts to analyze the impact of gender inequality on economic growth of Pakistan. An annual time series data for the period of 1972-2009 has been used in this study. We have regressed growth rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita on labour force growth, investment, trade openness and a composite index of gender inequality. The results reveal that labour force growth, investment and trade openness have statistically significant and positive impact whereas gender inequality has a significant and negative effect on economic growth of Pakistan.


Quanto Pesa L’Assenteismo Nel Pubblico E Nel Privato, Alessandra Del Boca, Maria Laura Parisi 2010 University of Brescia

Quanto Pesa L’Assenteismo Nel Pubblico E Nel Privato, Alessandra Del Boca, Maria Laura Parisi

Maria Laura Parisi

La pubblica amministrazione è spesso pensata come luogo di abusi e improduttività. Recenti riforme hanno cercato di valorizzare in essa i comportamenti virtuosi e soprattutto di ostacolare quelli negativi. Uno studio ne mostra alcuni effetti sorprendenti.


Experimental Evidence On The Effect Of Childhood Investments On Postsecondary Attainment And Degree Completion, Susan Dynarski, Joshua Hyman, Diane Schanzenbach 2010 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Experimental Evidence On The Effect Of Childhood Investments On Postsecondary Attainment And Degree Completion, Susan Dynarski, Joshua Hyman, Diane Schanzenbach

Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

This paper examines the effect of early childhood investments on college enrollment and degree completion. We use the random assignment in the Project STAR experiment to estimate the effect of smaller classes in primary school on college entry, college choice, and degree completion. We improve on existing work in this area with unusually detailed data on college enrollment spells and the previously unexplored outcome of college degree completion. We find that assignment to a small class increases the probability of attending college by 2.7 percentage points, with effects more than twice as large among blacks. Among those with the ...


From Workers Rights To Worker Appropriation: A Response To Joseph Mccartin, RICHARD MCINTYRE 2010 University of Rhode Island

From Workers Rights To Worker Appropriation: A Response To Joseph Mccartin, Richard Mcintyre

RICHARD P MCINTYRE

There has been little examination of the possible negative effects on labor’s interests when those interests are asserted as rights. It is as if proclaiming “workers’ rights are human rights” can only cause good things to happen. Joseph McCartin’s essay contributes to a more balanced and sophisticated discussion of the effects of rights talk for labor.


Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Assessment Of The Foreign Non-Government Organizations' Role In Sudan, Professor Issam Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The study presented reviews activities of NGOs in Sudan. That was a disputable issue that resulted in a mass expulsion of many in 2009. However¸ there were precedents of such expulsions in previous and following years. The paper discusses humanitarian work in Sudan, positive and negative sides. Reasons are that part of the hypothetical framework here is that their activities in the country are indispensible. The country still faces many humanitarian suffering in most of its regions and international aid is direly required. Thus, it is essential to rectify their modus operandi to be consistent with the culture of the ...


Combining Multiple Climate Policy Instruments: How Not To Do It, Jisung Park 2010 Harvard University

Combining Multiple Climate Policy Instruments: How Not To Do It, Jisung Park

Jisung Park

Putting a price on carbon is critical for climate change policy. Increasingly, policymakers combine multiple policy tools to achieve this, for example by complementing cap-and-trade schemes with a carbon tax, or with a feed-in tariff. Often, the motivation for doing so is to limit undesirable fluctuations in the carbon price, either from rising too high or falling too low. This paper reviews the implications for the carbon price of combining cap-and-trade with other policy instruments. We find that price intervention may not always have the desired effect. Simply adding a carbon tax to an existing cap-and-trade system reduces the carbon ...


The Impact Of The Minimum Wage On Spanish Youth: Evidence From A Natural Experiment, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

The Impact Of The Minimum Wage On Spanish Youth: Evidence From A Natural Experiment, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz De Bustillo

José-Ignacio Antón

This work assesses the impact of the minimum wage on youth employment, unemployment and education enrolment in Spain. Using a difference-indifferences approach, we take advantage of the fact that the minimum wage for people aged 16 and 17 years old, which was approximately two thirds the level of the standard minimum wage, was raised to reach full convergence with the latter in a period of three years (from 1995 to 1998). The empirical analysis suggests that this policy intervention depressed the employment levels of the affected group, raised unemployment among them and decreased the probability of remaining in formal education


Minimum Wage And Tax Evasion: Theory And Evidence, Mirco Tonin 2010 Selected Works

Minimum Wage And Tax Evasion: Theory And Evidence, Mirco Tonin

Mirco Tonin

This paper examines the interaction between minimum wage legislation and tax evasion by employed labor. I develop a model in which firms and workers may agree to report less than the true amount of earnings to the fiscal authorities. I show that introducing a minimum wage creates a spike in the distribution of declared earnings and induces higher compliance by some agents, thus reducing their disposable income. The comparison of food consumption and of the consumption–income gap before and after the massive minimum wage hike that took place in Hungary in 2001 reveals that households who appeared to benefit ...


Regression Anatomy, Revealed, Valerio Filoso 2010 University of Naples Federico II

Regression Anatomy, Revealed, Valerio Filoso

Valerio Filoso

The Regression Anatomy (RA) theorem (Angrist and Pischke 2009) is an alternative formulation of the Frisch-Waugh-Lovell (FWL) theorem (Frisch and Waugh 1933; Lovell 1963), a key finding in the algebra of OLS multiple regression models. In this paper, we present a command, reganat, to implement graphically the method of RA. This addition complements the built-in Stata command avplot in the validation of linear models, producing bidimensional scatterplots and regression lines obtained controlling for the other covariates, along with sev- eral fine-tuning options. Moreover, the article provides (1) a fully worked-out proof of the RA theorem and (2) an explanation of ...


Are Returns To Education On The Decline In Venezuela And Does Mission Sucre Have A Role To Play?, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, Naihobe Gonzalez 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Are Returns To Education On The Decline In Venezuela And Does Mission Sucre Have A Role To Play?, Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, Naihobe Gonzalez

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

No abstract provided.


Farm Income Inequality And The Role Of Caste: New Evidence From India, Ashish Singh 2010 Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

Farm Income Inequality And The Role Of Caste: New Evidence From India, Ashish Singh

Ashish Singh

The paper analyses the relationship between net farm income per unit of land cultivated and caste divisions in India using a micro unit recorded nationally representative household survey conducted in 2004-05. Findings suggest that the groups that are generally considered disadvantaged (“Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes”) have, after controlling for other factors, substantially lower farm returns compared to the advantaged (“Others”) castes, whereas the “Other Backward Classes” occupy position in between. Decomposition of overall net farm income inequality using mean-log deviation indicates that the caste based inequality forms a substantial part of the overall net farm income inequality. Results call for ...


Non-Standard English Dialects And The Effect Of Supplementary Funding On Educational Achievement, Michele Battisti, Mark Campbell, Jane Friesen, Brian Krauth 2010 Simon Fraser University

Non-Standard English Dialects And The Effect Of Supplementary Funding On Educational Achievement, Michele Battisti, Mark Campbell, Jane Friesen, Brian Krauth

Michele Battisti

Full text and abstract available here: http://bit.ly/lcQuWv


Evaluación Del Proceso De Descentralización Del Sistemas Nacional De Salud Desde La Perspectiva De Los Ciudadanos, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Jesús Rivera 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

Evaluación Del Proceso De Descentralización Del Sistemas Nacional De Salud Desde La Perspectiva De Los Ciudadanos, José-Ignacio Antón, Rafael Muñoz De Bustillo, Enrique Fernández-Macías, Jesús Rivera

José-Ignacio Antón

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress