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R&D Subsidies In Permissive And Restrictive Environment: Evidence From Korea, Yumi KOH, Gea M. LEE 2023 Singapore Management University

R&D Subsidies In Permissive And Restrictive Environment: Evidence From Korea, Yumi Koh, Gea M. Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper investigates the extent to which a regulatory environment for R&D subsidies shapes the magnitude and direction of R&D subsidies set by a government and consequent innovation paths. When the WTO adopted a permissive regulatory environment, we find that the Korean government increased R&D subsidies significantly (89.21%) and selectively so for firms and industries with higher returns. Recipient firms conducted less basic research and more development research. Improvements in innovations were mostly incremental and minor. However, such changes did not persist once the WTO switched to a restrictive regulatory environment. Our findings show that the regulatory environment imposed by …


Digitalization Of National Industrial Clusters In China: Estimation From Online Industrial Belts, Zuoquan ZHAO, Yichang DAI, Qiuci FAN, Shuyan MA 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Digitalization Of National Industrial Clusters In China: Estimation From Online Industrial Belts, Zuoquan Zhao, Yichang Dai, Qiuci Fan, Shuyan Ma

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Digitalized industrial cluster is the new development trend of China’s digital economy. This study estimates the extent of digitalization of national industrial clusters in China, by using spatial statistics, visualization techniques, and cluster-belt matching, with data on clusters promoted by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Informalization Technology, and Ministry of Science and Technology, and on-line industrial belts (2021) developed by Alibaba Group. The estimation finds that both the national clusters and on-line industrial belts co-existed in 72 cities, which account for 91.1 percent of the cities with national clusters; 134 or 84.3 percent of the …


Ecological Green Integration In Yangtze River Delta From Perspective Of Intercity Green Technology Transfer, Debin DU, Hong JIN, Dezhong DUAN 2022 Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China

Ecological Green Integration In Yangtze River Delta From Perspective Of Intercity Green Technology Transfer, Debin Du, Hong Jin, Dezhong Duan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Green technology innovation is the core driving force for the high-quality development of regional integration in the Yangtze River Delta, and the free flow of innovative elements represented by green technology across cities is the due meaning of the construction of ecological green integration in the Yangtze River Delta. Based on the inter-city green patent transfer data from 2001 to 2020, this study analyzed the characteristics of the spatial evolution of green technology diffusion in the Yangtze River Delta, and discussed the development degree of ecological green integration in the area from the three levels of overall development, green technology …


Study On Pattern And Types Of Technological Innovation Efficiency Of Three Major Urban Agglomerations In China, Dan CUI, Guoping LI 2022 Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Beijing 100038, China

Study On Pattern And Types Of Technological Innovation Efficiency Of Three Major Urban Agglomerations In China, Dan Cui, Guoping Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

From the perspective of patent industry innovation chain, this paper analyzed the regional differences of the patent technology innovation efficiency and industrial technology innovation efficiency in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, as well as the spatial patterns and industrial characteristics of cities with various types of technological innovation efficiency. It is found that there are significant differences in patent and industrial technology innovation efficiency among the three urban agglomerations. The patent technology innovation efficiency in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration is relatively high, while that in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Yangtze River Delta urban agglomerations is …


Study On Coordinated Development Of Scientific Research And Technological Innovation In Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Yun WANG, Yu YANG, Yi LIU 2022 School of Government, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China

Study On Coordinated Development Of Scientific Research And Technological Innovation In Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Yun Wang, Yu Yang, Yi Liu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The development of scientific research in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is unbalanced and inadequate, and its contribution to technological innovation is insufficient to meet the huge demand for industrial innovation in the Greater Bay Area. This paper tries to clarify the coordination relationship between scientific research and industrial innovation in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area since 1997 by constructing the scientific research-industrial innovation coordination data sets, correlation index and relative development index for ten industries in the area. This paper analyzes the evolution and interaction rules of scientific research and industrial innovation in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater …


Research On Evolution Of Yellow River Basin Innovation Network And Cultivation Of Zhengzhou-Luoyang-Xi’An Innovation Corridor, Dandan LI, Haitao MA, Changhong MIAO 2022 Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization Jointly Built by Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China College of Geography and Environmental Science, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China

Research On Evolution Of Yellow River Basin Innovation Network And Cultivation Of Zhengzhou-Luoyang-Xi’An Innovation Corridor, Dandan Li, Haitao Ma, Changhong Miao

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Constructing innovation networks and cultivating innovation corridors are important to realize regional innovation development. Based on the data of patent transfer from 1987 to 2018, this paper analyzes the spatial-temporal evolution of technology transfer network at different scales in the Yellow River Basin, and proposes the cultivation path of Zhengzhou-Luoyang-Xi’an innovation corridor. Firstly, it is found that a majority of technology transfer within the basin is switching from inter-provincial transfer to intra-provincial transfer, with provincial capitals being the main source of technology. Xi’an is the primary source of technology transfer network, and cities, such as Zhengzhou, Qingdao, and Jinan, are …


Study On Innovation Networks And Its Spillover Effect Of China’S New Energy Automobile Industry, Zhifei XIONG, Wenzhong ZHANG 2022 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Study On Innovation Networks And Its Spillover Effect Of China’S New Energy Automobile Industry, Zhifei Xiong, Wenzhong Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The network spillover effect of knowledge has been playing an increasingly significant role in the development of industrial innovation. The urban cooperation matrix of China’s new energy automobile industry is built based on new energy automobile patent data, and the structure and evolution process of China’s new energy automobile industry are depicted. On this basis, the spatial Dubin model (SDM) is used to calculate the network spillover effect, and its results are compared with the results of spillover effect based on the relationship of spatial contiguity and distance of cities. The results show that the innovation activities of China’s new …


The Distributional Impacts Of Transportation Networks In China, Lin MA, Tang YANG 2022 Singapore Management University

The Distributional Impacts Of Transportation Networks In China, Lin Ma, Tang Yang

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper evaluates the distributional impacts of transportation networks in China.We show that the quality of roads and railroads vary substantially over time and space, and ignoring these variations biases the estimates of travel time. To account for quality differences, we construct a new panel dataset and approximate quality using the design speed of roads and railroads that varies by vintage, class, and terrain at the pixel level. We then build a dynamic spatial general equilibrium model that allows for multiple modes and routes of transportation and forward-looking migration decision.We find aggregate welfare gain and less spatial income inequality led …


Research On The Strategy Of China-Myanmar-Indian Ocean New Channel—Application Of Double Helix Methodology In Think Tanks To Planning Cross-Border Multimodal Transportation Of Ocean Shipping, Highway And Railway, Dawei SONG, Lu ZHAO, Xi SHEN, Feng ZHANG, Guanghui WANG, Changxin LIU, Yongbin ZHU 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Research On The Strategy Of China-Myanmar-Indian Ocean New Channel—Application Of Double Helix Methodology In Think Tanks To Planning Cross-Border Multimodal Transportation Of Ocean Shipping, Highway And Railway, Dawei Song, Lu Zhao, Xi Shen, Feng Zhang, Guanghui Wang, Changxin Liu, Yongbin Zhu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The construction of China-Myanmar-Indian Ocean New Channel is of far-reaching significance for adapting to the reconstruction of the global industrial chain and supply chain, building a new development pattern of domestic and international double circulation, and effectively breaking the "Malacca Dilemma". The research group of Institutes of Science and Development in Chinese Academy of Sciences systematically carried out the research on the strategy of China-Myanmar-Indian Ocean New Channel construction based on the logical vision of the double helix methodology in think tanks, and creatively proposed the strategic layout of the "double Y" China-Myanmar-Indian Ocean New Channel. The research group further …


Challenges And Opportunities For Maritime Education And Training In The 4th Industrial Revolution, Herbert De Vera Nalupa 2022 World Maritime University

Challenges And Opportunities For Maritime Education And Training In The 4th Industrial Revolution, Herbert De Vera Nalupa

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Essays On Advertising, Sodium Intake, And Soda Taxes, Ezgi Cengiz 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Essays On Advertising, Sodium Intake, And Soda Taxes, Ezgi Cengiz

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation empirically explores the economics of advertising, sodium intake, and sweetened beverage taxes in food and beverages industries in the United States. I use recent advances in econometrics and statistics and provide causally interpretable results to deepen our understanding of how individuals respond to changes in advertising and public health policies in consumer packaged good industries.

In the first chapter, titled “Is traditional advertising effective? New evidence from mass-produced lager beer in the United States,” I present new evidence regarding the effectiveness of traditional advertising on product demand for mass-produced lager beer in the United States using …


Organizations As Agents For Well-Being: How An Organizational Orientation To “Do Good” Could Lead To Flourishing, Andrew Frick 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Organizations As Agents For Well-Being: How An Organizational Orientation To “Do Good” Could Lead To Flourishing, Andrew Frick

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

It has been proposed that flourishing individuals enable flourishing organizations which leads to a flourishing world. However, is it also possible that by focusing on building a flourishing world a reciprocal elevation of organizational flourishing and individual flourishing can occur? This paper discusses well-being, the progression of research regarding organizational orientation to do good, and mirror flourishing. The amplification effect of virtuousness, along with the heliotropic effect, provide support to the theorized concept of mirror flourishing. In addition, this paper proposes a study design using appreciative inquiry to conduct interviews to better understand how an organization’s orientation to do good …


Selling Antitrust, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2022 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Selling Antitrust, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

Antitrust enforcers and its other defenders have never done a good job of selling their field to the public. That is not entirely their fault. Antitrust is inherently technical, and a less engaging discipline to most people than, say, civil rights or criminal law. The more serious problem is that when the general press does talk about antitrust policy it naturally gravitates toward the fringes, both the far right and the far left. Extreme rhetoric makes for better press than the day-to-day operations of a technical enterprise. The extremes are often stated in overdramatized black-and-white terms that avoid the real …


President Biden's Executive Order On Promoting Competition: An Antitrust Analysis, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2022 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

President Biden's Executive Order On Promoting Competition: An Antitrust Analysis, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

In July, 2021, President Biden signed a far ranging Executive Order directed to promoting competition in the American economy. This paper analyzes issues covered by the Order that are most likely to affect the scope and enforcement of antitrust law. The only passage that the Executive Order quoted from a Supreme Court antitrust decision captures its antitrust ideology well – that the Sherman Act:

rests on the premise that the unrestrained interaction of competitive forces will yield the best allocation of our economic resources, the lowest prices, the highest quality and the greatest material progress, while at the same time …


Essays On Industrial Organization And Health Economics, Cecilia S. Diaz Campo 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Industrial Organization And Health Economics, Cecilia S. Diaz Campo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters studying the impact of health insurance design and public health policy on consumers’ health and health care utilization, welfare, and costs.

Chapter 2 studies an overlooked dynamic incentive that encourages health care utilization, which I term \textit{dynamic moral hazard}. Typical health plans feature high deductibles and caps on consumers' out-of-pocket spending, which generate nonlinear pricing. These nonlinearities, coupled with the uncertainty intrinsic to future health care demand, encourage consumers to increase spending since current utilization lowers future expected prices. Standard models study health care utilization decisions through the lens of annual models, which abstract …


Too Much Of A Good Thing? A Governing Knowledge Commons Review Of Abundance In Context, Michael J. Madison, Brett M. Frischmann, Madelyn Sanfilippo, Katherine J. Strandburg 2022 University of PIttsburgh School of Law

Too Much Of A Good Thing? A Governing Knowledge Commons Review Of Abundance In Context, Michael J. Madison, Brett M. Frischmann, Madelyn Sanfilippo, Katherine J. Strandburg

Articles

The economics of abundance, along with the sociology of abundance, the law of abundance, and so forth, should be re-framed, linked, and situated in a common context for empirical rather than conceptual research. Abundance may seem to be a new, big thing, between anxiety over information overload, Big Data, and related technological disruptions. But scholars know that abundance is an ancient phenomenon, which only seemed to disappear as twentieth century social science focused on scarcity instead. Restoring the study of abundance, and figuring out how to solve the problems that abundance might create, means shedding disciplinary blinders and going back …


Impact And Enlightenment Of Eu’S “Industry 5.0” To High-Quality Development Of China’S Manufacturing—Research On Application Of Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Lu ZHAO, Dawei SONG, Feng ZHANG, Jiaofeng PAN 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

Impact And Enlightenment Of Eu’S “Industry 5.0” To High-Quality Development Of China’S Manufacturing—Research On Application Of Think Tank Double Helix Methodology, Lu Zhao, Dawei Song, Feng Zhang, Jiaofeng Pan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The world is experiencing a great change with the combined impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the post-epidemic era, the world's major economies have begun to plan their strategic adjustments, economic revival and transformation. Industry 5.0, as the EU's new strategy to plan the "New Industrial Revolution" and promote industrial transformation in Europe, has raised wide attentions in the world and has become a hotspot of think tank research. Guided by the think tank double helix methodology, this study constructed a cognitive framework to study industrial strategy and its related complex system issues such as international relations, science and technology …


Three Essays On Public Policy And Welfare In Developing Countries, Alvaro Jeronimo Callejas 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Three Essays On Public Policy And Welfare In Developing Countries, Alvaro Jeronimo Callejas

Doctoral Dissertations

Developing countries typically implement public policies that modify the market structure to reach a specific goal. However, in this attempt to achieve a policy objective, policymakers may not consider unintended consequences caused by firms' and consumers' optimizing behavior. Moreover, the reaction of market agents to the implemented policy may undermind its effectiveness or lead to an outcome opposite to the one persuaded. This dissertation uses a set of structural models to assess the welfare effect of both intended and unintended consequences of public policies introduced in developing countries.

In the first chapter, we evaluate the welfare implications of a public …


Antitrust Liability For False Advertising: A Response To Carrier & Tushnet, Susannah Gagnon, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Antitrust Liability For False Advertising: A Response To Carrier & Tushnet, Susannah Gagnon, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

This reply briefly considers when false advertising can give rise to antitrust liability. The biggest difference between tort and antitrust liability is that the latter requires harm to the market, which is critically dependent on actual consumer response. As a result, the biggest hurdle a private plaintiff faces in turning an act of false advertising into an antitrust offense is proof of causation – to what extent can a decline in purchase volume or other market rejection be specifically attributed to the defendant’s false claims? That requirement dooms the great majority of false advertising claims attacked as violations of the …


The Slogans And Goals Of Antitrust Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2022 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

The Slogans And Goals Of Antitrust Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

This is a comparative examination of the slogans and goals most advocated for antitrust law today – namely, that antitrust should be concerned with “bigness,” that it should intervene when actions undermine the “competitive process,” or that it should be concerned about promoting some conception of welfare. “Bigness” as an antitrust concern targets firms based on absolute size rather than share of a market, as antitrust traditionally has done. The bigness approach entails that antitrust cannot be concerned about low prices, or the welfare of consumers and labor. Nondominant firms could not sustain very high prices or cause significant reductions …


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