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Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart 2017 KVL Economic Policy Research

Targeted Advertising, Platform Competition And Privacy, Henk L.M. Kox, Bas Straathof, Gijsbert Zwart

Henk LM Kox

Targeted advertising can benefit consumers through lower prices for access to websites. Yet, if consumers dislike that websites collect their personal information, their welfare may go down. We study competition for consumers between websites that can show targeted advertisements. We find that more targeting increases competition and reduces the websites’ profits, but yet in equilibrium websites choose maximum targeting as they cannot credibly commit to low targeting. A privacy protection policy can be beneficial for both consumers and websites. If consumers are heterogeneous in their concerns for privacy, a policy that allows choice between two levels of privacy will be ...


Lumpy Cost, Lester G. Telser 2017 University of Chicago

Lumpy Cost, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

A lumpy cost function is a step-wise increasing but not a continuous function of output.  It is an accurate description of cost conditions in many industries especially air travel, generating electric power, auto manufacturing and software. This essay has diagrams illustrating the problem and solutions.


Strategic Ignorance In Sequential Procurement, Silvana Krasteva, Huseyin Yildirim 2017 Texas A & M University - College Station

Strategic Ignorance In Sequential Procurement, Silvana Krasteva, Huseyin Yildirim

Huseyin Yildirim

Should a buyer approach sellers of complementary goods informed or uninformed of her private valuations, and if informed, in which sequence? In this paper, we show that an informed buyer would start with the high-value seller to minimize future holdup. Informed (or careful) sequencing may, however, hurt the buyer as sellers “read” into it. The buyer may commit to ignorance by: overloading herself with unrelated tasks; delegating sequencing to a third party; or letting sellers self-schedule. Absent such commitment, we show that ignorance is not time-consistent for the buyer but it increases trade. Evidence on land assembly supports our findings.


P14. Estimating The Effects Of File-Sharing On Movie Box-Office, Zhuang Liu 2017 Western University

P14. Estimating The Effects Of File-Sharing On Movie Box-Office, Zhuang Liu

Western Research Forum

Background:

File-sharing and on-line piracy have caught great public attention. There is a public debate on whether or not we should close torrenting sites like Piratedbay.com. Copyright holders argue yes and claim substantial loss due to filesharing while Pirates claim that file-sharing is welfare-improving and the effects on sale are negligible. Right now no consensus has been reached on how file-sharing affects industry revenue in economics literature.

Methods:

Using a novel dataset of downloads from Bit-Torrent network, this paper quantifies the effects of file-sharing on movie box-office revenue. I estimate a random coefficient demand model of movies to quantify ...


Governance By Contract: The Implications For Corporate Bylaws, Jill E. Fisch 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Governance By Contract: The Implications For Corporate Bylaws, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship

Boards and shareholders are increasing using charter and bylaw provisions to customize their corporate governance. Recent examples include forum selection bylaws, majority voting bylaws and advance notice bylaws. Relying on the contractual conception of the corporation, Delaware courts have accorded substantial deference to board-adopted bylaw provisions, even those that limit shareholder rights.

This Article challenges the rationale for deference under the contractual approach. With respect to corporate bylaws, the Article demonstrates that shareholder power to adopt and amend the bylaws is, under Delaware law, more limited than the board’s power to do so. As a result, shareholders cannot effectively ...


Mutually Assured Protection Among Large U.S. Law Firms, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mutually Assured Protection Among Large U.S. Law Firms, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff

Faculty Scholarship

Top law firms are notoriously competitive, fighting for prime clients and matters. But some of the most elite firms are also deeply cooperative, willingly sharing key details about their finances and strategy with their rivals. More surprisingly, they pay handsomely to do so. Nearly half of the AmLaw 100 and 200 belong to mutual insurance organizations that require member firms to provide capital; partner time; and important information about their governance, balance sheets, risk management, strategic plans, and malpractice liability. To answer why these firms do so when there are commercial insurers willing to provide coverage with fewer burdens, we ...


A Swing-Contract Market Design For Flexible Service Provision In Electric Power Systems, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

A Swing-Contract Market Design For Flexible Service Provision In Electric Power Systems, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The need for flexible service provision in electric power systems has dramatically increased due to the growing penetration of variable energy resources, as has the need to ensure fair access and compensation for this provision. A swing contract (SC) facilitates flexible service provision because it permits multiple service attributes to be offered together in bundled form with each attribute expressed as a range of possible values rather than as a single point value. This paper discusses a new SC Market Design for electric power systems that permits SCs to be offered by any dispatchable resource. An analytical optimization formulation is ...


An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

This study extends the agent-based 8-Zone ISO-NE Test System to include wind turbine agents, each characterized by location, physical type, and an output curve mapping local wind speed into wind power output. Increases in wind power penetration (WPP) are modeled as build-outs of investment queues for planned wind turbine installations. The extended system is used to study the effects of increasing WPP under both stochastic and deterministic day-ahead market (DAM) formulations for security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC).

For each tested WPP, the expected cost saving resulting from a switch from deterministic to stochastic DAM SCUC is found to display a U-shaped ...


Competing By Restricting Choice: The Case Of Search Platforms, Hanna Halaburda, Mikolaj Jan Piskorski, Pinar Yildirim 2016 Bank of Canada

Competing By Restricting Choice: The Case Of Search Platforms, Hanna Halaburda, Mikolaj Jan Piskorski, Pinar Yildirim

Hanna Halaburda

We show that a two-sided platform can successfully compete by limiting the choice of potential matches it offers to its customers while charging higher prices than platforms with unrestricted choice. Starting from micro-foundations, we derive the strength and direction of network effect, and find that increasing the number of potential matches not only has a positive effect due to larger choice, but also a negative effect due to competition between agents on the same side. Agents with heterogeneous outside options resolve the trade-off between the two effects differently. For agents with a lower outside option, the competitive effect is stronger ...


Politica Industriale E Tecnologia In Italia, Matteo Lucchese, Leopoldo Nascia, Mario Pianta 2016 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Politica Industriale E Tecnologia In Italia, Matteo Lucchese, Leopoldo Nascia, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

La crisi iniziata nel 2008 ha accelerato il declino dell’industria italiana. Gli strumenti di politica industriale introdotti negli ultimi anni non sono stati in grado finora di sostenere una ripresa della produzione e degli investimenti e di ridurre il gap tecnologico dell’Italia rispetto al resto d’Europa. Una ripresa del sistema produttivo è possibile solo con l’attuazione di un più ambizioso piano di politica industriale in Italia e in Europa.
 


Conservatism And Switcher's Curse, Aaron Edlin 2016 Selected Works

Conservatism And Switcher's Curse, Aaron Edlin

Aaron Edlin

This paper formally models the virtues of Edmund Burke's conservatism, characterizes the optimal level of conservatism, and applies the model to management, law, and policy.  I begin by introducing ``switcher's curse,'' a trap in which a decision maker systematically switches too often. Decision makers suffer from switcher's curse if they forget the reason that they maintained incumbent policies in the past and if they naively compare rival and incumbent policies with no bias for incumbent policies.   Conservatism emerges as a heuristic to avoid switcher's curse. The longer a process or policy has been in place, the ...


Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther 2016 Iowa State University and NBER

Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther

Economics Working Papers

We examine the distribution of Federal support for chemistry Research and Development (R&D) performed at U.S. universities from 1990-2009. Federal R&D funding is an essential source of funds for investigator-driven research at the nation’s universities. Previous studies have documented that aggregated federal R&D funding has become more dispersed over time and attributed this to political pressure to spread resources more evenly. There have, however, been few studies of the allocation of funds within narrowly defined scientific disciplines. By narrowing the focus and exploiting the panel nature of our data we are better able to analyze ...


Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay 2016 Kennesaw State University

Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay

Aniruddha Bagchi

We examine the relationship between the incidence of workplace deviance (on-the-job crime) and the state of the economy. A worker's probability of future employment depends on whether she has been deviant as well as on the availability of jobs. Using a two period model we show that the net impact on deviant behavior to changes in unemployment can go either way depending upon the nature of the equilibrium. Two kinds of equilibria are possible. In one, a non-deviant's probability of being employed increases as expected market conditions improve which lowers the incentive to be a deviant. In contrast ...


An Empirical Analysis Of Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder 2016 University of Minnesota-Minneapolis

An Empirical Analysis Of Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder

Gordon Potter

Empirical validity of the claim that overhead costs are driven not by production volume but by transactions resulting from production complexity is examined using data from 32 manufacturing plants from the electronics, machinery, and automobile components industries. Transactions are measured using number of engineering change orders, number of purchasing and production planning personnel, shop- floor area per part, and number of quality control and improvement personnel. Results indicate a strong positive relation between manufacturing overhead costs and both manufacturing transactions and production volume. Most of the variation in overhead costs, however, is explained by measures of manufacturing transactions, not volume.


Manufacturing Performance Reporting For Continuous Quality Improvement, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder 2016 University of Minnesota- Minneapolis

Manufacturing Performance Reporting For Continuous Quality Improvement, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder

Gordon Potter

  • Recently many plants have implemented the new manufacturing strategy of continuous quality improvement. The central hypothesis in this paper is that the implementation of a policy of continuous quality improvement results in a shift in the management control system.
  • This article tests this hypothesis by examining the shop floor reporting policies of forty-two plants located in the United States.
  • The paper documents that the extent of information concerning the current status of manufacturing, such as charts on defect rates or schedule compliance and productivity information, provided to workers on the shop floor is positively related to the implementation of continuous ...


Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo 2016 Selected Works

Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo

Claudio Vicarelli


We focus on the relationship between internationalization choices and performance of Italian firms during the first period of the financial crisis (2007-2010). Making use of a new firm level database, we build a six-class taxonomy of firms’ internationalization activities; then we estimate firms’ performance as a function of internationalization forms, also estimating Propensity score and Heckman selection models in order to control for endogeneity and sample selection bias. Over the period 2007-2010, Italian firms moved (on average) towards more complex forms of internationalization. Empirical analysis find that these upward changes are related with positive effects on firms’ (labour) productivity, also ...


Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The area of Eastern Nebraska north of Omaha, including the municipality of Blair is host to a collection of unique companies and industries. These industries, driven by the agricultural and urban economy of the area, as well as the geographic proximity to each other, make it an advantageous area to study the potential for a network where individual entities utilize the concept of industrial symbiosis. This potential network is referred to as the Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (ENISN). Industrial symbiosis, a sub-set of industrial ecology, engages separate industries in a collaborative and collective approach, concerning itself with the flow ...


Co-Ops Managing Through Low Margins, Keri Jacobs 2016 Iowa State University

Co-Ops Managing Through Low Margins, Keri Jacobs

Economics Publications

The current environment for Midwest firms marketing corn and soybeans presents challenges for identifying margin opportunities. Rising grain inventories, a stable basis and hesitant selling by producers continue to depress overall grain margins.


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.


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