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Human Migration And Health: A Case Study Of The Chinese Rural-To-Urban Migrant Population, Leah C. Pinckney 2017 Gettysburg College

Human Migration And Health: A Case Study Of The Chinese Rural-To-Urban Migrant Population, Leah C. Pinckney

Student Publications

Human migration is a complex, ancient process driven by a variety of social, political, and economic factors. Modern migrants and their families are often compelled to migrate voluntarily in pursuit of new opportunities for study or work and, in extreme circumstances, involuntarily for safety and survival. Chinese domestic migrant populations were mobilized with China’s early 1980s economic reform, which enabled rapid economic development largely dependent on urban factories. While this massive influx of young people predominantly from rural locales to urban locales seeking opportunity enabled China’s rise as a world power, their move not only marked changing internal ...


The Economics Of Refugees: How Refugees Influence The Economies Of Spain And England, Mary K. Bovard 2017 Gettysburg College

The Economics Of Refugees: How Refugees Influence The Economies Of Spain And England, Mary K. Bovard

Student Publications

The economic impact of refugee movements is a topic disputed throughout the world, but even more highly disputed in the European Union. In this last Syrian refugee movement, we have heard many different interpretations of how the movement would affect the European economy. Whether based on factual data or speculation, this paper aims to unpack several of the main economic arguments for and against the movement of refugees into European countries, particularly Spain and England. This paper argues that the perceived economic impacts of the refugee movement in Europe does not match the measured economic impacts.


‘Community Of Schools’: A Case Study Of Development, Participation And Integration In Cato Manor Township, South Africa, Anthony L. Wagner 2017 Gettysburg College

‘Community Of Schools’: A Case Study Of Development, Participation And Integration In Cato Manor Township, South Africa, Anthony L. Wagner

Student Publications

By the end of the twentieth century, a subfield of anthropology known as critical development studies emerged - in large part due to the work of James Ferguson and Arturo Escobar - as a critique of post-colonial development programs and NGOs of the West that were at work in much of the developing world - most notably sub-Saharan Africa. Development was largely panned by these early researchers as a means by which Western powers habituated problems in the developing world so as to create a profitable industry of development. Contemporary anthropological inquiries have called for an increasingly field-based approach to the study of ...


East Asia Pacific Economies: Looking Good, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

East Asia Pacific Economies: Looking Good, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The World Bank expects recovering global trade and commodity prices to buoy regional prospects


Capital Structure And Firm Boundaries With Opportunistic Stakeholders, Madhav Shrihari ANEY, Elie APPELBAUM, Sanjay BANERJI 2017 Singapore Management University

Capital Structure And Firm Boundaries With Opportunistic Stakeholders, Madhav Shrihari Aney, Elie Appelbaum, Sanjay Banerji

Research Collection School Of Economics

We explore the impact of strategic behaviour between three major stakeholders, namelyequity holders, debt holders, and a supplier of a critical input, on the choice of a firm’s capitalstructure and its organisational design, determining in-house production versus outsourcing theprocurement of the critical input. We show that an opportunistic coalition of the supplierand debt holders can trigger strategic bankruptcy even when the firm is solvent. Equity holdersrespond to this by either eliminating the supplier by producing the input in-house, or by reducingthe exposure to debt by funding the firm’s capital requirement through equity. Both responsescreate inefficiency since production of ...


Superimposed Spatial Distributions Of Environmental Risk And Socioeconomic Status In Spontaneous Housing, Elena Tesluk 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Superimposed Spatial Distributions Of Environmental Risk And Socioeconomic Status In Spontaneous Housing, Elena Tesluk

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study proposes to document the spatial distribution of environmental inequality in spontaneous housing in West Buhongwa ward in Mwanza, Tanzania and to assess potential causes of this distribution. It is hypothesized that inequalities in the spatial distribution of environmental risk in W. Buhongwa negatively correlate with the spatial distribution of socioeconomic status. Research methods consist of secondary source analyses; semi-structured, open-ended surveys with residents of W. Buhongwa; structured, open-ended surveys with local government and resource distribution officials; and transect walks in W. Buhongwa. Data analysis culminates in the creation of overlaying maps depicting spatial distribution of socioeconomic status and ...


Getting Down To Cannabusiness: How To Proceed With Morocco’S Cannabis Industry & The Resulting Economic And Social Impacts, Laura David 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Getting Down To Cannabusiness: How To Proceed With Morocco’S Cannabis Industry & The Resulting Economic And Social Impacts, Laura David

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Cannabis is one of Morocco’s top industries, and Morocco is one of the world’s top cannabis providers. However, the growth, sale, and consumption of cannabis is very much illegal under the current legislation. In 2016 a bill was proposed in parliament to partially legalize cannabis cultivation and was supported by both the Party of Authenticity and Modernity and the Istiqlal Party, though it ultimately failed centrally due to opposition from the Islamist Party. Within this study, I examine Morocco’s current relationship with its cannabis industry and the three central potential paths from this point. The first is ...


La Lucha Por Kimsakocha: Resistencia Contra La Minería En Azuay, Ecuador \ The Struggle For Kimsakocha: Resistance Against Mining In Azuay, Ecuador, Lydia Petroske 2017 SIT Study Abroad

La Lucha Por Kimsakocha: Resistencia Contra La Minería En Azuay, Ecuador \ The Struggle For Kimsakocha: Resistance Against Mining In Azuay, Ecuador, Lydia Petroske

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

En Ecuador, hay una “reprimarización” de la economía, un fenómeno por el que se produce una creciente dependencia en exportaciones de productos primarios como recursos no renovables. Este fenómeno ha sido acompañado con una retórica estatal sobre pobreza y deuda social. Para el gobierno del estado, la industria extractiva es parte importante de su estrategia y retórica para hacer inversión social y combatir la pobreza, lo cual ha justificado una rápida expansión del sector extractivista. En el sur de Ecuador, la gente de las parroquias de Victoria del Portete y Tarqui ha estado luchando por más de 15 años contra ...


Kali Gandaki: The Road From Lower Mustang To A Global Food Market, Austin Van Wart 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Kali Gandaki: The Road From Lower Mustang To A Global Food Market, Austin Van Wart

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Development in Nepal continues to be a major issue in both metropolitan and rural areas of the country. Of the many obstacles standing in the way of this objective, one of the most challenging is the mountainous geography that shapes the country’s lands, culture, and people. To overcome this obstacle, Nepal has followed many other developing countries by making rural road development a main priority in hopes of increasing connectivity, travel, trade, education, and accessibility to other benefits. One such example of this is the Kali Gandaki road in Lower Mustang.

The purpose of this research paper is to ...


Barriers To The Diffusion Of Renewable Energy Technology In Mongolia Lee, Madeline Academic Director: Sanjaasuren, Ulziijargal Claremont Mckenna College International Relations Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, Salkhit, Hatgal Nomadism, Geopolitics, And The Environment Sit Study Abroad Spring, Madeline Lee 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Barriers To The Diffusion Of Renewable Energy Technology In Mongolia Lee, Madeline Academic Director: Sanjaasuren, Ulziijargal Claremont Mckenna College International Relations Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, Salkhit, Hatgal Nomadism, Geopolitics, And The Environment Sit Study Abroad Spring, Madeline Lee

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

As the international community looks promote sustainable development in developing countries, many policies have focused on the introduction of renewable energy technology (RET). For Mongolia specifically, RET is both a viable and optimal option, considering the country’s vast natural resources and the unsustainability of the country’s existing energy system. However, Mongolia has faced challenges with the development of its RET sector and still largely relies on international assistance and funding to develop largescale projects.

This study analyzes the barriers that Mongolia faces to the effective diffusion of RET into Mongolian society. Over the course of four weeks, 10 ...


Luminate: Linking Agricultural Land Use, Local Water Quality And Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxia, Catherine L. Kling, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Adriana Valcu-Lisman, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell, Michael J. White, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Raghavan Srinivasan, Manoj K. Jha, Jeffrey J. Richardson, L. Monika Moskal, R. Eugene Turner, Nancy N. Rabalais 2017 Iowa State University

Luminate: Linking Agricultural Land Use, Local Water Quality And Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxia, Catherine L. Kling, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Adriana Valcu-Lisman, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell, Michael J. White, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Raghavan Srinivasan, Manoj K. Jha, Jeffrey J. Richardson, L. Monika Moskal, R. Eugene Turner, Nancy N. Rabalais

Catherine Kling

In this paper, we discuss the importance of developing integrated assessment models to support the design and implementation of policies to address water quality problems associated with agricultural pollution. We describe a new modelling system, LUMINATE, which links land use decisions made at the field scale in the Upper Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee Basins through both environmental and hydrological components to downstream water quality effects and hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico. This modelling system can be used to analyse detailed policy scenarios identifying the costs of the policies and their resulting benefits for improved local and regional water quality ...


In Transition? The Struggle For Socio-Economic Justice In South Africa, Vinodh Jaichand 2017 Notre Dame Law School

In Transition? The Struggle For Socio-Economic Justice In South Africa, Vinodh Jaichand

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Does the post-transitional justice phase of twenty-two years after the advent of freedom in South Africa provide an appropriate time to reflect on the potential realized or lost? It is argued that the planned and sustained implementation of socioeconomic rights as part of transformation is essential. Even constitutional protections of such rights yield slow progress through legal precedents and therefore may result in an incomplete transition.


Microfinance-Raising-Village-2017-02-10.Pdf, Catherine C. de Fontenay, Callum Wood 2017 Dept. of Economics and Melbourne Busines

Microfinance-Raising-Village-2017-02-10.Pdf, Catherine C. De Fontenay, Callum Wood

Catherine de Fontenay

This paper provides new insight into the question of why we have not seen microfinance pro- grams lift beneficiary regions out of poverty. We suggest that the explanation may lie in the industry choice of microfinance participants: if borrowers tend to enter imperfectly competitive sectors, such as retail, there may be a “business-stealing” effect that reduces incomes of existing businesses. Our model shows that microfinance may lower total incomes at the village level. The result is related to the classic [Mankiw and Whinston, 1986] result on excess entry. The results imply that microfinance organizations may want to steer recipients away ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Continued strong economic growth in Southeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the most recent prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI experienced a 2.34 point increase, the Southeast Minnesota leading index rose another 4.04 points in the fourth quarter of 2016. Three components of the LEI had positive readings in the current quarter. A decrease in initial claims for unemployment benefits, improvement in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index (which serves as a general measure of state business conditions) and stronger consumer sentiment ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience steady economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 0.86 points in the most recent period, with three components producing positive readings. Strength in a general measure of statewide business conditions along with rising residential building permits in the St. Cloud area helped drive the index upward this quarter. A small uptick in national durable goods orders also contributed favorably to the leading index. An increase in initial jobless claims in Central Minnesota ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Northwest Minnesota planning area economy is expected to experience strong growth over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University (SCSU) Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Four of the five components of the leading index were higher in the fourth quarter, as the LEI surged by 7.84 points. An increase in the Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals an improving macroeconomic environment for rural America) and stronger consumer sentiment helped drive the index higher. Lower initial jobless claims and increased residential building permits in Fargo/Moorhead and Grand Forks/East ...


Twin Cities Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Twin Cities Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Twin Cities Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Strong economic growth is expected over the next several months in the Twin Cities according to the prediction of the St. Cloud State University Twin Cities Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The Twin Cities LEI rose 8.86 points in the fourth quarter after a weak reading in the previous quarter. Four of the five index components increased in the fourth quarter. Slightly higher initial claims for unemployment insurance were the only index component that had a negative impact on this quarter’s LEI. Strength in two general measures of statewide business conditions had a positive effect on the ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Somewhat slower economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University (SCSU) Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the fourth quarter. An increase in new filings of incorporation and LLC and an improvement in the rural outlook contributed favorably to the LEI this quarter. An increase in initial jobless claims and lower residential building permits in the Mankato MSA weighed on the index. After rising just 0.03 points in the third quarter, the Southwest Minnesota LEI ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Fourth Quarter 2016, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

An acceleration of economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index surged by 8.23 points in the fourth quarter. An increase in the number of Duluth area residential building permits, an improvement in a general measure of statewide business conditions, and a rise in a supply managers’ survey all helped lift this quarter’s index. A reduction in new filings of incorporation in the Northeast Minnesota planning area ...


Developing Information And Communication Technologies For Education In Haiti, Nabeel Janjua, Yan Li, Manoj Thomas 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Developing Information And Communication Technologies For Education In Haiti, Nabeel Janjua, Yan Li, Manoj Thomas

VA Engage Journal

This research aims to aid in developing educational technologies for students and teachers in Haiti. The goal of the research project is to increase computer familiarity and literacy. To achieve this objective, a design science and mixed methods approach is developed. The design science approach focuses on building prototype artifacts consisting of software tutorials, computer on a stick, and Internet in a box. The qualitative and quantitative research methods consist of visual comprehension, discussion with students and teachers, data gathering and analysis through census and survey processing systems. Quantitative data is still being analyzed. Both methods may be utilized for ...


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