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Antebellum Labor Markets, Joshua L. Rosenbloom 2018 Iowa State University

Antebellum Labor Markets, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Economics Working Papers

The United States economy was transformed in the period between American independence and the beginning of the Civil War by rapid population growth, the development of manufacturing, the onset of modern economic growth, increasing urbanization, the rapid spread of settlement into the trans-Appalachian west, and the rise of European immigration. These years were also characterized by an increasing sectional conflict between free and slave states that culminated in 1861 in Southern secession from the Union and a bloody and destructive Civil War. Labor markets were central to each of these developments, directing the reallocation of labor between sectors and regions ...


Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Geocode sample and the O*NET Occupational Database are used to generate estimates of skills acquired on jobs held by youth during high school. The types of jobs firms offer high school students change with the minimum wage. Jobs offered in high minimum wage states involve less skill acquisition. These same skills are shown to be important for income, employment and occupational skills later in life. Additional schooling substitutes for job skills acquired in high school, implying lost on-the-job training in high school is most costly for youth who do not go to ...


Global Family Change: Persistent Diversity With Development, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Liliana Andriano, Julia A. Behrman, Francesco Billari, Christiaan Monden, Frank Furstenberg, Hans-Peter Kohler 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Global Family Change: Persistent Diversity With Development, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Liliana Andriano, Julia A. Behrman, Francesco Billari, Christiaan Monden, Frank Furstenberg, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper provides a broad empirical overview of the relationship between family change and socio-economic development drawing on 30+ years of Demographic and Health Survey data from 3.5 million respondents across 84 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conduct two sets of analyses. First, we document global and regional-level associations between the Human Development Index (HDI) and novel indicators reflecting multidimensional family change. Second, we use methods from the growth convergence literature to examine whether – and in which domains – there is evidence of cross-country convergence in family indicators over levels of development. We show that families in LMICs have ...


Education As A Catalyst For Socio-Economic Development In South Africa, Singapore Management University 2018 Singapore Management University

Education As A Catalyst For Socio-Economic Development In South Africa, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

In order to progress socially and economically, a united South Africa will have to focus on an education sector hindered by apartheid era policies.


Is Microfinance Raising Village Income? The Issue Of Excess Entry, Catherine C. de Fontenay 2018 Dept. of Economics and Melbourne Busines

Is Microfinance Raising Village Income? The Issue Of Excess Entry, Catherine C. De Fontenay

Catherine de Fontenay

This paper provides new insight into the question of why we have not seen microfinance pro- grams lift beneficiary regions out of poverty. We suggest that the explanation may lie in the industry choice of microfinance participants: if borrowers tend to enter imperfectly competitive sectors, such as retail, there may be a “business-stealing” effect that reduces incomes of existing businesses. Our model shows that microfinance may lower total incomes at the village level. The result is related to the classic Mankiw and Whinston result on excess entry. The results imply that microfinance organizations may want to steer recipients away from ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index rose 2.59 points in the third quarter. An improvement in a supply managers’ survey and lower initial jobless claims in the region helped lift this quarter’s index.

There were 491 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State in Northeast Minnesota in the third quarter of 2017 — representing a 2.5 percent increase from ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The pace of economic growth in the Central Minnesota planning area is expected to slow over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index fell by 3.28 points in the most recent period, with two components producing negative readings. A decline in a general measure of statewide business conditions and a recent slowing of St. Cloud area residential building permits contributed to this quarter’s decline in the LEI. On the positive side were an uptick in national durable goods orders, lower regional initial jobless claims, and ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the third quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA and lower jobless claims in Southwest Minnesota contributed favorably to the LEI in the third quarter. A decrease in new business filings of incorporation and LLC and a weaker rural Minnesota economic outlook weighed on the leading index in the current quarter. After falling by a revised 4 ...


Twin Cities Area Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Twin Cities Area Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Twin Cities Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Despite a third quarter decline in the Twin Cities Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI), economic growth is expected to remain steady in the Twin Cities over the next several months. The Twin Cities LEI registered a -5.41 reading in the third quarter after a revised 1.47 point decline in the previous quarter. Four of five index components turned down in the third quarter, with recent weakness in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index--a general measure of statewide business conditions—having the largest negative impact on the LEI. Increased new filings of business incorporation and LLC had a positive ...


A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis 2018 Bilkent University

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Microfinance And Women's Empowerment: An Empirical Evidence In Vietnam, Anh Phuoc Thien Nguyen 2018 University of New Hampshire

Microfinance And Women's Empowerment: An Empirical Evidence In Vietnam, Anh Phuoc Thien Nguyen

Honors Theses and Capstones

The study measures an impact of microfinance on women’s empowerment with a case study on TYM Funds, a Vietnamese microfinance program initiated by Vietnam’s Women Union. The purpose of the study is to examine whether microfinance participants are more empowered than non-members, and whether membership duration enhances the degree of empowerment among the clients. The author constructs the empowerment indices based on three subdimensions: Economic Security, Household Major Decision, and Community Involvement. The empirical data is built on TYM Funds’ impact assessment survey, which was conducted on 544 women including in-training clients, new clients and mature clients. A ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Somewhat slower economic growth is expected in the Northwest Minnesota planning area over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of five index components decreased in the most recent quarter as the LEI fell 1.31 points. A decrease in the Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals a more challenging macroeconomic environment for rural America), a lower number of residential building permits in Fargo/Moorhead and Grand Forks/East Grand Forks, and declining new filings for LLC and incorporation in Northwest Minnesota all helped drag ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Despite a decline in the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI), strong economic fundamentals are expected to continue to drive positive economic performance in the southeast portion of the state over the next several months. After a quarter in which the LEI fell by 1.25 points, the third quarter leading index contracted by 8.11 points as several index components recorded negative values. A rise in initial claims for unemployment benefits, a smaller number of residential building permits in Rochester, decreased new filings of incorporation and LLC in the Southeast Minnesota planning area, and a decline in ...


A Lesson In Learning: Improving Learning Outcomes In India Via Pedagogical Innovation, Rhea Handa 2018 Scripps College

A Lesson In Learning: Improving Learning Outcomes In India Via Pedagogical Innovation, Rhea Handa

Scripps Senior Theses

When delivered well, education is key to addressing a host of individual and societal ills, from poverty and disease to crime and poor voter engagement. India has demonstrated considerable progress in improving various aspects of its primary education system, including infrastructure and buildings, teacher-student ratios, and school enrollment. However, student learning outcomes remain consistently low across the country. A review of the literature surrounding learning outcomes has highlighted gaps in school instruction and has shown the dire need for innovations in pedagogy and curriculum to improve student learning. This paper assesses the long-term impact of one such pedagogy, called Teaching ...


Reaching The Unreached: The Role Of Information Communication Technologies On Agency Of Women In India, Suvena Yerneni 2018 Claremont Colleges

Reaching The Unreached: The Role Of Information Communication Technologies On Agency Of Women In India, Suvena Yerneni

CMC Senior Theses

In this paper, I analyze the impact of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) on female empowerment in India. In defining female empowerment, I consider the three dimensions of agency: social autonomy, economic autonomy, and mobility. Using nationally-representative data of 2012 from the Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS), I find that these information communication technologies, measured by ownership and use, have positive and significant impacts on female agency and decision-making abilities. I extend my analysis to two types of media: computers and mobile phones. These results persist even after accounting for the effects of education, income, and age of women.


Analysis Of The Economic Impact Of Constructing A Nba Arena On The Host City, Grant Gilchrist 2018 Claremont Colleges

Analysis Of The Economic Impact Of Constructing A Nba Arena On The Host City, Grant Gilchrist

CMC Senior Theses

Using economic data collected from 24 different Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the US, this thesis investigates the impact of constructing a new National Basketball Association (NBA) arena on the host city’s economy. When a simplistic model is implemented, which does not control for other economic factors or individual subject heterogeneity, significantly positive economic impacts of arena construction are observed. However, when a more appropriate model specification is implemented that controls for economic activity and individual heterogeneity, these effects are no longer statistically significant. This comparative analysis ultimately highlights the importance of appropriate model specification and supports the conclusion that ...


Human Development And Subnationalism: A Disaggregated Analysis Of Indian States: Kerala And Uttar Pradesh, Manika Garg 2018 Claremont Colleges

Human Development And Subnationalism: A Disaggregated Analysis Of Indian States: Kerala And Uttar Pradesh, Manika Garg

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis investigates achievements in human development outcomes on health, education, and poverty indicators across Indian states, in order to discern what factors might influence a state’s better orientation toward social policies. After conducting data analysis, the study explains differences in outcomes, as achieved by Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, by building an argument of subnational solidarity and its impact on determining the state’s policy agendas.


The Role Of Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa, samy lemos 2018 Claremont Colleges

The Role Of Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa, Samy Lemos

CMC Senior Theses

Sub-Saharan Africa is the provider of many critical natural resources. With such resources, one would expect these countries to have thriving economies. Why is the opposite case true? To answer such a question, this paper examines a few critical causes that may justify the current economic situation these African countries are experiencing. Specifically, the paper observes the economic impact of civil war and terrorist conflict in sub-Saharan Africa from 1971 to 2016. To explore the changes in GDP per capita for all these years, this thesis sheds light on three independent variables: year of conflict, education level, and foreign direct ...


The Influence Of Home Country Factors On Immigrant Entrepreneurship In The U.S., Kayalin Akens-Irby 2018 Claremont Colleges

The Influence Of Home Country Factors On Immigrant Entrepreneurship In The U.S., Kayalin Akens-Irby

CMC Senior Theses

This paper uses a Poisson regression model to determine the effects of entrepreneurial conditions of home countries on immigrant founded startup activity in the United States. The study determines that the most relevant factors are innovation, internal market dynamics, governmental support and policies, financing, and internal market openness. It then analyzes the change rates of these entrepreneurial conditions between 2007 and 2017 in China, India, and the United States to determine the implications of changing power dynamics in the global economy on flows of immigrant entrepreneurship and innovation in the global entrepreneurial ecosystem. The study finds that after being in ...


Welfare-To-Work: The Effect Of Childcare Subsidies On Labor Force Participation Rates For Low-Income Single Mothers, Ariana Cubela 2018 The University of Akron

Welfare-To-Work: The Effect Of Childcare Subsidies On Labor Force Participation Rates For Low-Income Single Mothers, Ariana Cubela

Honors Research Projects

The allocation of funding toward childcare has historically been debated due to conflicting views on the effect childcare subsidies have on low-income, single mothers. Some suggest that federal, state and local funding could put the money allocated for childcare subsidies to better use – or perhaps that there is no need for additional federal, state and/or local funding. However, there is sufficient evidence that children raised in a family structure with low-income single mothers may face long-term negative consequences not only socially, but also economically. An increase in labor force participation rates as a result of childcare subsidies not only ...


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