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Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, Catherine Hull 2017 Duquesne University

Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, Catherine Hull

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Foreign aid comes in many forms. Foreign aid ranges from large-scale disaster relief to small-scale individual projects within communities. Most aid efforts have the same goal – to help those who would benefit from assistance. This case study addresses the question: what form of ‘help’ is helpful? Which type of aid best achieves what it sets out to accomplish?

To directly analyze the effect of foreign aid on a region, the water-conscious organization Pure Thirst traveled to the rural community of Olkokola, Tanzania. Pure Thirst worked alongside the community members to provide a form of humanitarian aid: improved water services to ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: August 23, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: August 23, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 rose by 0.56% during July of 2017. The increase in the LEI-N, which is designed to predict economic activity six months into the future, suggests that the Nebraska economy will grow through the first month of 2018. Four components of the indicator improved during July. Business expectations were solid and manufacturing hours grew. The value of the U.S. dollar continued its recent decline, a positive sign for Nebraska’s export-oriented businesses. Further, in a positive sign for the labor market, there also was a drop in initial claims for unemployment insurance ...


Intellectual Property And Competition, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Intellectual Property And Competition, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

A legal system that relies on private property rights to promote economic development must consider that profits can come from two different sources. First, both competition under constant technology and innovation promote economic growth by granting many of the returns to the successful developer. Competition and innovation both increase output, whether measured by quantity or quality. Second, however, profits can come from practices that reduce output, in some cases by reducing quantity, or in others by reducing innovation.

IP rights and competition policy were traditionally regarded as in conflict. IP rights create monopoly, which was thought to be inimical to ...


Decentralization Without Democracy, Katrina Kosec, Tewodaj Mogues 2017 International Food Policy Research Institute

Decentralization Without Democracy, Katrina Kosec, Tewodaj Mogues

Katrina Kosec

Decentralization has been predominantly studied in democracies. We present a theory of decentralization's effects on public goods provision under autocracy yielding novel predictions. Decentralization improves productive services that  directly raise citizen's incomes (which are taxed), but not social services that increase incomes less but contribute to other dimensions of well-being. The center incentivizes local policymakers by sharing tax revenue. However, social services do not deteriorate; productive services improvements are instead financed with efficiency improvements from having more knowledgeable policymakers making decisions. We test the model in Ethiopia, exploiting a natural experiment in which government implemented fiscal and administrative ...


Political Competition And Rural Welfare: Evidence From Pakistan, Katrina Kosec, David J. Spielman, Hamza Haider, Fatima Zaidi 2017 IFPRI

Political Competition And Rural Welfare: Evidence From Pakistan, Katrina Kosec, David J. Spielman, Hamza Haider, Fatima Zaidi

Katrina Kosec

Can stronger political competition improve rural livelihoods in developing countries? We explore this question in Pakistan, showing that less political concentration in a Provincial Assembly constituency predicts significantly better access to publicly-provided infrastructure and amenities, but no changes in other public goods including perceived access to justice and security. Nonetheless, overall welfare effects appear to be positive: lower political concentration predicts higher expenditures per capita, especially among land--poor households. It also predicts predict higher land values, greater land wealth, and lower land wealth inequality. Further, less political concentration is associated with more land rental, which may benefit the land--poor. These ...


Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, Elizabeth M. King, Claudio M. Montenegro, Peter Orazem 2017 Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies

Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, Elizabeth M. King, Claudio M. Montenegro, Peter Orazem

Economics Working Papers

Data from 919 household surveys conducted between 1960 and 2012 spanning 147 countries are used to evaluate the relationship between rising life expectancy at birth and lifetime years of schooling for successive birth cohorts between 1905 and 1988. We find significant positive effects of increased life expectancy at birth on lifetime completed years of schooling in 95% of the surveys with significant negative effects found in only 2.3%.

Rising life expectancy at birth for a birth cohort has intergenerational benefits in that their children’s schooling also increases. Rising life expectancy at birth since 1905 can explain 70% of ...


The Use Of Contingent Valuation Methodology In Natural Resource Damage Assessments: Legal Fact And Economic Fiction., Brian R. Binger, Robert F. Copple, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

The Use Of Contingent Valuation Methodology In Natural Resource Damage Assessments: Legal Fact And Economic Fiction., Brian R. Binger, Robert F. Copple, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

The creation of comprehensive statutory schemes for protection of the environment has required the legal system to focus on the definition problems associated with environmental goods and with the physical, tmeporal, and aesthetic considerations related to such goods. Clearly, the events of the twentieth century have taught us that individual physical components of the natural environment, such as streams, forests, wildlife, and biota, do not exist in isolation. Instead, these components are part of the interrelated environmental systems that may, in turn, impact other environmental systems. Likewise, damage to one or more of the components of a system can result ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: August 4, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: August 4, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer and business confidence remained strong in Nebraska during July but fell from June levels. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) stood at 102.5 in July after a reading of 104.7 during June. Despite the decline of 2.2, the CCI-N remained above the neutral value of 100.0, indicating strong consumer confidence. The outlook of Nebraska businesses also was strong. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) fell to 105.1 in July from 109.2 in June. The BCI-N remained well above the neutral value in July, despite the 4.1 point decline, which indicates that business ...


Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is expected to surpass the Tokyo Bay Area or San Francisco Bay Area in ten years, if the cities in the region can leverage their strengths, streamline their coordination mechanism and speed up the economy integration,” said Dr. Tse Kwok-leung, who currently serves as head of Economics and Policy Research at the Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited. Dr. Tse was speaking at a seminar themed “How to Build a World-class Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area” organized by the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce in July 2017.


What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Conduct driven by algorithms is a challenge for competition law


Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The Belt Road Initiative promises economic development for China’s westernmost province but reality on the ground is less promising


The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, Burdette Edward Fullerton II 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, Burdette Edward Fullerton Ii

Dissertations

Public policy debate regarding the use of economic development incentives is active and growing with a focus on the costs and benefits to communities around the country. Communities grant economic development incentives that encourage real estate development, such as tax increment financing, without knowing if the growth of land value or building type valuation inside of tax increment areas accelerate faster than areas outside of tax increment districts. Without the knowledge of how tax increment financing influences land values, communities risk the misallocation of resources from public entities, such as schools and libraries to private entities. In an era of ...


Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, Charles Bell 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, Charles Bell

Theses and Dissertations

With an ever increasing chasm between the have and have nots in college athletics, athletic directors and university administrators view reclassification as a way to increase financial standing and gain valuable exposure for their school despite mixed findings by recent studies. The process of reclassification costs schools sizable financial and labor investments detracting from their academic endeavors. The schools at the highest level of collegiate football competition enjoy constant national television exposure for their school resulting in many direct and indirect benefits. A repeated measures ANOVA was utilized to assess the change in athletic department revenues, student enrollment and football ...


The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi 2017 Explore Information Services

The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi

Economics Working Papers

Retrospective data on labor market spells for successive cohorts of school leavers in Sri Lanka are used to examine whether early spells of joblessness lead to subsequent difficulty in finding or keeping a job. A matching method based on the Joffee and Rosenbaum (1999) balancing score approach is used to generate pairs of school leavers that have similar expected levels of joblessness but that differ in realized levels of joblessness. Assuming that youth are not able to perfectly control whether they are employed or not employed, we argue that marginal differences in joblessness between otherwise observationally equivalent youth can be ...


Experimental Economics, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Economics, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

"Experimental economics" is a general term for the experimental laboratory approach to studying economic institutions. Most applied economists study economic institutions by observing the way in which they operate in the naturally occurring environment and by measuring such economic variables as the prices of good sand services, the quantities of goods and services that are bought and sold, the wages that are paid to workers, and the quantities of inputs and outputs in the production of goods and services.


Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

When Bob Sternberg embarked on this project in May of 2013, I was nearing the end of a year's administrative leave after stepping down from my fifth major administrative position, an administrative career spanning twenty-three years. My latest position was a five-year term s executive vice president and provost at Iowa State University. I had been one of the Big XII provosts who formed the original set of contributors to this important book.


Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel 2017 Iowa State University

Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel

Bruce Babcock

The purpose of this research is to develop a framework to estimate the value of guaranteed rail service to grain shippers. The analysis consists of estimating density functions for the days waiting for conventional tariff service. A shipper loss function for waiting for rail service was also estimated. Three qualitative results were established. First, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as the quality of guaranteed service rises. Second, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as conventional tariff service becomes less reliable. Finally, when grain is stored on the ground, the value of guaranteed rail service increases.


Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas 2017 Iowa State University

Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas

Arne Hallam

Traditional swine enterprises report competitive cost of production for the “top one-third”herds.Further analysis shows that individual herds are seldom in the most profitable group every year, and nearly all farms have an occasional good year.While long-run differences exist in cost of production across farms, the wide variability from year to year in efficiency, costs, and returns provides a greater challenge to existing swine enterprises.


Economic Model Of Information, Information Society, And Information Literacy: A View From Russia, Dmitry M. Kochetkov 2017 Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences;Ural Federal University

Economic Model Of Information, Information Society, And Information Literacy: A View From Russia, Dmitry M. Kochetkov

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The article reveals the theoretical model of information as an economic resource. The emphasis is put on the role of information in social and economic evolution, development of information society in Russia in the context of global trends. Further, the author proceeds to the concept of 'information literacy' and a new educational role of university libraries. The service model itself is changing: from satisfying information needs to an advanced model of want formation. Besides, in the 21st century, research libraries find new users: in addition to students and faculty, their services increasingly attract the attention of business. The article is ...


Tallahassee Central City Planning Study, Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Department 2017 University of North Florida

Tallahassee Central City Planning Study, Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Department

City and Regional Planning—Florida

Study on Developing Downtown Tallahassee


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