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Political Competition And Rural Welfare: Evidence From Pakistan, Katrina Kosec, David J. Spielman, Hamza Haider, Fatima Zaidi 2017 IFPRI

Political Competition And Rural Welfare: Evidence From Pakistan, Katrina Kosec, David J. Spielman, Hamza Haider, Fatima Zaidi

Katrina Kosec

Can stronger political competition improve rural livelihoods in developing countries? We explore this question in Pakistan, showing that less political concentration in a Provincial Assembly constituency predicts significantly better access to publicly-provided infrastructure and amenities, but no changes in other public goods including perceived access to justice and security. Nonetheless, overall welfare effects appear to be positive: lower political concentration predicts higher expenditures per capita, especially among land--poor households. It also predicts predict higher land values, greater land wealth, and lower land wealth inequality. Further, less political concentration is associated with more land rental, which may benefit the land--poor. These ...


Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, Elizabeth M. King, Claudio M. Montenegro, Peter Orazem 2017 Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies

Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, Elizabeth M. King, Claudio M. Montenegro, Peter Orazem

Economics Working Papers

Data from 919 household surveys conducted between 1960 and 2012 spanning 147 countries are used to evaluate the relationship between rising life expectancy at birth and lifetime years of schooling for successive birth cohorts between 1905 and 1988. We find significant positive effects of increased life expectancy at birth on lifetime completed years of schooling in 95% of the surveys with significant negative effects found in only 2.3%.

Rising life expectancy at birth for a birth cohort has intergenerational benefits in that their children’s schooling also increases. Rising life expectancy at birth since 1905 can explain 70% of ...


The Use Of Contingent Valuation Methodology In Natural Resource Damage Assessments: Legal Fact And Economic Fiction., Brian R. Binger, Robert F. Copple, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

The Use Of Contingent Valuation Methodology In Natural Resource Damage Assessments: Legal Fact And Economic Fiction., Brian R. Binger, Robert F. Copple, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

The creation of comprehensive statutory schemes for protection of the environment has required the legal system to focus on the definition problems associated with environmental goods and with the physical, tmeporal, and aesthetic considerations related to such goods. Clearly, the events of the twentieth century have taught us that individual physical components of the natural environment, such as streams, forests, wildlife, and biota, do not exist in isolation. Instead, these components are part of the interrelated environmental systems that may, in turn, impact other environmental systems. Likewise, damage to one or more of the components of a system can result ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: August 4, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: August 4, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer and business confidence remained strong in Nebraska during July but fell from June levels. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) stood at 102.5 in July after a reading of 104.7 during June. Despite the decline of 2.2, the CCI-N remained above the neutral value of 100.0, indicating strong consumer confidence. The outlook of Nebraska businesses also was strong. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) fell to 105.1 in July from 109.2 in June. The BCI-N remained well above the neutral value in July, despite the 4.1 point decline, which indicates that business ...


Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is expected to surpass the Tokyo Bay Area or San Francisco Bay Area in ten years, if the cities in the region can leverage their strengths, streamline their coordination mechanism and speed up the economy integration,” said Dr. Tse Kwok-leung, who currently serves as head of Economics and Policy Research at the Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited. Dr. Tse was speaking at a seminar themed “How to Build a World-class Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area” organized by the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce in July 2017.


What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Conduct driven by algorithms is a challenge for competition law


Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The Belt Road Initiative promises economic development for China’s westernmost province but reality on the ground is less promising


The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, Burdette Edward Fullerton II 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, Burdette Edward Fullerton Ii

Dissertations

Public policy debate regarding the use of economic development incentives is active and growing with a focus on the costs and benefits to communities around the country. Communities grant economic development incentives that encourage real estate development, such as tax increment financing, without knowing if the growth of land value or building type valuation inside of tax increment areas accelerate faster than areas outside of tax increment districts. Without the knowledge of how tax increment financing influences land values, communities risk the misallocation of resources from public entities, such as schools and libraries to private entities. In an era of ...


Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, Charles Bell 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, Charles Bell

Theses and Dissertations

With an ever increasing chasm between the have and have nots in college athletics, athletic directors and university administrators view reclassification as a way to increase financial standing and gain valuable exposure for their school despite mixed findings by recent studies. The process of reclassification costs schools sizable financial and labor investments detracting from their academic endeavors. The schools at the highest level of collegiate football competition enjoy constant national television exposure for their school resulting in many direct and indirect benefits. A repeated measures ANOVA was utilized to assess the change in athletic department revenues, student enrollment and football ...


The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi 2017 Explore Information Services

The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi

Economics Working Papers

Retrospective data on labor market spells for successive cohorts of school leavers in Sri Lanka are used to examine whether early spells of joblessness lead to subsequent difficulty in finding or keeping a job. A matching method based on the Joffee and Rosenbaum (1999) balancing score approach is used to generate pairs of school leavers that have similar expected levels of joblessness but that differ in realized levels of joblessness. Assuming that youth are not able to perfectly control whether they are employed or not employed, we argue that marginal differences in joblessness between otherwise observationally equivalent youth can be ...


Experimental Economics, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Economics, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

"Experimental economics" is a general term for the experimental laboratory approach to studying economic institutions. Most applied economists study economic institutions by observing the way in which they operate in the naturally occurring environment and by measuring such economic variables as the prices of good sand services, the quantities of goods and services that are bought and sold, the wages that are paid to workers, and the quantities of inputs and outputs in the production of goods and services.


Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

When Bob Sternberg embarked on this project in May of 2013, I was nearing the end of a year's administrative leave after stepping down from my fifth major administrative position, an administrative career spanning twenty-three years. My latest position was a five-year term s executive vice president and provost at Iowa State University. I had been one of the Big XII provosts who formed the original set of contributors to this important book.


Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel 2017 Iowa State University

Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel

Bruce Babcock

The purpose of this research is to develop a framework to estimate the value of guaranteed rail service to grain shippers. The analysis consists of estimating density functions for the days waiting for conventional tariff service. A shipper loss function for waiting for rail service was also estimated. Three qualitative results were established. First, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as the quality of guaranteed service rises. Second, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as conventional tariff service becomes less reliable. Finally, when grain is stored on the ground, the value of guaranteed rail service increases.


Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas 2017 Iowa State University

Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas

Arne Hallam

Traditional swine enterprises report competitive cost of production for the “top one-third”herds.Further analysis shows that individual herds are seldom in the most profitable group every year, and nearly all farms have an occasional good year.While long-run differences exist in cost of production across farms, the wide variability from year to year in efficiency, costs, and returns provides a greater challenge to existing swine enterprises.


Tallahassee Central City Planning Study, Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Department 2017 University of North Florida

Tallahassee Central City Planning Study, Tallahassee-Leon County Planning Department

City and Regional Planning—Florida

Study on Developing Downtown Tallahassee


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience steady economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 2.03 points in the most recent period, with four components producing positive readings. Among other things, strength in a general measure of statewide business conditions and a small uptick in national durable goods orders helped lift the Central Minnesota planning area LEI in the first quarter.

There were 1,579 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State in Central ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Continued strong economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Four of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index surged by 6.25 points in the first quarter. An increase in the number of Duluth area residential building permits, an improvement in a general measure of statewide business conditions, a rise in a supply managers’ survey, and increased new filings of incorporation all helped lift this quarter’s index.

There were 626 new business filings with the Office ...


Twin Cities Area Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Twin Cities Area Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Twin Cities Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Strong economic growth is expected over the next several months in the Twin Cities according to the prediction of the St. Cloud State University Twin Cities Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The Twin Cities LEI rose 10.66 points in the first quarter after a strong reading in the previous quarter. All five index components increased in the first quarter. Lower initial claims for unemployment insurance had a favorable impact on this quarter’s LEI. Strength in two general measures of statewide business conditions also had a positive effect on the index. Higher residential building permits in the Twin ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Increased economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of four LEI components were positive in the first quarter. An improvement in the rural outlook and lower jobless claims contributed favorably to the LEI in the first quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA also helped lift the leading index. After falling 2.77 points in last year’s fourth quarter, the Southwest Minnesota LEI rose by 4.68 points in the current ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Spring Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Spring Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Strong economic growth in Southeast Minnesota is expected to continue over the next several months according to the most recent prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI experienced a 4.04 point increase, the Southeast Minnesota leading index surged by 12.76 points in the first quarter of 2017. Four components of the LEI had positive readings in the first quarter. A decrease in initial claims for unemployment benefits, improvement in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index (which serves as a general measure of state business conditions), a larger number ...


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