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The Assessment Of The Impacts Of Differently-Designed Tax And Expenditure Limitations (Tels) On Municipal Government Revenues: A Game Theoretic Approach, Sungho Park 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Assessment Of The Impacts Of Differently-Designed Tax And Expenditure Limitations (Tels) On Municipal Government Revenues: A Game Theoretic Approach, Sungho Park

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Nearly every state in the US imposes some form of limitation on local fiscal decisions – typically property taxes. The effects of tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) on fiscal outcomes have received significant attention by scholars, particularly since passage of California’s Proposition 13. The impact of TELs, however, remains an open empirical question, particularly at the municipal level. Do municipal governments with varying types of TELs, changing TEL structures, or no TELs experience different fiscal outcomes? Scholars and practitioners have attempted to answer these questions; however, the existing literature has at least two limitations. First, the extant literature fails to ...


The Role Of Islamic Finance In Economic Development, Nora KHAN 2017 Lingnan University

The Role Of Islamic Finance In Economic Development, Nora Khan

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

Islamic financial institutions have been growing rapidly in the past few years. Islamic finance refers to investments that are permissible in accordance with Sharia, the Islamic law. Sharia law views money as a measuring tool for value and not an “asset” itself. “It does not permit receipt and payment of riba(interest), gharar(excessive uncertainty), maysir(gambling), short sales or financing activities that it considers harmful to society” (IMF website). Interest, a form of income from money, is therefore prohibited. For example, the income obtained from banks must come from the gain or loss of the enterprises they underwrite and ...


Fdi And Manufacturing Industry In Asia, Luyi JIN 2017 Lingnan University

Fdi And Manufacturing Industry In Asia, Luyi Jin

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

The study finds that China’s manufacturing still maintained a growth level from 2003 to 2013. However, the growth has been declining. The rapid development of ASEAN economies led to the rise of the emerging manufacturing countries which have slowly adjusted and found their own advantages in challenging China.

The main conclusions of this paper are twofold. First, China will soon lose her low labor cost competitive advantage and needs to look for new strategy or industrial upgrades. Second, the current pattern of international division of labor will last for a fairly long period that developing countries will continue to ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Phillips Curve : A Time Series Exploration Of Hong Kong, Dong WANG 2017 Lingnan University

An Empirical Analysis Of The Phillips Curve : A Time Series Exploration Of Hong Kong, Dong Wang

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

This paper examines the stationarity and cointegration of inflation and unemployment variables of Hong Kong in a period prior to and after the return of Hong Kong’s sovereignty to China on July 1, 1997. The paper separately introduces two ARDL and error correlation models for the long-run and short-run dynamics relationships between inflation and unemployment variables for these two periods after an identification of cointegration. The key findings of this paper include the negative relationship observed between inflation and unemployment in Hong Kong during this time period. Moreover, prior inflation has a significantly negative effect on the current inflation ...


Portfolio Recallocation And Exchange Rate Dynamics, King Chun WONG 2017 Lingnan University

Portfolio Recallocation And Exchange Rate Dynamics, King Chun Wong

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

This empirical paper aims to review a previous literature entitles “Portfolio Reallocation and Exchange Rate Dynamics”. The literature stated that including financial market structure can provide a micro-foundation to complement other macro-based models for exchange rate dynamics which typically are meaningful for the medium and long terms but not satisfactory for the short run. The model in the literature offers another way to look at exchange rate dynamics that is significant in the short run and more practical in nature. Undoubtedly, many investors in the financial market, such as traders, dealers, fund managers, and speculators who adjust their portfolio components ...


How Do Cdos And Cdss Influence The Crisis Of 2008, Martin BUFFET 2017 Lingnan University

How Do Cdos And Cdss Influence The Crisis Of 2008, Martin Buffet

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

Everybody has heard about the “subprime” crisis but do we really know how it occurred and why this phenomenon had such an impact on our economies. One aspect of the answer to this question lies in the trade of credit default swaps (CDSs). These financial products led to less transparency in the markets and to a very collectively vulnerable financial system. This created a vicious circle that had not been anticipated by our financial regulators. In this paper, we will discuss how it occurred and what could have been done to avoid, or at lease reduce, the impact of these ...


The Study Of Enhanced Performance Measurement Of Mutual Funds In Asia Pacific Market, Juzhen LI 2017 Lingnan University

The Study Of Enhanced Performance Measurement Of Mutual Funds In Asia Pacific Market, Juzhen Li

Lingnan Journal of Banking, Finance and Economics

This empirical paper will compare the result by running Costa and Jakob's models (2010) using mutual funds in Asia Pacific market excluding Japan. Costa and Jakob's paper, Enhanced Performance Measurement of Mutual Funds: Running the Benchmark Index through the Hurdles, is highly related to this empirical paper and is generally based on Carhart's four-factor model (Carhart, 1997) with US securities market data. Apart from the comparison between Asia Pacific market excluding Japan and US market, further research on auxiliary and heteroscedasticity will also be conducted.


Value Added As The Tax Base For Enterprise Income, Nicos ZAFIRIS 2017 Groupe INSEEC, London, UK

Value Added As The Tax Base For Enterprise Income, Nicos Zafiris

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

The paper addresses the long standing asymmetry in the tax treatment of debt and equity costs through a direct comparison of two hypothetical regimes based exclusively on income taxation, broadly defined, and value added taxation. The model presented widens existing debate to encompass the choice between entrepreneurial and contractual use of inputs generally and including labour, as well as capital. Using representative functional forms and numerical illustrations the analysis explores the effect of the tax regimes on firm decisions concerning input selection, output level and vertical integration. The greater neutrality of value added taxation is shown to produce gains in ...


The Presidency, Congressional Republicans, And The Future Of Financial Reform, Peter Conti-Brown 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Presidency, Congressional Republicans, And The Future Of Financial Reform, Peter Conti-Brown

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

This brief examines the tension between the Republican ideological commitment to curbing executive power and the opportunity Republicans now have for Trump to dominate the direction of financial regulatory reform. The discussion will focus on three key policy outcomes that Republicans have sought during the last six years: reforming the Federal Reserve, overhauling the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and changing the way in which the nation’s largest financial institutions are designated and regulated.


Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Essay 1: The theory of the Law of One Price (LOOP) is one of the most important theories in International Economics. I use financial markets to revisit the validity of the LOOP in the short run, and then extend the analysis into the long-run to examine whether events such as the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 can lead to the failure of the LOOP or worsen deviations from it. Using the data on Canadian companies cross-listed on the New York Stock Exchange, I find strong support that the LOOP holds in a cross-sectional framework despite the fact that the sample includes ...


Artificial And Natural Risk, Lester G. Telser 2017 University of Chicago

Artificial And Natural Risk, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

Only a lottery can produce artificial risk because it can set the probability of winning. Coin tosses, spinning a roulette wheel, rolling dice cannot determine the exact probability of the random events they generate. Insurance offers payment for the loss due to natural risk that no one can control. Natural risk comes from adverse random events such as death, illness, fire, theft, auto accidents and so on. Insurance companies estimate the probability of these adverse random events from data. They do not set the probability that these events will occur in contrast to the manager of lottery who can set ...


Who Bleeds When The Wolves Bite? A Flesh-And-Blood Perspective On Hedge Fund Activism And Our Strange Corporate Governance System, Leo E. Strine Jr. 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Who Bleeds When The Wolves Bite? A Flesh-And-Blood Perspective On Hedge Fund Activism And Our Strange Corporate Governance System, Leo E. Strine Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This paper examines the effects of hedge fund activism and so-called wolf pack activity on the ordinary human beings—the human investors—who fund our capital markets but who, as indirect of owners of corporate equity, have only limited direct power to ensure that the capital they contribute is deployed to serve their welfare and in turn the broader social good.

Most human investors in fact depend much more on their labor than on their equity for their wealth and therefore care deeply about whether our corporate governance system creates incentives for corporations to create and sustain jobs for them ...


Are Donald Trump And Hillary Clinton Controlling The Stock Market? An Analysis Of The 2016 Presidential Election's Impact On Stock Market Volatility, Julia Tambone 2017 Scripps College

Are Donald Trump And Hillary Clinton Controlling The Stock Market? An Analysis Of The 2016 Presidential Election's Impact On Stock Market Volatility, Julia Tambone

Scripps Senior Theses

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump ran highly controversial campaigns in the 2016 Presidential Election, which then leaves us with the question of what impact is this having on the current economy? Prior analysis of political influence on the stock market tells us that isolating political impact on the stock market is nearly impossible. However, there are clearly defined 4-year cycles in stock prices that seem to correspond with election years. In this paper, I create my own index of stocks in the four major U.S. industries and measure both day-to-day and intraday volatility in stock prices across three comparable ...


Does Fundamental Analysis Lead To A Rudimentary Momentum Strategy For The Inexperienced Investor? Evidence From A Student Investment Fund, Nicholas J. Lillie 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Does Fundamental Analysis Lead To A Rudimentary Momentum Strategy For The Inexperienced Investor? Evidence From A Student Investment Fund, Nicholas J. Lillie

CMC Senior Theses

Using the Student Investment Fund at Claremont McKenna College as a proxy for inexperienced investors, I demonstrate that inexperienced investors using fundamental analysis produce momentum-like buying patterns. The results show that the Student Investment Fund is on average buying stocks that outperform Carhart’s four-factor asset pricing model in the year before purchase. As a result, the Student Investment Fund has, on average, underperformed the S&P500 by .48% per year since 1996. My thesis explores why the Student Investment Fund may have adopted momentum-like purchasing patterns and what steps can be taken to remedy it.


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati 2017 Duke Law School

The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati

Faculty Scholarship

Market reports in the summer of 2016 suggest that Venezuela is on the brink of default on upwards of $65 billion in debt. That debt comprises of bonds issued directly by the sovereign and those issued by the state-owned oil company PDVSA. Based on the bond contracts and other legal factors, it is not clear which of these two categories of bonds would fare better in the event of a restructuring. However, market observers are convinced — and we agree — that legal and contractual differences would likely impact the payouts on the bonds if Venezuela defaults. Using a comparison of recent ...


Endogenous Differential Information, Sebastián Cea-Echenique, Carlos Hervés-Beloso, Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez 2016 University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Endogenous Differential Information, Sebastián Cea-Echenique, Carlos Hervés-Beloso, Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez

Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez

We include endogenous differential information in a model with sequential trade and incomplete financial participation. Agents update information through market signals given by commodity prices and asset deliveries. Information acts over admissible strategies and consumption tastes, allowing discontinuities in preferences and choice sets. Therefore, equilibrium may cease to exist. However, internalizing the compatibility between information and consumption through preferences, and without requiring either financial survival assumptions or fully revealing prices, equilibrium existence can be ensured.


A New Method For Helping Chinese People Who Are Facing Retirement To Exert Greater Control Over Their Financial Resources, Xuanmu Yan 2016 Syracuse University

A New Method For Helping Chinese People Who Are Facing Retirement To Exert Greater Control Over Their Financial Resources, Xuanmu Yan

Dissertations - ALL

In China, personal financial advisers are not common. Chinese people who are facing retirement have a difficult time to plan for their retirement. This causes a very serious problem in China: many older Chinese do not have enough money in retirement. Therefore, my goal is to help Chinese people that are facing retirement without a detailed financial plan. In order to do so, I’ve conducted research to understand the long-term goals of those Chinese people. As a qualitative research approach, I've created three probes to explore the problems they are facing and the reasons why existing solutions do ...


Volatility Modelling With Applications To Equity And Foreign Exchange Markets, Sergii Pypko 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Volatility Modelling With Applications To Equity And Foreign Exchange Markets, Sergii Pypko

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters describing volatility forecasting during periods of financial booms and busts, the economic and statistical benefits of flexible data generating process of index returns, and multivariate model of exchange rate returns and their options. In the first chapter, I propose a non-linear threshold model for realized volatility of S\&P 500 index, allowing us to obtain a more accurate volatility forecast, especially during periods of financial crisis. The changes in volatility regimes are driven by negative past returns, where the threshold equals approximately $-$1\%. This finding remains robust to different functional forms of volatility and ...


The Nominalistic Principle: A Legal Approach To Inflation, Deflation, Devaluation And Revaluation, Alain H. Sheer 2016 University of Georgia

The Nominalistic Principle: A Legal Approach To Inflation, Deflation, Devaluation And Revaluation, Alain H. Sheer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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