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Implications Of Skinner's Verbal Behavior For Studying Dementia, Jeffrey Buchanan, Daniel Houlihan, Peter J.N. Linnerooth 2010 Minnesota State University - Mankato

Implications Of Skinner's Verbal Behavior For Studying Dementia, Jeffrey Buchanan, Daniel Houlihan, Peter J.N. Linnerooth

Psychology Department Publications

Persons with dementia experience continual declines in a number of abilities. Language abilities are particularly hard hit and become increasingly impaired as the underlying disease progresses. These language impairments make verbal communication very challenging for family and professional caregivers. As a result, caregivers may inadvertently punish verbal behavior, thereby exacerbating the deterioration of verbal repertoires. Although the topography of language impairments associated with dementia have been well described, less empirical work has been conducted concerning how to minimize these impairments and their deleterious effects. In 1957 B.F. Skinner outlined his conceptualization of language and cognition in his book Verbal Behavior. …


Forming Bodies And Reforming Healthcare: The Co-Construction Of Information Technologies And Bodies Through The Imperative For Self Care, Scout Calvert 2010 Wayne State University

Forming Bodies And Reforming Healthcare: The Co-Construction Of Information Technologies And Bodies Through The Imperative For Self Care, Scout Calvert

UNL Libraries: Faculty Publications

Care work and technological work are markedly striated by sex; the sites where they overlap are few. What happens when the labor of care meets up with information technologies? It makes good methodological sense to look at largely feminized environments that are also increasingly technological. Gender, Health, and Information Technology in Context, edited and with contributions by Ellen Balka, Eileen Green, and Flis Henwood, is a welcome contribution to the body of evidence about the socio-technical co-construction of technology, health, and gender. The volume houses nine studies, bookended by an astute introduction and conclusion by the editors. Each study …


Tmi: Values Matter When You Are Sipping From The Fire Hose: An Introduction To The University Dialogue, 2010, John D. Aber 2010 University of New Hampshire

Tmi: Values Matter When You Are Sipping From The Fire Hose: An Introduction To The University Dialogue, 2010, John D. Aber

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


Advocates, Agendas, And Nay-Sayers: Science And Technology In The Public Arena, Arthur Greenberg 2010 University of New Hampshire

Advocates, Agendas, And Nay-Sayers: Science And Technology In The Public Arena, Arthur Greenberg

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


Stupider And Worse?, Nick Smith 2010 University of New Hampshire

Stupider And Worse?, Nick Smith

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


When Is A Lot Still Not Enough? Health Information, The Public Good And Privacy Rights, Robert J. McGrath 2010 University of New Hampshire

When Is A Lot Still Not Enough? Health Information, The Public Good And Privacy Rights, Robert J. Mcgrath

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


Facilitating Dissent: The Ethical Implications Of Political Organizing Via Social Media, Brian J. Bowe, Robin Blom 2010 Grand Valley State University

Facilitating Dissent: The Ethical Implications Of Political Organizing Via Social Media, Brian J. Bowe, Robin Blom

Journalism Faculty Publications

Social media are often perceived as a frivolous space for youths to connect socially. But youths who live in countries where free expression is curtailed and official news outlets are subject to government censorship, information and communication technology (ICT) offers an increasingly important vehicle for political expression. In many cases, blogging and social media tools fulfill the role that journalism serves in more democratic societies. This article considers recent events in Iran, Egypt, China, and Myanmar, among other countries, and how Western information/social network corporations facilitate dissent. It also considers the ethical implications for doing so when there are negotiations …


Cycling As A Political Act: The Framing And Culture That Create A New Social Movement, Mitchael Lee Schwartz 2010 University of Kentucky

Cycling As A Political Act: The Framing And Culture That Create A New Social Movement, Mitchael Lee Schwartz

University of Kentucky Master's Theses

This study analyzes the bicycling community of Lexington, Kentucky. Interviews and participant observation were conducted in order to better understand the structure of Lexington’s cycling community, revealing three prominent groups/types of cyclists: (1) road cyclists, (2) underground/urban cyclists, and (3) commuters. The characteristics of each group are discussed, with particular attention devoted to the underground/urban cyclists, due to their politically-minded culture. Building from prior social movement literature, the unique framing processes of the underground/urban cycling group are analyzed in order to explore the group as a new social movement. Finally, the potential for a broader cycling movement based upon interests …


Momma’S Memories And The New Equality, Vershawn Ashanti Young 2010 University of Kentucky

Momma’S Memories And The New Equality, Vershawn Ashanti Young

Writing, Rhetoric, and Digital Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Screen Door Medicine: The Informal Medical Consultation, Debra Faith Nickell 2010 University of Kentucky

Screen Door Medicine: The Informal Medical Consultation, Debra Faith Nickell

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

This study explores the phenomenon of the informal medical consultation, a communication event in which an individual asks for medical information, advice, or care from an off-duty health professional with whom the individual has no formal patient-provider relationship. Using surveys and interviews, the study describes these consultations from the perspective of the health care professional and the informal patient. The study explores foundational theories that offer explanations for the phenomenon. The theories considered include social support, decision-making, social exchange, perceived partner responsiveness to needs, and uncertainty management.

This study suggests health care providers perceive informal medical consultations to be more …


Review Of Redesigning Women: Television After The Network Era, Ann M. Savage 2010 Butler University

Review Of Redesigning Women: Television After The Network Era, Ann M. Savage

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Review of book: Redesigning Women: Television after the network era.


Review Of Olympic Industry Resistance, By Jefferson Lenskyj, H. (2008), Allison Harthcock 2010 Butler University

Review Of Olympic Industry Resistance, By Jefferson Lenskyj, H. (2008), Allison Harthcock

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Review of the book Olympic Industry Resistance, by Jefferson
Lenskyj, H.


Orwellian Language And The Politics Of Tribal Termination (1953-1960), Casey R. Kelly 2010 Butler University

Orwellian Language And The Politics Of Tribal Termination (1953-1960), Casey R. Kelly

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

From 1953 to 1960, the federal government terminated sovereign recognition for 109 American Indian nations. Termination was a haphazard policy of assimilation that had disastrous consequences for Indian land and culture. Nonetheless, termination cloaked latent motivations for Indian land within individual rights rhetoric that was at odds with Indian sovereignty. Termination highlights the rhetorical features of social control under capitalism portrayed in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), in which opposing principles are fused and inverted. This essay critiques termination’s Orwellian language to show how ideographs of social liberation are refashioned by the state to subvert Indian sovereignty and popular dissent.


Challenging The Lion In Its Den: Dilemmas Of Gender And Media Activism In South Africa, Margaretha Geertsema-Sligh 2010 Butler University

Challenging The Lion In Its Den: Dilemmas Of Gender And Media Activism In South Africa, Margaretha Geertsema-Sligh

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Media activism groups work to bring about change in the mainstream media, but their gains are often limited. Drawing on theories of the political function of news in a democracy, media sociology, and feminism, this article focuses on the specific experience of Gender Links, a Southern African gender and media organization founded in 2001. An analysis of institutional materials and 25 in-depth interviews shows that Gender Links is using a professional-technical approach to feminist media activism that is insufficient in bringing about deep and long-term change on an ideological level. It is suggested that Gender Links could benefit from more …


Sense Of Community And Political Mobilization In Virtual Communities: The Role Of Dispositional And Situational Variables, Kevin Y. Wang 2010 Butler University

Sense Of Community And Political Mobilization In Virtual Communities: The Role Of Dispositional And Situational Variables, Kevin Y. Wang

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

This paper explores the psychological processes that connect virtual communities to political behavior. Drawing on previous findings in political psychology, I argue that the psychological sense of community may be an important mechanism that dictates people’s behavioral responses toward incoming information or mobilization pressure in the online environment. I then discuss the role of different dispositional and situational variables in: a) contributing to the formation of sense of community in the virtual world, and b) serving as potential moderators to influence the strength of virtual sense of community and its subsequent impact on individuals’ political behavior. Finally, I consider the …


Coping With Narcissism: Causes, Effects, And Solutions For The Artist Manager, Paul Linden 2010 Butler University

Coping With Narcissism: Causes, Effects, And Solutions For The Artist Manager, Paul Linden

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

There is a morbid fascination with the spectacular crash of celebrity in our culture. Examples abound of television documentaries and motion pictures that share a common plot regarding artists in the entertainment industry: the lean years of sacrifice provide an opportunity for success which then gives way to entitlement, hubris, alcohol and drug use all followed by a spectacular crash—and in some cases a reckoning and comeback. Are unwitting artists doomed to follow this pre-written script? Or is this a ready-made plot on which scriptwriters fall back like some crutch? This article looks at artistic development as a negotiation between …


Public Relations Professionals’ Perspectives On The Communication Challenges And Opportunities They Face In The U.S. Public Sector, Brooke Liu, Abbey Levenshus 2010 Butler University

Public Relations Professionals’ Perspectives On The Communication Challenges And Opportunities They Face In The U.S. Public Sector, Brooke Liu, Abbey Levenshus

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

This study reports common challenges and opportunities 49 government public relations professionals face in the United States of America (U.S.) when communicating internally and externally. Following on from the primary public sector attributes proposed by Liu and Horsley (2007), the in-depth interviews revealed 13 common attributes that affected government communication practices. The study’s findings are useful for practitioners entering the government communication field in the U.S. and elsewhere, practitioners in other sectors who collaborate with government communicators, and academics developing communication theory for the under-researched public sector.


Effects Of Congenital Hearing Loss And Cochlear Implantation On Audiovisual Speech Perception In Infants And Children, Tonya R. Bergeson, Derek M. Houston, Richard T. Miyamoto 2010 Butler University

Effects Of Congenital Hearing Loss And Cochlear Implantation On Audiovisual Speech Perception In Infants And Children, Tonya R. Bergeson, Derek M. Houston, Richard T. Miyamoto

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Purpose: Cochlear implantation has recently become available as an intervention strategy for young children with profound hearing impairment. In fact, infants as young as 6 months are now receiving cochlear implants (CIs), and even younger infants are being fitted with hearing aids (HAs). Because early audiovisual experience may be important for normal development of speech perception, it is important to investigate the effects of a period of auditory deprivation and amplification type on multimodal perceptual processes of infants and children. The purpose of this study was to investigate audiovisual perception skills in normal-hearing (NH) infants and children and deaf infants …


Will The Real Elena Kagan Please Stand Up? Conflicting Public Images In The Supreme Court Confirmation Process, Keith J. Bybee 2010 Syracuse University

Will The Real Elena Kagan Please Stand Up? Conflicting Public Images In The Supreme Court Confirmation Process, Keith J. Bybee

Institute for the Study of the Judiciary, Politics, and the Media at Syracuse University

What images of judging did the Kagan confirmation process project?

My response to this question begins with a brief overview of existing public perceptions of the Supreme Court. I argue that a large portion of the public sees the justices as impartial arbiters who can be trusted to rule fairly. At the same time, a large portion of the public also sees the justices as political actors who are wrapped up in partisan disputes. Given these prevailing public views, we should expect the Kagan confirmation process to transmit contradictory images of judicial decisionmaking, with a portrait of judging as a …


The Communication Patterns Questionnaire-Short Form: A Review And Assessment, Ted G. Futris, Kelly Campbell, Robert B. Nielsen, Stephanie R. Burwell 2010 University of Georgia

The Communication Patterns Questionnaire-Short Form: A Review And Assessment, Ted G. Futris, Kelly Campbell, Robert B. Nielsen, Stephanie R. Burwell

Psychology Faculty Publications

The Communication Patterns Questionnaire-Short Form (CPQ-SF) is an 11-item self-assessment of spouses’ perceptions of marital interactions. A cited reference review of the CPQ-SF literature revealed no formal assessment of its psychometric properties and that researchers are imprecise in their use, reporting, and referencing of the assessment. Toward improving the use of the CPQ-SF in research and practice, the factor structure and psychometric properties of this scale were examined with data collected from a diverse sample of married individuals. Three latent constructs were identified: criticize/defend, discuss/avoid, and positive interaction patterns. Support for the original two-factor structure, demand/withdrawal and positive interaction, was …


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