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International and Intercultural Communication Commons

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Expressing Opinions About The Refugee Crisis In Europe: The Spiral Of Silence And Crisis Communication, Bengt Johansson 2018 University of Gothenburg

Expressing Opinions About The Refugee Crisis In Europe: The Spiral Of Silence And Crisis Communication, Bengt Johansson

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Framing of crisis events is to a large extent contested, with multiple sources and conflicting messages. Theories of crisis communication acknowledge how people try to deal with these competing messages, and this article seeks to deepen the understanding the process of sense making of crisis events by connecting crisis communication to the spiral of silence theory. The spiral of silence theory, founded by Elisabeth Noelle-Neuman, proposes that people are less willing to express their opinions if they believe their beliefs are shared by a minority. This will lead to a spiral in which those who feel their opinions are popular ...


Why Nebraska? An Analysis Of Unl's International Student Recruitment Touchpoints And Messages As Compared To Student Outcomes, Carolyn Willis 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Why Nebraska? An Analysis Of Unl's International Student Recruitment Touchpoints And Messages As Compared To Student Outcomes, Carolyn Willis

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

With decreasing budgets and increasing political tensions, universities in the United States are embracing broader and more creative efforts to reach prospective international students. For such universities, international students are a lucrative recruitment population because they bolster enrollment numbers and tuition revenue while diversifying student bodies. Previous studies have shown that much university marketing to international students is deficient and of little use in helping prospective students make informed decisions (Baldwin & James, 2000), yet information search is a key element of buyer decision models (Beatty & Smith, 1987) as students evaluate educational options. This study sought to see, then, which advertising ...


Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod 2018 Waubonsee Community College

Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

The goal of this program is to discuss how curiosity, humility, and platinum empathy can be used to discuss racial issues, particularly when emotions are running high. Often times, individuals who identify as white make honest attempts to be allies and often get blindsided by things like white guilt, white obliviousness, etc. that derail their efforts. In addition, people of color who are attempting to express their frustration with interpersonal microaggressions find themselves having difficulty being heard through their hurt and discontent. Although these miscommunications are not intentional, they can still do harm to everyone involved in the exchange. Learning ...


Trivialized Content, Elevated From: Aesthetics Of Secrecy In Turkish Politics In The 2000s, Doruk Tatar 2018 University at Buffalo, SUNY

Trivialized Content, Elevated From: Aesthetics Of Secrecy In Turkish Politics In The 2000s, Doruk Tatar

Secrecy and Society

This essay will first provide a brief history of the Islamist party's coming to power by means of its effective use of a populist imagery. The paper will then focus on the emergence of a new regime of secrecy in Turkish politics by looking at two high-profile legal cases, Ergenekon and the “Cosmic Room,” in which one can observe the blueprints of a struggle between different factions for taking over the state. During the investigations, secret documents about the wrongdoings of the secular establishment were leaked to and widely covered by the media. Sober debates on the contents of ...


London Has Fallen: A Case Study On Global City Branding, Terrorism And Crisis Communication, Fallon Porter 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

London Has Fallen: A Case Study On Global City Branding, Terrorism And Crisis Communication, Fallon Porter

Advertising, Public Relations & Media Design Undergraduate Honors Theses

The year of 2017 brought challenges to London in the form of the four terror attacks that occurred throughout the year, negatively affecting London’s image and industries while creating a precarious environment for crisis management. The purpose of this project was to closely examine the effects of terrorism on London’s place brand and how London’s key actors and organizations responded to the unusual year of terror attacks. The #LondonisOpen for summer campaign represented both the impact of the terror attacks on tourism and the need to address terrorism in a strategic way. Additionally, key actors such as ...


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin 2018 Winthrop University

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


A Content Analysis Of Jihadist Magazines: Theoretical Perspectives, Catalina M. Udani 2018 University of Central Florida

A Content Analysis Of Jihadist Magazines: Theoretical Perspectives, Catalina M. Udani

Honors in the Major Theses

During its violent spread across the Middle East, the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS) amassed both a local and international following in large part due to its usage of emergent media distribution. Beginning in 2014, ISIS’s Ministry of Media published an English-language magazine, Dabiq, disseminating its issues through online platforms. Dabiq and its successor Rumiyah both serve as propagandistic recruitment material for ISIS’s international community as well as broadcasting the message of the jihadist movement to ISIS’s enemies. This study analyzed ISIS’s publications using a qualitative content analysis in order to identify jihadist recruitment ...


Risk And Crisis Communication In Colombia: A Case Study From Medellín, Michael Klafft, Pia Schreiber 2018 Jade University of Applied Sciences and Fraunhofer FOKUS

Risk And Crisis Communication In Colombia: A Case Study From Medellín, Michael Klafft, Pia Schreiber

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

This paper analyses the state of the art of risk and crisis communication in Colombia with a focus on natural and man-made risks and disasters. Findings are based on a series of semi-structured interviews with risk and crisis communication experts, practitioners, and educational experts from the city of Medellín, and on a content analysis of teaching materials used for risk communication. The study reveals that a combination of different approaches is used to raise risk awareness in the population, combining education through entertainment, citizen sciences projects, and risk communication via the website and app of a regional alerting system.


Effects Of Crisis News On Intercultural Tolerance: An International Comparative Study, Anthony Eseke 2018 Messiah College

Effects Of Crisis News On Intercultural Tolerance: An International Comparative Study, Anthony Eseke

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

Human beings are “cultural animals who know and see and hear the world through socially constructed filters.” [1]. Fundamental to these filters are identities. Through the frames of identity, people often negotiate the dialectics of the ‘self’ with/against ‘the other’. The media in their reportage of conflicts and crisis produce and reinforce these dialectics. However, to what extent and directions do these reports influence social tolerance in the audience? This study therefore examined the effects of crisis/conflict news on otherness. The study defined otherness as the appraisal attitudes of tolerance, apathy, or intolerance towards other bodies based on ...


Cultural Challenges When Memorializing Tragedies, Kjell Brataas 2018 Ministry of Transportation, Oslo Norway

Cultural Challenges When Memorializing Tragedies, Kjell Brataas

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

After a tragedy, victims and survivors often desire to memorialize what happened. This can take many forms, and finding the right way often involves a number of challenges. There will usually be differences of opinion among the bereaved, the injured and the uninjured survivors, and cultural aspects and differences play a major role. This presentation provides examples from around the world and hints on bridging the culture gap when memorializing a tragedy.


The Use Of Zingari/Nomadi/Rom In Italian Crime Discourse, Theresa Catalano 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Use Of Zingari/Nomadi/Rom In Italian Crime Discourse, Theresa Catalano

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

This study examines the use of the metonymies zingari/nomadi/rom [Gypsies/Nomads/Roma] in Italian media discourse, in order to critically reflect on their relation to the perception of Roma. The author analyses the frequency of these terms in general discourse and crime discourse, as well as the way they are used in context. The findings reveal that nomadi and rom are used to directly and indirectly index Roma, and have a sig­nificant impact on their ethnicization and criminalization. In addition, the episodic framing of crime events, combined with the use of these metony­mies, erases the Italian ...


The Impact Of Cultural Communication On Team Performance, Bret Hunley, Smarajit Chakraborty, Stephen MacDonald 2018 Portland State University

The Impact Of Cultural Communication On Team Performance, Bret Hunley, Smarajit Chakraborty, Stephen Macdonald

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

The trend in today’s corporate workforce continues to move towards becoming more culturally diverse; while beneficial, to maintain competitive edge this element also increases functional challenges between working group members. In order to achieve a high performing team, it is imperative management understands the cultural and lingual differences among the individual members, and develop practices that diminish these challenges. Workforce diversity has been identified as being able to add value to the overall outcome; however, success ultimately depends on the team’s ability to interact culturally, communicate effectively, and understand the mannerisms unique to each team member’s individual ...


The Relationship Between Memorable Messages And Identity Construction, Raphaela P. Barros Campbell 2018 University of Montana

The Relationship Between Memorable Messages And Identity Construction, Raphaela P. Barros Campbell

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

A qualitative analysis is reported here, in which 22 international students were interviewed about their overall experiences studying abroad, as well as memorable messages received and the context in which those were communicated. Scholars like Larson and Gill (2017) and Alvesson (2010) have focused on the role communication plays in constructing identity. With that in mind, Knapp et al.’s (1981) concept of memorable messages informs how specific messages influence individuals’ sense of who they are. This study expands knowledge on the relationship between memorable messages and international students’ identity construction, focusing on the impact of messages exchanged before and ...


What's In A Name? Exploring Anglicized Naming Practices Amongst Chinese International Students, Garrett R. Ruzicka 2018 Missouri State University

What's In A Name? Exploring Anglicized Naming Practices Amongst Chinese International Students, Garrett R. Ruzicka

MSU Graduate Theses

This study seeks to use Kim’s Cross-Cultural Adaptation Theory to gain a better understanding of the process students from China go through when they choose to Anglicize their names. This thesis begins with a review of the literature and then discusses the limitations found within the current research on this topic in order to formulate research questions. Qualitative research was conducted using semi-structured interviews and focus groups with international students from China that resulted in various findings. These findings—barriers and adapting to barriers, choosing an “English” name, preferences between names, and problems with using “English” names—provide insight ...


L1 Use In L2 Writing: A Case Of Multilingual Undergraduates In A Basic Writing Course, Lal Bahadur Rana 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

L1 Use In L2 Writing: A Case Of Multilingual Undergraduates In A Basic Writing Course, Lal Bahadur Rana

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

The study entitled "L1 Use in L2 Writing: A Case of Multilingual Undergraduates in a Basic Writing Course" is a qualitative case study research carried out to find out the purposes for which undergraduate students use their L1s in an L2 Basic Writing course in the US university context, their perceptions regarding the effects of their use of L1s in L2 writing, and the ways they utilize their prior experience of writing academic essays while they are writing similar types of texts in L2. To these ends, the data were collected from the students enrolled in the Basic Writing course ...


Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. ROBERT BOYNTON 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

A project summary, listing all articles.


Microfinance: Combating World Poverty One Small Business At A Time, Alison Basney 2018 Liberty University

Microfinance: Combating World Poverty One Small Business At A Time, Alison Basney

Senior Honors Theses

Poverty is a major problem that reaches millions of people around the world. Although many organizations and individuals work daily to combat this, much of the work done to reduce poverty lacks sustainability and serves only to remedy to the effects of poverty, rather than create a solution to the causes of poverty. Microfinance can be very basically defined as the provision of banking to the impoverished who would not otherwise have access to these services. This purpose of this thesis is to show that microfinance is the ideal solution to the poverty problem by using research and evidence from ...


Life Being An International Student In The United States: Acculturation, Culture Shock, And Identity Transformation, Lai Yan Vivyan Lam 2017 The University of San Francisco

Life Being An International Student In The United States: Acculturation, Culture Shock, And Identity Transformation, Lai Yan Vivyan Lam

Master's Theses

The population of international students at community colleges in the United States has increased significantly over the past decade. International students play a big role in building the cultural diversity on campus by bringing over different cultures and sharing their global perspective to the local community. However, they often face challenges adapting into American culture due to cultural differences in education system, language, lifestyle, etc. By looking into the acculturation process of international students to analyze the culture shock and cultural identity changes they experienced, this paper intends to seek ways to help this group of students to ease their ...


Back To The Future: The Expanding Field Of Latin-American Science Fiction, Rachel H. Haywood Ferreira 2017 Iowa State University

Back To The Future: The Expanding Field Of Latin-American Science Fiction, Rachel H. Haywood Ferreira

Rachel Haywood Ferreira

This article examines the exponential growth of the field of Latin American science fiction in recent years, first through an evaluation of a series of critical/historical studies of the genre, and then by tracing the textual histories of a number of the region's earliest works of sf. The contemporary interest in identifying, retrolabeling, and republishing the works that form the local roots of Latin American science fiction is indicative of the growing maturity of the genre there, as it stems from a desire to understand the nature and extent of participation in this global yet Northern-centered genre in ...


Intercultural Communication In The Hospitality And Tourism Industry: A Study Of Message Design Logic Across Two Cultures, Rachelle Ng 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Intercultural Communication In The Hospitality And Tourism Industry: A Study Of Message Design Logic Across Two Cultures, Rachelle Ng

SHA Latin Honors Theses

This research explores the relationship between cultural background and communication to increase understanding of intercultural workplaces in the hospitality and tourism industry. Questionnaires were given to industry workers in the United States and Singapore to survey their communication styles and communication preferences. This study reveals that industry workers in the United States and in Singapore differed in the messages they sent but shared similar perception of messages. Results also show a modification in communication strategies used by the Singaporean group when the message recipient’s power status changed from a supervisor to subordinate while the American group remained consistent. The ...


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